Why The Concept Of Democracy Is Universally Valued And Essentially Contested? Democratic Theory Essay

1516 words - 7 pages

Why the concept of democracy is universally valued and essentially contested?
Nqubeko Ngubo, Rhodes University
Democracy has been a constant thread winding its way through our political and cultural life (Dewy, 1970: 13), nurtured by the somewhat false notion that even though democracy is the worst form of government, but it is better compared to other forms that have been tried from time to time. Through this perception and the United States’ democratization of the world project, it has become apparent that democracy is universally valued, but is it or should it be a universal value? Does consensus on intrinsic human dignity and basic human conditions dictates that states should be organized democratically? What if there were empirical evidence that some non-democratic form of government is more likely to produce human happiness, cultural achievement, and sound money? These are the questions that this piece of writing will attempt to answer. It will do so in a manner that will lead to a conclusive discussion as to why democracy is universally valued and essentially contested.
There are many forms of government that have been tried from time to time, but what is it that sets democracy apart yet so contested. This question can be answered in three parts, it the procedural, economic development, and participatory aspects that makes it more acceptable. In terms of procedure, democracy demands that that everyone agrees on the same rules of the game. This is one of the most desirable characteristics of procedural democracy as it respects, protects and promotes human dignity, at least in theory. It does this through conferring rights unto individuals, rights that concern every aspect of human life, hence Dewy (1970: 14) metaphorically describes it as a way of life. This element of democracy placed great store in concepts of fairness and in principles of due process and who were convinced that democracy meant adherence to parliamentary procedure, free elections and a strong prohibition of corruption in any form.
Over and above procedures, what makes democracy more valuable is the claimed relationship it has with economic growth. Supporters of democracy argue that the motivations of citizens to work and invest, the effective allocation of resources in the marketplace, and profit maximizing private activity can all be maintained in a climate of liberty, free-flowing information and secured control of property. Democracies can limit state intervention in the economy, are responsive to public's demands on area such as education, justice and health, and encourage stable and long run growth. Opponents of democracy, on the other hand, argue that democracies cannot mobilize resource swiftly due to social, ethnic and class struggles. While some authors favour authoritarian regime to suppress conflicts, resist sectional interests and take coercive measures necessary for rapid growth, others remain overall sceptical on whether regimes, rather than markets ...

RELATED

Models of Democracy- Essay about the models of democracy and how it is used in our US Government - Valdosta State University/ American Government - Essay

1557 words - 7 pages . Democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Democracy has two different parts which are called models of democracy, they are majoritarian and pluralist democracy. Majoritarian democracy is the classical theory of democracy in which government by the people is interpreted as government by the majority of the people. So in other words it is basically

Was Athenian Democracy Genuinely Democratic? - History of Political thought, Trinity Collage Dublin - Essay

1475 words - 6 pages Was Athenian Democracy Genuinely Democratic? To determine whether Athenian democracy was truly democratic by our standards today, we must first unwrap what democracy means to people at the present. Democracy is a word that has roots in Greece with Demos meaning the people and Kratos meaning power translating to “the power of the people.” During modern times, the word Democracy has been diluted partly due to over use. Countries today which are no

What is Time: An Essay on the Concept of Time - Grade 9 Science - Essay

631 words - 3 pages closer to sea level. An experiment to test this theory was performed in the 1970s with one atomic clock in an airplane and one placed on the ground. The results showed that time went by slower by a fraction of a second for the clock in the airplane which was in motion compared to the clock on the ground. These results further proved that Einstein’s theory of the passing of time and how it could be affected was correct. Though there is no theoretical

Democracy is the only viable system for governing - Both - essay

1225 words - 5 pages ; particularly relevant at this time of economic austerity. This is an example of the ‘governing paradox’ (Flinders, 2010, p. 311). In part this is due to what they see as an inherent contradiction between Capitalism and Democracy – that as economic agents, people are expected to act in their own self-interest, whereas, when it comes to casting their ballot, they are expected to act in the interest of the society as a whole. However, democratic countries

How Democratic Is The American Constitution

1563 words - 7 pages system are the strong likelihood of equal representation. Democratic fairness among citizens is always going to be an issue of concern for citizens and encouraging the formation of a democratic consensus helps maintain government policies. Providing a democratic government that is effective in solving problems requires the combination of different elements of the constitution.In chapter six, "Why not a More Democratic Constitution," Dahl asks the

Empowered Education, Democracy In The Classroom. Do Principles Of Democracy Enhance Success In The Classroom Or Not? Yes, Also Democracy Is Defined

1386 words - 6 pages an increasing numbers of minorities will simply give up and stop attending. The wave of student apathy toward schools will continue to grow. Democracy in schools will die (Hoffman). Teachers and students are essential to keeping democratic education in the classroom. An empowering educational experience in the classroom must have open dialog and debate, there must be a connection between teacher and material that is taught, and a necessity to

Dante's Inferno and the concept of good and evil - Sociology - Essay

595 words - 3 pages Dante’s Divine Comedy : Concept of Good and Evil Alexis Crombie HSP3U Mr. Colussi May 31st, 2019. In 1308, Italian poet and philosopher, Dante Alighieri began writing The Divine Comedy, a three volume great poem about the afterlife. Dante’s novel is based on a man, generally assumed to be Dante himself, who is miraculously enabled to undertake a journey into the afterlife, which leads him to visit the souls in Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise. He

Essay on the morality of capital punishment and why it is wrong - English 10 honors - Essay

822 words - 4 pages the death penalty is the idea of an eye for an eye. This is morally wrong. If we are against killing but kill a murderer, then we are murders and by that logic, we should be killed. It simply does not make sense, or in the words of Holly Near, “Why do we kill people who are killing people to show that killing is wrong?” This is not the only reason why the death penalty is hypocritical, however. The death penalty is hardly used outside of the USA

Describe the concept of Six Sigma and the levels - HSM - Essay

1943 words - 8 pages Quality Management in Healthcare Keiser University Describe the concept of Six Sigma and the levels How will this impact the TQM/CQI process in the U.S. Healthcare system if adopted? HSM 691 Nina Doleyres, DHSc, MPH Jorge L. Miranda According (Johnson & Sollecito, 2013), Six Sigma It is a concept of quality that was announced in the years 80 and nowadays it is widely accepted in the business world. It is mainly based on the results obtained from

An essay on love and the concept of love - Havelock High School English 3 - essay

1119 words - 5 pages snap of a finger then before you know it it’s gone. It can create a bond between family members even the ones we don’t like, there will always be that bond. Do you have a pet where when you feel down your dog or cat sense it so they come and lick you it’s because they feel the bond of love you have with them. When a pet dies in the family we grieve, why because of the emotion love. So what is Love, really? Love is a divine energy, it is nothing

‘Post Feminism’ has become one of the most fundamental, yet contested notions in feminist studies - Cultural studies - Essay

2004 words - 9 pages ‘Post Feminism’ has become one of the most fundamental, yet contested notions in feminist and cultural studies. Post feminism has no fixed meaning, and the term is used variously and more frequently contradictorily to signal a historical shift towards the female gender. Post feminism is mainly located in the academic context of television and cultural studies, in the media context of popular culture and within consumer culture. Post feminism is

The Concept Of Social Identity, Social Class,Gender And Ethnicity

1730 words - 7 pages Social Identity is the understanding of who we are, and reciprocally, other people's understanding of themselves. Richard Jenkins believed that this social identity is achieved through socialization within social groups. He argued that by placing themselves in the role of others, people, particularly children, gain a greater understanding of the role that they should play. For example, a six-year-old girl playing "mommy" with her dolls will, as

Essay About Jacksonians Presidency And What A Jacksonian Democracy Is (Timed Essay)

409 words - 2 pages Jacksonian DemocracyDuring the period of Jackson's presidency and several years after his presidency, the power which had once been centralized in rich southern planters and northern merchants now shifted down to the lower and middle class white males. The visual gap in appearance between the two extremes was also becoming less visible. These ideas of equality, however, were not spread universally among all people's residing in United States

Simone Weil's creation of the concept decreation - Philosophy - Essay

1687 words - 7 pages person that has given them the ability to refer to themselves as an individual, in other words, the ability to call oneself ‘I’. It is then that one has achieved decreation. Little brings in a very interesting point to Simone Weil’s concept. The kind of ultimate goal of decreation is to restore one’s unity with God, which is non-positional, and is pre-creation and post-decreation. This presents the dilemma as to why it is difficult to even try

How Have New Media Enabled A Renewal Of The Public Sphere And Extension Of Democratic Processes?

2461 words - 10 pages . With these issues at hand, the essay will then proceed to explore how this so-called renewal of the public sphere will and has already affected democratic processes, by looking at issues such as inter-communication between nations, as well as the anti-globalisation protests that have been held across the globe in the past.Communication is the process of transmitting and receiving ideas, information, and messages. The rapid transmission of