Paper On The Rise Of Fascism In Germany

1122 words - 5 pages

Fascism in ever one of the three main countries, German, Spain, and Italy were slightly different in there own ways, but each Country ressembeld each other fairly similarly. The Major difference that sets Germany apart from Italy and Spain was Germanys much stronger sense of totalitarianism. Fascism took on the name of NAZI in Germany. The Nazi part was by far the most aggressive fascist movement of its time. Hitler, there leader, was also one of the most absolute fascist rulers, he had no competition. Compared to Mussolini's rule, Hitler was by far more powerful. The other countries Fascist leaders were voted and kept in through popularity. With Hitler, once he was in, he took complete control, you couldn't just vote Hitler out of office. The things he did with this power were bother horrible and helpful, but the problems he caused far outweighed the problems he solved.Germany Suffered heavy losses through World War 1 and came back with nothing but the Treaty of Versailles and defeat. The Treaty of Versailles was extremely harsh, basically it was made out as if Germany was the sole country responsible for the war. Due to this, Germany was left with many economic, political, and social problems from World War I and there was even more pain to come because of the harsh terms of Treaty of Versailles. The economy was plummeting, the Germany dollar soon became worthless and middle class was quickly becoming abolished. It wasn't till the extreme plunge in the economy 1929 did things start to heat up politically. This is were the Nazi party started to come into play. The Weimar Republic was unable to support Germany and deal with the depression. This lead to more and more attacks form the voters to elect either of the two totalitarian parties, National Socialist or communism.Before The Nazis came into power, they started out as a small political group. After Hitler decided to leave his party, He went around looking for a party that fit his beliefs and thoughts better. The party he ended up joining was the National Socialist Party. The National Socialist Party was a 25 member party, were only 6 of them were active in activities and discussions. Soon after joining, Hitler became leader and quickly broadened the party by attending the first mass meeting of the German Workers' Party. Soon after the meeting, the Party name was changed to The National Socialist German Workers' Party. As the party grew, they found that violence was quite a useful tool in politics, so they formed the Storm Troopers to protect there meetings, disrupt other socialists, communist meetings, and persecute Jews. Shortly after in 1921, Hitler was voted "unlimited chairman" and the party emblem was formed, the black swastika.The party continued to grow, as the to The National Socialist German Workers' Party newspaper "Volkischer Beobachter" was published, more members continued to join. Within the next 3 years, the National Socialist German Workers' Party grew until around 1923 were the party made an aggressive attack against the government, known as the beer hall putsch. Approximately 600 Storm Troopers along with the Hitler and General Erich Ludendorff stormed a beer hall with government officials and held them hostage. There attempt fail and Hitler was arrested and sentenced 5 years in jail along with the National Socialist German Workers' Party being outlawed.After serving a less then a year, Hitler was let free. By the time I was let out, the political party he had started was all but gone. He quickly set back to his goal and slowly rebuilt the party with the support of a few wealthy men. In 1926 he declared himself the party leader and reorganized the Storm Troops under his control. Soon after, another major depression occurred in 1929. Employment drastically decreased, foreign trade came to a halt, and industry slowed down greatly. This is were the Nazi party began to thrive and gain its primary members and supporters. Sine the Nazi party offered jobs, food, and relief, thousands of broke business owners, discharged civil servants, failing farmers, and unemployed workers joined the Nazi part in search of relief of the current economy.The mass increase of the Nazi party members showed in the elections of 1932, over 13.7 million Votes were made for the Socialists. Soon after because of the huge amount of supporters for the Nazi party, Hindenburg appointed Hitler Chancellor in 1933, with this, the National Socialist party began to take complete control. Near the end of February, while elections were being closed for the new Reichstag, the building was burned down. The Nazi party blamed it on the Communists and used this as an excuse to suppress the communist party with violence. Soon after, The Democratic party was suppressed in a similar way, and after that, all other parties were outlawed and it became a crime to form any other parties. This insured that Hitler would never lose power. After all other parties were extinguished, he took the next step and passed several laws that made it legal for him to become a dictator, and declared himself as such. This action put an end to the Weimar Republic and signified the beginning of the totalitarianism rule of Hitler.Hitler did seek relations with the other fascist countries, primarily Italy. The treaty with Italy went smooth for awhile, but Hitler's dominate attitude actually led to the downfall of fascist leader Mussolini. Hitler was very aggressive in his treaty, he forced many of his beliefs on Italy, such as the hatred towards Jews, Italian Fascist troops even started mimicking the goose-step marching style of the Nazis. But the main problem with the treaty was that Mussolini had no intentions of going to war with the United States, France, and Europe. But Germany forced Mussolini into joining the war, which eventually lead to the miserable defeat and Mussolini losing his control over Italy.France, Europe, and United States were always wary of Hitler's behavior. He actively declared that the German people were the "master race" and he was actively building his army. He was also a Fascist leader and Fascism was looked upon as too radical, along with Communism. United States did stay neutral in the conflict when war eventually broke out, but later joined in on Europe and Frances sides. Germany was not viewed on as a friendly Country, and eventually force World War II to occur


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