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Andre's Hair Stylling employs 5 barbers at $9.90 per hour, 40 hours per week, and 50 weeks per year. The salary rate applies regardless of the number of haircuts performed by the barber. Fixed expenses total $1,750 per month and the cost for shampoo per client is $0.40. The total cost for each hair cut is $12.00. Using this data, I found the following information.1. Contribution margin is sales revenue less variable costs. It is the amount available to pay for fixed costs and provide any profit after variable costs have been paid. (Wikipedia, 2006) Find the contribution margin per haircut:Unit sales price - unit variable cost = contribution margin12.00 Per cut - 0.40/shampoo = contribution
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the budget and make corrections to employees. The following memorandum on Guillermo Furniture Store includes a master budget. The explanation of the relationship between fixed and variable cost used in the budget will occur. The difference between static and flexible budgets and how a flexible budget lends itself to a cost-volume profit analysis will be discussed.Fixed and Variable CostsFixed costs in a budget remain constant even when volumes fluctuate. Fixed costs include a portion of the benefits and the depreciation, indirect labor, insurance, property tax and, supplies for a total of $ $596,067 per year. This amount remains the same regardless of the amount of items produced.The amount
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Operating costing is a method of ascertaining the cost of providing or services a service. It is also known as operating costing.
CIMA London defines Operating Costing as “that form of operation costing which applies where standardized services are rendered either by an undertaking or by a operating cost renter with in an undertaking”.
· Importance Of Operating Costing
The main features of operating costing are as following:
(1) To know actual profit, total cost, expenses and also actual position of respective business.
(2) The expenses are divided into fixed and variable cost. Such a classification is necessary to ascertain the cost of service and the unit cost of service.
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with Big Box. Big Box is a major chain company that is running a telephone service provider promotion. However, Big Box is not willing to pay more than $15 for each of the units. According to the chart 1, Clear Hear's Alpha model is $20, which produces a $3 profit, and their Beta Model is $30, which produces an $8 profit (University of Phoenix, 2010).
Price per unit
Variable cost per unit
The deadline to provide these orders to Big Box is in three months, however, Lisa Norman has mentioned that Clear Hear's Alpha production line can only accommodate 70,000 pieces in 90 days. Clear Hear's
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ACC 550 Cost Accounting
Southern New Hampshire University
II. Inventory Management
A. After reviewing the characteristics of absorption and variable costing, I believe absorption costing is the ideal cost allocation method to use for New Hampshire Company. Absorption costing is explained as a process for gathering the costs connected with a manufacture process and allocating them to specific products. A product may absorb a wide-range of fixed and variable costs. These costs are not documented as costs when an organization pays for them, instead when they remain in inventory until the product is sold. After the product is sold, they are then charged to cost of goods
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costs or not selling enough units . Comment by Aloysius Lee: Explanation should be centred around this
Lastly, with a slight increase in variable costs which are tagged to any service, this might cause the company to not even reach breakeven point. Another cause of a decrease in financial performance could be caused due to an increase in fixed costs as well.
3.1 Discretionary Fixed Costs (DFC)
A discretionary fixed cost would be considered as a required expenditure for only a specific period of time that is occasionally an unnecessary expense. We have decided out of all the various fixed expenses, only a handful of them are likely to be discretionary as follows:
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The Most Dangouse Game As Rainsford awoke the next day he half expected to wake up in his own bed. Instead he found himself still in the Luxurious mansion.While he tried to figure out how to get back home he fixed himself some breakfast. When he finished it occured to him that the mansion and the island that it rested on were both his! Now he could do anything he wanted with it.Many thoughts went though his head however, with a new outlook on hunting he decided to make it a wild life reservation center. He would pay to have endagered species brought to his island. Here they could live in a natural habitat and not have to worry about hunters. He would use the servants as care takers of the
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transformation": resources which where previously demanded by many agents are now locked to a limited number of them providing scope for opportunistic behavior thus requiring long-term contracts and protracted bargaining which raise transaction cost. (Perman,R and Scouller)An example is if a supplier invests in specific tolling equipment dedicated to one customer. Over time, the customer will be able to put pressure on the vendor since the vendor has not alternative use for its investment and will be willing to accept a price down to the variable cost of production to cover some fixed cost. This leads to a difficult negotiation in which each party may try to cheat and in which complicated
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. Here’s why:
If you look at Exhibit 5, you will see that the revenue growth increases each consecutive year. Although there is substantial growth, the pricing strategy limits the company to recover their fixed costs. In Exhibit 6, the cost of the product is low as well as the amount sales representatives receive.
The last option to consider is the Value-based approach. This pricing strategy considers and sets the price based on the benefits customers to receive from the product. The price is formulated down below.
Here is the reality of the situation. The price of the server will be twice as high as the competitive-based pricing for charging four Zink servers
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Assignment 1Q10. Read the comparative statement of financial position and the statement of financial performance of Imaginary Computers Limited. Prepare a credit assessment report using the techniques of financial statements analysis as explained in this chapter. Comment on the financial strengths and weaknesses of the firm.Imaginary Computers Ltd.Statement of financial positionas at 31 December ($ '000) (Balance sheet)
Reserves and surplus
Short-term bank borrowing
Net fixed assets
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d) If income elasticity is 1, consumption increases by 4%
a) Profit-maximizing output where MC=MR at Q=7
b) price set in the short run= P=28
c) firm’s total cost: TC=ATC*q = 32*7 = 224
d) variable cost: AVC*q=TC= 14*7 =98
e) Total fixed cost= AFC*q = 18*7 = 126
f) profit at q* = PQ-C(Q) = 28*7- 32*7 = -28
g) If firm shuts down: profit is equal to it’s fixed costs = -126
h) Firm should shut down because their costs are higher than their max profit, can’t sustain the
a) P = 9 - Q/4
b) max: PQ-C(Q)= 9Q-0.25Q^2 (124 -16Q +Q^2) at Q = 10
Q = 10 P = 9-(10/4) = 6.5
c) maximum profit short run: P*Q - C(Q) = 56 - (124-16*8 + 8^2) = 1
a) max: (980Q−2Q^2)-(100+50Q+0.5Q^2) at Q=186 P= 980-2*186=608
b) Profit = PQ - C(Q) = 608(186) - (100+50(186)+0.5(186^2)) = 86390
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Porter 5 forces Analysis for JetBlue AirwayPotential Competitors: Low- Rivalry among existing firms is intense, which affect the profits to be low. It¡¦s unattractive to the potential competitors.- High initial investments and fixed costs such as lease a fleet of safe and reliable aircraft, negotiate reasonable gate access and landing fees as well as high labor and fuel costs.- There are the price competitions in the airline industry, which some major airlines offer the low-price fares that is very difficult for new entrants to gain enough profit to cover the investment and fix cost in this industry.Rivalry among Existing Firms: High- Currently, there are many major airlines
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through word of mouth. The strategy enabled the business to build consumer relationships that helped grow the business and build trust that is an asset. Consumers always must feel comfortable to request what it is that they need so that the store can find a way to help with this need.
Blocher, E. J., Stout, D. E., Juras, P. E., & Smith, S. (2019). Cost management: A strategic emphasis (8th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
Du, J., Cook, W. D., Liang, L., & Zhu, J. (2014). Fixed cost and resource allocation based on
DEA cross-efficiency. European Journal of Operational Research, 235(1), 206-214.
Ha, O., Killian, H., Bruce, J. M., Lim, S., & Bruce, A. S. (2018). Food
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expansion. There are factors that cause
a producer’s average cost per unit to fall as the scale of output is increased.
89. Efficient Scale - The quantity of output that minimizes average total cost.
90. Marginal Cost - the change in total cost that arises when the quantity produced changes by one unit. That is, it is
the cost of producing one more unit of a good.
91. Average Variable Cost - a firm's variable costs (labor, electricity, etc.) divided by the quantity (Q) of output
produced. Variable costs are those costs which vary with output.
92. Average Fixed Cost - fixed costs of production (FC) divided by the quantity (Q) of output produced.
93. Average Total Cost - equal to total cost divided
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Name : Low Kiing Seng
Student id : 972752
Dairy Farmer Milk Producer
-Supplementary feed and fertilizer
Variable cost Fixed cost
increase at an increasing rate as the number
of cattle increase
remain constant over the output
Name : Low Kiing Seng
Student id : 972752
Variable cost Fixed cost
Increase at a constant rate due to constant
marginal product which indicate a constant
marginal cost over the output
High and remain constant over the output
3) There are no barriers to entry at the individual farm level as all you need are
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they need to make them well.Next we are going to briefly identify causes of our problem. Three causes are apparent. Our cost per patient is rising. We are experiencing a decline in patients which translates to a decrease in patient days. The third cause of our problem is our fixed costs. We have a fixed cost of 28%. This means that we have to make a profit of at least 28% just to break even on every patient that we treat at our hospital. The next section is to frame possible alternatives to solve our problem.AlternativesI have intelligently decided to look into four possible solutions to our problem. As our CEO stated as a possible solution to our problem (solution #1) we may have to reduce
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whatsoever (Stokes, 2008). Moreover, the price of products here will include variable cost of all items plus proportionate amount of fixed costs, which qualifies the above strategy as a cost-plus pricing. In this way, the company largely focuses on its operations rather than on what competitors do. Absorption pricing will ensure that the company achieves break even in all sales even if it does not realize profits. In addition, there is a promise of profits in future since such stability establishes the company as a stronghold in the market for microwavable food.6. Outline a plan, based on the information provided in the scenario, that the company could use in order to evaluate its financial
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Illness, Death/Injury, Staff leaving
Provide free flu vaccination and health checks for staff (Mitigate) Provide OHS Training (Mitigating) Lock staff into contracts (Avoid). Have contract with recruitment agencies for staff replacement (Mitigate). Get Insurance (Transfer)
Unplanned service outages "Downtime"
No formal change management strategy in place.
Design and implement change management policy/process (mitigating)
Quality of Service/Product Delivery
Supplier failure of quality procedures
Supplier – Quality Testing Plan. (Mitigate). Invoke Contract/ Penalties (mitigate) Internal – Quality Testing Strategy Plan (Mitigate) Training on Quality Testing procedures. Processes (mitigate
Price Fluctuation in Product/ Service Cost
Downturn in Money Market/ Globalized Economy
Fixed Price contracts with suppliers.( Mitigating/Avoiding) Buy Local (Mitigating )
Failure of supplier Product Service Delivery
Due Diligence Reputable Suppliers Strict Contracts(mitigating)
Exhibit A: Financial Analysis
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) Beak-even demand = Total fixed costs of process / (Unit price – Variable cost per unit)
= $300,000 / ($23-$8)
= 20,000 units
10/3/2017 Assignment 1 4
B) If the fixed cost increases, the break-even point would be higher. You would need to sell more
products to cover the additional fixed costs.
C) If the variable cost per unit decreases, the break-even point would be lower. The lower cost for
materials to make the unit requires less units to be sold to break even.
CHAPTER 7, P.232, PROBLEM 1
All three are considered self-service. They would be found in the buffered core section seeing they do
not require no customer interaction (face to face). Production efficiency would be high because the
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A company’s balance sheet reports its owner’s equity.
Fixed cost/contribution margin per unit equals a company’s breakeven point in units.
Contribution margin per unit is the shortage of revenue per unit over variable cost per unit.
_____ is another word for revenues.
a. Bottom line
We read in business publications that net income is often called the _____.
a. banker’s best friend
b. bottom line
c. language of business
d. core line
_____ is/are the resources from which a company expects to gain
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Integrated Fulfillment because it is low start-up cost. Cadbury can use its current network to serve both “bricks-and-mortar” and “clicks-and-mortar” customers. It also would avoid having a duplicate inventory to handle Internet orders. Another advantage is labor cost. Cadbury can use existing workforce to move higher volume of goods with a fixed-cost facility. But for the future, Cadbury should use Dedicated fulfillment with two separate DC networks. Having a separate DC for store delivery and consumer delivery can eliminate disadvantage of Integrated Fulfillment such as:
· Order profile will change with the addition of consumer Internet orders.
· Products might not be available in each.
· The addition of unit pick would require a “fast pick”, or broken case, operation to be added to the DC.
· Conflict between store order and Internet order.
However, Cadbury will face with duplicate inventories and facilities.
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, but they still do not have the power of computer yet. WiMAX (worldwide inter-operability for microwave access) technology could offer a customer another means in which to communicate and access information wirelessly through the use of their own computer.WiMAX™ is based upon the IEEE 802.16 standard enabling the delivery of wireless broadband services anytime, anywhere. WiMAX products can accommodate fixed and mobile usage models. The IEEE 802.16 standard was developed to deliver non-line-of-sight (LoS) connectivity between a subscriber station and base station with typical cell radius of three to ten kilometers. (Wimaxforum.org, 2009) Seattle would make a good candidate for the WiMAX
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standard deviation values for the upper and lower control limits.
Underlying distribution depends on the type of data being observed.
Conclusion: You need to know what type of data you have in order to construct the proper type of control chart!
o Determining which control chart to use
1.Atribute: Points on chart represent, Percent of observations so classified, (with fixed denominator, number of observations so classified)
Chart names contain “p”, as in percent
p chart (percent classified) OR np chart (percent classified x fixed number observed)
Standard deviation comes from binomial distribution: In this distribution, std increases when sample size declines
2. Variables (continuous
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General Factors Influencing the Pricing of Healthcare Products and Services
Anne L Textor
Professor Andy Dorn
June 17, 2017
General Factors Influencing the Pricing of Healthcare Products and Services
Healthcare industry is one of the leading and flourishing sectors of the world. The healthcare sector forms an integral part of any economy and is generally around 10% of gross domestic product (GDP) of a developed country. Therefore, it is essential for the healthcare industry to have fair pricing, provide high-quality medicines, and support healthcare providers with adequate reimbursements to deliver a low-cost, effective healthcare system for citizens. Various factors influence
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this be fixed.
h) Student debt and underemployment are creating a situation in which recent graduates are unable to prosper.
i) The high cost of education is limiting access to education and generating excessive debt.
Step Two: Identify and describe the likely consequences if the United States is not able to fix the problem that you have selected.
Step Three: Describe at-least three measures that can be taken to correct the problem that you selected.
Step Four: Write a summation, conclusion, and works cited page.
Step Five: The essays must be submitted by July 2nd.
Before submitting your essay, review the checklist below:
[ ] Did I complete all of the steps above?
[ ] Did I use the APA or MLA format?
[ ] Did I use at-least 3 books (e-books do not qualify) and 3 online sources with acceptable credentials in my part of the essay? (Wikipedia is not acceptable)
[ ] Did I solicit the assistance of a proofreader (the tutorial center at STC is recommended)
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the overall company, where the divisional weights add up to 100.00%, and the weighted average of the betas will the firm?s unlevered beta.Moving toward Levered Betas: Calculate the market value of equity and the market value of debt, provide the formulas that you use to get these values. The results(for all the companies) should be shown in a table. Plot the debt equity ratios in a chart.If your company has substantial operating leases on its books, you may want to discount the value of the operating leases at the company?s present cost of debt and add the present value of the company?s lease liability to its market value of debt.Give the formula for the levered beta. Calculate each company
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therefore she does have a little bit of an education. We also know that she was married, she says that after her last child her marriage dissolved. Parker mentions the implications poverty has caused resulted in poor health and that of her and her children.
Later in the essay, Parker talks about how things can be fixed but everything has a cost. A cost that she cannot afford. Parker further explains how poverty is asking for help. She describes how the mere fact of asking for help is the hardest thing to do. Parker says asking for help takes away her pride and she gets the courage from thinking about her children. She has this great fear of being judged and suffering from humiliation in having to
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leaders on the top of the game in the computer industry is Cost Ledaership. As it comes to it, Dell is undisputed leader in the computer ?price war?1, compony efficiency, and stiff cost control.Dell was found in September, 1996 by Michael Dell with headquaters in Austin, Texas. Dell started the idea of building the individual PC to order and by doing that kept realy low inventory comper to his competition. By utilizing this strategy, Dell averaged less than 10 days to sell its inventory; its inventory turnover was over 39 times (tabe1,2). Company was able to quickly make and sale the final prudoct which help them keep the lower fixed cost. Dell was not using the reasell channels or like
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need to pay less for goods services. If their income is kept constant, their standard of living will rise.ØThe choice of wealthLess people will hold the physical goods because they are afraid of the sustained fall in price will continue.ØIncome redistributionThe group of lenders, savers and people living on fixed income will gain, because their actual income get back from borrowers, bankers and employers is higher in the future. In contrast, the borrowers, bankers and employers will lose.ØProduction cost and exportsDeflation reduced production cost, leading to higher export competitiveness. Exports will increase.ØGovernment revenueLess revenue is earned from sales
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Our group identified that foreign exchange risk and credit risk is the main two risk the client facing from the potential payoff of investment. Structured financial products are the example of portfolio investments included fixed income products and the options. Fixed income products reduce the risk of losing money. Option investments can increase the potential growth of earnings. Foreign exchange risk is the major risk in this case, the company on input and borrowing in GBP (UK). The risk exists when convert GBP revenues to Australian dollars. Moreover, the revenues will change before received in the currency, it is necessity that to exchange the foreign currency for AUD when dealing the
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parties refer to this period as the stub period. Left unadjusted, the book records could overstate income because the stub period shrinkage results in a decrease to ending inventory, thus increasing the cost of goods sold and reducing gross income.In adjusting its books to reflect stub period shrinkage, Wal-Mart estimates stub period shrinkage for each store monthly by multiplying a retail shrinkage rate by the store's sales during that month. At new stores, the retail shrinkage rate fixed by management at 2% of sales. Wal-Mart used that fixed rate from the date the store opened until its first physical inventory. After taking the first physical inventory at a new store, Wal-Mart computed a
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same but it cost is more effective than that of airfare and as a result is the preferred mode of transportation in other countries like Europe for example. With that being said, the airline companies have begun offering lower prices in attempt to attract consumers in the various regions. On an overall basis the threat is low to medium from substitute products according to Porter’s methodology.
Lastly, we arrive at the threats of new entrants to the industry; the industry is highly competitive and requires a huge capital investment in order to enter the sector and to exit requires the absorption of many losses at fixed costs and barriers. These barriers are also subject to regulations
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a subset of countries that had experienced stock market liberalisation.
Global risk sharing is limited by various investment constraints faced by both foreign and local investors.
The equations imply that investors with concentrated domestic asset holdings would need to be compensated with higher returns, as there is less global risk sharing between domestic and foreign investors. Thus higher level of bias leads to higher cost of capital.
Data and sample construction:
Thomson Reuters’ database only includes equity mutual funds that hold at least on stock. Therefore it excludes money market and fixed income funds.
Brazil, Taiwan and Thailand invest all their wealth in local equity markets
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have the cost of fixed assets spread over their useful lives . Even investment properties which have been purchased for sole investment reasons and not which do not aid the company in a 'working' manner have to be depreciated over and greed working life. This is unlike UK standards which allow investment properties to stay at a fixed value throughout their life. In the US it is common practice for these assets to be depreciated on a straight line method although there are other more specific methods in usage as well.In The UK GAAP, properties may be restated on the basis of recently appraised values in consolidated accounts, when these revalued properties are later sold , the gain or loss on
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Type of non-current Asset
How they are required to be measured once recognised by an entity under IAS
Plant, Property and Equipment
· Under IAS 16 PPE is measured under its present value purchase price, including import duties and non-refundable purchase taxes, after deducting trade discounts and rebates.[footnoteRef:1] [1: International Accounting Standards Board (2015) IFRS Part A, IAS 16 (Plant, Property and Equipment) pages A628 – A633]
· Also included under IAS 16 any cost directly attributable to bringing the asset to the location and condition necessary for it to be capable of operating in the manner indented by management (eg. Cost of
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The issues here are whether annual receipts of $25,000 are ordinary income or capital receipts and do the $25000 annuity paid to Jack’s assessable income.
Whether the annual receipts of $25,000 are ordinary income or capital receipts depends on the characteristics of each. Usually, income is periodicity, recurrence or regularity and capital receipts are the proceeds from the disposal of CGT assets. Egerton-Warburton Case (1934) indicates that in the absence of a fixed gross sum (no selling price), the annuity was (ordinary) income of the recipient, not an instalment of the selling price of land.
In the present case, Sophie could not afford to pay the lump sum of $300,000 and
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, although wanting to keep production within Switzerland, high cost of production had them wondering to outsource their factories or not, all while maintaining quality. Lastly, Swatch faced internal management issues, with many officers stepping down from their positions, all of whom stated problems with their CEO’s ability to take advice from them. These issues prove a large stepping stone that Swatch would have to cross in order to hold its large market share heading into the future.
Product Mix and Proposals
Having a large product mix, Swatch group had many options in their watches, be it high-end, tech savvy, or bargain hunting, Swatch offered a watch that would obtain to that individual
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coming days you requested our consultancy to find out the optimal transfer limit at which the money need to be transferred to Central Reserve Bank from Hampshire & Kent Bank to maximize the profit of Hampshire & Kent bank as the cost of transfer and the interest is fixed.
In order to propose a solution to your problem we decided to make the best use of @risk software as this provides us the chance to build a model which can perform multiple iterations at the given conditions in very less amount of time and gives us a chance to make the optimized decision for the transfer limit. This report contains the information such as why we have considered £800,000 as the optimal transferable limit for
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telecom giant.With Blackberry and LG to provide handsets.SWOT analysisStrengthStrong Economy and growing market.Better regulatory facilities for existing as well as new players.Appetite for increased consumption of services. WeaknessSlow pace of reforms.Huge initial cost required to enter un trapped rural areas.OpportunitiesA huge unexplored market in semi rural and rural areas.One billion population and raised per capita income.54% population under 25 years of age. ThreatIncreased competition.New entrants.Finally, Telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India and are penetrating the socio-culturally diverse society, transforming India into a nation of technology aware people.BHARTI
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successful. We can recruit skilled and reliable workers to run the business who we can train to become more effective employees. I also have good connection with professionals who can assist us throughout the set up process. The cost of operating or setting up the business from Bangladesh is affordable as well. I will detail the cost benefit analysis later in the plan. I already have an established base among the medical professionals in Bangladesh including political and high ranking official figures. It is not like we will be strangers to the clients, as we are known to the locals we will have their trust which is a great advantage or strength to have in this line of business.
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Key Idea: The PPF is a framework used to examine production.
1. Explain what a production possibilities frontier represents.
A production possibilities frontier represents the combination of two goods that can be produced in a certain period of time, under the conditions of a given state of technology and fully employed resources
2. Analyze what it means for the PPF to be bowed out from the origin (curved), and what it means for the PPF to be a straight line.
A straight line PPF indicates that the opportunity cost of producing additional units of output is fixed, while a bowed-outward PPF indicates that the opportunity cost rises with production. In order for a nation’s
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very secure although it requires embracing active directory, considerable management attention and significant training. According to another website (www.techweb.com) Windows 2000 performance is excellent and latest benchmarks of windows 2000 datacenter version show that windows 2000 running on Intel based systems outperforms traditional Unix/RISC systems in building more cost-effective enterprise environments. Windows 2000 is not without its faults. There had been numerous security breeches, reliability and incompatibility issues, however thanks to excellent service provided by Microsoft called windows update all known bugs have been fixed and issues resolved. Thanks to windows update Microsoft gives users easy way to keep their windows 2000 up to date on newest compatibility fixes, security and performance patches.
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dress for her to wear and suggested that she borrow jewelry from Mme Forestier. At the reception Mathilde was greatly admired, and felt part of the social class that she so desired to belong to. Noticing that her coat that was brought from home clashed with the stylishness of her evening gown, she felt this and longed to escape, unseen by the other women who were draped in expensive furs. This causing her to rush out, not realizing that she had left the necklace at the reception. Now the Loisels were in tremendous fear of financial ruin and poverty. Not to mention of what Mme Forestier would do to them if she were to ever find out. A similar necklace would cost 36 thousand francs, 18 of which
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organization, there was an almost fixed cost associated with each good, and in less-organized camps where no notice board existed, such as transit camps, prices varied widely.As business practices progressed and market norms became more defined, so did the individual's entrepreneurial inclination. A man who sold coffee and tea could hire laborer and an accountant to facilitate his operation. Laundrymen would wash clothes in return for a certain number of cigarettes, despite the current supply of cigarettes in the market. The role of middlemen and professional traders emerged, and people could make a profit through arbitrage or by buying/selling against expected shortages/influx of supplies in the
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Microeconomics Problem set 3 Due date April 17
1. (5 points) Post 2 questions (and your response) for the final.
2. (8 points) Each firm supplying good X has the cost function of
x10Q2 + 50
There are 4 firms in the market supplying good X.
(a) Given that the market for good X is perfectly competitive, what is the market supply curve for good X?
(b) Find the equilibrium price and quantity of good X.
0(12 points) Suppose you were consulting for a country that is prone to typhoons. The government knows the initial demand for bottled water:
QCurrent supply is given by:
D = 300 − 200p
QS = −100 + 600p
A typhoon hits and the demand for bottled water increases. Supply is not affected by the
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back to 868 A.D., The Diamond Sutra from Dunhuang, China was a Buddhist religious book printed using ancient block printing, where the panels used to press ink onto paper were fixed texts hand carved from wood. It wasn’t for another 150 years or so till individual movable letter (made of baked clay) printing plates were developed, by Bi Sheng of Yingshan, Hubei, China. This development let to the first known mass produced book: Nung Shu. About 400 years after this era, in 1450 a German man named Johannes Guttenberg revolutionized the printing press, using a metal, (iron and brass) design that printed perfectly horizonal text lines. Though this may be a huge part of his life, the most
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decrease in cash flow, cutbacks should be utilized until the organization has stabilized itself. Cutbacks in operating funds are a necessary tool that an organization must utilize when faced with a financial emergency. The need may arise when the hospital may have to cut programs and employees, in an effort to run leaner. Finding the programs that will be best suited to be cut will be the key to running at a lower cost. The fixed costs should be cut instantly if they are not being utilized or running below the required profit margin. The organization needs to understand that running an organization, whether they are for-profit or non-profit, still needs to operate according to the balance
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hamburgerStrong Financial Position due to periodic retiring, redeeming, and repurchasing debtWeaknesses:Pricing is higher compared to competitorsBarely well known outside USRelatively high franchising cost per Latin American Standard (Close to a US $ 1 Million)Expanding in blocks requires high financial costAbsent promotional marketing abroadOpportunities:Argentina is the 8th largest country in the world and enjoyed free access to a combined market of over 200 million peopleArgentina has the highest GDP per capita in Latin AmericaModified direct foreign investment laws in ArgentinaGrowing franchising industry in Argentina73% of the country's land was devoted to cattle breeding and