In the wake of the illegal use of guns in school shootings, states are considering whether to permit the carrying of guns in colleges and university campuses. One of the most recalled ordeals is that which involved a shooting at Virginia Tech University. Critics and prospects in this criminal case argue about the restrictions and regulations that allow concealed weapons in such premises (Boss). In the criminal justice field, the main goal of law implementation interventions is to prevent cases of criminal activities. Deterrence of misconduct proves to be one of the most important steps that guide the other functions of the criminal justice system. Some of these functions include rehabilitation and punishment (Kovandzic and Marvell). One of the biggest challenges affecting law enforcement agencies includes the prediction of crime. Most scholars have aimed at using psychological theories and principles to define criminal behaviors and activities. This topic is important because it helps in improving safety on college or university campuses. Further, the topic helps in determining the circumstances under which gun use is legal and admissible.
In criminal justice, the aspects of crime are studied from the perspective of crime detection and prevention. Lyons believes that detection and prevention help in the investigation of crime and detention of criminals. The restrictions, legislation, and regulations made on the use of guns in schools have failed to assure the security of teachers and students (Lyons). The recent cases of shootings indicate why the gun control issue is a subject of concern in criminal justice. The existing firearm regulations prove to be a challenge to both law enforcement agencies and the whole school at large. In the year 2017, two state legislations allowed the use of guns on college campuses, Georgia, and Arkansas (Boss). Over the past years, the subject of campus safety has been a subject of discussion because it has been identified to be a hot issue across the world. Some of the regulations have allowed students to carry guns after alarming law enforcement agencies; for instance, Tennessee passed a bill in 2016.
The first shooting in the 1950s was in New York when two students engaged in an argument at a public school 141 dance. In 1952, the number of shootings in schools increased as more teens have access to weapons (Carter). With time, the cases of shooting increased since there were no laws and regulations to guide the custody of guns in colleges. With the enactment of the Gun Control Act in 1990 and 1995, there was a decrease in the number of mass killings (Carter). For instance, the number of deaths resulting from the school shooting in the U.S. in 1999-2000 was 25 as compared to 44 homicides in 1992-1993. The current statistics indicate the lowest number of deaths associated with a school shooting. For instance, between 2009 and 2010, the number of deaths was 5.