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The military expertise in the Army profession
1LT Michal Zaujec
FACCC 3-18 section 3
The Army profession has several important attributes. Even though all the attributes are essential for all Army professionals, not only the Captains, military expertise is the most important attribute because it is the basis of a true professional, because it makes the Captain a good example for others, and because it inspires trust between Soldiers and civilians.
First, when an Army Captain is well educated and developed in the military-technical and moral-ethical fields, he is considered a leader, a professional. The imperative to master all three
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The Army of the People
The Battle of the Goliad took place one week after Gonzales at the Presidio La Bahia. After the first
30 minutes, Mexican troops at the garrison at Goliad surrendered to Texan troops. This victory was crucial
for strategic and morale reasons. Two back to back wins gave the Texans confidence in their venture and it
continued bringing undecideds to the side of those fighting for independence. Strategically, capturing the
Goliad garrison gave the Texans control of a large cache of weapons and supplies. After this
battle, the only Mexican troops left in a great enough number to fight the Texans were at San
Antonio de Bexar. Led by Stephen Austin, 300 Texans gathered
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bystander so if we are able to completely eliminate all bystanders it will dramatically drop the amount of SHARP cases ultimately, removing sexual violence entirely.
In conclusion, the abuse of alcohol is one of the greatest reasons why sexual assault occurs, our current approach may not seem like its reducing SHARP cases but it is reducing, and we can end sexual violence in the military by completely removing bystanders. Sexual assault and harassment could potentially completely destroy the morale and comradery of an army unit not to mention how much it destroys the lives of the people involved. If we want to consider ourselves the greatest military in the world the only way we can accomplish that is by making sexual violence in the military a thing of the past.
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In order to ethically build and lead a company size team, leaders must establish trust. The Army defines trust as the bedrock of its profession. General Dempsey uses words like “defining element” and “used to overcome… and endure”. Charles Green writing for Forbes says, “Leaders can no longer trust in power; instead, they rely on the power of trust”. The information following this introduction explains why trust is essential by explaining what it is and how it integrates it into other elements of the profession.
What is trust, this so-called bedrock? The dictionary defines bedrock as “unbroken solid rock; bottom layer, any firm foundation or basis”. In parallel response, a
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March 8, 2018
Pollutants from buried army base in Greenland
In 1959, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers built Camp Century, below the ice sheet that covers most of Greenland. This was used as a test site for deploying nuclear missiles at the Soviet Union, however, the public did not know this. It was advertised as a research station, the people in charge of said research were a secret group known as Project Iceworm. They abandoned the camp in 1967 and left serious pollutants behind, "and now as climate warming melts the ice sheet, those pollutants could spread" (Joyce).
Snow began to accumulate over the army base for many years. The base began to blend
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Why Do The Number of Sexual Assaults Continue to Increase Throughout the Army
The Department of Defense outlines in its 2017 Annual Report the number of sexual assaults in the military and it was stated that the number of reported sexual assaults involving service members rose by roughly 10% from the previous year. The military makes every attempt made to increase awareness and ultimately prevent sexual assault, but it can appear to those outside the military that nothing that is changing when reported cases are still on the rise. Despite the increase in reported sexual assaults, the annual rates of sexual assault have decreased by half for active duty women and by two-thirds for active
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demands more of commanders at all levels and requires rigorous training and education.2 Understanding the expectation of each principle will better describe the mission command philosophy
Trust is known as the bedrock of our Army profession. Leaders earn the trust of their team when they lead by example and demonstrate character, competence, and commitment. Leaders also develop mutual trust through difficult training and shared experiences. Strong bonds of trust built through these collective experiences enable the team to overcome challenge and adversity. Training and shared experience allow leaders to earn the trust of subordinates and for subordinates to earn the trust of leaders.3 This
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Joseph Hooker Joseph Hooker was born in 1814 in Hadley Massachusetts. Hooker attended the U.S. Military Academy, West Point and graduated from there in 1837. In one article about him, he was said to be "One of the most immodest and immoral of the high Union commanders." Hooker's nickname was Fighting Joe in the army because he was a good leader and brave when he fought. In 1937 after he graduated from West Point, Hooker was sent to fight in the Mexican War. There he won three brevets, which is a commission promoting a military officer in rank without an increase in pay, which made him lieutenant colonel at Monterey. On February 21, 1853, Hooker resigned from the army, and
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February 6,1778 Redding, conn.
General Israel Putnam,of the continental army, held a trial today, in which he sentenced several of his own soldiers, among them local boy Sam Meeker,19, to death, general Putnam, wanted to send a message to local citezens that his men were not being allowed to threaten the homes and live stock of nearby towns.
This event began years ago when a group of patriots , or rebels, attacked and defeated British soldiers in lexington and concord, mass. in april of 1775.
Since then, the patriots, who became the continental army, have waged war against British soldiers in American colonies. The continental army won notable battles at bunker hill at bunker hill and fort
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Main Characters:Charlemagne- the Christian, Frank king who is notably an ally to the Pope and great Conqueror. He was also known as Charles the Great.Roland- The "hero" of The Song of Roland. Not much is known from him in a historical standpoint. Roland's tragic flaw is pride.Oliver- Roland's best friend and advisor. Oliver is very brave and noble. He attempts to urge Roland to blow his Oliphant to reach the FranksPlot SummaryCharlemagne's army led by Roland is fighting the Muslims. Marsilla, The Muslim king is scared of Charlemagne's army and offers to convert to Christianity and give Charlemagne a treasure if he leaves. Charlemagne who does not want to fight anymore greatly accepts the
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Major General “Fighting” Joe Hooker: A Mission Command Analysis at Chancellorsville
1LT José L. Rivera
FACCC: Mission Command Analysis Paper
CPT Bruce A. Archambault
May 10, 2019
a. Brief summary/outcome
b. Thesis statement( tied MC to the outcome
a. Create shared Understanding
b. Provide clear CDR Intent
c. Use Mission Orders
d. Accept prudent risk
The Battle of Chancellorsville was fought in the country of Spotsylvania, Virginia during the American Civil War in the spring of 1863. The battle was fought by the Army of the Potomac, led by Major General “Fighting” Joe Hooker against the Confederate Army led by General Robert E. Lee. In
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Analytical Paper #2
In 1775, a thirty three year old man that goes by the name of Nathanael Greene became the youngest general officer and commander in the American army. The group of men he was in charge of faced the challenge of confining the soldiers that King George III sent to Boston. The Americans were to cut off all food and supply sources being supplied to the British soldiers all while keeping them from gaining any more “elbow room”, as a Britain general named Burgoyne once stated. (McCullough, page 49) Nathanael Greene, Being the youngest American general officer to command an army, knew very little about war. Being that this was the first time Greene had ever
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mountain man, was drafted by the Army.On his first day in basic training, the Army issued him a comb.That afternoon the Army barber sheared off all his hair. On his second day, the Army issued Herman a toothbrush.That afternoon the Army dentist yanked seven of his teeth. On the third day, the Army issued him a jock strap,The Army has been looking for Herman for 51 years.
Two Soldiers were required to sit through General's Boring speech. After about an hour one soldier looks at the other and says, "my butt is falling asleep." The other one responded and said, "I know, I heard it snore three times."
One summer afternoon a particularly pious Priest was taking a stroll. He came upon a young man
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children. She was the niece of two future governors of Rhode Island and daughter of the deputy to the General Assembly.In August of 1774, some men of East Greenwich County formed a Militia in which Greene took participation. Nathanael was challenged by his group with some problems that he had when he was younger. Fortunately, one of his best friends, James Mitchell Varnum and his influence in the Militia, threatened to resign if Greene was forced to leave.Nathanael Greene was given command as a Brigadier General of state troop during an army of observation by the Assembly of Rhode Island in April 1775. Greene led his troops to Boston were he showed a very good talent for assembling supplies
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types of mass media contain elements of propaganda. Propaganda is often given a negative connotation due to its history of power and control; as in the Hitler’s regime.
Wartime propaganda has been a major influence in many, if not all, of the major wars. One of the first known uses of war propaganda was by Alexander the Great. After being forced to retreat in a battle Alexander the Great realized that it would be a disadvantage to show he was weak and had to retreat. He overcame this problem by using propaganda to intimidate the opposing army. Alexander’s army made oversized armor and helmets and left them behind as they retreated. His intent was that the opposing army would be
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Russian population, and the small plots of land given to them were insufficient and cripplingly expensive. The Bolsheviks gained popularity by promising to make dramatic changes,criticising the current Provisional Government.WW1 had left Russia in physical and economical deastation. Under the command of the Tsar, the army had suffered many humiliating defeats and over a million men had died. Families were desperate for the army to return, and men were needed in Russia to take factory jobs,as industry and production had come to a near stand-still, and in a particularly bitter winter, famine was sweeping Petrograd. Lenin's promise of the end of war seemed even more appealing.People were unhappy
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Today’s Non-Commissioned Officer (NCO)
Are the non-commissioned officers of today more trained than the non-commissioned officer of yesterday? The non-commissioned officer corps was born on 1775 with the establishment of the Continental Army. When the non-commissioned Officer corps was established it included different types of traditions for its establishment, such as the French, British, and Prussian traditions. You see it wasn’t until a few years later when United States non-commissioned officer corps was removed from its European counterpart and then became a true American non-commissioned officer corps.
As we take a look at the Non-commissioned officer corps today, we will see how
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” George Washington rather than political aspects. After reading the first opening chapter, I was reassured of David McCollough’s thesis that the military leadership of George Washington is what led the Americans to eventually win the war against Britain.
He uses 3 major battles as examples to support his clear thesis: The Battle of Dorchester Heights, the Battle of Long Island, and the Battle of Trenton.
The Battle of Dorchester Heights is the first main battle that McCullough discusses in his book. This battle can be found in chapter 3, the “Dorchester Heights”. The author mentions the British general, William Howe’s significance in this battle as well. Continental Army under Washington’s
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The first world war represented global change- its impact is held even in its name. A global war has global consequences. The collapse of Romanov rule changed the course of history and it would be impossible to imagine that the wold war had nothing but the biggest role to play in the fall of the Romanovs. It shattered the resolve of the people, created a unified group of discontent revolutionaries in the form of the army, and left the infamous Rasputin practically in charge of the county. Altogether, Russia was in no state to continue without a radical change in leadership. As historian R Service outlines in ‘The Russian Revolution 1900-1927’, “what made that kind of revolution possible was
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This essay is by Bob Marley
The Battle of Hastings was an important historic event that took place almost a thousand years ago.
In October 14, 1066, the tragic Battle of Hastings took place. It was fought between the Norman Army of Duke William II of Normandy and the English army of King Harold II. The battle took place at Senlac Hill, about 6 miles northwest of Hastings. Harold II was killed during the battle; historians predict or believe that he was shot through the eye by the barraging arrows fired from the Norman armies. The battle was the decisive Norman victory in the Norman Conquest of England. Although there was further English resistance after the Norman victory, the battle is
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LTC Jason Lojka
Ethical leadership is the concept in which army leaders must apply themselves within the bounds of the ethical and moral guidelines given to us. These guidelines have been developed throughout the history of our army, as conflicts have changed our army has evolved alongside them and will most likely continue to change well into the future. From our reading, THE ARMY OFFICERS’ PROFESSIONAL ETHIC— PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE, we are given seven principles by which to guide the ethics of our leadership.
The first principle reads “Accept service to country as their watchword and defense of the Constitution of the United States of
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Stalingrad: The Most Crucial Battle of World War IIWorld War II was the bloodiest war ever fought in the history of the world. Countless men lost their lives and countries were almost obliterated. One could only imagine what would have become of the human race had the Nazi war machine defeated all of Europe and then made its way into America. While Germany was expanding its territory all over Europe, they made it as far as Russia, and a battle ensued that became one of the greatest victories in war history. The Germans were met by the Red Army at Stalingrad, a city where the fate of the world was decided. The Battle of Stalingrad was perhaps the bloodiest conflict in history. The Soviets
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The main problem that Germany had to face at the end of the World War I was the Treaty of Versailles. It was the formal agreement that ended the war. American President and French Prime Minister had tempted Germany to surrender with their fourteen points. This plan was to be the basis for a treaty that emphasized peace and forgiveness. Some of these terms were particularly punishing the Germany. As the result of this treaty Germany's army minimized and Germany had big economic lost. In addition, Germany also had to give lots of land as a punishment. Therefore, Treaty of Versailles was unfair to Germany.First of all, the German army and navy were strictly limited. After March 31, 1920
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fighting, the Texans and the Tejano volunteers forced the General Marin Perfecto de Cos and his soldiers to surrender. This caused the Texans to occupy Alamo.On February 23, 1836, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Annas army arrived outside San Antonio. For this reason, the Texans and the Tejanos prepared to defend Alamo. For 13 days, the defenders were holding Alamo from the Antonios soldiers. Furthermore, the commando of the Alamo, William B. Travis sent out messengers in the communities of Texas for help and backup. The messengers were successful in noticing the community, thus, a band of 32 volunteers from Gonzales arrived for backup. It is told in the legend that Colonel Travis drew
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George Washington: Great Military HeroDuring the 1770's, the United States of America were fighting their revolution against the mightiest power back then: Britain. It didn't look good for the Americans at the start of the war because they didn't even have a good leader to command the Continental Army at first. But one hero emerged among thousands and his name was George Washington. As commander in chief during the American Revolution, Washington built a large army, held it together, kept it in a maneuverable condition, and prevented it from being destroyed by a crushing defeat. This army which was composed of rag-tag volunteers battled the superior British army and actually won numerous
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American Revolution(1775-1783)The American Revolutionary War was fought from 1775 to 1783. It was also known as the American War of Independence. The Revolutionary War began with the confrontation between British troops and local militia at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts, on 19 April 1775. Throughout the war, state troops and local militias supplemented the Continental (Federal) Army. The total number of men who served is not known. Men between the ages of 16 and 60 may have served during the war in either the Continental Army, State Line Troops, or local militia mustered to help the Continental Troops.The relationship between the American colonies and the British Crown was complex
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effects as rape or sexual assault. Victims who do not submit to harassment may also experience various forms of isolation.Sexual harassment is unacceptable behaviour and should not be tolerated. Army leadership at all levels should be committed to create and maintain an environment favorable to maximize productivity and respect for human dignity. Sexual harassment destroys teamwork and negatively affects combat preparedness. Successful mission accomplishment can be realized only in an environment free of sexual harassment for all individuals. Sexual harassment is a criminal offense that has no place in the Army. It degrades mission readiness by devastating the Unit's ability to work effectively
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Giuseppe GaribaldiBook activityHe planned the unification of Italy. He was sentenced to death but he scaped to South America. When he was living in South America 1836-1848 he participated in the war against of argentina fighting with Uruguay. Giuseppe Garibaldi was Italy's best soldier . He paricipated in the Risorgimiento, the risorgimento was a nationalistic movement that planed the liberation. He had a very small army which he controlled from montevideo.After he was in South America he went to the United States and North Africa. The living in the two continets made him earn the name of (hero of the 2 worlds).He could return to Italy in the year 1854. Piedemonte was fighting a war against
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Ulster remained part of the UK.In 1924 Lenin died and Joseph Stalin succeeded him as head of the U. S. S. R. Stalin set out to strip farmers of their land in order to reorganize farming in larger state owned units called collective. His orders were brutally carried out by his army and the secret police. Villages burned and their people killed. Millions were forcibly transported to labor camps in Siberia.In Europe the sacrifices of war followed by economic suffering. These difficult times provided opportunities for both the German Nazi Party under Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini's Italian Fascist Party. Both men came to power promising national recovery. Millions of their fellow citizens
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Imperialism was one of the main reason that caused WWI.
Militarism and alliances really kicked off the start of WWI.
1S: With Germany being a new empire, it tried to be the best it can be.
Germany wanted new resources so they looked into the middle east and the Berlin-Baghdad
1E: Britain and other european super powers such as France and Russia was scared that
soon, Germany would have total European Control and Russia may lose its access to the
Mediterranean Sea, and Britain would have a smaller army. This caused France, Russia and
Britain to alliance with each other.
1EX: When the Archduke of Austria-Hungary was assassinated, Austria-Hungary declared war
on Serbia causing a
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Kill or Be Killed
In "The Man He Killed," Thomas Hardy introduces key syntactical elements such as restatement, repetition, and ellipsis in order to emphasize the contemplation he experiences regarding his fault in another man's death. In the poem, the narrator attempts to justify why he killed another person. However, as the poem continues the narrator then realizes that the man he killed could have possibly been a friend and have had the same intentions for enlisting in the army, and were thus not that different.
In the poem, the narrator expresses the reason he killed another man when he states, "I shot him dead because— / Because he was my foe," (Hardy 9-10). Through the
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Ecole Militaire in Paris. It was there that he received his military training. He studied to be an artilleryman and an officer. He finished his training and he joined the French army when he was just 16 years old.Napoleon was assigned to work in Paris in 1792. After the French monarchy was overthrown in August 1792, he was promoted to captain. In 1793 he was chosen to direct the artillery against the siege in Toulon. Very soon after Toulon fell and Napoleon was promoted to brigadier general. He was made commander of the French army in Italy and defeated many Austrian Generals. Soon after this Austria and France made peace, and Napoleon was released from his command, he was suspected of
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Sparta v. Athens Sample Essay
Ancient Greece is a land of many city-states, called poleis. Each polis had its own government, laws, rulers, and customs, although they did have certain things in common such as their language and religion. As a rule, though, the city-states did not get along. Two of the most famous and influential city-states were Sparta and Athens. If anyone today were given the opportunity to travel in time to live in one of those two city-states, Sparta should definitely be the one they chose. Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis.
First, the army of
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William Beaumont was a surgeon in the U.S Army who became known as the "Father of Gastric physiology following his research on human digestion. From 1812 until 1815, Beaumont served as an assistant surgeon in the Army during the War of 1812 participating in the Battle of Plattsbugh. After the war ended, he started a private practice in Plattsburgh, New York, but by 1820 Beaumont had rejoined the Army as a surgeon. On June 6, 1822, an employee of the American Fur on Mackinac Island, named Alexis St. Martin, was accidentally shot in the stomach by a discharge of a shotgun loaded with a buck shot from close range that injured his ribs and his stomach. Dr. Beaumont treated his
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discussion rather than executive action. His cousin King George V of Britain proved to be very successful in this role.Russia was too large and too modern a country to be ruled by one man and to assist him the Tsar had the Russian civil service, some of whom were very able and clever but also many were corrupt, poorly educated and unwilling to take any decisions themselves. Therefore there were long delays while even the most trivial questions were sent to provincial capitals, then to Moscow or even on some occasions to St Petersburg for settling. If you desperately wanted a decision you handed over cash to encourage a speedy conclusion to your business.The Russian army was technically the
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academy in Paris in September of 1785 (Godechot) . Napoleon’s father died while he was in his final year of school in Paris, and before the age of 16 Napoleon had taken the role of head of the house hold.
He began his military career as second lieutenant of artillery in the French army. It was during his time with the artillery regiment that he began to read consistently on military strategy and tactics (BBC). Not long after joining the artillery regiment did Napoleon leave to return to his native island of Corsica. It was during his leave in Corsica that the French Revolution began. He would return to France and to military duty and at the age of 24 he would get his first chance to test
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C/PVT Hopper, David CharlesMS 1100Career Branch ChoicesSpeaking as a newly appointed second lieutenant in the US Army, my three choices of main service would be quite varied. In no particular order they would be Air-Defense Artillery, Aviation, and Infantry. I've always liked the idea of flying, be it transport or actual combat vehicles wouldn't matter to me. I would like to fly attack or combat support choppers though. I've always wanted the challenge and the trigger time of being an infantryman as well. ADA, just seems really interesting, although I never knew much about it until now.As far as aviation goes I've always liked the idea of small extremely fast and maneuverable yet highly
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amongst Greece to fertilise Helen back in Troy, in defence of my brother's honour. One Greek sperm warrior alone stands as the key to victory over Troy.....Achilles.Achilles, contact the Men of the Testes. We need to gather men for war. Make sure their living conditions are good. Be sure not to admit any sperm warrior, into our training barracks if they carry disease because this can weaken our army. Achilles, you will have to appoint a commander, he will be a powerful and mortal leader who will have the title of Commander 'Nurse Cell'. Commander 'Nurse Cell' must look after 150 spermatozites warriors at a time and transport them through the 200m of canals which will lead them to the
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weapon. Different formations that shields were used in were also relatively easy to learn and
employ in battle. Almost every soldier in the Roman army used a scutum shield, this not only
shows how effective these shields made the army but also how easy it was to learn to use.
Many different kinds of shields were used by many different civilizations. Every shield
was easy and cheap to produce for how effective they were. The hoplon shield which was used
in the phalanx was based off an earlier Greek shield made of bronze. The hoplon instead of
being made up completely of bronze had a wooden core which was then covered in bronze
making it lighter than its predecessor weighing in at about 15.5
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offices.[endnoteRef:12] He reduced the spending of the Republic of Texas by massive quantities.[endnoteRef:13] President Lamar, the second president of Texas, spent $4,855,000 during one term whereas Houston spent only $511,000 during a term. [endnoteRef:14] Texas also reduced expenses by having elite forces, such as the Rangers, instead of having a large standing army.[endnoteRef:15] Another example of wise money management in Texas was the creative use of resources to save money. One way the Texas government did this was using 327 head of cattle to feed the Texan Army, instead of using tax money. [endnoteRef:16] In doing this the Republic of Texas demonstrated good money handling skills. [12
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General George S. Patton, Jr.
In 1942, he stepped forth like a warrior of old to lead and inspire mass forces of men. At a pace never equaled, his third army swept across the continent of Europe. No American leader was more colorful or more successful at the time. General George S. Patton, dedicated to the victory won, was quickly a symbol of his victories and history. It’s hard to believe he wasn’t always this way, though. He was once just “Georgie”.
From his earliest years, Patton believed he was going to be a General. He grew up hearing great stories of past family heroes from his father, and inspired by the great Patton's before him, began his military career at
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destroyed a holy, sacred, treasured place. It struck fear in all of the English and "it was unthinkable that such a holy place should suffer attack from foreign heathens, that its monks should be slaughtered and its treasures taken. Yet this was to happen again and again to other monasteries throughout England..." (Ritchie 2). This horrible attack was just laying the foundations for what would come.The Great Army, a large group of Vikings, landed in England in the mid 8th century and caused a great deal of trouble all throughout Europe. The development of this "army" was a great achievement for these Danish and Norwegian pirates. Because of this large group numbering in the thousands, they
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support from the army to consolidate their position of power in the Reichstag, the Nazi party required the support of the army to aid in his ‘lebensraum’ policy and support his succession to presidency. When the army generals made it clear that they would not support Hitler until the brutish SA were stopped, Hitler, who was still not in a position at that time to ignore the army high command, removed the SA as a political power during the Night of the Long Knives. The SS were instructed to kill many SA leaders and extended to other enemies of the Nazi party. This act was only made legal later on when Hitler announced he did it for the good of the German people but was supported by the
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The czech army consisted of prisoners and deserters from the Austria-Hungarian empire from the provinces of Bohemia and Slovakia. The Tsar gave his consent to set up a national force which they became to fight against Austria-hungary in the summer of 1916 with their leader called Tomas Masaryk. When Masaryk noticed that Lenin was making peace with the central forces, and lenin refused to let them fight against the western forces, he decided to move the czech to France to rejoin the fighting. In may 1918, a group of the czech soldiers were falsely accused1 of killing a man in chelyabinsk and one soldier was shot for throwing "something"2 at the train. The remainder went straight into town
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Assess the role and importance of Amenhotep 1 as a Pharaoh.
It could be argued that Amenhotep 1 to a large extent played a fundamental role as pharaoh in Egypt between 1551-1542 B.C. However it could also be argued that other Pharaohs such as Ahmose I also had a crucial role in Egypt as he defeated the Hyksos in the wars. Amenhotep 1 performed successful military campaigns against Libya and Nubia, extending the territory of Egypt.
Amenhotep supported the creation of an Egyptian Empire, from the time he reached the throne, Amenhotep I undertook military campaigns in Libya and in Nubia using boats on the Nile to transport his army, and extended the boundaries of his empire by establishing a
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of the newly formed United States of America.This war was one through keene political, diplomatic, and military actions.Militarily the colonies were very immature, however, they received a plethora of foreign aid to help defeat the British Empire. The Continental Army was disorganised, dirty, untrained, inexperienced and alone stood no chance. However, the Continental Army's guerilla warfare style maybe one of the most important reasons for their victory. Prussian Captain Von-Steuben volunteered to train Washington's troops, improved sanitation at military camps, made the soldiers a lot better, and became Major General in Continental Army. This was a much needed assistance that helped lead
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The Tuskegee Airmen
Today's United States military allows the aviation field to be filled regardless of gender or race. The courageous military of today has not always been so open-minded nor understanding. In 1925, an Army War College study came to the conclusion that blacks would never have what it takes to fly aircraft of any type because they lacked intelligence and were cowardly under combat conditions. The 1925 Army War College study of "Negroes in combat" had also said that negroes "lacked ambition and courage; they were unsuitable to serve in the military, much less as fighter pilots". That document was used to deny flight training, as well as many other potential leadership
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•Merchants, artisans and capitalist manufacturing.
· Peasants forced to move into cities and become waged laborers to get work
· Wage laborers band together to become workshops that can outcompete individual laborers
•Centralizing "national" monarchies (Absolutism).
•Rising costs of the central state (especially military).
•Conflict between lords (rents) and kings (taxes) over
•Alliance between lords and kings against peasants (centralized feudalism).
· Centralizing power into the kings
· 1. Royal army – kings army payed only by king and loyal to him
· 2. Central administration – the kings law is the only law and it is the royal bureaucracy
· 3. Right to tax
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Democracy and Greece’s Golden Age Notes
A. Pericles’ Plan for Athens
a. Stronger Democracy
i. Pericles was an honest and fair politician and general. Ruled Greece during most of the Golden Age
ii. Increased the number of public officials who were paid salaries. Earlier the positions were unpaid.
iii. Introduction to Direct democracy
1. A form of democracy where the people rule directly on laws, not through representatives.
b. Athenian Empire
i. After the defeat of the Persians Athens made the Delian League.
1. A lot of money was spent on building a strong army and navy for protection.
c. Glorifying Athens
i. Bought lots of marble, and gold
1. Paid artists to make statues
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founded. The Luftwaffe was an addition to the building Nazi army. (History.com) This addition to the army was crucial to the success of the Nazi party by giving them an efficient communication system. (History.com) Also due to the civilian airline, Lufthansa, giving the soon to be Luftwaffe pilots training this gave the Nazi party an expense that wouldn’t have to be paid. (History.com)
Founded on February 26, 1935 the Luftwaffe was an addition added to the Nazi Army. This extension to the military force at first had many problems at the beginning, such as weak air defensive due to Adolf Hitler Foreign policy which was provoking Germany into another war before the Luftwaffe could develop a