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Maria Angelika Louisse B. Ortiz
English 110 “Comp, Lit, Critical Thinking” Online Class
Professor: Ms. Jessica Powers
Assignment: Essay#3 First Draft
March 23, 2018
Feminist criticism (gender role)
Feminine remorse is a good thing because its purpose is to understand men's literature that women are shown in various ways to their men who help show how we live and see many things in black and white because boys are raised and they join the sport that can be considered violent like football or play violent games that shape their mind and body but this feminine churner opens our eyes. When we look at both sides and understand the differences in how women in the youth say, "you need to
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superheroes movies, from recent studies, we have noticed that the media is consciously or not, spreading words concerning gender inequality between males and females in this society. First, women are underrepresented, and hyper-sexualized. Talking about sexuality, we are seeing on television, magazines women half naked, pretending to be helpless, or in need of something, and men around the model or actor holding her strongly like he is her protector. Basically, the media is supporting the idea that woman major role is more likely to search for romance, and attention. Hence, women tend to have the insignificant helpless maiden roles to represent. As I said above, women are underrepresented; the way
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December 6, 2018
The gender role and lessons played in Lanval.
In stories and literatures, we tend to always see the male characters as the heroes. They are always in charge, they always come to the rescue whenever something is wrong, no matter what the situation is, they are always the hero of the day. In Lanval by Marie De France, the role completely switched, and a woman is the hero. Aside from dismantling gender stereotypes, Marie De France also introduced temptation motif, love/loyalty, abuse of power and manipulation in her story.
Lanval known for his “valour, generosity, beauty, and prowess” (De France 73) was one of King Arthur’s knights and was always overlooked. It all
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Maria Angelika Louisse B. Ortiz
Early Childhood Education “333 - AA-Observation & Assessment”
Professor: Ms. Nicole Porter
Assignment: Child Portfolio
April 30, 2018
~ Child E- Portfolio Outline
· Teaching Philosophy
· My teaching philosophy is focused on many different aspects of Early Childhood Learning. I will try everything to discuss and include all the different goals that I am trying to become a future teacher.
· First, I would like to discuss the importance of a quality Early Childhood Environment. It is important to provide an environment that is bright and nutritious, which will stimulate and rejoice without sacrificing safety. Child safety and well-being are
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. Mohammed Ali presented gender roles in a non-traditional way by reversing the powers that men and women can have for each other to be respected.
My Father’s Sadness by Shirley Lim is a poem that uses figurative language, but also literary elements to demonstrate gender roles. Lim uses the literary elements, such as tone and theme in the poem. In the short story, the author uses tone to show the interaction of the feelings the character has on the father dying. Lim has also used the literary element theme to give a clear message that responsibilities come first. Demonstrating the role of a man and his responsibilities represent the gender roles. Highlighting a man’s burden in society is
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of society's gender stereotypes. It provides the examples of what we learned in chapter one that gender and sex are not interchangeable, they have very distinct meanings. “Sex is based on Biology assigned at birth and gender is socially constructed and expressed. It includes one’s internal sense of self as a woman, man, or neither (gender identity), the external communication of one’s gender identity through clothing, hairstyles, behavior, and voice (gender expression), as well as the cultural expectations assigned to one’s sex (gender role). For many people, sex and gender are consistent; most children assigned male at birth eventually identify as men and most assigned female eventually
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Gender refers to socially learned traits, behavior, and attitudes associated with expected of, men and woman (Farley 189). These so called learned traits are more often known as gender roles, which can be defined as roles that society expects people tp play, according to their sex ( Farley 189). Each gender has a particular and specific role that they are expected to play and can take a variety of different forms. For example gender roles are found in the workplace, at school, and at the home. Men and woman are expected to fulfill certain job occupations and act a certain way. The men are expected to have a position of superiority over woman, such as being managers and doctors. A man who
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outside appearance we can see. We cannot focus just on physical characteristics. Physical characteristics play a role in the “gender determination is an everyday interaction” (Westbrook and Schilt 319). Interacting with people can form a perspective on information on their specific gender identity. Gender integrated spaces are more likely to use identity- based criteria, while gender-segregated spaces, likely the sexual spaces we have previously examined. For instance, designated bathrooms for all genders.
Section 2: Applying Gender
Gender equality still struggles with differences every day. The issues with gender roles in our societies has impacted my life with being raise with 2 brothers and
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Gender identity is the base that forms individuals' perceptions about their role in society. Australia, as a liberal democratic nation ensures equality of opportunity for all members of the society, regardless of their gender (Study Guide 1007AMC 1999). However, it could be argued that gender based inequalities still exist in the Australian contemporary society. In order to investigate gender discrimination, the terms sexism and feminism will be defined. Secondly, gender inequalities will be discussed according to the Faucauldian feminist Sandra Lee Barkty, Simon French and R.W. Connell. Finally, statistical information will provide further evidence in relation to female discrimination.In
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sexes (The British Library, 2018). Women began to fight for the right to vote, education, health, and many other opportunities. Gender equality issue has been improving over years however, women have not achieved equal chances completely until today. Nowadays, women are proved to perform better in education, however, men are receiving a higher pay in the workplace. Can both men and women really share equal rights or is a new inequality just formed? Gender equality is possible and achievable in the future. This essay will examine the positive future of gender equality in education, position and gender role.
Men and women have equal rights towards education in the UK nowadays as it is not based on
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gender in biology. Women are therefore those with female biology and feminine qualities. Wittig desires the destruction of this binary and claims that, “for what makes a woman is a specific social relation to a man” (108). It is impossible to be a woman if one is not heterosexual because the role of a woman is constructed by the patriarchy in relation to males comparative to a master-slave relationship.
Like Wittig’s argument that lesbians are not women, Lugones argues that black women are not women. This notion is rooted in colonialism in which gender originated as a social construction. For Lugones, only white women are ‘allowed’ to possess gender while black women are deemed ‘sex’ and
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Eliza into an ideal lady. These two narratives show how unrealistic and even unnatural the expectations that society often has for women are. Pygmalion's perfect woman can only be attained with an artificial construct, a sculpture. Similarly, the ideal noble lady of British society in the world of Shaw's play is a kind of fake, only a role that Eliza must learn to play. Pygmalion can thus be seen as showing how oppressive unrealistic ideals of femininity can be: to attain these ideals, Eliza has to be coached, disciplined, and taught. She has to pretend to be someone other than who she really is. The play further explores gender roles with its other female characters. As it is set in the early
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entire society at risk of collapse. Also, the wellbeing of children is directly related to the overall welfare of their mothers. Therefore, any form of discrimination that might cause psychological stress in women also invariably compromises the wellbeing of children.
Moreover, gender inequality results in strained and unhappy marriages which eventually affect how children are raised. In a society where women are discriminated against, their role in the household is limited to making decisions on issues concerning the home such as cooking and home décor (Kabeer 193). In external matters such as family income and investments, the decision-making process is mostly left to the husband. This
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heavily with the traditional male role in fairy-tales.
The gender dynamics of The Witches are unconventional in the sense that the young boy contradicts the perception of children in fairy-tales – cheeky, greedy, magic bean buying and lie-telling little creatures. If anything, the boy is a personification of the perfect grandson – he is clever, respectful, and utterly besotted with his Grandmamma: “I gazed up at my grandmother, who sat there like some ancient queen on her throne” (Dahl 14). The honest
nature of the young boy conflicts with the common thread in fairy-tales of a naughty children in need of discipline. Moreover, the idea of such an impressionable male character, being central to
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desires to achieve throughout the play. And it is most predominant with the female characters. In Twelfth Night, Shakespeare demonstrates through comical satire and gender role reversal how characters of different perceived classes act in order to expose the unjust power structure in their own society.
Twelfth Night begins with a comical take on the gender role reversal of Lady Viola. Lady Viola disguises herself as a eunuch to travel independently in the society without a male support. Since she also wanted to serve Duke Orsino who had all male servants, she had to disguise herself as a man. She states to the captain “Oh, that I served that lady And might not be delivered to the world, Till I had
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that young people are confronted with on a regular basis impacting their perception of self.
In addition, Gender expectations amongst young people challenge aspects of self-identity. (“Gender identity & Roles | Feminine Traits & sterotypes,”2018) states that a gender role is a social role that includes a range of actions and behaviours that are considered adequate based on their realistic sex. In conjunction, Disney Princesses are depicted to teach lessons that could hypothetically harm a young girls self- identity (Jonney217, 2011). With this intention recognized, fairy tales, as an example Cinderella, express messages to young children that have significant meanings. The story teaches
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by nature. An individual gender role is molded through socialization. Individuals learn the ways, traditions, norms, and rules of getting along with others. A persons environment has a big influence on the roles deemed accurately for men and women. In "A Rose for Emily," we see the effects of socially given gender roles for a women along with the same social perception upon the male adult in the poem "My Papa's Waltz."Both show images of gender roles in their respective ways.For many generations status has been the envy and the demise of many people. William Faulkner intriguingly depicts status, society, and the role of women in his short fiction "A Rose for Emily." He implies status causes
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Nature vs Nurture: The Dichotomy of Gender Roles
The belief that gender roles are inherently biological is a cultural fallacy, which can lead to an inability to effectively communicate when we do not assess each individual’s personality. Research of this topic is necessary in order to learn how to completely understand how to communicate. When trying to communicate with an individual there are more variables than simply gender that need to be assessed. However, there are many ways that society implies that this is not necessary. While human biology dictates whatever sex we are, the way that we are raised is what ultimately determines how masculine or feminine a person acts or feels.
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children. The film comments on this changing role of the father as head of the family.
During the same time the movie, The Shining, was released The United States was experiencing a revolutionary faction: The Women’s Liberation Movement. During this time, gender roles and expectations were changing. Like many debated and controversial topics, the argument of women’s liberation manifested itself in different types of media. The Shining is a good example of this because the film addresses many social issues, one being gender and family role expectations. As parents, it is Jack and Wendy’s (Shelley Duvall) responsibility to take care of their son, Danny (Danny Lloyd). In the movie, Jack
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weakened the gender-stereotypical roles seen in Jo and Laurie's relationship, they both no longer have expectations on how a female or male should act based off their sex.
In her novel My Antonia, Cather has distinct gender roles within her female characters. Most of Cather's female characters tended to play a not so feminine role, they had great
independence for they had jobs and raised families. Willa Cather herself could have very well been a upcoming feminist in her time since she overcame the stereotypes of women and placed them in positions of power in her novel. Not only did Cather make her main character Antonia reject society's gender rules but she also made all the other women have
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Gender-Based Violence in Rohingya Crisis Through a Feminist Lens
This paper intends on bringing to the forefront the experiences, overshadowed narrative and overall role of women in the Rohingya Crisis. The conflict will be analysed through a feminist lens, specifically the text, “Feminist International Relations: A Contradiction in Terms? Or: Why Women and Gender Are Essential to Understanding the World 'We' Live in ” by Gillian Youngs. I will expand upon gender-based violence that has not only been used as a strategic tool of warfare, but is also prevalent within refugee camps as a consequence of unequal racial and gender power dynamics. This paper makes the claim that
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Gender Differences and Persuasion: The Times, They Aren't a Changin'Although women's roles have changed drastically, particularly within the past 40 years, women "are perceived negatively when they try to be direct, assertive, and forceful." Unfortunately, this forces women to have to work harder then men in order to be taken seriously. As a male, gender differences in persuasion are an important consideration that I should take into account in the future when dealing with women, both on a personal and a professional level.In dealing with my own personal relationships with women, I have always considered myself to be open to a woman's beliefs and ideas based on who she is as a person. I
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education and contribution in the labour force. Therefore, creating more fair and just society, equitable wealth distribution for all genders and progressive most demand public policies on shared prosperity.
Another point to consider is that fortifies the economy as a whole. Closing the gender gap in employment will profit the economy and every citizen of the country’s play a vital role in the workforce. Equal opportunities at workplaces can boost economic growth. Most mothers are currently contributing a huge level of annual household income. Men and women are devoted in their job recognizing them as equivalent to their male colleagues and compensating them accordingly will contribute to
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in which is highlighting the presence culture has and its role in development upon self-identity and behavior. Over a period of time, cultures impact on personal growth is capable of altering societal views on certain topics and correlated events; leading to unexpected and seemingly unwarranted outcomes. Hence, it is conceivable to believe that there may be a connection between the gender wage gap and the cultural exposure each individual has adapted to because of the fact that many of our actions and thoughts are influenced by culture.
Functionalism believes that every aspect within society serves a particular role, however, it is up to debate upon where these initial roles first come into
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also part of Shakespeare's legacy and help bring up questions of gender identity and break down a binary system that being either masculine or feminine is more of a role we put on rather than an assignment given at birth (Sarnelli).
While gender was seen as binary and something you couldn't chose in the Elizabethan era, Shakespeare gives us multiple examples in his plays where women can present themselves as male and suddenly have masculine personalities and attributes. We can also see that he didn't view sexuality as cut and dry either, creating relationships that break down heteronormative ideas. I believe the more we explore Shakespeare's work and break down socially built norms
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and upper body partly exposed sends a clear message that male dominance and female passivity, which reinforce the gender stereotype.
· However such image never complete in reality, and this is precisely the point: Scarlett and Rhett eventually devoiced because of her inability and unwillingness to do more than feign the role of submissive wife. Although caught in the powerful patriarchy, Scarlett exposes its fallacies and her determination to rail against it by violating it throughout at price of loneliness.
· If not for Rhett’ stereotypical view on her wife, they could have end up in happiness. Thus, to fight against gender stereotypes is in urgent need.
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Social Identity is the understanding of who we are, and reciprocally, other people's understanding of themselves. Richard Jenkins believed that this social identity is achieved through socialization within social groups. He argued that by placing themselves in the role of others, people, particularly children, gain a greater understanding of the role that they should play. For example, a six-year-old girl playing "mommy" with her dolls will, as she gets into the role, begin to understand what a mother expects from a daughter and will, in response, be able to perform her own role as a daughter better. This is known as the play stage.Identity taking or role-playing is, according to Tony
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supposed to be softer compared to the man because women are usually seen as being more empathetic. As a result, gender roles can be easily viewed throughout texts from the 1600s and 1700s such as Tartuffe by Moliere, Candide by Voltaire and Story of the Duchess of C*** by Mary S. Trouille, demonstrating that over time gender roles often lead to degradation of a woman’s character.
Word Count: 2,303
Works Cited Page
“Gender Role | Definition of Gender Role in English by Oxford Dictionaries.” Oxford
Dictionaries | English, Oxford Dictionaries, en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/gender_role.
Moliere. Tartuffe. Third ed., D, The Norton Anthology World Literature, 1664.
Parenthood, Planned. “Gender Identity & Roles | Feminine Traits & Stereotypes.” Planned
Trouille, Mary S. Story of The Duchess of C***. G. Nicholson, 1800.
Voltaire. Candide. Third ed., D, The Norton Anthology World Literature, 1759.
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, University of Michigan Press, Michigan.
Essays, UK, 2018, ‘The Role of Women in the Odyssey English Literature’ accessed 13 March 2019, Retrieved from https://www.ukessays.com/essays/english-literature/the-role-of-woman-in-the-odyssey-english-literature-essay.php?vref=1
Lang, B, 2001, ‘Classical Philology – The Role of Women in the Odyssey’, Chicago Press, Vol. 96, No. 4, pp. 355-359.
Whittaker, H, 2007, ‘Gender Roles in the Odyssey’, New York Publisher, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 12-17.
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that girls could celebrate their predilection for pink without compromising
strength or ambition.” she says this because she is trying to not read so much into certain things
and sometimes things are just as they say/look to seem without trying to demean them.
Throughout the novel, Orenstein's tone played a big role and with her tone, you were
able to really understand with her views on gender bias at young girls ages. “Where was i to
understand the new culture of little girls, from toddler to “tween,” to help decipher the potential
impact if any - of the images and ideas they were absorbing about who they should be, what they
should buy, what made them girls? “ Just by the
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Bin, Leslie, Cimpian. (2017). Gender stereotypes about intellectual ability emerge early and influence children’s interest. Science, 1-3.
High intellectual ability is associated with men more than women because of stereotypes. This association influences many women into thinking they should not pursue certain professional fields and therefore discourages them from going forward into such fields. Children as young as 6 acquire this dissociation and endorse it. The purpose of this study was to analyze how acquisition of gendered notions on brilliance effect a child. A series of studies were conducted to analyze findings in order to make a feasible hypothesis. It was not until study
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- Gentrification (“Sonny’s Blues”)
-Drug additction (“Sonny’s Blues”, “Saleema”)
-Memory (“Sonny’s Blues”, “Apollo”)
-Death (“Sonny’s Blues”)
-Gender and/or class (“Wig”, “Saleema”)
-Religion and/or tradition (“For the Relief of Unbearable Urges”)
-Dominican patriarchal culture, alpha males/or Dominican gender roles: (“Wildwood”)
-Scapegoating and/or Superstition/ritual/religion and its role in society: (“The Lottery”)
-Technology and its effects on society: (“There Will Come Soft Rains”, “Cat Person”)
-Cults (“The Lottery”)
-Coming of age experiences; estrangement from parents or family: (“Wildwood,” “Sonny’s Blues”, “Saleema”)
-Topics concerning alienation/identity: All stories!
Your research paper may primarily explore one of the above topics, but it must also incorporate the associated short story or play (or stories if you choose to compare /contrast two works of literature) to some extent.
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repeated to get the same answers. Due to the fact, that it is an interview, it easy to get responses fast and detailed information. If the issue is one that the researcher feels strongly about or the researcher is close with the interviewee, then there could be researcher bias meaning that the researcher loses their perspective as an outsider on the issue.
The other method was a closed-ended questionnaire in which people of different ages, ethnicities, and gender answered. This was a way to get people’s opinion on the issue and if people had a role to play in the issue. This method had some disadvantages to it because it was done online which meant that there was a low response rate. This
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Truth says, “Ain’t I a Woman” she shows her strength and determination of what it means to be a woman. Truth’s purpose in delivering her speech was to describe what life was like in 1850’s as a African American woman compared to white men and to builds a connection between her and her listeners to successfully shed awareness in hopes to beat race and gender discrimination.
Repetition plays a big role in this speech as it portrays a clear image to her listeners of her frustration on how very little human rights Truth and African American women were entitled to in comparison to how realistically she should have had, and the reason behind that was due to her skin colour and gender. The
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conflicting viewpoints about the
gender roles for men and women. He traces the problem to his youth by explaining that the
men he observed as a child diﬀered greatly from the men who most women might observe. He
describes the men that he saw throughout his childhood as ones that are “killing themselves or
preparing to kill others”, suggesting that men consistently put strain on their bodies to either
bring money into the family or prepare for war. Growing up, Sanders is exposed to the “toiling”
lives of the male figures that surround him which initially shapes his “early vision of manhood”
and made it possible for him to gain a personal perspective of what role men should play in
society. To him
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Gender discrimination against women is not only common in North America, Europe and Australia but is a repetitive pattern globally (Johnson & Lee, Mandel 2012). This paper composes of extensive research on the subject of gender inequalities and how the glass ceiling phenomenon effects women as they are generally paid less, ask for less promotions and are perceived to be psychologically weaker (Acker 2009, Allison & Yap 2009, Johnson & Lee 2012, Mandel 2012, McDonald & Kmec 2010). The essay looks into some recent sociological issues on the role of women and the hardships they have to overcome due to gender bias which in turn restricts them from achieving the same status-quo
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, and it hurts people on the LGBT side who may not fit the category they’re assigned at birth, or who don’t identify with either category. Gender roles matter because they hurt everyone. This doesn’t mean that enjoying some of the things that categorize your gender in this society is a bad thing. What it does mean, is that as a society we need to be more understanding of individual differences instead of trying to make every one of each sex be the same.
In an article that I read called “Neglectful Parents and Eldest Siblings,” it talks about When parents pass away or fail on being a parent older siblings may adjust and fill the role of the guardian. This ties to the film we
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for example, is the belief that men are superior to women. Due to stereotyping and gender role
idealization, women are deemed less capable than men. In line with this belief, then, is the idea
that women - who in theory are inferior to men - should not be granted the power of speech. In
“Things Fall Apart”, Chinua Achebe uses literary devices such as characterization and setting to
show the silencing of women by men. The author does so in order to convey the idea that in
Umuofia there is direct correlation between gender and power.
Initially, one example that showcases the silencing of women by men in Umuofia are Achebe’s
deliberate characterization choices for Nwoye’s mother. This character
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woman like Trejo struggled over defining working place for them. gender ideology resulted in class conflict as the municipal regulations promoted the role of the concept of working woman. The society played a significant role in creating gender stereotypes and beliefs, "a gendered space approach argues that specific spaces have become associated with either masculine or feminine attributes" (Porter 113). Women were not allowed to take roles outside the traditional rules of feminism. The customs associated business with masculinity and eliminated the similar opportunities for women. The social relationship between men and women was also dependent on the perceived differences between sexes. The
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IntroductionThe article we have in hand takes a look at the relationship between board diversity and a firm's performance. Different than other studies, it explores "mediators that explain how board diversity is related to the firm's performance". The core idea is twofold: first, the authors explore how much board diversity, whether racial, gender or both, is related to the firm's performance. They start by disclosing statistics reflecting the current situation of boards in major companies in the United States. Then they apply research studies to try to conclude solid facts on this issue. Diversity's different aspects are related to cultural backgrounds and various indications appear; they
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; (Ginther and Kahn, 2006). The social cultural factors influence the differences in performance of boys and girls in mathematics and science education.
The society has a strong influence on how men and women perform in science and mathematics because it defines what role, duty or assignment is to be fulfilled by each (Marini, 2010). In Zittleman (2007) states “In elementary school, both male and females report that they like math and science, and their test scores are comparable. Yet by the 12th grade, females report less positive attitudes and consider math and science harder subjects than do boys” (pg. 77). According to West and Zimmerman (2007), it is the aspect of men and women doing
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College Writing II
September 24, 2018
Unequal Treatment of Women in the Workforce
1. The year is currently 2018 and working women are still making less for doing the same job as men.
2. According to Danielle Paquette, publisher for the Washington Post, “The Census Bureau calculates that the median woman in the United States makes 79 cents for every buck paid to the median man” (par. 5). A8 NEWSPAPER TITLES SHOULD BE ITALICIZED
3. Women have struggled with their equal role in society.
4. During the early 1800s COMMAwomen were seen as second-class citizens.
5. Today, men are seen as one step above women on the “importance” status or ladder. REWORD
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Gender and Hegemony
Gender is described as possession of attributes considered typical of a man and women mainly. For example, masculinity is a form of an attribute for men with social idealism, competitive, toughness, and women subordination. Masculine ideology started way back to the time of the industrial revolution in the US when survival forced men to leave their homes and work for industries to earn money while women stayed at home and took care of the family. Women didn’t have the choice to work because that time industrial labor was considered too physical and beyond the capacity of the female gender. This led to the social norm that men are superior
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metamorphoses. On the other hand, Gregor’s inability to conform to his traditional male gender roles (as already outlined) is what led to his own conversion, and the ensuing destruction that it brought him. Following his physical transformation, the first thought that comes to Gregor’s mind is his role as the breadwinner in his family, thus suggesting that this is his, and by extension all men’s, central responsibility within the family. However, this fuels anxiety within Gregor, thus suggesting that his family’s dependence on him due to his age and gender “problematizes the concept of the male provider”[footnoteRef:8] as it arguably alienates said provider from his family. [8: Lorenz
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target, it is to gain trust and being more popular around friends. Social hierarchy is also being another reason why that it is easy for to list girl's attributes. 13 reasons why consistently give out a lot of emotions to the viewers, by upsetting them, since the scene are quite intense and seriously emotional. It tells teenagers the only things that they are doing or what they are been taught to do. It tells us that the gender models which they are being offered is restrictive. The dominant masculinities have role in how the young men communicate or interact with others in their group. However, girls are most likely to be expected to be desirable and attractive, however, not have role in their
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Did the Second Wave of Feminism in the 1960s and 1970s contribute to the passing of gender based anti-discrimination bills in Canada?
In the late 19th century, many Canadian women, feeling repressed and under-represented, developed a strong sense of feminism. They paid closer attention to the inequality between themselves and men around them, and strove to create change in the way they were treated. Women started to speak up for themselves and fight for the right to be better involved and represented in politics. Starting from 1916, women across the country began to sporadically gain the right to vote and to run for public office. By 1960, all women in Canada had the right to
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: Bandura’s view of human development; emphasizes interaction
Gender identity: the sex group (masculine or feminine) to which an individual biologically belongs
Gender role: the set of behaviors that society considers appropriate for each sex
Gender stereotypes: an oversimplified or distorted generalization about the characteristics of men and
Gender schema: a set of behaviors organized around how either a male or female should think and
Androgynous: combining or blending traditionally male and female characteristics
Theories of Development:
Erikson/Freud- both Freud and Erikson stress the emotional dynamics of social development. Their
theories suggest that learning social
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, “… I want you to be aware that I know you have treated me infernally – infernally! … you are a fool … you are an idiot… and if you fancy I’ll suffer unrevenged, I’ll convince you of the contrary…” (99).
Despite the disenfranchisement of women at that time due to gender, particularly in the public domain and in matters of inheritance and power, they were allowed, indeed expected, to play a dominant role in organizing the domestic setting. Nelly commented to Lockwood, that despite Heathcliff’s despotic, demonic and hostile manner as the new master of the Heights, Cathy had assumed a functional role there, “… the house, inside, had regained its ancient aspect of comfort under female management
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fashion, with their legs sprawled out and with Jimmy smoking. Alison on the other hand is ironing Jimmy’s clothes. Just in the opening scene, the gender stereotype of women doing the house work while men lounge exists. This shows the pre WWII beliefs and standards that women were upheld to. This is challenged though when Alison leaves Jimmy, showing an independence that was marked with post war women’s freedom. She acts on her own interest here. Clearly there is a complicated dynamic in the gender roles in Jimmy’s and Alison’s relationship where Jimmy’s role remains that of the stereotypical man of the house and his dialogue and anger runs the play. But contrastingly you have the Alison, whose