1. Was continually re elected because he promised political and economic reform
2. Caused monumental economic progress by using railroads to help boost economy. Looked good on paper but was a dictator because of his oppression of most people.
1. Had Madero arrested so he couldn't win the election; had fraudulent ballots made so diaz could win
2. Opposing candidates and political parties were either jailed or mysteriously disappeared
when going against diaz.
1. Fueled revolution because diaz made too many false promises to the citizen. Upper Middle class wanted more political power so they turned to Madero to fight in an election against Diaz.
1. Matías Romero and José Y. Limantour (economic advisors), allied with hacienda owners,Telesforo García, Francisco Cosmes, Francisco Bulnes, Pablo Macedo
2. Jefe politicos were local officials that helped enforce diaz’s rules and helped enforce his economic policies. Became a lucrative position which could lead to being in inner circle.
3. Cientificos helped diaz maintain his power by establishing economic platforms, political stances, and most importantly a legal team to protect him. After revolution, became a derogatory term towards those that accumulated large amounts of wealth at the expense of the mexican people.
4. The caballada was the concept that congress would be the ones to help achieve Diaz’s goals and reforms. Means “herd of horses.”
1. Restricted the power of clergy and military
2. Non-secular education
3. Still existed because no one recognized the constitution of 1857
4. Was not enforced because the church and the military would not acknowledge it since it targeted them
II. Economic Causes
A. Land Confiscation
1. Tierras Baldias are the mexican badlands, a type of dry terrain where softer sedimentary rocks and clay rich soils have been extensively eroded by wind and water.
2. Ejidos were an area of common land where community members individually farm designated parcels to maintain the area. Ejidos were considered ‘social property,’ and the Mexican constitution gave the ownership to the government, and the power of the seizing of lands.
3. Foreign ownership/hacendados ownership created short term causes due to the misuse of power in the owners. The campesinos were treated unfairly and they felt they deserved more rights as they greatly outnumbered their owners.
B. Foreign Dependence
1. The United States invested incredible amounts of money to build railroads to help their exports and trade with Central America.
2. The United States possessed the expertise of industrialization and infrastructure because they knew the most effective ways to expand through experience, and what would help benefit their economy in the most profitable way.
3. The United States owned and manufactured the equipment that aided in Mexico’s industrialization, they wanted to have everything to do with Mexico because they saw great economic benefits brewing.
4. If the United States, among others,...