The gospels are fours accounts that depict the life, the teachings and the miracles of Jesus Christ. The common purpose and theme of these gospels is to spread the good news about Jesus. These 4 gospels are called Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. The writers of these gospels are known as the evangelists. These gospels are a staple to the Catholic faith. Through reading the gospels, Catholics today can grow closer to God through Jesus and learn important lessons that Jesus taught during this period. One of the most important lessons Jesus taught is to love thy neighbor. These gospels were written from 50AD to 90AD and come about through three stages.
The first stage of the Gospels was the physical teachings of Jesus. Jesus was able to teach people important lessons to apply to their own lives. These lessons are important to the Catholic faith. Jesus was able to do this through the use of performing miracles, telling parables and preaching. Many were able to witness these acts and remember them, including his disciples. Some disciples, such as John, were able to record some documentation on the life of Jesus. The time period of this stage is approximately starts when Jesus is born (4BC) to when he dies (30AD). The reason these gospels were not recorded is because people felt no need as Jesus was still alive. In addition to this, when Jesus died, some follower expected his return to be immediate, hence there being no reason for his teachings to be recorded.
Following this time period, was the second stage of the gospels. This was known as the oral period. The Oral Period dated from 30AD-70AD. During this period, the teaching of Jesus was spread by word of mouth. This oral period started with the Apostles who spread the Good News after Jesus’ death. These teachings were passed down through generations. When these stories were passed down, some aspects may have changed which is why some accounts vary. Nevertheless, these accounts contain similar ideas and messages, which links them together. Many of the people who heard these stories were not able to read or write so were not able to record any accounts.
After the Oral Period came the third stage of the Gospels. This stage was called the period of the Evangelists. This stage went from 50AD-90AD. The third stage involved the recording and writing of the gospels. This stage also involved the collecting and editing of the gospels. There were many writings and to make it into the bible the gospels had to pass as cannon. This mean it had to pass a certain criterion so that the gospel proved to be reliable. The four pieces of criteria to pass cannon were called Apostolicity, Catholicity, Tradition and Orthodoxy. Apostolicity mean that that the piece of writing had to be written by either an Apostle or someone who was associated with an Apostle. Catholicity meant that the writing was relevant to the Catholic religion and had a message that could apply to all aspect of the faith. Tradition meant that the book...