Resource A: The United States dropped atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and
Nagasaki. Japan surrendered after the United States dropped the bomb on Nagasaki.
Resource B: As part of the Nazi plan to exterminate the Jews, millions of people were sent to be
killed or worked to death in concentration camps.
Resource C: Japan’s sphere of influence was in Manchuria, a region in northeastern China that
was rich in natural resources. In 1931, Japan’s army seized the entire region.
Resource D: Copy the arrows shown on the “War in the Pacific, 1942 – 1945” map in the
Resource E: Germany’s last offensive of the war was the Battle of the Bulge in Belgium.
Resource F: The United States began sending arms to Great Britain under the Lend-Lease Act.
Resource G: The Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union was successful at first, as the Germans
used brutal blitzkrieg tactics to drive into Russia. However, they were stopped by the Russian
Resource H: In their 1939 non-aggression treaty, Hitler promised Stalin a part of Poland and
guaranteed Russia a sphere of influence in Eastern Europe. In return, Stalin pledged not to
Resource I: To protect Australia from Japan, the United States fought the battle of the Coral
Sea, which was fought entirely by carrier-based aircraft. It was the first naval battle in which the
enemies’ warships never saw each other.
Resource J: U.S. President Harry S. Truman had the difficult decision about whether to drop an
atomic bomb on Japan or to launch an invasion.
Resource K: Between 1931 and 1940, Japan invaded Manchuria as well as a substantial portion
of China further south. They also seized French Indochina.
Resource L: The defensive perimeter the Japanese had established around Japan disappeared
after the Allies captured the key islands of Iwo Jima and Okinawa in early 1945.
Resource M: With the Anschluss, Hitler took control of Austria and furthered his goal of uniting
all ethnic Germans in the German Reich.
Resource N: Students should draw an arrow from southern England to northern France.
Resource O: Allied forces launched a final offensive in North Africa in May 1943, forcing Axis
resistance to collapse.
Resource P: During the Battle of Britain, RAF pilots defended the nation against German
bombing attacks. When Germany began targeting cities, Londoners called this period the Blitz.
Resource Q: The U.S. Congress passed several Neutrality Acts in the 1930s. These acts were
designed to keep the country out of conflicts brewing in Europe.
Resource R: As many as 60 million people died in World War II – about half of them civilians.
More than 20 million Europeans were made homeless by the fighting.
Resource S: The British bombed German cities to try to weaken civilian morale. The German
city of Dresden was firebombed into absolute ruin.
Resource T: The Battle of Stalingrad involved firebombs, fierce street-by-street battles, and a
fight to the death in...