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Physical Changes. Cognitive Changes. Emotional Changes. The life stage called early adulthood defines individuals between the ages of 20 and 35, who are typically vibrant, active and healthy, and are focused on friendships, romance, child bearing and careers. Little Earthquakes by Jennifer Weiner was published in 2005 and takes place in the present, where it follows the lives of four young women through their first pregnancies, childbirth and beyond. Three of the women, Becky, Kelly and Ayinde, meet at a pre-natal yoga class; they meet the fourth woman, Lia, in a coffee shop, where Becky recognizes her as the woman who has been watching
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7. Generatavity vs. stagnation - The individuals who are effective amid this stage will feel that they are adding to the world by being dynamic in their home and group. The individuals who neglect to accomplish this ability will feel ineffective and uninvolved on the planet
8. Integretity vs. despair- Now being developed, individuals think back on the occasions of their lives and decide whether they are content with the life that they lived or in the event that they lament the things they did or didn't do.
PIAGETS COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTAL THEORY
Jean Piaget's hypothesis of subjective improvement proposes that kids travel through four distinct phases of mental advancement. His
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To create a classroom system that will support kids learning to know and manage their own
emotions, connect in healthy ways with others, and develop into confident people for a third
grade music class, I will of course teach the content required, but during that time, I want to
incorporate a classroom management system in my class.
I. Management of Emotions
To help children regulate their emotions, they first need to identify the repertoire
of basic and self-conscious emotions. Children in this age begin to connect words
for their emotions. To help with the process, I will have a set time at the
beginning of class to make facial expressions according to a song a play. For
example, I will
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team because I felt like I had let everyone down and dance is my passion. It is not easy giving up something that you love. Even to this day, I have a lot of guilt about what I did, but I was always taught that school comes first, so I know that I made the right choice. I eventually ended up changing my major to psychology, I declared my minor in business and I finished my first semester with a 3.8. Looking at the situation now, if I knew how rigorous my schedule would have been and how much of an adjustment college is, I might not have auditioned in the first place. If I would not have auditioned, yes I would miss dance, but I would have had a smoother transition into college and I would not
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Identifying Developmental Needs
Interpersonal Relations for Helping Professions
July 5, 2018
Each of us live our lives based off our experiences and personal interpretations of them. Even when we live through the same experience, we don’t interpret it the same and therefore walk away with different perspectives on what happened. Self-awareness is not a skill that we are born with. It is something that we all must learn as we grow and develop throughout our lifetimes. Some of us are fortunate enough to have guidance early in life that helps us develop this skill early. Others are not so lucky and must put in extra effort and work hard at learning this on are own.
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Developmental Assessment 1
Developmental Assessment and the School-Aged Child
Joseph A. DePolo
Grand Canyon University: NRS-434VN
April 07, 2019
A nursing assessment must be comprehensive and focus on specific developmental assessments that are appropriate for the child’s age, developmental phase, and needs. The nursing assessment provides opportunities to identify illnesses or conditions and time to educate patients and families about the body and its growth and development. Physical development and growth typically correlates to genetic background, nutritional status and may indicate if a child’s health and well-being are at risk. For nurses to properly assess their patients, an
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illness, one can sometimes observe developmental setbacks or strong efforts at independence. As regards devel-opmental psychology, international data (see Seiffge-Krenke 2015) show an increasing prolongation of the transition period between adolescence and adulthood. In southern Europe, the economic situation has significantly contributed to the fact that young people often live with their parents until the age of 30. In Germany too, the living situation often derisively referred to as "Hotel Mama" is becoming increasingly common. Although young people often live with different partners during the transition phase to work or study, they frequently no longer necessarily move out of the
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A vital proceeding in the specialty of child and adolescent psychiatry was the recognition of juvenility or childhood as a unique phase of life with its own developmental stages, beginning with the infant and eventually continuing through adolescence (Developmental psychology: childhood and adolescence). As early as the late 1800's, the term "child psychiatry" was used as a sub-title in Manheimer's monograph "Les Troubles Mentaux de I'Enfance" (Manheim, Marcel (1960)). However, psychiatrist Moritz Tramer (1882-1963) was most likely the one to define the boundaries of child psychiatry in terms of diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis within the discipline of medicine in 1933. In 1934, Moritz
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Summary chapter 1: introduction to the science of psychology.
To discuss the different aspects about psychology, it is necessary to know what it means: it’s the SCIENTIFIC study of mental processes and behavior. Psychology has four main goals such as describe, which is reporting what is observed; research, that is to organize and understand observations of behaviors; predict, which is about outcomes; and control, that uses research to shape, Professionals (psychologists) can work in several fields such as: clinical/counseling, educational, developmental, scholar, industrial/organizational.
Psychology has many major perspectives, all of them try to explain the human nature of behavior, and
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Cognitive development is an intellectual growth from infancy to adulthood. Jean Piaget (1896-1980), a Swiss psychologist, was one of the most important and influential researchers in the field of developmental psychology throughout the 20th century. Piaget was born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland, on August 9, 1896. His father, Arthur Piaget, was a professor of medieval literature with an interest in local history. His mother, Rebecca Jackson, was intelligent and energetic. The oldest child, he was very independent and took an early interest in nature. He published his first paper when he was ten - a one page account of his sighting of an albino sparrow.Piaget was the first to develop
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IDC4U2: UNIT 1-2 TEST REVIEW
Physiological: having to do with an organism’s physical processes
Cognitive: having to do with an organism’s thinking and understanding
Psychiatry: a branch of medicine that deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders
Psychoanalyst: a psychologist who studies how unconscious motives and conflicts determine human
4 Goals of Psychology: psychologists seek to do four things—describe, explain, predict, and influence
Description: to describe or gather information about the behavior being studied and to present what is
Explanation: Such explanations can be called psychological principles—generally valid ideas about
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beautiful to be defined by one definition. It takes many ways and many theories or categories to describe something so much bigger than ourselves. Love is completely natural and powerful. It has the beyond our control which is scary but also arguably the best part of life.
Word Count: 777
University, South. “The Psychology Behind Love and Romance.” South University, 2012, www.southuniversity.edu/whoweare/newsroom/blog/the-psychology-behind-love-and-romance-70700.
Pelz, Bill. “Developmental Psychology.” Types of Love | Developmental Psychology, courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-hccc-ss-152-1/chapter/types-of-love/.
“Love.” Merriam-Webster, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/love.
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Lopez, B.R., Lincoln, A.J., Ozonoff, S., & Lai, Z. (2005). Examining the relationship between executive functions and restricted repetitive symptoms of Autistic Disorder. Journal of autism and developmental disorder, 35 (4), pp. 445-60
Ozonoff, S., Fennington, B. F., & Rogers, S. J. (1991). Executive function deficits in high functioning autistic individuals: relationships to theory of mind. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines, 22 (7), pp. 1081-1105
Ozonoff, S. & McEvoy, R.E. (1994). A longitudinal study of executive function and theory of mind development in autism. Development and Psychopathology, 6, pp. 415-431
Pellicano, E., Mayberry M., Durkin, K
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coordination, and social thinking.
Time of extreme dependence on adults.
Early Childhood: end of infancy to 5 years
Middle and Late Childhood: 6 to 11 years
Children master fundamental skills
Self Control increases and they interact with the social world
Development and Education
Developmentally appropriate teaching practices: teaching at a level that is not too difficult and stressful.
‘Splintered” development: may be uneven across boards.
John Piaget (cognitive constructivism/developmental psychology)
-How do we learn and grow and change?
-Combined biology and philosophy > genetic epistemology
-Quest for balance (stasis) among transformation and change
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italicized and click on the I on the tool bar or hit format/font/italics. To turn italics off, hit control and “I” again.
Here are some examples:
Single author, journal article:
Felson, R. B. (1989). Parents and the reflected appraisal process: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 965-971.
Two authors, journal article:
Diaz, R. M., & Berndt, T. J. (1982). Children’s knowledge of a best friend: Fact or fancy? Developmental Psychology, 18, 787-794.
Three to six authors, journal article:
Saywitz, K. J., Mannarino, A. P., Berliner, L., & Cohen, J. A. (2000). Treatment for sexually abused children and adolescents. American Psychologist, 55, 1040-1049.
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Marc Joshua Quidilla
Mr. Augustus Momodu
Psychoanalytic Critism is a literary criticism which is influenced by the tradition of psychoanalysis begun by Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud is one of the famost names in psychology even though most of his ideas have been abandoned by modem psychology his psychoanalytic theory formed the basis for many current psychodynamic theories. Frued was the first to discuss the unconscious mind and its role in human behavior.
Freud believed that there were three levels of consciousness. First, is the unconscious mind which exists outside of your awareness at all times. Next, is the pre-conscious mind which includes all
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Basic research: pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.
Developmental psychology: the scientific study of physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.
Educational psychology: the study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning.
Personality psychology: the study of an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Social psychology: the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.
Industrial-Organizational psychology: the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.
Human factors psychology: the study
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Overview of Mental Disorders
May 3, 2018
Alcohol is the most commonly used substance during adolescence, with a third of high school seniors having ever tried alcohol and almost a fifth of al twelfth graders having had 5 or more drinks on one occasion during the past two weeks. (Johnston, O’Malley, Miech, Bachman, & Schulenberg, 2015) A potential risk factor for alcohol problems in childhood ADHD. ADHS is a developmental disorder featuring maladaptive levels of inattention, excessive activity, and impulsiveness. It is also one of the most common reasons kids are referred for mental health services in the United States. (Essentials of Abnormal Psychology, Pg. 483)
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, after I participated in the personality inventory it told me I was curious and sensitive to other, but everyone wants to see themselves as those personality traits, they are also just very broad traits that everyone can relate to.
In conclusion the tests are based on five distinct and independent scales, all scales are internally consistent, and people who retake these assessments are very likely to end up with the same result, even after a break – 6 months. It demonstrates both a high reliability and validity rate, but at the same time only use traits that everyone can relate to. But at the same time there are 16 different personalities that you could be categorized in so there isn’t just a couple of categories.
ISFP Personality ("The Adventurer"). (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.16personalities.com/isfp-personality
Danielson, K. (2019). “Personality, Chapter 12, Lecture 3”. PSYA02: Introduction to Clinical, Developmental, Personality, and Social Psychology. University of Toronto, Scarborough. 14 January.
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I have read and understand the guidelines on plagiarism (found in the BA Psychology handbook) and declare that this coursework is entirely my own work. All sources have been acknowledged in the text and included in the reference section. All quotations from other authors are marked as such in the text.
Joint attention are specific types of social and cognitive developmental achievements. Specifically, joint attention is considered as two individuals sharing interests in each other and/or in an object (Akhtar and Gernsbache, 2007). The development of joint attention is vital for essential developmental processes throughout life, such as learning, language and social abilities
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. Erikson assumes a child must learn these virtues or skills in this order. But, what if a child does not? Someone may never has a meaningful relationship, but they may develop wisdom. This would undercut Erikson's assumptions that everyone must pass through these stages in this order.Both theories have some value because they are not totally wrong. These theories have withstood criticism and are some of the best. Each theory is similar in its timetable and sequence of life events. Where they differ is in their focus. Freud focuses on sex while Erikson focuses on the self and social orientation.BibliographyCoon, Dennis. Introduction to Psychology: Exploration and Application, 7th Edition. Minnesota: West Publishing Company, 1995.Freud, Sigmund. The Basic Writings of Sigmund Freud. Brill, A. A.: Dodd, Mead and Company, Inc., July 1979.Miller, Paul. Theories of Developmental Psychology. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman and Company. 1983
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Abnormal Child Psychology Prof. Fishman
Book of Notes:
Research in abnormal child psych seeks to address:
· Defining what constitutes normal and abnormal behavior
· Identifying the causes and correlates of abnormal child behavior
· Making predictions about long term outcomes
· Developing and evaluating methods for treatment (p.3)
Features that distinguish child and adult disorders:
· When adults seek services for children, its often unclear whose problem it is
· Many problems fail to show expected developmental progress
· Many behaviors are not entirely abnormal
· Interventions for children are intended to promote further development, rather than restore level of functioning
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Children with mental disorders
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a brain disorder that causes children to lack concentration and/or to seat still.(Berger & Chuang, 2014, p.277) It is far from being the most threatening or deadliest disorder out there, but it is in fact one of the most common disorders diagnosed in children and adults. It is a lifelong condition. Kids with this condition need special care, assistance and attention because of the difficulty they have to concentrate on given tasks which results in academic failure. Disorders are said to be comorbid with one another when they coexist
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Mastering The Role Of A Parent In Tennis
Being a successful athlete is not something that just happens by itself. In order to achieve a level of greatness, a young raw talent has to be blossomed, guided, and be given the opportunities and circumstances needed to succeed. The part the parents play in the youngster’s athletic participation, and the influence they have on their junior careers can be crucial for the right development of a young athlete. Furthermore, the parental behavior during the years of development is one of the biggest factors in the psychology of an upcoming successful player. Most of these opinions also come from the coaches themselves, since they are able to experience
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disabilities brought about by the exposure. Studies and research are still being conducted to increase the knowledge on the individual or exclusive effects of this exposure.BIBLIOGRAPHY:Barr, H. et al Prenatal exposure to alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, and aspirin: Effects on fine and gross motor performance in 4-year-old children. Developmental Psychology. 1990.National Library of Medicine, journals http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.govColes, C. et al (1991). Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure at school age. I. Physical and cognitive development. Neurotoxicology and Teratology, 357-367.Deren, S. (1986). Children of substance abusers: A review of the literature. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 3, 77-94
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required to produce models and prove hypothesise.
Bigelow, B.J. and La Gaipa, J.J., 1975. Children's written descriptions of friendship: A multidimensional analysis. Developmental Psychology, 11(6), p.857.
Brownlow, C. ‘Making Friends’ in Brace, N. and Byford J. (eds) Investigating Psychology, Oxford, Oxford University Press/Milton Keynes, The Open University, pp. 237–269
Damon, W., 1977. The social world of the child (p. 137). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
McLeod, K., White, V., Mullins, R., Davey, C., Wakefield, M. and Hill, D., 2008. How do friends influence smoking uptake? Findings from qualitative interviews with identical twins. The Journal of genetic psychology, 169(2), pp.117-132.
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Biopsychology- Effects on biological factors of behavior
Cognitive- A mental process of judgement and memory
Health- soundness of body and mind
What is the difference between a PsyD, PhD, MA, and MD?
PsyD- A doctoral degree in Psychology
PhD- A doctorate in Philioshopy
MA- Masters of Arts
MD- A doctorate In medication
What is a theory? A set of principles on a practice of activity
What is a hypothesis? A hypothesis is an educated guess
Give one strength and one weakness for…
Case study is reasonable for exstinsive study but it is not a research method
Naturalistic observation aids in research validation however different opions makes it debateable
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which, people are born into. Developmental Psychology would try to prove that hatred is something that you are born with, without peer influence. No matter what form of psychology takes the stand they still do not know what or how hatred is developed.Hatred is as old as time. There have always been wars, conflicts, and tension throughout the world and throughout history. Even in times of peace there is always some kind of tension or hatred for another group or race. For someone who never knew anything but their own kind can still have hatred for another group that is unlike their own even though they have never been in contact with that other group. Why is that? It may be something that
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level, we check these people. We look at their tasks, roles and backgrounds. This is a dynamic list, every six months one to one year; we will reposition people, talk about people, put people down, put down others. (Rothwell, W., 2005)
(3) Assigning Action-Oriented Developmental Activities;
It means we have courses and similar things that let people enter the role, giving them a stretch task and then see how they do it. When we look at the plan documents, they are really evaluated by the people we collect, and these assessments are based on their commitment to countless projects and business completions, and then we measure them. (Blackler and Kennedy, 2004)
(4) Enhancing High Potentials
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of research called Developmental Psychology, this shows good or bad experiences in our childhood can affect our lives as adults.The weaknesses of this case study where that this study was that of one individual and there for we cannot generalise this study to other cases. This case could not be repeated exactly the same way with a different individual. This case study taken place in 1909 so it could be said that this study is out of date and would not relate to anyone now. It could also be said the this theory is unscientific in the analysis of human behaviour, due to the fact there is no way to way to study the unconscious mind that Freud calls the id and superego that are in constant
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Running head: psychology and school shootings 1
psychology and school shootings 8
Psychology and School Shootings:
How to Address an Epidemic of Violence
Parkview High School
This paper will describe a growing societal problem—mass school shootings in the United States. It will describe the psychological science research on what causes certain students to act out in mass school shootings and what steps can be taken to prevent them from doing so. The paper will then propose steps students can take to serve their community (schools) to prevent or reduce the likelihood of a school shooting. This will include students’ need to be mindful of others who seem to have a
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Eklund, R., & Cresswell, S. (2004). The Relationship between Motivational Types and Burnout in Top Amateur New Zealand Rugby Players. Medicine & Science In Sports & Exercise, 36(Supplement), S223.
Fraser-Thomas, J., Côté, J., & Deakin, J. (2008). Examining Adolescent Sport Dropout and Prolonged Engagement from a Developmental Perspective. Journal Of Applied Sport Psychology, 20(3), 318-333.
Gustafsson, H., Sagar, S., & Stenling, A. (2016). Fear of failure, psychological stress, and burnout among adolescent athletes competing in high level sport. Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine & Science In Sports, 27(12), 2091-2102.
Hardy, L., Jones, G., & Gould, D. (1997). Understanding Psychological
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cases, the impact of the covariate on the incline of empathy was more focussed; that is, regardless of whether there was an predicted decline or increase in empathy over the 12 years.
Huge impacts were discovered on the slant of sympathy for four proportions of abstract and mental well-being: positive effect, depressive manifestations, self-rule, and self-acknowledgement. No psychological or social demographic variable anticipated the adjustment in self-reported empathy. Every one of the four models demonstrated a sensible fitting in the data.
In conclusion, as empathy scores remained table across the age ranges, it implements major signs in developmental psychology. The structures of
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Juveniles Should Not Be Tried As Adults
“My second grade teacher told me I would never graduate high school. That I was going to be a juvenile delinquent (Teller).” Today, society is too quick to judge based on someone’s appearance, social status, and environment. Laws should not be chaotic because it only abates the amount of respect children will earn and gives questioning to the legal principles. The developmental discrepancy with adults and youth should not be forgotten (Scott/Steinberg). Juvenile court views another perspective that juvenile system proposes to find treatment that can solve young offender’s antisocial ways (Scott/Steinberg). Juveniles should not be charged as adults
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fundamentalist opposed Darwinism in American Society.
Ingrid eGrenon, & Joav eMerrick. (2014). Intellectual and developmental disabilities: Eugenics. Frontiers in Public Health. https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.3389/fpubh.2014.00201
Keas, M. N. (2010). Darwinism, Fundamentalism, and R. A. Torrey. Perspectives on Science & Christian Faith, 62(1), 25–51. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost-com.lopes.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=48110481&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Martin, D., Cunningham, S. J., Hutchison, J., Slessor, G., & Smith, K. (2017). How societal stereotypes might form and evolve via cumulative cultural evolution. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, (9). https://doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1111/spc3.12338
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games and informal education: Effects on strategies
for dividing visual attention. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 1994, ac.els-cdn.com/0193397394900086/1-s2.0-0193397394900086-main.pdf?_tid=de06f336-9ee6-11e7-89b0-00000aab0f27&acdnat=1506010186_0896c87ac83c08819fa5f223b4a0b324. Accessed 17 Sept. 2017.
Helms, D. R., C. W. Helms, R. J. Kosinski and J. R. Cummings. 1998. Biology in the
Laboratory, 3rd Ed. W. H. Freeman and Co., New York, p. 10-3
Kosinski, R. 2017. The scientific method: an introduction using reaction time. Biology 1100
class handout, Clemson University.
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psychologists were apt to prove that psychology was a meticulous and accurate science hence the behaviorist movement subjugated psychology and urged the researchers to study and experiment only observable, measurable and calculable behaviors.
During this time, an American psychologist by the name of Harry Harlow, became interested in a field of study, a behavior which is not so easy to compute, quantify and measure. He became interested in "Love".
Harry Harlow carried out a series of contentious experiments in the 1960s on maternal deficiency in rhesus monkeys. These were landmarks not only in primatology, but in the surfacing science of affection, connection and
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Consumer psychology lecture 2
1. Psychodynamic theory: A topology of the mind
‘心靈的配置configuration of the mind’
· Hysteria conscious (small)
‘Part of the mind that holds what you are aware of’
Can verbalize about your conscious experience and you can think about it in a logical fashion
· 10% of the minds work is made up of conscious
· not explain those random events created within the mind
· Its ability to direct your focus.
· Its ability to imagine that which is not real
· Psychological Determinism preconscious (small-medium)
Things stored here aren’t in the conscious, they can be readily brought into conscious.
· storage point for any recent memories needed for
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point of view acknowledges that many formative changes does happens after some time.
Something that most people would neglected to consider or even comprehend is a life expectancy perspective playing out over time. Life span perspective is characterized as human advancement dictated by numerous viewpoints and structures. According to Berger (2016) “The developmental theory is a systematic statement of principal and generalizations, providing a framework for understanding how and why people change over the lifespan” (p.23). By viewpoints, we are discussing much of the hodgepodge that goes with life, from school, financial status, hereditary qualities, and everything else.
The life expectancy
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The understanding of mental events and behaviour can be enhanced using the concept of bio-psychology. Peterson defined psychology in1996 as the scientific study of behaviour and mental process. Biology psychology is therefore, an extension of psychology, scientifically studying the biology of behaviour (Pinel 1997). It examines the physiological, evolutionary and developmental mechanisms of behaviour and experience and pays particular reference to the functions of the brain.The area of the bio-psychology is a vast one, consisting of broad array of notions. A particular famous concept is that of Crick, who in 1990 developed the 'astonishing hypothesis theory'. He emphasised that identity and
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., Aronson, J., & Inzlicht, M. (2003). Improving adolescents’ standardized test performance: An intervention to reduce the effects of stereotype threat. Applied Developmental Psychology, 24, 645-662.
Hollis-Sawyer, L. and Sawyer, Jr. T. (2008) Potential stereotype threat and face validity effects on cognitive-based test performance in the classroom. Educational Psychology, 28, 3, 291-304.
Sarafino, E.P., & Smith, T.W. (2014). Coping With and Reducing Stress. In Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial Interactions. (pp. 112-133) 8th edition. Hoboken, NJ, US: John Wiley & Sons.
Steele, C.M., & Aronson, J. (1995). Stereotype Threat and the Intellectual Test Performance of African Americans. Journal of
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RUNNING HEAD: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF STANDARDIZED TESTING 1
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF STANDARDIZED TESTING 11
The Psychology of Standardized Testing
In this paper I will explain how high stakes standardized testing can negatively impact elementary aged students psychologically and the unnecessary pressure that testing places on them. Putting young students who are still developing under large amounts of stress or pressure can cause permanent damage that will affect them for the rest of their lives. These tests have been shown to cause chronic stress in children, especially young children. This chronic stress can cause issues in brain development
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questions, it was assumed that a different answer would be required, so a different answer was given, regardless of whether the child could conserve or not. The presence of demand characteristics can be used to explain why Piaget developed different results from other developmental psychologists.Horizontal décalage is "the step by step acquisition of new operations in conservation", and means the change in the level of the child's performance at conserving mass, liquid, length and quantity. This states that some conservation of materials is mastered before others, and that the order is: Liquid (ages 6-7), quantity and length (ages 7-8), weight (ages 8-10) and volume (ages 11-12
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Developmental (Lifespan) Psychology
7 February 2016
The Effects of Nature and Nurture on Childhood Obesity
Within the healthcare system there are many issues that can arise or become overall problematic with the community or country at large. Many of these issues pertain to various age groups, ethnicities or can be specific to a particular group of individuals. Throughout the country our healthcare system has noticed a continuous increase in the amount of obese children; children who are unable to balance the amount of calorie intake and amount of calories being used throughout the day (Hassan, 2015). Children throughout the country have very different
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worse. The act of continuing to prescribe these teens pills is unacceptable and can cause developmental issues. Music is a great way to help these young kids with an unfortunate disorder safely. Most importantly, however, finding the source of this anxiety and depression epidemic is necessary to prevent future generations from falling to the same fate. There are way too many kids and adults for that matter suffering. The reasons are identified; society can act on them at any time. The question is will they?
Hurley, Katie. “Anxiety in Teens: The Hidden Signs of Teen Anixety You Need to Know.” PsyCom.net - Mental Health Treatment Resource Since 1986, PsyCom, 2017,
Morin, Amy. “10
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STAGES OF GRIEF AND PARENTING STYLES
STAGES OF GRIEF AND PARENTING STYLES
We all know that death is inevitable, it’s as natural as walking or breathing, it will happen to all of us someday. Grief can be defined in many ways, such as sadness, misery and even deep sorrow at times, and it is usually cause by the loss of a loved one. Some may know how to handle that sorrow in a different way that others might. However, a person will experience at least one if not all the Five Stages of Grief, “designed” by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross. It fascinates me how this topic can be used in various scenarios. Tying in with my other concept which also has various outcomes, is “Parenting Styles
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. (2011) Media as social partners: The social nature of young children’s learning from screen media. Child Development. 82(1), 82-95. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01542.x
Sacco, R. G. (2013). Re-envisaging the eight developmental stages of Erik Erikson: The fibonacci life-chart method (FLCM). Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology, 3(1), 140. doi:10.5539/jedp.v3n1p140
Sheridan, M. D. (2011). Play in early childhood : From birth to six years (3rd ed.). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
Smith, M. (2010). Good parenting: Making a difference. Early Human Development, 86(11), 689-693. doi:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2010.08.011
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dysfunctional feedback loops;’ shifting their focus to an emphasis on meaning making. Narrative theory proposes that meaning making happens through the construction of stories, or narratives about an individual’s experiences and which can only be understood within the social and cultural contexts that determine the individual’s world view.
According to Bowlby (1969, 1988), the successful development of an attachment relationship is one of the main developmental tasks of the first three years of life. The initial function of infant attachment behaviours, such as smiling, crying, and clinging is to ensure caregiver proximity in order to provide safety and nurturance
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. They also share many differences within the level of independence and empathy gained or lost as life periods interact to create a self of accomplishment or regret. Cultural factors such as poverty, race, and country of origin significantly alter life phases and resolutions as individuals examine their goals based on cultural values (Martin & Willis, 2005). Nonnormative changes can occur at any unexpected time intersecting psychosocial stages of both life phases (Martin & Willis, 2005). Kohlberg’s developmental theory at stage 5 and 6 are reminiscent of Erikson’s theory. Kohlberg’s stage 5 (social contract orientation) explains mid-life as an is an understanding of social mutuality
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