This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Did Convict Transportation Serve Criminal Or Economic Objectives? History Essay

1983 words - 8 pages

160260177
Did convict transportation serve criminal or economic objectives?
The Transportation Act of 1718 was fundamentally a method of establishing a punishment that would deter criminals from committing acts of felony after their sentencing, and “for the further preventing Robberies, Burglaries, and other felonies; and for the more effectual Transportation of Felons.”[footnoteRef:1] A court dilemma, prior to this legislation being passed, was making the decision between capital punishment and immediate release after physical branding.[footnoteRef:2] Imprisonment for a significant period of time was unavailable due to a lack of facilities designed for long term incarceration,[footnoteRef:3] and sentencing to a workhouse or house of correction wasn’t seen as enough of a deterrent from committing further crimes.[footnoteRef:4] Additionally, transportation served as an “experimentation of privatising post-trial criminal justice,”[footnoteRef:5] in which law enforcement was a means of economic production and establishing good personal and trade relations with the colonies. “Between 1718 […] and 1775 […], some 50,000 convicts were shipped across the Atlantic from the British Isles,”[footnoteRef:6] which highlights the vast scale at which transportation was used in the eighteenth century. This also demonstrates the reliance on this system of punishment by the British government to serve both criminal and economic purposes, however, the legislation was originally implemented to serve as a means of more effective punishment, and economic objectives should be seen as more of a side effect. [1: John M. Beattie, Crime and the Courts in England, 1660-1800 (Princeton, N.J., 1986), 503.] [2: Beattie, Crime and the Courts, 502.] [3: Farley Grubb, “The Transatlantic Market for British Convict Labour,” The Journal of Economic History, 60 (2000): 113.] [4: Beattie, Crime and the Courts, 502.] [5: Grubb, “The Transatlantic Market,” 94.] [6: Kenneth Morgan, “English and American Attitudes towards Convict Transportation, 1718-1775,” History, 72 (1987): 416.]
The “business of crime”[footnoteRef:7] and convict transportation was channelled through the already existent transatlantic market for servant labour. This already gives an indication of economic purpose, as using a system which already exists saves expenditure on establishing new trade routes and methods of transporting convicts. The export of servants was already a recognised business, for example the port of Bideford already made “brisk trade in servants,”[footnoteRef:8]which meant solid personal and trade connections between both coasts of the Atlantic were already vaguely established. This provided a platform for the trade of convicts, and facilitated the development of the convict trade as a means of profit. This growth in economic connections can be underlined by the growth of Virginia and Maryland, both key in the development of the tobacco and sugar industries.[footnoteRef:9] Irish, Scottish...

Other Essays On Did convict transportation serve criminal or economic objectives? - History - Essay

American Hegemony: Good or Bad? - Advanced United States History - Essay

970 words - 4 pages interests; however, the post World-War hegemony of the United States has largely been good for the world as it has maintained economic and political stability while creating a liberal international order that ushered in an unprecedented era of prosperity. Throughout its history, the US has consistently intervened in the affairs of foreign nations, often through dishonorable means, to greedily further its own power and interests. The Truman Doctrine

final draft for bio and or histroy - bio/history - essay

482 words - 2 pages /ships made it easier to travel to get to your destination and it also made the process go faster. Currently I really don’t think it has impacted us because, now we have cars, planes trains, and many different get to the place where were needed. I personally think that it did change our economy and culture back then but not as much in the present. Lets’ move into hunting and fishing now. Topic Three- Of course fishing and hunting has impacted our

Hero or Villain: Christopher Columbus - Survey of World History - Essay

933 words - 4 pages slaves. The goal of Columbus and his crew was to spread Christianity and find gold. The Native Americans were generous enough to welcome Columbus and his crew in open arms. Columbus and his crew did not return the favor. Columbus attempted to change the culture of the Native Americans by trying to convert them to Christianity. When Columbus met the Natives, he wanted to make them similar to the Europeans. In Howard Zinn’s book, A People’s History

Why did England lead in the Industrial Revolution? - AP European History - Long Essay Question

1327 words - 6 pages European countries were not as quick to industrialize as England because of violence and warfare. The French Revolution resulted in France falling behind in both an economical and technological standpoint compared to England. Britain did not undergo as much destruction and economic disruption and the continent, as the French Revolution disrupted trade, created runaway inflation and developed public distress. The amount of violence and chaos of the

Why did the Creoles lead the fight? - South West High school/World History II - Essay

612 words - 3 pages Eugene Tunney Dr. Hodges World History II 11/29/2018 Why did the Creoles lead the fight? Napoleon's invasion of Spain incited the Latin American revolutions which were led by the Creoles to wrest the power from the peninsulares, this was done by creating a common enemy, however, what remained was a very colonial society. When the Napoleon invaded Spain in 1808, the Creole had the revolution more or less thrust upon them. This was because the

Why did the League of Nations fail? - High School/History - Essay

742 words - 3 pages Carpenter Carpenter 1 Austin Carpenter Ms. Hjort 20th Century World History April 30, 2018 Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930’s? In 1919, when the League of Nations was first created. One of its main objectives was to ensure lasting peace. Despite several successes throughout the 1920’s, they failed to maintain this goal in the 1930’s. This lead to a loss of credibility, the collapse of the League, and lastly resulting in World War 2

How did freedom shape the life of Benjamin Franklin - history - essay

1097 words - 5 pages How did race, class, and gender shape the lives of Franklin and Jacobs? Conclude your essay by discussing the meaning of freedom-that is, how did freedom( or the lack thereof) shape the experiences of Benjamin Franklin and Harriett Jacobs? As an international student, I have always seen America as the land of opportunity. The American Dream is something that many of us are truying to reach. However, back in the 1800’s U.S. was completely

How effectively did Weimar governments deal with the problems faced between 1919-1929? - History - essay

2036 words - 9 pages instability, political problems, and foreign policy issues. However, by the end of 1923 political and economic stability were being restored to Germany, and the Weimar did not face any challenges until 1929. Overall, I would say that the republic effectively managed with the problems it was faced during 1919-29. During the Weimar Republic the political system faced some of the problems ineffectively as the Weimar Republic failed to provide a

Thomas Paine Living style and what he did for his people. - American History - Essay

870 words - 4 pages britain to become a target and make enemies, because they were under the British control. Thomas Paine said “The king is not to be trusted without being looked after, or in other words, that a thirst for absolute power is the natural disease of monarchy”. Paine had a thought that a country was a place where anyone and everyone had equal rights, but according to what was going on, no one did. Most of the colonists complained that the king was not

Beneficiaries of the Industrial Revolution through standard of living - Economic History - Essay

2565 words - 11 pages 1390456 Courtney Cocker-Valu Economic History The eighteenth century is often described as the Age of Enlightenment. Europe was experiencing a period of social, political and intellectual spawning. This title refers to Europe because it was put into effect on a broad scale by several ideas from the previous 100 years. Prior to the Industrial revolution, basic capitalism existed in Europe in forms of contracts, wealth accumulation or private

To What Extent Did James Dean Impact Teenager Lives of The 1950s? - US History and American Lit - Essay

977 words - 4 pages Leah Allen Hane/Dawson American Lit/US History 5/10/19 To what extent did James Dean impact the lives of teenagers in the 1950s? Thesis: James Dean impacted teenagers in the 1950s by creating a teenage culture and a new American teenager, however James Dean’s rebellious life and actions inspired teenagers to act out through James Dean’s movie, Rebel Without a Cause. II./A The birth of Rock n Roll caused a uprising between parents, teenager, and

Similar Papers

History Of Canadian Criminal Law Dalhousie Essay

750 words - 3 pages TAKEOUT TEST for History 3227 Due date: April 13 by 11:59 pm. Like all tests, this one has a fixed deadline. Please submit it to the designated Dropbox on our Brightspace. Please do not leave it in my mailbox and please do not email it. Please answer one of the following questions in between 1100 and 1200 words, and no more than 1250 words: “As the Canadian criminal law and criminal justice system has changed over the course of the twentieth

Why Did France Fall In Six Weeks? H Istory Essay

1113 words - 5 pages : Reproduce this assessment item and provide a copy to another member of the University; and/or, Communicate a copy of this assessment item to a plagiarism checking service (which may then retain a copy of the assessment item on its database for the purpose of future plagiarism checking). I certify that I have read and understood the University Rules in respect of Student Academic Misconduct. Bottom of Form Top of Form Marker comments

To What Extent Did The Economic Hardship Contributed To The Rise To Power Of A Dictator Mount Carmrl Collage History

991 words - 4 pages To what extent did economic hardship contribute to the rise to power of a dictator? A dictator is someone who has absolute power or who at least behaves as if they do by bossing others around. In government, a dictator is a ruler who has total control over the country, with no checks or balances to prevent abuse of power. When Hitler was appointed the chancellor, Germany was under the influence of a dictatorship. The death of President

Nat Turner And The Reasons Behind On Why He Did What He Did Msjc /History Essay On A Historical Figure

625 words - 3 pages rebellions like Nat Turners made it clear that slaves were not content to live in bondage, the souths response to the rebellion, by increasing restrictions on slaves, preventing them from gathering for worship or obtain even primary education. While Turner's rebellion did not end slavery, it was one of the many events that were needed to end the practice of slavery. Cordova3 Work Cited Cordova4 “Nat Turner.” ​Biography.com​, A&E Networks Television, 16 Jan. 2019,  www.biography.com/people/nat-turner-9512211.  https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/nat-turner