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Gurleen Sohi October 3, 2018
Adverse Impacts of Harmful Drugs
Drugs have many impacts on the human body. All drugs have different effects on your body. Some may have a worse effect than the other. Long term use of drugs can develop a drug addiction. Drug abuse is a common problem mostly among teenagers and adults. Some people may use drugs to help with stress or sometimes to fit in with others due to peer pressure.
Drugs can change your life in horrible ways. They can cause family issues, financial issues, relationship problems, and sometimes even loneliness. Drugs speed up messaging
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medication dosage and or amount without a doctor’s approval and by not taking other people’s medications. Prescription drugs are addictive, but not everyone becomes addicted because they take the prescription correctly.
Addiction to drugs means you are dependent on a drug to satisfy your needs whether it be physically or emotionally. While a dependency means your body developed an immunity for the drug , like a vaccine would work and needs the drug to function because if you stop taking it then you will have withdrawal symptoms (Geier, 2003). Many people do not get over their addictions successfully and often die trying. Which is why, rehab center are provided for those who are battling against addiction.
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Government action on drug use in America.
Drug use has become a major problem all over the world, but has the American government exacerbated the problem? Firstly, America has one of the highest populations of convicted criminals in prisons. It has been shown that prisoners who return home are at a much higher risk of relapse and overdose. Second, there are plenty of residential rehabilitation programs in America but fewer than three percent of these programs offer the types of medications needed in overcoming an addiction, specifically to opioids. Last, it is important to note that a majority of drug related deaths are a result of opioid overdose. These opioids are not
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with his wife’s mother. Intensely, Smith exclaimed, “At this point I didn’t even want to get high, I just did not want to be sick from lack of the drug, and that is how opiates get you, that is how you die from them.”
Smith admits, “I looked around one day and realized for the first time in years that my life was in disarray; it had become clear it was the opiates and [it was] my addiction to them that caused this disarray.” Smith recovered with the help of a reverse opiate drug called Suboxone. Taking this drug for about two years the sickness had finally disappeared. “Today, I will tell you that Suboxone saved my life.” After Smith became clean, he divorced his wife to help distance
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On the other hand, Donald Trump’s initiative to stop the opioid crisis has to do with
limiting over-prescription, stopping illicit drug supplies, and making the recovery centers more
efficient and accessible. In more detail, he will reduce the drug demand through education,
awareness, and preventing doctors from overprescribing their patients. Finally, this is an example
of updated policies and it seems to be working. These improvements will include supporting
research and development for a vaccine to prevent opioid addiction and non-addictive pain
management options. His way of limiting the amount of overprescription here is to cut
nationwide opioid prescription fills by a
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available for young people. Rehabilitation can be used to help a person recover
from addictions, injuries and even physical or mental illnesses (Rehabs.com, 2015).
Some local rehabilitation centres include:
- The Redlands Hospital
- Goori House Addiction Treatment Centre (Cleveland)
- Ozcare Drug and alcohol services
Rehabilitation isn’t very effective and majority of the time people relapse. A
successful rehabilitation from an alcohol or drug addiction takes a long time to
achieve (Promises, 2016). The outcome depends of the patient’s problems and the
appropriateness of the treatment (Drug Abuse, 2017). There isn’t very much
available to help with abuse of drugs and alcohol, but mostly
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overwhelming adolescent and young adult cocaine users have previously used marijuana and is known as the gateway hypothesis. Since the use of cocaine is associated with problems such as crime, child poverty, poor neonatal health, and the spread of HIV, a gateway effect of on cocaine could signify a sizable social cost of marijuana use" (DeSimone, 1998). DeSimone is saying that if you are addicted to cocaine it is because you have done marijuana which can be a flawed argument to make. Many other factors come into play when it comes to persons drug addiction and how it started like such as the individual, their family history, demographic, etc. Another main point for labeling marijuana a gateway drug
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times in Detroit. He was asked if he wanted to make a movie about his time in Detroit and he was excited and agreed. During the production of the movie, Eminem seemed to have troubles staying awake and was always tired. So he has prescribed some pills that would keep him more awake and on edge when filming the movie. Marshall started over using the pills that lead to seven-year drug addiction. No one about or if someone did they really didn't really care about it. But at the peak of his addiction when he was taking about 60 or so pills a day is one many people were shocked. He finally decided that enough is enough and he had to get clean, not just for himself but for his daughters and for his
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Becker, W. C., Dr, Sullivan, L. E., Dr, & Tetrault, J. M., Dr. (2007, December 11). Non-medical use, abuse and dependence on prescription opioids among U.S. adults: Psychiatric, medical and substance use correlates. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376871607004103
Clinton, Tim, ED.D. (2009). Addictions and recovery: An introduction [wmv format]. Retreived from http://www.bibme.org/citation-guide/apa/lecture/
Clinton, Tim, Dr., & Scalise, Eric, Dr. (2013). Addictions and recovery counseling. Grand Rapids, MI, USA: Baker.
Doweiko, H. E., & Evans, A. L. (2019). Concepts of chemical dependency. Boston, MA, USA: Cengage.
OUR VIEW: War on deadly addiction. (2019, March 20). Retrieved from https://www.heraldtribune.com/opinion/20190320/our-view-war-on-deadly-addiction
Substance Abuse: Drug Types, Alcohol, Tobacco, and More. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/mental-health/addiction/substance-abuse#1
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Empirical studies suggest that alcohol and illicit-drug use among youth may be associated with listening to popular music (e.g., hard rock, heavy metal, rap, and techno; Arnett, 1991, 1992; Forsyth et al., 1997; Hitzler, 2002; Miranda and Claes, 2004). In the world of hip hop culture alcohol and drug usage reigns supreme. Drugs ranging from marijuana and cocaine usage, to abusing prescription medication such as Percocet and Promethazine. With the mind of a youth being so impressionable and being that listening to music is the number-one rated leisure-time activity for American youth (Roberts et al., 1999a,b); it is critical we analyze the effect music has on the mind of the youth subculture
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Increases in Drug and Opioid Overdose Deaths United States,
Kolodny et al. 2015. Annual Review of Public Health
The prescription opioid and heroin crisis: A public health approach to an
epidemic of addiction external icon
National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), South Carolina Opioid Summary March
Musumeci, MB. and Tolbert, J. 2018 (October 05) Federal Legislation to
Address the Opioid Crisis: Medical Provisions in the SUPPORT Act.
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the trillion dollar drug war, and while
over 1.5 trillion dollars in mostly tax money is spent on the drug war, it has done
nothing to improve the situation.
The fact that the drug war has failed and caused so many problems, means that
there is something decidedly wrong. One major factor that is damaging to the current
approach is that drug users are being treated like criminals. Drug abuse should be
treated as a medical issue and law enforcement only makes things worse.
Recent findings show that addiction is actually caused by a disconnection from
society and one’s personal life. When scientists for the government were experimenting
with addiction, they did a test where they put a
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substance abuse, marijuana may
actually pose a positive impact towards overdose deaths, and addiction. Addiction is a disease
that affects millions of people and marijuana may impose healthier lifestyles to help treat this
epidemic. Although marijuana is a drug with psychoactive properties, it is not addictive, and
does not lead to harder drugs. It is still unclear how many deaths that have resulted due to the use
of the drug. A study conducted showed that people in states with legal medical marijuana used
the drug to either replace alcohol, prescription opioids or other illegal recreational drugs
(Szalavitz). Marijuana can be a substitute to hard drugs and alcohol because of the
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marketed for nasal congestion.” Because of lack of restriction, amphetamines were sold to treat
variety of ailments: obesity, alcoholism,depression, schizophrenia, morphine and codeine
addiction, heart block and head injuries. Stimulants are self medicated over the counter drugs.
Meaning you can buy them at local pharmacy or drug stores. The most common drugs in this
category are caffeine, nicotine, cocaine and methamphetamine. Caffeine and nicotine are
classified as secondary stimulants because, unlike drugs such as amphetamines and cocaine, they
affect the sympathetic nervous system more than the central nervous system. Unlike stimulants
that are abused for recreational purposes, caffeine and
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abstinence”. As author points out, Mr. Sessions suggests that marijuana is a “gateway drug to opioid addiction” but in fact it is proven by the evidence from different researches that “this is not the case at all”. Richard A. Friedman provides an example that 83 percent of people in Japan and 60 percent of South Africans who use recreational drugs “did not begin with cannabis”. At the same time the author acknowledges the risks of marijuana admitting that it can “impair cognition, attention and intellectual performance, though the effects are reversible”. But it does not increase mortality whereas “opiate overdose is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, killing about
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Adderall and Ritalin in eight through the twelfth grade. 2009
statistics showed that 5.4 percent of these high schoolers were abusing Adderall, then in just 3
short years that statistic boosted to 7.6 percent. While this number continues to rise, the CEO of
the Partnership for Drug-Free Kids, Steve Pasierb recognizes that “the rates of Adderall misuse
and abuse among high school seniors remains unacceptably high and the new data makes it very
clear: the abuse of all prescription medicines is an immediate threat to the health of America’s
teens.”(Feliz) These kids often don't know what Adderall does to the body, affecting blood
pressure in result of hypertension, irregular heartbeat, and sudden
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was illegal, marijuana was prescribed to people with many conditions like labor pains, nausea, and rheumatism. By the 1930s, the U.S. Federal Bureau of Narcotics claimed that marijuana is a powerful drug that can lead people to addiction. They claimed it was a “gateway” drug. As the years went on, marijuana was used by different groups of people for different reason. According to narconon.org, marijuana was only allowed for recreational use by jazz musicians and people in the show business. In the 1950s, marijuana was used as an accessory by the beat generation. In the 1960s, marijuana was used as a symbol of rebellion against the higher up by college students and hippies. Today, even with
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operations can throw BT into Net Operating Loss.
1.2 Industry Analysis: The substance abuse industry had a value of $31 Billion in 2014 and is projected to reach $42 Billion in 2020, giving a CAGR of 5.2% (Gruber and Boyd, 2017). Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has ranked Ohio as the top 5 leading states in terms of drug or alcohol abuse rates (Ohio Drug Statistics,2018). Ohio State, where BT is in, had statically higher Opioid prescription and death rates compared to other states (Fig 1). Ohio is seen as a state lagging in combating Opioid usage (Figs 2&3). However, Ohio State are taking steps to improve this pandemic and they are spending at least 90 Cents for every dollar in
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also shown that medical marijuana has benefited patients who suffer from a variety of cancers. The American Journal of Clinical Oncology explains how the chemicals within marijuana help with the side of effects of cancer treatment. Although there are pharmaceutical medicines made to treat these issues, they are not always the safest when it comes to long-term care. Prescription medicine has the highest addiction rate in America and causes many deaths. Safer alternatives are there for those that need it and do not want to experience the use of pharmaceutical medicine.
When it comes to the legalization of marijuana there should be very strict regulations put into place. People under the age
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. Participants who used marijuana had less trouble with sleep and anxiety and were more likely to remain in treatment as compared to those who were not using marijuana.
Earlier this year, the National Academy of Sciences disproved that marijuana is a gateway drug that may lead to opioid addiction in their 395-page paper. Instead, the National Academy of Science found evidence that cannabis has a therapeutic health benefit. According to the CDC, more than 33, 000 overdose deaths occurred in 2015. This was the largest number of overdoses every recorded. Politicians should welcome the opportunity to bring necessary and long overdue regulatory controls to the cannabis for the treatment of many health conditions including opioid dependency.