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Examine the main concepts of Hard Determinism
Hard Determinism can be defined by Baruch Spinoza’s quote: ‘In the mind there is no absolute or free will; but the mind is determined to will this or that by a cause, which has been determined by another cause…and so on to infinity’. This basically means that humans do not have free will, and that all moral actions have prior causes.
Hard Determinism follows the Principle of Causality, which states that everything has a cause, and every cause has an effect. In our universe, there are certain laws of nature which govern everything that happens. All of our actions come about as a direct result of these scientific laws, and each choice we make was
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causality. In countries like America we show blame and other countries show what happened with no blame.
Although, language is not only about causality, but also talked through time and space. When it comes to time Boroditsky explains how, “English speakers arrange time from left to right,” however, “Hebrew speakers do it from right to left” (Boroditsky L. 2010). Although, there are cultures where they do not use just time but rather time and space. Pormpuraawans, were found to not use right and left, but instead use east to west. Languages such as Kuuk Thaayorre rely on absolute direction of space. Pormpuraawans describe things with north, south, east and west. For example, Americans would
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field of speculative philosophy quite a new direction. Hume was an empiricist,
believing that all knowledge comes originally through sensory experience. Hume explained that things
such as space and time did not really exist, but were concepts that the mind employed in order to make
sense of reality. Likewise, Hume pointed out that there are no such thing as real causes and effects.
Instead, causality is simply a mental construct which allows us to understand things in a predictable and
practical way. Kant embraced this insight, and made it the basis for his philosophy. While Hume had
came to the depressing realization that as human beings we can never have true knowledge of reality since
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everything do to others as you would have them do to you: for this is the law and the prophets." (Matthew 7:12 NRSV) This helps to explain why they do not harm others or cause them suffering.
Causality, the simple fact of why things happen and for what reasons, was taught by the Buddhists to explain different events in their world. This flows directly into the concept of karma. With both good and bad karma existing, the Buddhist can create a method of action based on the karma associated with that object or being. Things with positive karma will boost their own sense of karma and make them more fulfilled. Yet, the things with negative karma warn the Buddhists not to partake in these
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. Traditionalist vs behavioristTaking place in the 1960's, this was essentially a methodological debate revolving around the belief of Behaviouralists that IR could only advance itself by applying the methods of naturalist science. They believed that the field was too dominated by historians, who they labelled Traditionalists, who took the view that IR should be developed through more interpretive historicist methods.Behaviouralist focus was on the opinion of systems and that those analyses, and any subsequent hypotheses of causality, should be subject to empirical testing, mainly via deception. That way knowledge in IR could be progressively built up, allowing for greater intuitions and progress in
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drug abuse grows. If we stop the marijuana, we will stop the rest of drug abuse". I have several issues with this statement: first, the simple fact that many heroin and cocaine users used marijuana first does not conclude that the latter is the result of the first. Correlation is not causality. Bierson’s vehement argument against marijuana alone become suspect, as most of these heroin and cocaine abusers had also previously used alcohol and tobacco. According to government surveys, a conservative estimate of 80 million American have tried marijuana in their life, and 20 million admit to using it recently; if marijuana were truly a gateway drug, we would see a higher percentage of regular users
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radioactive particle from and unstable atom, but the reason for
radioactive emission is that the atom's nucleus is unstable. So the radioactive
particle is contingent upon the unstable nucleus. In other words contingency does
not break down at the subatomic level , even though causality does break down.
Therefore the argument does not fail as there are still contingent beings.
Overall, it is clear that Aquinas is trying to prove the existence of God through the
cosmological arguments . The first two ways fail due to scientific discoveries but the
third way succeeds due to the idea that everything has a reason for existence. God
is the necessary being that came first as contingent beings could not exists out of
nothing and so there must have been something prior to their existence.
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, knowledge and wisdom of the time. On the one hand, the Odyssey is a story of a lost hero’s journey of returning home and retrieving his identity. On the other hand, Oedipus the King is a tragedy of a man who struggles to escape the fated destiny but finally falls into the consequences foreseen in the prophecy. Although they take different or far-flung plots to unfold their stories, they both actually are rooted in Causality, which is the notion that consequences are related to behaviors. Therefore, comparing between the Odyssey and Oedipus the King, there are similarities along with differences in the core meaning of the works.
Just as Jeffery Gitomer has said, “Great people have great values
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brain, but have no effect on any real event. Behaviour is caused by muscles that undergo nerve impulse contraction, which is produced by the input of other neurons or sensory organs.
The core motivation of epiphenomenalism lies in the premise that anything that can cause a real event by causality must itself be a physical event. If a psychological event is not a physical event, then any causal contribution in the physical world needs to violate physical law. The interaction model of Descartes' (1649) suggests that non-material events may result in small changes in the shape of the pineal gland. However, this immaterial effect, no matter how slight, means that the physical description of the
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by Kottler, that of circular causality, in which the acts of one side of a dispute causes further hostility and retaliation by the other, making the conflict seem to be perpetual and self sustaining. In such situations, the solution may be that of taking the focus off the cycle of blame and recrimination that had begun. This may even be done by one side or the other seeming to take responsibility for what happened in the past. Kottler recommends this in some situations, as it may deflect the energies involved in the conflict to other areas.This involves assuming a commitment to act differently from the way one has acted in the past. A decision such as this may be motivated by the discomfort
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people with memory loss.
“Assisted Suicide.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 27 July 2018, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assisted_suicide.
Emanuel, E J, et al. “Attitudes and Practices of Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide in the United States, Canada, and Europe.” Advances in Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, 5 July 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27380345.
“Facts and Figures.” Alzheimer's Association, Alzheimer's Association, www.alz.org/alzheimers-dementia/facts-figures.
Fuchs, T. “The Notion of ‘Killing’. Causality, Intention, and Motivation in Active and Passive Euthanasia.” Advances in Pediatrics., U.S. National Library of Medicine, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
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highlight the need for empirical testing using Smith’s model, as well as longitudinal studies, to improve the validity of findings when using the model and to develop causality relationships. Moreover, limited testing exists that incorporates the SDT comprehensively, despite the strong correlation between autonomy, competence and relatedness with exhaustion, sense of accomplishment and sport devaluation (characteristics of burnout). Lonsdale’s study using the SDT as its central framework investigated the “relationships between behavioural regulations and athlete burnout” (Lonsdale, Hodge & Rose, 2009, p. 785) and found that self-determined motivation mediated relationships between basic
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a phenomenal concept and a physical state. One way of
defending the knowledge argument would be to describe Mary’s new knowledge not
in terms of a phenomenal state but instead in terms of Qualia. For instance, the
concept of red cannot be fully understood by someone who has never seen the
colour red, no matter how well its physical properties are described. This therefore
implies that in addition to having a physical cause, an experience can also have a
phenomenal cause. Jackson describes this as Epiphenomenalism. This is the idea
that qualia is caused by experiences in the physical world however one can exist
without the other and there is no causality. Jackson first argues that it is
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the same methods used in the natural sciences can be used in social science. Like in natural science, theory is used to produce a hypothesis and this can be verified through observation. Through explanatory theories, positivists give predictions which are tested by direct observation (Marsh and Stoker 2010: 25). Through a positivist lens, by using quantitative research discover causal relations and establish law-like generalisations about social phenomenon. Causality matters very much to those who adopt Positivism. Hume believed knowledge comes from our senses and he considered the implications of ‘cause’ and ‘effect’ within observation. By experiencing knowledge from our senses we can
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-33, 122, 124, 126
Giannarakis, G. and Theotokas, I. (2011). The Effect of Financial Crisis in Corporate Social Responsibility Performance. International Journal of Marketing Studies, 3(1).
Hohnen, P. (2007). Corporate Social Responsibility: An Implementation Guide for Business. [online] Iisd.org. Available at: https://www.iisd.org/pdf/2007/csr_guide.pdf [Accessed 21 Nov. 2018].
Husted, B. and de Jesus Salazar, J. (2006). Taking Friedman Seriously: Maximizing Profits and Social Performance*. Journal of Management Studies, 43(1), pp.75-91.
Makni, R., Francoeur, C. and Bellavance, F. (2008). Causality Between Corporate Social Performance and Financial Performance: Evidence from Canadian Firms
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Six Sigma one way to handle the changes and implement a plan of quality that can utilizar as part of a quality in the services received by the patient. Utilization is a way of quantifying and increase the quality. Other quality activities, for example, CCT or CQI also include the use of measurements and information analysis.
Badri M. A., Attia S. and Ustadi A. M. 2009. Healthcare quality and moderators of patient satisfaction: testing for causality. International Journal of health care quality assurance.
Brue, Greg – Six Sigma for executives – McGraw Hill –2015.
Kovner A. R. and Knickman J. R. 2008. Health care delivery in the United States, 9th edition, Springer Publishing Company. New York.
Johnson, J. & Sollecito, W. 2013. Continuous Quality Improvement in Health Care (4th ed). Jones and Bartlett.
William, A. S, and J. K. Johnson, (2013), “Mclaughlin and Kaluzny’s continuous quality improvement in healthcare”, 4th.ed. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
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personality that might be overlooked if one employed measures lacking reliability” (p. 58).
However, correlation studies also have their limitations, such as providing superficial
information about a person (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). “A correlational study will provide information about an individual’s scores on the various personality tests that happen to have been used in research” (Cervone & Pervin, 2010, p. 58). The second limitation is similar to a case study, “in a correlational study it is difficult to draw firm conclusions about causality” (Cervone & Pervin, 2010, p. 58). The third limitation is when people participate in questionnaires they tend to be biased when describing themselves
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, the majority of the previous studies on this subject have attempted to examine the relationship between interest rate reforms and economic growth directly. The relationship between interest rate reforms and economic growth is an indirect one. Interest rate liberalization impacts on economic growth, through its influence on financial deepening.Secondly, the majority of the previous studies on this subject have mainly used a causality test. The causal relationship between financial development and economic growth suffer from the omission-of-variable bias.Thirdly, some of the previous studies have relied on the cross-sectional data to examine the relationship between interest rate reforms and
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mover, but Aquinas made it a point that it is God, and not merely as an existence as Aristotle put it.2. Aquinas' second argument is influenced by AristotleIn Aquinas' second argument from efficient causality to explain God's existence are series of events that happened in order to cause something. If something happens it must be a caused by something outside itself; nothing can happen on its own, and so no effect can happen if you take away the cause. Again, Aquinas says that the series of events cannot go onto infinity because there would be no first cause, which the effect is depended on the first cause, and that is what "everyone gives the name God" (Melchert 278).Aquinas' second argument is
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as they please. The risk of the ship being desecrated and items being taken for personal reward or achievement without being caught is high, which is why casual divers should be kept away.Throughout the years, the wreckage of the SS Edmund Fitzgerald and how it happened has been a mystery, or at least considered a mystery by the public. After meteorological reports and reconstruction, hurricane gale force winds, an ice storm, up to 40 foot waves, technological problems and others problems concerning the boats sturdiness, the sinking of the Edmund Fitzgerald is not a mystery but simply a causality of brutal storms on the great lakes. Even though some people say that no one will ever know what
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causality in which great deeds, words, contemplations, and directions lead to useful impacts for an individual, and terrible deeds, words, musings, and directions lead to hurtful impacts (Edwards, 2002). These impacts are not really prompt but rather can be visited upon a spirit in future lives through rebirth; also, positive or negative fortune experienced in life might be the aftereffect of fortunate or unfortunate activities performed in a previous existence. One's karmic state influences the resurrection of the spirit: great karma may prompt rebirth as a human while terrible karma can prompt resurrection as a creature or other type of non-human life (Penney, 2013). Numerous Hindus hold
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traditional Kantian categories of “space, time, and causality,” ultimately implying that in modernity, synchronistic experiences work on a spiritual level and thus have the capacity to “re-sacralize the modern world and thus address the crisis of modernity.” FOOTNOTE Jung even explicitly said that he hoped synchronicity would have an effect on “the fanatical one-sidedness of scientific philosophy,” and that it would “shake the security of our scientific foundations.”
THESIS??? ---- Where Weber offers a diagnosis of the perils of modernity, uncovering the ideas and forces which gave rise to a world dominated by industry, capitalism, and rationality, the entirety of Jung’s psychotherapy, can
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hypothesis and subjecting it to an empirical test.
(Adapted from Burns, 2000: 6-7)
STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS
· Precision - through quantitative and reliable measurement
· Control - through sampling and design
· Ability to produce causality statements, through the use of controlled experiments
· Statistical techniques allow for sophisticated analyses
· Because of the complexity of human experience it is difficult to rule out or control all the variables;
· Because of human agency people do not all respond in the same ways as inert matter in the physical sciences;
· Its mechanistic ethos tends to exclude notions of freedom, choice and moral
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Wednesday, 12 September 2018
Theories of International Relations
Introduction to International Relations:
- Reaslism: grounded in assumption of human nature being driven by greed,
mistrust, pride (Hobbes); in the state of nature man competes with man in
constant state of war. We want more than we have, have mistrust and then
we want to show oﬀ what we have.
- When we live in anarchy, man constantly competes with man. States
compete with states in a constant state of war.
- 1. Thucydides: “history of the Peloponnesian wars”: history is explained as
the men’s actions as opposed to fates intervening and whether it was God. It
deals solely with human causality. And it is “claimed” by realists
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to express as follows.1) Causality from government expenses and public investments to GDP might be rejected in any of nine countries analyzed in the study, and only a short-term effect might be observed by the impulse response function.2) On the other hand, causality from the money supply to GDP might be observed significantly in four of nine countries analyzed in the study, and the impulse response function might show that effects of money supply lasts continuously.In the first quarter of 1999, the Japanese economy increased by 1.9% over the previous 3 months. It might seem low compared to the booming U.S. economy (4.3% growth), but it was the first positive growth in Japan since the
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mutually exclusive. Depression is often comorbid with other chronic diseases and can negatively affect adherence to treatment (Moussavi et al., 2007). A 2001 metaanalysis found that 11 percent of those diagnosed with diabetes met criteria for Major Depressive Disorder (with another 31 percent presenting with clinically significant depressive symptoms) (Anderson et al., 2001). Non-adherence to diabetes treatment is closely associated with depression (Bell et al., 2010). While there is still a “chicken or egg” situation when it comes to determining the direction of causality between depression and diabetes, the interactive nature of these two diseases illustrates the need for integrating
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-178p.Perdue, R.R. (1985). Segmenting State Travel Information Inquirers by Timing of the Destination Decision and Previous Experience. Journal of Travel Research, 23(6):6-11.Pike, S. & Ryan, C. (2004). Destination Positioning Analysis through a Comparison of Cognitive, Affective, and Conative Perceptions. Journal of Travel Research, 42(May):333-342.Pizam, A. & Milman,A. (1993). Predicting Satisfaction among First Time Visitors to a Destination by Using the Expectancy Disconformation Theory. International journal of Hospitality Management, 12(2):197-209.Reibstein, D.J., Lovelock, C.H. & Dobson, R.P. (1980). The Direction of Causality between Perceptions, Affect, and Behavior: An
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Planning and organizing in respect to Wells Fargo is essential to the success of the company. The vision of Wells Fargo Bank is to move to the next stage going from "good to great," (wellsfargo.com). The organization has constantly reinvented itself through the years by creating new departments, products, services and new positions. The changes that have been made to the organization have been instrumental in the success of the company. Planning is a function that is often utilized within our organization.Within the mortgage wholesale division of Wells Fargo, we tend to have an operational disadvantage when it comes to our loan process. Our company realizes that business would not exist
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Table of contents1: Summary 22: Main Contents of the report 3-202.1: Introduction 32.2: Problem and the followed procedure 42.3: Sun Life Financial from strategic managerial viewpoints 42.3.1: Sun Life Financial's strategic logic 62.3.2: SWOT analysis 102.3.3: PEST analysis 132.3.4: The attractiveness of the Chinese insurance market 172.3.5: Strategies and city choice 183: Results, conclusions and recommendations 224: Bibliography 231. SummaryThis report looks into the Chinese insurance market for Sun Life Financial in order to evaluate whether it is wise for the company to enter the Chinese market and if so, where to enter. To research whether Sun Life Financial is internally ready to enter
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In order to answer this question we must firstly look at what is done at the birth of the child. If they are baptised as a baby, they clearly include no opinion in the situation. If this child doesn't believe in this faith there will be obvious rise against this as they get older and realise what it means.Furthermore, a particularly social child who is busy quite a lot of the time may find it hard to go to Church when they are supposed to and make time for other things like prayer etc. These things all take time where a child could be doing other activities that they would prefer to be doing than attending church. As well as this, to a child who isn't a Christian because of their own
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V-post has the ability to substantially improve its profit margin, but it may difficult to realize that with the insight from Singpost, it can and will happen overnight. V-post is currently selling maximum range of approximately million bucks value of goods each day. As V-post faces many intense pressures to be more and more competitive and to increase profitability, a new perspective must be directed to the reduction and control of expenses. Expenses are considered to be "costs of doing business." Hence, most organizations lack the "know how, "expertise, or time to undertake an extensive profit improvement review. A few may have access to financial resources, some of which include books
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Disasters happen when multinational corporations though having enormous resources tend to look the other side when most of the people are uneducated and their governments do not care for them and their safety and laws are usually bent if not broken by the corporations for their benefit.On the night at around 1 a.m. on Monday, December 3, 1984, when most of the people were at home sleeping, a deadly toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas leaked out from the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) plant in Bhopal, India. Senior factory officials who already knew about the lethal build-up in the tank before the leakage did not raise the alarm to warn the neighborhood until one hour after the leakage
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Before entering the "real" world and making decisions about careers and life, there is one major decision one is faced with. The question of which institution will best fit their needs to prepare them for life. There are several choices to choose from. From Ivy League Schools to State Schools as well as Historically Black Colleges and Universities the list goes on and on. These schools are viewed in society on a scale. Ivy League Schools are viewed at the top of the list where as Historically Black Colleges and Universities is only a place to go when you have no where else to go. However to receive admission into any type of these universities one must take the Scholastic Achievement Test or
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Throughout American history, the development of plantations (farms) in the American colonies arrived as immigrants arrived in small farms. The American people settled on the land west of the Mississippi for many diverse reasons. As the years went, by the profit and demand for crops such as tobacco grew larger. At that time, large plantation could had over 400 acres of fields growing anything from tobacco to maize and sugarcane(in the south), as the myths reveal. The farmers were also in the business of buying slaves as they were auctioned off at the ports or owned as indentured servants.Initially, many Americans were reluctant to move westward. Early explorers thought that the country beyond
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The author uses from the first person point of view. This is viewed in the first person because the author uses pronouns such as "we" and "my" in the story. To have pronouns such as "we" and "my" is the definition of first person narrators. An example of this can be seen through the following phrase:"My mother is not an inventive or convincing liar, and the excuses which occur to her are obviously second rate."We know that the narrator is homodiegtic because the narrator is one who is internal to the narrative, which is on the same plane of exegesis as the story. In the first person narrative, it brings us psychologically much closer to the central character. However, it does lose much of
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Characteristics and symptomsThe characteristics and symptoms of albinism are:- very light skin color- blondish-white colored hair- visual impairments that require glasses- tendency to sunburn easily,- hearing impairments- blood-clotting problems- red/pink eyes- Low Vision- Sensitivity to bright light and glare- involuntary eye movements- "Slowness to see" in infancy- Inability of the eyes to work togetherThese are all symptoms of albinos but an albino can have perfect health and only suffer from very light skin.CausesAlbinism is caused when a person inherits two recessive genes that cause them to not produce the normal amount of melanin. This makes their skin and hair lighter and can cause
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From the beginning of recorded history, possibly before then, humans have found a necessity for classifying and categorizing every aspect of life. This need for order has been used to efficiently organize and clarify the endless details on Earth. This arrangement of objects in groups has also created a very sinister and volatile mindset that some people live by. This associative manner of classification has lead to the formation of beliefs in race identities, stereotypes, and superiority in the form of racism. Racism is contempt for people who have physical characteristics different from your own (Nanda and Warms 1). This concept is often combined with what is called racialism. Racialism is
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Domestic Family Violence by definition consists of physical, emotional and psychological violence. Family Violence is prevalent among all domestic groups. This form of violence crosses ethnic, racial, age, national origin, sexual orientation, religious and socioeconomic lines. Those families at highest risk are those currently experiencing some complicating form of stress. This would include poverty, unemployment, low educational levels and certain ethnic groups. Job disparities including income disparities between spouses, over crowding and poor social structure also increase and contribute to family violence. By the most conservative estimate, each year 1 million women suffer nonfatal
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The story of spirited away begins with Chihiro, the protagonist of the story moving to a new house in a country town. Initially Chihiro is stubborn and reluctant about leaving her friends and old life behind. Later on the family runs into what seems like an abandoned theme park, but is actually an entrance to a spirit world and more specifically a bathhouse for gods.When Chihiro is helpless of the circumstances of loosing her parents and the recent transparency in her skin a boy with the name of Haku comes to comfort and rescue her. Haku informs Chihiro that the only way she can remain in the bathhouse and save her parents is to get a job and make herself useful. Chihiro following Haku's
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PROBLEMAfter reviewing the facts of the article, it appears to me that the problem at Polaris is one of poor organization and structuring of the companies resources.ALTERNATIVESThe first alternative in solving the organizational problem at Polaris is to expand the marketing research and development teams to cities outside of the Midwest, such as Burlington, VT, Portland, ME, and Manchester, NH in the Northeast and Denver, CO, Helena, MT in the Midwest, and Tempe, Arizona in the southwest and other US and foreign cities where Polaris' products may have a market.AdvantagesThis alternative organizes Polaris better in terms of marketing and researching products for the future. It will better
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The first Total War also known as the 'bloodiest' war of the century, WWI proved to have a great impact upon all of Europe. Politically, there is a clear scene of what impact the War had on the main powers in Europe: for some countries, such as France and Britain, the change in regime was merely slight, in Germany rather significant, whereas in Russia it proved drastic and sparked off two revolutions. Hence, there were several common aspects of political impacts, both direct and indirect.One of the instances of indirect political impact of WWI was the steadfastly developed idea of 'unity' behind ones government, borne by feelings of patriotism. This mainly existed at the very beginning of
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Naturally, there are three main points offered, when analyzing the role of Bethmann-Holloweg in the July Crisis. One of them, the sympathetic viewpoint, describes the German Imperial Chancellor as a victim of circumstance, rather weak, but totally guilt-free. The more critical viewpoint assigns him the characteristics of an aggressive expansionist and finally the neutral point balances out the two. It claims that Holloweg lost control, and desired no more than a limited war. Nonetheless, it is never certain how far the Chancellor was a crucial figure.To begin with, the sympathetic, and possibly very naive view is that the Chancellor did his best to avoid war and was a peace-loving statesman
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After Research, I do feel that minorities are overrepresented within the criminal justice system. For example, "a suit filed Jan. 6 in Union County, N.J., alleges that a state law denying voting rights to parolees and probationers discriminates against blacks and Hispanics due to their overrepresentation in the criminal justice system"(Penal Disenfranchisement Law Called Biased). A good deal of research has noted major disparities in the extent of involvement of minorities, particularly blacks compared to whites, in the criminal justice system. The existence of disproportionate racial representation in the criminal justice system raises questions about the fundamental fairness and equality
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The article I have selected to write about caught my attention because of the word " Phishing". Being an avid fisherman I knew this term had to be related fishing or luring. As I found out in the article the Tech term Phishing refers to scams which try to trick consumers into disclosing highly confidential -- and valuable -- information such as credit card and bank account numbers, Social Security numbers, and other identity-related data.Typically originating in mass-mailed e-mails that purport to be from a legitimate source, they entice users to spoofed sites with bogus claims that account numbers must be re-entered.The statistics are amazing in the amount of attacks. According to Vincent
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Software maintenance and change control plans are critical to the overall success of a software project. A properly executed plan will not only provide more reliable coding changes, and change implementations; it will also have beneficial financial impacts on the company. Large portions of software expenditures are related to program maintenance. Poorly tested or documented changes and coding changes implemented on an emergency basis as twice as costly as those that are well planned and tested. A plan that controls changes, tests, and implements the changes in a thorough manner will make more efficient use of all the companies' resources. To be effective a plan must be in place through the
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IntroductionWhy all the noise from senior management about improved communication? Organizations need communication, in all sorts of relationships. When organizations focus on the professional relationships, the managers wants to communicate to be able to increase his or her employees' knowledge. In this paper, I will describes and elaborate on two types of communication: lateral and vertical. Furthermore, I will also compare the two types of communication and how they relate to my organization.Vertical CommunicationVertical communication can be described as the transfer of information, in the order from highest to the lowest, in an organizational structure, (Spillan, Mino, & Rowles
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There is a constant dispute amongst the medical and psychological community as to whether alcoholism is, in fact, a disease or just a state of mind. Many of the researcher have classified alcoholism as a disease (Alcoholism as a Disease 1). Dictionary.com has defined "disease" broadly as an "involuntary choice made by the individual" (Dictionary 1). This definition does not comply with alcoholics at all, because they can easily like any other human being determine that drinking has many unwanted consequences behind it. But an alcoholic just simply doesn't care. They cause many of their own troubles by their behavior and the decisions they make, so why should they be looked upon as powerless
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Shakespearean tragedies rarely contain blameless characters. The characters whose lives get turned upside down usually either deserve it, or they directly contributed to their downfall by holding onto some flaw or vice. This is always true for his tragic heroes, but what about his minor characters? They usually suffer just as much as the main characters. They usually exhibit character flaws. The difference is that they are rarely responsible for their own downfall; their circumstances come about from things outside of their control. Othello's Michael Cassio is an example of such a character. He is shown as a good man with minor flaws whose suffering is orchestrated by people and events that
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Andre's Hair Stylling employs 5 barbers at $9.90 per hour, 40 hours per week, and 50 weeks per year. The salary rate applies regardless of the number of haircuts performed by the barber. Fixed expenses total $1,750 per month and the cost for shampoo per client is $0.40. The total cost for each hair cut is $12.00. Using this data, I found the following information.1. Contribution margin is sales revenue less variable costs. It is the amount available to pay for fixed costs and provide any profit after variable costs have been paid. (Wikipedia, 2006) Find the contribution margin per haircut:Unit sales price - unit variable cost = contribution margin12.00 Per cut - 0.40/shampoo = contribution
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There are two polio vaccines that are used throughout the world today. There is the oral polio vaccine and the injected polio vaccine. The injection vaccine was invented first. It was invented by Jonas Salk and first tested in 1952. It was announced to the world on April 12, 1955. The second vaccine was invented by Albert Sabin. This vaccine was the oral one. The oral vaccine was a scientific breakthrough at that time. The vaccine was began testing in 1957 and was introduced to the world in 1962.The Oral Polio Vaccine was much more fit for the younger polio victims. Most polio victims were young children but most complication with polio was with the older people who had polio. Babies and