The conditions which encouraged industrialisation in Britain
When we talk about industrial revolution in Britain, a lot of Historiographers might be contradicting about the actual cusses of industrial revolution or maybe the most important cause and conditions which encouraged industrialisation in Britain. However, one thing that no historiographer can-not deny is, enormous change in British economy. A huge change in eighteenth-century in terms of production and technology and also in urbanisation. Britain experienced several different but related significant aspects which a lot of historians believe, these were the most important factors that lead Britain to industrialisation.
These conditions are “agriculture, population growth, trade, transport, finance and raw materials. This essay is going to briefly discuss these preconditions for the industrial revolution.
In mid seventeenth-century the main source of occupation for the British people was the agricultural and organic materials. This meant, about seventy five percent of people made their living of farms. Agricultural also was inevitably connected to the industrial. British agricultural economy almost had accessed to half of the farmable lands and field which was quite a lot. As a result, the agricultural economy was able to produce so much extra amount of drink and food. Therefore, exportation to Europe began. However, it was not as good as it sounds, because working and being occupied on farms was not possible during the winter and to survive, as mentioned earlier more than half of population needed to have multiple occupations. As It was mentioned earlier only British economy could only benefit half of the lands that were farmable and the rest were called open-field system which was quite noticeable. Therefore, the open-field system clearly had problems. The problem was basically, half of the land were useless. The best solution for that was planting different kind of corps like turnips and clover as they were rich in nitrogen and on the other hand they could stay in the soil during winter as well. This finally caused a remarkable increase in livestock which ultimately changed the dietary of whole Europe. Then some innovation happened and hugely influenced a new age in agriculture. Similarly, the new system of seed planting which is called “hors drown seed drill” was invented by “Jethro Tull”. As a result, this new farming system and
the increasing availability of arable lands also more availability of livestock, favourable
climate and improvement of crop yield, ultimately caused remarkable food production. When the population is well fed then health would be improved. As it was mentioned above, the revolution (Industrial) started in England as everything was ready for industrialisation. Another factor that significantly helped industrial revolution to happened was “Coal”. Because of some good innovations like “davy lamp” which made life for mine workers much easier and safe and sur...