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Written Communications II
October 21, 2018
Standardized testing has been a part of American education since the 1800s, but the widespread reliance on standardized testing is largely a 20th-century phenomenon. For instance, the College Entrance Examination Board was established in 1902, the first examinations were administered around the country in nine subjects. This test was implemented with the idea of creating standardized admissions for the United States in northeastern elite universities. Standardized testing is an extremely common way of determining a student’s past academic achievement and future achievement
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RUNNING HEAD: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF STANDARDIZED TESTING 1
THE PSYCHOLOGY OF STANDARDIZED TESTING 11
The Psychology of Standardized Testing
In this paper I will explain how high stakes standardized testing can negatively impact elementary aged students psychologically and the unnecessary pressure that testing places on them. Putting young students who are still developing under large amounts of stress or pressure can cause permanent damage that will affect them for the rest of their lives. These tests have been shown to cause chronic stress in children, especially young children. This chronic stress can cause issues in brain development
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Standardized testing is used in most states. During standardized testing, all test takers are required to answer the same set of questions. These are exams that usually have multiple-choice, or true or false questions, and test takers are given a certain amount of time to answer all the problems. Standardized testing is usually used to compare the performance of individuals and they are used to compare schools. Millions are spent on these tests every year, since these need to be taken, in order to be accepted in graduate and undergraduate programs. Although most schools make students take standardized tests, I believe it does not measure the knowledge of a student accurately.
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something people are willing to risk in order to achieve higher scores. This is very unfair to students who cannot afford expensive prep course, or who worked hard for the score they earn. Therefore, I suggest College admission office stop judging a student based on their test scores, there has got to be a better way to measure the possibility of how successful the student will be in college.
Standardized testing first originated from China where the government used it to evaluate scholar’s talent to fulfill spots in the government. Formal tests first appeared in the USA was an intelligence test for soldiers in World War I, for today the number one test is probably SAT and ACT. SAT was first
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According to James Hoffman, "Recent attempts to reform schools in the U.S. have been decidedly undemocratic in nature and spirit." The state has now mandated standardized testing plans, curriculum frameworks for reading and language arts, testing programs for students these programs are having a direct impact on the curriculum for teacher education. This is not the answer. This is not the answer, if this continues student will drop out of school an increasing numbers of minorities will simply give up and stop attending. The wave of student apathy toward schools will continue to grow. Democracy in schools will die (Hoffman). Teachers and students are essential to keeping democratic education
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fixed through changing the system based off of standardized tests and memorization
to a system that better accommodates to each individual student and their strengths by
personalizing education as well as reducing the focus on standardized tests, resulting in less
stress in students.
This proposed solution can be effective as it is clearly evident that our current education
system is not working, it does not accomodate to every student. Not only does it simply not work
anymore, but it is one of the main reasons for high stress levels in student’s today. Studies show
that there is “no correlation between the amount of testing in a district and the way its students
perform on the National
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’ (Bjork, 1994) such as produces asking the learner to generate information through testing increased cognitive burdening creating enhanced learning.
It’s a common misconception that learning material should be designed in a way to decrease unnecessary demands on working memory (Lehmann, Goussios and Seufert, 2017). However, it’s be posited that less legible texts lead to better learning due to the added demands on working memory. Increasing the perceived difficulty associated with a cognitive task stimulates deeper processing and a more analytic and elaborative reasoning (Lehmann, Goussios and Seufert, 2017). Eitel et al. 2014 conducted research into whether a less legible text would be
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Psychology of the Exceptional Child
15 February 2019
1. Four types of assessments are progress monitoring assessments, standardized tests, curriculum-based measurement, and response to intervention. The purpose of progress monitoring is to assess students' academic performance, to see the rate of improvement and to evaluate the effectiveness of instruction. Progress monitoring assessments are typically less biased than traditional standardized tests. Curriculum-based measurement, which entails direct and frequent samples of performance from the curriculum in which students are being instructed, is more useful for teachers than traditional testing and decreases the
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if the staff of a high school say otherwise. Classes in high school are ill equipped for getting young adults prepared for careers and college. Often times the class can only move as fast as its slowest student, holding back those excelling and furthering their education. Unlike colleges where classes are specialized to better the understanding of subjects in preparation for a career. Community college is not restricted by standardized testing which limits the ability of students and leads to misconceptions determining the success of these young adults. Students in college classes are not restricted to those not able to catch up, professors hand out a syllabus in the beginning of the year
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. Third, ?War on Terror?- our way of going after oil and helping Israel. There are terrorists within the United States, yet we do nothing while other countries are attacked. Forth, ?Patriot Acts?- take away our rights. Fifth, ?War on Drugs?- almost anyone can come into our country bringing illegal drugs with them. Finally, ?War on Poverty?- allowed this country to continue in poverty by letting our people be dependent on government rather than dependent on self.This article doesn?t describe each issue correctly. For this reason, I disagree with the writer. Not all the facts are given in the ?No Child Left Behind? phrase. The standardized testing process should hold educators responsible for their
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concluded that schools that have a higher percentage of minority students showed lower test
scores, especially African American students (Odis, vol 83, pp.199-215). Testing students
through government funded standardized tests has existed for centuries. With that being said, the
aiding in successful test scores through these tests is a product of a schools access to funding as
well as resources obtained through any financial aid whether it come from the government or the
district’s local property taxes. For example school district size, teacher-student ratio, and
extracurricular activities. Although the Brown vs. Board of education case desegregated schools
it did not erase the problem in its
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Core is confusing to a lot of students Parents are less likely to be able to help students with their homework since it far different than what was taught in the past. The teacher would also like to see testing requirements changed. The teacher mentioned while first graders are not required to take standardized tests, teachers are encouraged to start preparing their students for them anyway. The teacher feels that standardized tests don’t fully capture a student’s ability to learn and retain information.
The interviewer concluded the session by asking the teacher to describe the part of the day when the greatest sense of accomplishment is felt. The teacher chose to the end of the day when the
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Recently, there have been many centerpieces written condemning the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS) and a few supporting it. One I found particularly interesting was an article titled "High-stakes testing defeats purpose of education." It condemned and blamed the MCAS in many radical ways and thinks MCAS prevents Massachusetts from being an "equitable society."Society isn't equitable. It's completely biased and has its own hierarchies. If Massachusetts were egalitarian, then the average know-nothing civilian would be almost right to call us "communist." Face the facts: the world is full of competition; MCAS just reduces the time for judging who's on top and who's on
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Brenda RubinoProfessor SchmidtEnglish 122April 25, 2014Essay 3: Rough DraftCreating an Environment for GrowthThe elementary school public education system is in trouble and there are more ideas on how to change it than one person can digest. Most of the ideas are addressing the wrong question. Instead of focusing on what can be added or what can be changed, we need to look at what is missing. Children are inherently curious, creative, and diverse; if we keep this in mind, the answers are clear. Nurture their natural pathways of learning in a collaborative environment and standardized testing can become a thing of the past. What matters most is guiding students to grow with a solid balance
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watching television to the intake of fatty, sugary foods. Children consume a large portion of their daily calories at school. Schools are important at influencing the development of children. Not only does it effect academic and social development, but it significantly can effect eating habits and physical activity levels. Schools are more concerned with standardized testing than health education, physical education, and overall physical development. Children do not get enough exercise through PE programs. Because of this, children do not feel the importance of exercise and it does not become a part of their social habits. Children who do not have parents who advocate the importance of exercise and who do not get enough exercise in PE class will not develop any exercise tendencies. This coupled with poor eating habits that they have been moulded to lead to obese children who grow up to have children of their own and pass on a culture of unhealthy habits leading to even more obesity.
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, exceptional case or a threat to public health?
Synopsis: This article makes the claim that the epileptic seizures caused by the accidental ingestion of sage in children were exceptional cases. It noted that perhaps the normal blood tests that were found may have disregarded an important parameter, the metabolites of thujone, a known epileptic compound.
Assessment: This article made some bold claims, one of which were that herbal medicines are indeed regulated and standardized. This seems contrary to the date presented in many other articles which include extensive case studies and the acknowledgment of compound that have been proven through testing to be epileptic in their central nervous system properties.
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colleges due to being in a minority group and of a low-income family, thus effecting the college’s decision to wrongfully decline a student’s application. The ACT and SAT are made to determine academic achievement or aptitude but unfortunately, this is not the case and therefore these standardized tests should not be included in the college application process.
Madaus, George F., and Marguerite Clarke. “The Adverse Impact of High Stakes Testing on
Minority Students: Evidence from 100 Years of Test Data.” Center for Civic Innovation, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. 52 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, NY 10017. Tel: 212-599-7000; Fax: 212-599-3494; Web Site: Http://Www.manhattan
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ranked universities in America (National University Rankings)
argues that a person's score on the SAT is not a true measure of their intelligence. The
problem with placing so much emphasis on the SAT is that it places a limit on how
colleges view student's intelligence.
Why do universities use this test when it doesn't measure intelligence? It is a
quick and easy way to sort through a number of applicants to find the most promising
students. It is nationally standardized so college's can compare students from Oregon to
students from Texas. The SAT is also used in determining a school's ranking in U.S.
News & World's list of the top universities in the U.S. This list is one of the most
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topics such as curriculum development, along with how students learn. Math teachers can also take specific courses focused on how to teach children at certain ages. Elementary education courses, for example, may help math teachers better understand how to impart knowledge to children in elementary school. Math teachers actively instruct students, create lesson plans, assign and correct homework, manage students in the classroom, communicate with parents, and help students prepare for standardized testing. Math teacher job duties can vary significantly between elementary school and higher grade levels. In high schools, for example, math teachers may need to help students prepare for graduation
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,patients who report a positive history of a prior reaction to penicillin
may not found to be allergic to penicillin upon skin testing. Often, this history is vague or
based on a parent's recollection of an event that occurred in the distant past. Avoidance
of penicillin based on self-reported allergic history alone often leads to the use of an
alternate antibiotic with greater cost or side effect profile. Patients with a negative skin
test to both major and minor determinants may generally be given penicillin, with a
statistical risk of developing an allergic reaction similar to that observed in the general
population. A more cautious approach in these cases where the degree of suspicion is