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Assessment 1: Annotated Bibliography
Angermeyer, M. C., Holzinger, A., Carta, M. G. & Schomerus, G. (2011). Biogenetic explanations and public acceptance of mental illness: systematic review of population studies. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 199, 367-372. Doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.110.085563
This review aimed to assess whether the publics view of mental illness using biogenetic explanations was linked to more tolerant attitudes. The study also aimed to establish if responsibility for the illness was associated with rejection, by looking at the general publics desire for social distance.
A systematic review was taken of population studies that were conducted before the 30th June 2010, 33
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The Importance of Environment in Mental Illness
One in every four people experience mental health issues yet there is still a large
stigma around the issue, when in fact it could happen to anyone. A major false
perceptions of mental health is that a person is born with it or is predisposed due to
family history. Although this is true in some cases, mental health predominantly occurs
because of one's experiences throughout their life. They often stem from one’s youth
and without the proper treatment can become worse and worse overtime, much like a
physical illness. Over the past century the way we as a society deal with mental
disorders has drastically changed for the better. Psychologists
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As people with mental illness may be suffering either as a direct result of their illness or
indirectly through their difficulties in successfully integrating into society (Hart, 2017), it is
important that the institutional, societal and individual responses to these persons are critically
analyzed and evaluated to determine whether the goals of these responses are appropriate,
whether these responses are successful in working towards the goals, and more importantly, if
the goals, actions and reasonings can be justified on ethical grounds. In this essay I will be
exploring mental health through an ethical lens, in order to highlight significant issues that stem
from the influence that the
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Running Head: HIV AND AIDS
HIV and Aids
HIV and AIDS
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was first recognized in June of 1981, when five homosexual men in Los Angeles, California, became sick with uncommon lung infections, indicating that these five patients were experiencing a suppressed Immune system. The Evidence That HIV Causes AIDS. (2000, November 29). On June 5th, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published an article in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. This article was the first official report of the illness that eventually became the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic. HIV in the United States: At A Glance
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English III AP
Mental illness in literature
Mental illness is a difficult topic to talk about, the next novels illustrate the problem of seeing and recognizing mental illness, and address the issue of which words we use to talk about mental illness. This, is the central theme in “The Waste Land” by T.S. Eliot, “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins and “A rose for Emily” by William Faulkner. The texts demonstrate mental illness through genetically inherited insanity, doctor-patient relationship and self-perception of mental illness in which they all explore the thin line between sanity and lunacy. These breakdowns, have influenced the reader to
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Stress and Health
Critically evaluate the evidence for a link between life events and illness.
Stress was first defined by Hans Selye in 1936, where he described stress as “the non-specific response of the body to any demand for change”. There are different approaches to stress such as stress as a transaction, which focuses on the way an individual assesses a stressor and how this affects the way they would cope or respond to the stressor. This approach has been further explained by Lazarus & Folkman.
Stress as a transaction:
Lazarus & Folkman (1984) focus on the cognitive-transactional view of stress, they define stress as the relationship between an individual and the
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Student’s Last Name
DD MM YYYY
The Benefits of Art Therapy
In today’s society, mental illnesses can affect anyone regardless of gender, sexuality, social status or even income. Art therapy has become a popular choice for people who want to recover from mental illness. This form of therapy can be used to treat a variety of mental illnesses in both children and adults. Although other medical practitioners do not recognize the worth of art therapy it can be used to effectively treat various mental illnesses.
Art therapy is often used to treat a varying degree of mental illnesses in both children and adults. According to Edwards, art therapy is “defined
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PUB HLTH 1001 Health and Illness in Populations
Assignment 2: Intervening to improve a health priority
Health Intervention to improve anxiety disorders in Australia
Anxiety disorders are a form of mental illness characterised by constant and uncontrollable worry and can make day to day tasks distressing and extremely difficult for one to cope with (1). There are a few different types of anxiety disorders and they all have different symptoms and effects on people. Not everyone experiences the same symptoms as another person does. Some of the more severe symptoms of anxiety are trembling, dizziness, weakness, shortness of breath, excessive perspiration, feeling cold or over heated, numbness
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Scoping Review of Postsecondary Education for Students with Mental Illness or an Acquired Brain Injury. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 63(6), 571-592. doi:10.1080/1034912x.2016.1153050
The main purpose of this journal was to study report intervention used to assist students with mental illnesses. The journal is a research article. It consists of an abstract, introduction, background information, definition/keywords, and of course the findings of the study. The author uses a mapping research method that allows them to review other research material of the topic that they are studying. The author discovers various forms of intervention that is currently being
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Anatomy, Physiology and Psychology of health
“Using a case with which you are familiar, explain how an illness, disease or trauma can cause symptoms within body systems other than the system primarily affected and how this may affect the psycho social well-being of the service user.”
In this essay I will explain how a stroke impacts the body and its systems, in detail the symptoms that the patient may endure. I will also discuss the changes on social well being of the patient, also what psychological and physical processes they may face when having to deal with a debilitating condition. I will also suggest what physiological factor may occur to not only the patient but also their relatives
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Final Research Assignment—Part C
The University of Alabama
“In order to assist my client, I am posing the following COPES question: If a 22-year-old unmarried Caucasian man with psychosis associated with schizophrenia receives antipsychotic medication only or antipsychotic medication and psychosocial treatments, which will produce a greater reduction in his psychosis?” This question is evaluating antipsychotic medication only or antipsychotic medication and psychosocial treatments for greater reduction of psychosis in schizophrenics.
According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness psychosocial treatments include psychotherapy
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inflexible. While some people may debate if mental illness is all in your head, all disorders, including OCPD, are true medical illnesses because the symptoms are identifiable, the effects are widespread and seen throughout all types of people, and they can be treated effectively.
The behaviors and symptoms categorized by OCPD can start out like personality traits of a well-rounded person or a “perfectionist”, but can quickly be recognized as a disorder when the person has difficulty finishing tasks and can’t seem to focus on anything else. It can interfere with the person’s ability to function in a normal day to day environment because they feel overwhelmed by the various events they encounter on
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Many adults in the U.S are infected with the illness of herpes and it’s considered common nowadays. Herpes is classified a common illness and can contaminate anyone who practices anal sex or comes in contact with cold sores. There are many different places one can get herpes on ranging from really anywhere on the body. Herpes can also have a variety of symptoms that can’t really be distinctive, that it is herpes. When it comes to this illness, herpes, one should always be careful and not take any risks. At the end of the day, everyone wants and should be able to live a happy and healthy life.
Ways to avoid herpes
Since herpes is such a common illness people should know the ways to
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ILSC’s IELTS Test Refund or Test Date Transfer Policy:
Candidates who seek to cancel their registration or transfer test dates within the five-week period
prior to the test date will only receive a refund less a 25% administrative fee if they can satisfy to
the Administrator that their ability to sit the test has been affected by illness or serious cause.
Serious causes include:
Illness — e.g. hospital admission, serious injury or illness (does not include minor illness
such as a mild cold)
Loss or bereavement — death of a close family member
Hardship/trauma — victim of crime, victim of a traffic accident
Application Process for Refunds
Candidates must lodge an
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professional about it. Symptoms are Apathy, Complaints of pain, such as headaches, stomachaches, low back pain or fatigue. One might even have time struggling to concentrate, difficulty making decisions, excessive guilt, loss of interest in food and stuff they used to love, memory loss, sadness, anxiety, feeling of hopelessness, and way more. However, it can be treated by going to a therapist, etc. It may take some time more than others, but it is a road of recovery you don’t have to walk alone on.
Have you ever felt anxious for no reason, feel like you are being judged even when alone, you might have anxiety? Anxiety is the most common mental illness in the world. Over 19 million Americans have it
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The Art Of Memories
A Connection with
By Phoenix Douangchai
Art. It’s a place to express ones feelings and emotions. A place to calm down to relax.
A place for memories…
Art is commonly and publicly known as a visual medium where an artist paints, sculpts and creates things from their mind at the time, or through past experiences. Artist William Utermohlen expresses and creates his own memoir through the use of his own experiences both past and present. The London based artist is commonly recognized as the person who was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease who created and documented his experience of his illness through the use of self-portraits. Utermohlen’s most commonly
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depression. By learning how to
recognize and address adolescent mental health problems, as well
as how to appropriately refer those young people suffering from
mental health problems to health professionals for treatment,
educators have a unique opportunity to play an important role
in the health and well being of Canadian youth. It is therefore
imperative that teachers are equipped with the practical tools and
knowledge required to recognize and intervene appropriately in
situations where mental illness may be a concern.
According to the World Health Organization, mental health is
“a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her
own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses
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murder, which were later overturned. The jury found her NGRI. Rather than serving life in prison or the death penalty, Yates was admitted to a mental hospital where she resides today (2018). The jury determined Yates actions were due to the psychiatric drugs she was taking to treat a major depressive disorder.
In another case, former University of Texas student Kendrex White, was found NGRI after killing one and injuring three other students. His defense attorney convinced the prosecutors that White met the state’s definition of insanity (2018). It was agreed that White suffered from a mental illness so severe he couldn’t understand the difference between right and wrong. White ended
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Anatomy & physiology
About Typhoid Fever
Typhoid Fever, also known simply as Typhoid, is an infection caused by a strain of bacteria called Salmonella typhii,
which is related to the bacteria that causes salmonella food poisoning. The infection can affect the whole body and
damage multiple organs. Unless treated, this infection can have life threatening consequences. The acute illness is
characterized by prolonged fever, headache, nausea, loss of appetite, and constipation or sometimes diarrhea.
Symptoms are often non-specific and clinically non-distinguishable from other febrile illnesses. However, clinical
severity varies and severe cases may lead to
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depression is a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity which reflects a sad and/or irritable mood exceeding normal sadness or grief. The signs and symptoms are not only characterized by negative thoughts, moods, and behaviors but also specific changes in bodily functions (for example: crying spells, body aches and pains low energy) In spite of clear research evidence and clinical guidelines regarding therapy, depression is often undertreated and misunderstood.
Hopefully, this situation can change for the better. If this illness is not treated correctly, it can cause severe damage towards a person and their families and friends. The effects
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TOPIC 4- Across the world, various cultures have adopted a range of health models with different health beliefs and attitudes. Despite this variation, many cultures share a common negative attitude and approach to mental illness and mental ill health.
• Reflect on why this might be the case.
Tabarak. That is my name. In the Quran, it is defined as “blessed”. My name is representative
of my journey, my religion, my race and my culture. As a Muslim and as an Arab, I have
seen mental illness being treated as a taboo topic in my community, as it is in many other
cultures. Through my personal perspective, I have employed my sociological imagination to
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Study Guide Answer Key
Typhoid Mary: The spreading of an infectious disease
1. d. Illness transmitted by the ingestion of food or water contaminated with the feces of an infected person.
2. e. Rapidly developing loss of the brain function due to the disturbance in the blood supply to the brain.
3. f. A person or organism infected with an infectious disease agent, but displaying no symptoms.
4. b. Voluntary or compulsory isolation, typically to contain the spread of something considered dangerous.
5. a. Fictitious name.
6. c. An abnormal inflammatory condition of the lungs.
1. False- Typhoid fever is a disease.
4. False- Mary emigrated from
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the GPS will help you navigate where you are and will bring you to safety. Vaccines are very helpful if you have a deadly illness and there is a vaccine for it, it can save your life. And a computer was made which makes a lot of hand work to be done a lot. Another thing made in the Information age is drugs and radios. Radios report news throughout the world, just think where we would be without them, and drugs are bad for people and they kill thousands a day, but the drugs that help save lives are the good ones.So the conclusion they have both affected my life a lot. They have affected my life equally.
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. Females may live for two to three years, whereas males only live for about six or seven months.Redback bites occur frequently, particularly over the summer months. More than 250 cases receive antivenom each year, with several milder envenomations probably going unreported. Only the female bite is dangerous. They can cause serious illness and have caused deaths. However, since Redback Spiders rarely leave their webs, humans are not likely to be bitten unless a body part such as a hand is put directly into the web, and because of their small jaws many bites are ineffective. The venom acts directly on the nerves, resulting in release and subsequent depletion of neurotransmitters.
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In the play, The Glass Menagerie, written by Tennessee Williams, reality and illusion, present and past have no clarity. The are combined to form an elaborate narration by Tom of his family, the Wingfields, by their mothers past misfortunes and heartaches. Laura, Tom and Amanda Wingfield each escape their reality by living in an illusion, clinging to th epast and constantly dreaming of a better future filled with adventure.Laura fails to face reality by escaping in her own imagination. As a child, an illness left Laura with a slight defect, causing one of her legs to be slightly shorter than the other. From this point on she began to seperate herself from the rest of the world, the rest of
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2. Describe a setback you have encountered in your life. Explain how you have handled the situation and what you have learned from it.
I have faced many setbacks in my life, but one of the biggest is the way mental health has affected my entire life. Not a day of my life goes by that isn’t haunted by mental illness. It hurts me and the people around me. But I would not be who I am today without it.
Mental illness has always been a big part of my family and who we are. My grandparents on my father’s side were both mentally ill, and I have a bipolar aunt on my mom’s side. My father has Borderline Personality Disorder and Bipolar. Not only has this affected how we’ve been raised and our family
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Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic depression, is a depressive disorder (Buchana, 2007). Bipolar Disorder is a mental illness describes as a deep or persistent reaction of despondency or despair, as the loss of interest in areas of life that was once appreciated. Bipolar disorder is distinguished by mood swings from deep depression to intense euphoria, with some phases of normalcy. An individual suffering from bipolar disorder may display additional symptoms associated with progressive brain disorder. During the manic state, a persons mood is raised significantly, expansive, or are extremely irritable. This type of behavior may cause an up-roar in ones professional and social
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exactly are some
of the other points for and against treating self inflicted injuries and illnesses and how does it
The NHS has many founding principles, the basic ideals that are mostly followed closely. Now a
key one of these principles is that the NHS should provide a comprehensive service available to
ALL. This counts for all people, no matter what their age, gender or religion is and it should
make no difference when it comes to the NHS providing them with healthcare. So if that is the
case, does this extend to if their particular illness is self inflicted? The service is available to all
and intended for all, so whether their illness is self inflicted or not shouldn’t matter
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Bipolar Disorder Amanda Smith
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out daily tasks. Symptoms of bipolar disorder can be severe. They are different from the normal ups and downs that everyone goes through from time to time. Bipolar disorder symptoms can result in damaged relationships, poor job or school performance, and even suicide. But bipolar disorder can be treated, and people with this illness can lead full and productive lives. Bipolar disorder often appears in the late teens or early adult years. At least half of all
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Sociology is the study of human interaction. It focuses on life, change, causes and consequences of human behaviour (Cornell University of Sociology, 2008). In relation to health, sociology is responsible for acquiring quantitative data that resulted from social surveys, epidemiological and comparative studies (Health Knowledge, 2011). This stands for possible influences of the society and human processes and interaction in determining health outcomes. Sociologists study health and illness not by just the mere thought of their curiosity and interest. But because it helps them understand how society work and function (White, 2002). They argue that diseases are socially developed, produced
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appropriate for treating mental illness and community colleges have fewer resources along with student populations with higher needs, which may contribute to low graduation rates.
A new survey (2015), an online survey was conducted with students at ten community colleges around the nation and received participation from more than 4,000 undergraduates. The data indicate that poor mental health conditions are prevalent and inadequately addressed among community college students, both in absolute terms and in comparison to students at four-year colleges and universities.
Although, mental illness, most are not treated for nearly a decade despite effective treatment regimens, the total cost to society of
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Essay 3/Draft 4
Everyday gun violence is a major issue in the united states. Each day people
die of gun violence. People don’t understand that its not the guns that kill other
individuals, it’s the person that’s behind the gun. Gun violence is getting worse by
the day and it’s so hard to stop it. Nowadays you can purchase a firearm
anywhere. Gun violence can be examined on many levels however, our focus
should be on age requirements, mental health, and criminal history.
Mental health is a major reason behind gun violence and mass shootings. The
overall contribution of people with serious mental illness to violent crimes is only
about 3%. When these
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undergoing treatments that usually consist taking medication in different amount until the proper amount is found. Any hostility in the home should be eliminated. It has been shown through many studies that involving families in the care of a schizophrenic person leads to better results in their condition.Treatment is usually done using antipsychotic medications and sedation as first resorts. There are many different forms of these drugs, and it is up to the professional doctor on which ones they prescribe. Most of these medications take 2-4 weeks to take effect.Schizophrenia is a dangerous mental illness that affects many people. The causes of it are still being debated, although there is lots of promising research. Many symptoms have already been identified and classified so that doctors can better make a diagnosis. In addition, new technology is allowing for better drugs to be made in order to help treat this mental illness.
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In section 16, Nietzsche enlightens us with a provisional statement, and by his own accord a hypothesis concerning the origin of the "bad conscience". In terms that may exemplify a state of disbelief on the reader of the section, he states"It may sound rather strange and needs to be pondered, lived with, and slept on for a long time. I regard bad conscience as the serious illness that man was bound to contract under the stress of the most fundamental change he ever experienced-that change which occurred when he found himself finally enclosed within the walls of society and peace".Referring back to section 4 and his reference to a "bad conscience" as a "somber thing", Nietzsche uses
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"The Yellow Wallpaper", written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is an interesting short story that tells the events of a wife as she is removed from her normal life in hopes to cure her so-called illness. Her husband puts her into a new house that he proclaims will help her illness, however his methods have the complete opposite effect. This story is very similar to the first season of a television show called "American Horror Story," where the Harmon family moves into a new mysterious house that takes advantage of the family, especially the wife, Vivien. In The Yellow Wallpaper," the wife projects herself as a woman "trapped" in the wallpaper, which is similar to the numerous souls trapped in
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issues “ I just thought you were hard on everybody “ (pg. 85). She laughed. “ I am, just more on some people. People I think have potential but are not using it. People like you “ (pg. 86). When Ian first started volunteering, he did not like it, he thought that homeless people were gross and disgusting. As the story goes on all of his thoughts changed. He begins to learn about the causes of homelessness such as, mental illness, and PTSD. Finally, Ian starts to understand and respect the homeless population.
Second of all, Ian meets Mac, Mac the person who changed his vision about homeless people completely. He explained to him that everyone on the streets is there for a reason. He took him
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others as you would have them do to you'. If you were suffering you may want your life to end. REASONS AGAINST People might commit euthanasia against a person's wishes. People might recover from an illness against all odds. Doctor's diagnosis might be wrong. Christians believe in the Sanctity of Life. Against Commandment 'Do not kill'. Jesus suffered on the cross - he didn't cut short his suffering therefore not down to us to end our life. Doctors are against euthanasia it is their job to try and save & protect life. Some people think accepting suffering may have a spiritual value for your soul
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others. Also you should try and get vaccination. From 10 March to 30 March AB Health are giving 20% discounts on vaccinations. Organization Some people will die from Meningococcal a majority of people will be fully recovered but a few things will always stay with them. Headaches Tiredness Memory Loss Concentration Problems Sight Problems Deafness Epilepsy Paralysis Kidney or Liver Failure Skin Scarring due to Skin grafts Amputated limbs Protection and Information you need Preventing Meningococcal Long Term Effects What Is Meningococcal? Meningococcal is a illness/disease which is caused by bacteria, not a virus and is passed on by saliva. 20% of people will carry these unique bacteria without ever being harmed in fact everyone will have the bacteria in some kind of time in their lives. These people that are not harmed are called 'healthy carriers.' It is commonly spread by, touching, kissing, smoking and sneezing
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pancreas. With these inventions like the glucose sensor and the pacemaker, artificial organs have allowed many to live happy healthy lives.Now we come back to the point mentioned in the first paragraph. The biodegradable plastic would be spun with chemicals that help the artificial tissue to multiply. As cells divide and assemble, the plastic degrades and only coherent tissue remains. This new permanent tissue would then be implanted into the patient. This procedure implanted into the patient. This procedure will hopefully be used to construct arms and legs.This research is very valuable to those patients who need an organ transplant. Many people die waiting for a transplant and this technology will help ease much hurt and pain that families experience during transplant situations. The economic effects are great products will be greatly successful.In closing, I believe these advances are good for society and the world. One thing people fear is getting a terminal illness. With these breakthroughs we are able to relax and not fear as much.
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The Color Purple, by Alice Walker is about an African- American young girl named Celie who lived in the era where slavery was common. Unlike regular novels, this novel is composed of several letters beginning from the age of fourteen. In the beginning, Celie?s mother gives birth to a baby boy, but she gets sick after the pregnancy. Celie?s father gets tired of waiting for sex so he begins to rape Celie. After many numerous sexual encounters of her and her father, Pa, Celie gets pregnant. Not once, but twice and both times he father gives her babies away. Celie?s mother dies due to her illness and has to raise her siblings by herself. Pa then forces Celie to mary Mr. ____. She didn?t like
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A disease is 'a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of genetic or developmental errors, infection, poisons, nutritional deficiency or imbalance, toxicity, or unfavorable environmental factors; illness; sickness; ailment'.Six examples of diseases are;-Cancer-Meningococcal Disease-Hepatitis B-Hepatitis A-Hepatitis C-Black DeathThese can be transmitted by touch, saliva, air (breath), and other senses.People were likely to suffer early death in the Medieval Times because there were no cures and they relied on superstitions.Diseases spread quickly in Medieval cities because they were not very knowledgeable about diseases
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officer who suffered from a sudden attack by an unknown suspect. Things like this could be prevented with the help of the federal database and these monitored weapons
Furthermore, the Federal database will not only track and monitor the weapons but also flag citizens who either have not gotten their weapon legally or have a history of mental illness. Statistically when asked most people will respond saying that mental illness is the number one leading cause to mass shooting. In truth that is false and only a handful of mass shooting cases were caused by mentally ill people who go undiagnosed, such as the shooting at Sandy Hook elementary by Adam Lanza. “Lanza’s acts of slaughter . . . strongly
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also involved in they could get angry that they’re the one who lived.” And this is telling me that one little thing can spark up violence in a teen and that you need to be cautious of what happens and help through go through things like this god forbid if they do happen because some teens cant handle that much and they might go into a state of depression or rage depending on the certain situation. Another cause of teen violence is mental illness and this is another big one. I say this because the florida shooter or the “valentines day killer” after he was arrested they said that he had issues and that the people in the school knew he needed help yet they ignored the signs and he resulted to
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. She then thinks about her past of actually having a mental illness and being locked away in a mental institution. She saw a crazy thing in the loony bin like suicide psycho people. The psychiatrist prescribed her an antidepressant called Risperdal, which is a light or low-fat anti-pill. She says that in the twenty-first century, diagnoses of depression has risen drastically, along with, post-traumatic disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. She tried this many of time and was not admitted. She was mislabeled but not at all admitted. Every single medical professional was nice to her, unlike Rosenhan experiment. So in the Rosenhan experiment, the psychiatrist failed their
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“Depression,...is a disorder“so mysteriously painful and elusive in the way it becomes known to the self -to the mediating intellect-as to verge close to being beyond description””(Darkness Visible, 30). Severe melancholia drains a person of emotion, takes meaning away from life, and causes a lack of motivation. The severity, like that of depression, lies on a continuum. Anhedonia, the absence of pleasure, is very common in those with melancholia. This feeling can accompany grief and in severe forms be a total absence of feeling. Depression can be caused by just about anything. “Just about any physical trauma or debilities illness
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patient. Depression screenings are included in both of these exams, as well as screenings for cognitive impairment (Hughes, 2011).
One of the most sweeping changes in the ACA is the expansion of the Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act (MHPAE) of 2008. While the 2008 law represented a significant step forward in requiring coverage for mental illness to be comparable to that for physical ailments, there were many holes. MHPAE did not mandate mental health coverage; such coverage only applied to plans that had already opted to provide some mental health coverage. The ACA, in contrast, identified mental health and substance use treatment as one of the ten “essential health benefits” for
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providing long-term care and support to patients with psychotic symptomatology. When a family member is diagnosed with a mental illness as troubling as bipolar I/II disorder, the whole family has to cope with the resulting series of changes in family interactions and duties. Therefore, understanding the significance, and role of impact, that a family dynamic plays in the stability and consistency for a bipolar patient is essential to mitigate some of the troubling and severe psychopathology shifts.
In the Covile, et al. article, Correlates of High Expressed Emotion Attitudes Among Parents of Bipolar Adolescents, researchers highlight that the earlier the onset of Bipolar Disorder for a
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: the amygdala and hippocampus. With the help of PET and fMRI scans, it has been found that the hippocampus and amygdala may be as much as 16% smaller in people with borderline personality disorder (Beidel, Bulik and Stanley 2013).Some studies with twins have suggested that personality disorders are genetic and can be inherited. Those with some sort of familial mental illness are at a higher risk than those who have no family mental illness history. Scientists are currently "studying genes that help regulate emotions and impulse control for possible links to the disorder (Mayo Clinic, 2014)." Unfortunately, BPD is often under diagnosed or misdiagnosed. According to the National Institute of
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light. It was still acceptable to sweep
the problem under the rug and just ignore it. Consequently, Alyssa was forced to deal with the
fall out of the abuse on top of battling an illness that she didn't know she had. After, two suicide
attempts she was left reeling and trying to secure her footing in life. While already struggling in
life, she later found herself as a teenage mother of two young children. Reyan preserved and tried
to be a good mother while doing her best to keep her world from continuously spiraling out of
control. Little did she know that soon she would make the decision to leave her children with
their father. It was intended to be for a short time, Alyssa never realized