Why The Civil War Needed To Happen? Hist 4055 Lsu Essay

1669 words - 7 pages

Josh Tharp
September 20,2017
History 4055
Paper #1
The South’s Secession
The United States is a product of many significant historic events that have helped to create the foundation of our nation. One of these events includes the secession of the South from the Union in the 19th century. Our nation, exhibiting a clear political and social barrier between north and south, was amidst turmoil and divide. America was becoming increasingly separated by both beliefs and geography. Once the Missouri Compromise of 1820 made the divide rational and present, Antebellum America began to irreversibly change. The secession of the South was a difficult but necessary decision that would ultimately lead to one of the bloodiest wars in American history. The Civil War was compounded by the two sides’ vastly opposing ideals, protection of slavery for the South, divide of the political system, and the eventual controversial election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. The South was determined to defend their land and ideals, even in the midst of harsh opposition.
There are several factors that make up the differences between the North and the South. Demographics, culture, beliefs, and climate are a few of many reasons that the opposing sides had such vast problems in the 19th century. One of the major reasons pertaining to the South’s decision for secession was their need for slavery to maintain agriculture, which nearly completely funded the South’s economy. The South was the major supplier of several of the nation’s essentials such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton. The terrain, mostly flat, made it very easy to transport products available for trade. The Mississippi River, combined with rich farming grounds, served as the ideal transportation system for the South and its crops. There was clear economic divide between the North and South because the industrial market of the north served as the primary economic income, maintained often by different means of labor. They did not understand the need for slaves; however, the South did not have the money to pay workers to keep their plantations running without them. The North had land bordered by ocean as well as the Appalachian Mountains, which made transportation more difficult than that of the South. The railroads became an essential mode of transportation for the North and their industrialized goods. Overall, the North was progressing into a world of urban industry, while the South was built upon agriculture and trade. Each of these significant contrasts between the North and South pose very important factors in the rift and eventual secession of the South.
The overriding difference between the South and North became emphasized further with the initiation of the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The geographic divide from the compromise drew a line between the free states of the North and slave states of the South. The thought of emancipation of slaves was irrational for the South due to their need for labor to maintain the day-to-day work required by the farms. From class we see the South’s population of whites to slaves was just over 10,000 in favor of the whites. If slaves became free, those living in the South realized that this would cause even more turmoil than a possible secession from the North. The politics of slavery continued into religion when in 1845 the Methodist and Baptist churches divided. Southern Baptists firmly believed that it was their God-given right to own and utilize slaves. In contrast, Northerners thought the church should not be involved in matters such as these. In addition to moral and religious differences regarding slavery, The Wilmont Proviso of 1846 added to their desire to rid America of slavery and keep it from spreading any farther west. The document stated that all land acquired from the Mexican war would be slave-free. After passing in the House it failed in the Senate due to the South’s representation advantage over the North. The bill served as a tangible representation of the North’s strong beliefs against slavery. As Kansas and Nebraska neared annexation in 1854, they were not sure whether they would be free or slave states. For this, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, which would rid the nation of the constraints of the Missouri Compromise, and allow states to choose their own affiliation to be free or slave states. In regards to democracy, the state’s autonomy sounded like a good idea, but ended up causing civil unrest in Kansas. The conflicts that arose from Kansas and Nebraska, named ‘’Bloody Kansas’’, showed that the North would do anything, even war, to abolish slavery in the United States. Instances like this revealed slavery to be the major focal point of the disarray between the North and South. With this unrest, slaves had started to develop a greater desire to be free and also confidence to speak out. One of the prominent slave names of this time was Dred Scott. Scott, along with his wife, argued for their freedom in court. He argument was since he lived four years in Illinois and Wisconsin, which at this time were slave-free states, he should be granted freedom. The Supreme Court would end up deciding 7-2 against Scott, stating that no person of African ancestry could be a citizen of the United States, and therefore was not considered free. As one of the first black slaves to fight for his freedom, the case gained a lot of attention, primarily in the North. A known abolitionist, John Brown, believed in and advocated for armed insurrection to overthrow slavery. First famous for his first coordinated movement called ‘’Bleeding Kansas’’ in 1856, Brown later heard of these court rulings and took action in 1859. He led an attack on Harpers Ferry, Virginia in efforts to arm slaves in order to liberate them. This plan failed and resulted in 7 deaths. John Brown was eventually tried for treason and executed. Harpers Ferry would solidify the South’s anxiety of the North’s strong feelings against slavery. Many papers were published throughout the North defending Brown. One read: ‘’Gathering all the factors and rumors concerning the late affair at Harpers Ferry, it is difficult to decide whether it should be called a ludicrous tragedy or a solemn farce,’’ Secession Era Editorials Project “Daily Evening Transcipt,”. While the South viewed brown as a man of treason rightfully, he would be seen as a martyr in the North.
One of the most controversial elections in U.S. history was the election of 1860. Many historians believe that the nomination and election of Lincoln served as the tipping point for the South in their decision to secede. Lincoln was not well known, and at the start of ‘’The Wigwam” in Chicago, he was 6th on the list of nominees. He performed well in debates against Douglas but lacked real experience as compared to other politicians running. The South believed Lincoln did not have their best interest in mind pertaining to slavery, even though in his Inaugural Address Lincoln stated, ‘’ I have no purpose directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists. I believe I have no lawful right to do so, and I have no inclination to do so,” Abraham Lincoln ‘’First Inaugural Address,’’ The Civil War and Reconstruction. However, he later contradicted himself in a series of debates with Douglas in Illinois where he claimed slavery was “a wrong which the nation’s founders had earmarked for extinction,” Abraham Lincoln ‘’The Lincoln-Douglas Debates,’’ Disunion! The Coming of The American Civil War. The election was a four-way battle between Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Douglas, John Bell, and John Breckinridge. Douglas, a northern democrat, was the only representative to go around the country to campaign. Lincoln would end up winning only 40% of the popular vote, and the majority of electoral votes outright. Even though Breckenridge won the Deep South states and Douglas won Missouri, it was not enough to overpower the popularity of Abraham Lincoln in the North. The results of this election led the South to feel as if they were out of options, thus begun the great separation of the United States. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union. Even though the South as a whole was likely to secede as one, there remained differences throughout the southern states. The Upper South required a referendum, not sufficient unless ratified with the people. The Lower South’s views varied between pro-secessionist and pro-unionist, which complicated the decision of secession to be determined by the remaining states. There were many conditional Unionists that thought secession was not yet a must for the South. Although there was doubt and divide in the Lower South, once President Lincoln called for troops to Fort Sumter, the remaining southern states were forced to secede to help defend their land and create a unified front.
The vast bloodshed of the Civil War after the secession was something the South viewed as inevitable. The South desired its own identity and freedom to determine how they operated as a whole, which was due to the array of differences between the political, religious, economic, and geographic aspects between the North and South. With the secession of the South, the Confederate states of America were formed, and the South gained a sense of pride and independence that they had not experienced prior to the Civil War. The two sides opposing ideals, uprisings, and eventual election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 would give the south no choice but to separate themselves from the north and operate by themselves. The decision of the South to secede would affect American history to this day, by leading to one of the bloodiest wars on American soil: The American Civil War.
Stanley Harrold, The Civil War and Reconstruction: A Documentary Reader (Malden, MA:
Blackwell, 2007).
Elizabeth Varon, Disunion! The Coming of the American Civil War, 1789-1859 (Chapel Hill:
University of North Carolina Press, 2010).
“Daily Evening Transcript.” Review. (Boston) 24 October 1859: n. page. Secession Era Editorials Project:. Web. 18 Sept. 2018.


The Events That Led Up To The Civil War

783 words - 4 pages The Events Leading Up to the Civil WarConflicts widened between the North and the South as two sides collided in every event before the Civil War. The North and the South were very different in many ways. They were known as two different countries because of their cultural and economic differences. The disagreements between the North and the South aggravated the separation that was soon to follow. When the North gained the control of the

Why a good work ethic is needed and how to obtain one - UCLA English 140 - essay

1314 words - 6 pages not just temporary. The second trait should be honesty. Honesty is the quality of being free from untruthfulness or lies to him/her-self. Being honest is a good trait for a strong work ethic because it will keep you from slacking off or making excuses on why you do not want to do something efficiently. The third trait to a good work ethic should be determination, which is the strength of character or the process of establishing something exactly

Nationalist victory in the Spanish civil war - History - essay

4434 words - 18 pages Free To what extent was foreign intervention the main reason for the Nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War? The bitterly fought civil war in Spain between 1936 and 1939 was no local affair. Notwithstanding attempts by the then international community initially to apply a policy of non-intervention, the Spanish Civil War saw countries, interest groups and individuals within and outside Europe overtly and covertly provide support to the

Assignment On Weapons Of The Civil War

1424 words - 6 pages Free For four years, American blood spilled upon the soil of the so-called "United States". The cause of this bloodshed is known as the American Civil War, which lasted from 1861 to 1865. It put family against family, and neighbor against neighbor until the newly formed country split into the North and the South. The North, also called the Union, fought to keep the country intact. The South, also called the Confederate, fought for their right to own

Portrayal of masculinity in Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Red Badge of Courage - Fractured Identities: American Literature from the Civil War to World War II - Essay

1594 words - 7 pages Marthe Tanghe GL/EN 3472 Fractured Identities: American Literature from the Civil War to World War II Portrayal of masculinity in ​Adventures of Huckleberry Finn ​and ​The Red Badge of Courage​: Two opposite sides of the spectrum. The representation of gender in literature has been studied in depth in the last half a century. We seem heavily engrossed in how gender portrayal can mean so many thing in novels; it can reveal plot points, character

Civil War Essay - Differences of the North and South - Monash University, ATS1320: Nations at War - Essay

1649 words - 7 pages (New York: Oxford University Press, 1980), 16] [6: Avery O. Craven, Civil War in the Making 1815-1860 (Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press: 1959), 38-39] [7: Avery O. Craven, "Why the Southern States Seceded," in The Crisis of the Union 1860-1861, ed. George Knoles Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1965), 65.] [8: Robert Barnwell Rhett, ‘South Carolina’s Address to the Slaveholding States’, (South Carolina secession


516 words - 3 pages fact that Russia pulled out of the war when they needed them there as their leaving allowed Germany to concentrate fully on the western front. Also, the west were capitalist and were seriously against communism and its ideas and the Bolsheviks being communists were a threat to their way of life.All these people had self beneficial reasons why they were all against the bolsheviks,which made rising up against the party quite easy,especially in the case of the workers whom were at first in supoort of the bolshevik party.

song analysis related to post civil war - History after 1865 - essay

1526 words - 7 pages , exercising or heart failure. As we have seen in other files and other researchs, the governments in the past were ridden by corruption, and the one after the Civil War may not have been an exception, as it is mentioned as Mass Corruption, which very well may mean that the problem repeated itself at all the levels of the system. Along with this, Mass Destruction is mentioned, which probably refres to the state in which the cities were left after the

Civil War events that led up to conflict - AP History - essay

552 words - 3 pages formed around all this new growth. The expansion of slavery was the underlying reason for many political disagreements prior to the Civil War. Every new state added to the union caused a serious debate over the expansion of slavery. The Missouri Compromise was an agreement that prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory allowing Missouri to enter the union as a slave state and Maine as a free state in order to balance out the Congress

The American Dream - Analysis of the Civil War generals - English - Essay

926 words - 4 pages did, should have the same privileges as the leisure class. Success should be based on the privileges each man had earned for himself. Grant was a passionate believer that no man was born into anything, expect perhaps to a chance to prove how far he could rise through hard work and determination. These two ideologies went to battle during the Civil War, and the men who sacrificed their lives during the war, were ultimately fighting for which

First world war key turning point in civil rights in the US? - History - Essay

899 words - 4 pages Free 2009, Black Americans lived all across the USA. Also, in 2009, the first Black American president, Barack Obama, was inaugurated, which shows the extent to which civil rights have changed the role of Black Americans in society. However, this essay will assess the extent to which the first world war played a key role in the changing geography of civil rights issues. Before the first world war, civil rights involving black Americans were further

why and what happen to make cyberbullying a thing in this world - CyberBulling - research paper

868 words - 4 pages until someone kills their self because of the things we say Without even knowing 43% of kids have been online. 1 out of 4 had happen to them more than once. Most children don’t seem to have the common sense of the “golden rule” which was “ to treat people the way you want to be treated.” Yes, most students are disobedient While the big problem being the teens that are doing the bullying, another issue we need to look at is the communication

Why The North Won The Civil War By David Donald: Reflection On The Economic, Military, Diplomatic, Political, And Social Reasons The South Lost

1391 words - 6 pages Why the North Won the Civil WarHistorians have argued inconclusively for years over the prime reason for Confederate defeat in the Civil War. The book Why the North Won the Civil War outlines five of the most agreed upon causes of Southern defeat, each written by a highly esteemed American historian. The author of each essay does acknowledge and discuss the views of the other authors. However, each author also goes on to explain their

Has the IMF needed United States (US) hegemony in order to be an effective institution? - MCR Business School - Essay

2223 words - 9 pages Matthew Barlow IPE Assignment 2017 Choose an institution of global governance: the World Bank, the IMF or the WTO. Has the institution of your choice needed United States (US) hegemony in order to be an effective institution? Argue your case from a neo-Gramscian perspective, a neo-realist or a neo-liberal institutionalist notion of hegemony. International institutions shape the world we live in today. This essay aims to explain economic and

Evil versus Good in "A Good Man is Hard to Find" - LSU 102 - Essay

1003 words - 5 pages Henssler 2 Dane Henssler ENGL 102-007 Colvin 1 May 2019 Essay 2 Words: 934 Good Versus Evil At the first glance of Flannery O’Connor’s “A Good Man is Hard to Find,” the true good of the story is not readily evident. The book’s title hints to a general idea of the theme while only showing the surface of it. The theme of O’Connor’s “A Good Man is Hard to Find” embodies the struggle between good and evil. The Misfit represents evil while the