Jail Suicides Prevention Essay

1739 words - 7 pages

The United States is plagued by a countless number of social dilemmas. Althoughnot in constant public scrutiny, suicide is a serious problem which has seemed tohave lost importance. When suicide is coupled with arrest and incarceration itbecomes an increasingly complex situation. In fact, research indicates that the jailsuicide rate ranges from 2.5 to 13 times greater than the rate of the generalpopulation (Winkler 1992). Motivation, prediction, and prevention of suicidalbehavior are grossly unclear, which only adds to the already existing complexity.Many factors involved with arrest and incarceration only serve as a catalyst ofsuicidal tendencies. Suicide is the primary cause of death in ...view middle of the document...

Undoubtedly, isolation is often necessary to contain a person, or to prevent injuryto the individual and, or other inmates. Individuals who are experiencing obviousmental stress should certainly not be held in isolation for obvious reasons.According to Hess (1983),many facilities have regulations which state,"Theaction taken must be responsible under the circumstances and represent a good-faithjudgment that the action was the least restrictive alternativeavailable."Regulations such as this not only serve as a guideline for officers, butas a preventive measure against legal action as a result of isolation. Aside fromthese emotional factors of the physical environment which are impetus of suicidalattempts. Isolation cells more often than not tend to have poor lighting,ventilation, and the surroundings are extremely noisy (Winkler 1992). The are minormodifications which can be made to reduce risk. These include removal of bars, sinks,or any other object which may facilitate a suicide attempt (Kunzman 1992).There are certain characteristics of the "act" of jail suicide. The majorcharacteristic which seems to be consistent in almost all cases is that the methodused is hanging. In fact, according to Hess(1983), 96% of the [jail] suicides aresuccessfully completed in this fashion and the instruments most often used areclothing, bedding, shoelaces, or belts. This trend is attributed to the fact thatother avenues for suicide are not available. In cases which officers are aware of theperson's fragile mental state, attempts are made to extinguish the availability ofinstruments. This is done by stripping the inmate of clothing, and, or accessories.All too often the objects and particularly the mental states are overlooked. Sincethis does occur, officers now carry the Stephans 9-11 knife which caneffectively cut through sheets, bedding, belts, and other material (Winkler 1992).Some other rather interesting statistics have been compiled regarding the jailsuicide act in reference to month, day and time in which it is most likely to occur.The majority of inmates commit suicide between the hours of midnight and eight A.M.,usually occurring on a Saturday in the month of September (Winkler 1992). The actstake place at these specific times and days due to the fact that officer supervisionis greatly decreased at these intervals. Despite the fact that supervision is sodecreased, the victims are usually found within 15 minutes.Research has also been consistent in identifying other typical aspects of thejail suicide. The prominent factors are age, race,, marital status, and type ofoffense. The person is usually a 22 year old single whit male who has been arrestedfor an alcohol related offense . Many times an individual who is incarcerated becauseof a murder offense is automatically placed on suicide watch."The Federal Bureau ofPrisons has warned local jailers that persons held for murder or any other offenseinvolving possible death penalty be watched closely for any...


adadwq sdadasd Essay

504 words - 3 pages Dengan Smarty Ring, Anda bisa membaca notifikasi di handphone Anda melalui jariKetika semua orang membicarakan kecanggihan Google Glass atau smartwatch, tak banyak orang yang berpikir bahwa sesuatu yang ukurannya lebih kecil dari itu juga bisa berguna. Ide itulah yang diusung Smarty Ring, yang memperlihatkan semua notifikasi handphone Anda sehingga Anda tidak harus mengangkat handphone Anda untuk mengetahui apa yang terjadi. Smarty Ring, yang

commerce Essay

519 words - 3 pages Related text: American History X Comment by George Moulos: You can't analyze a film the same as a book.If you re doing film you have to do film techniques, not literary techniques.-Derek Vinyard after going to prison and learning that his prejudice stemmed from ignorance he teaches his brothers Danny vineyard that his fascism and racism was wrong and ignorant.Movie Summary:Derek Vineyard begins in the movie as a troubled young man who due to his

Miniscribe Corporation

1685 words - 7 pages EXECUTIVE SUMMARYTerry Johnson, a native of Longmont, Colorado established the MiniScribe Corporation, a disk drive manufacturing company that would grow to be one of the largest producers and distributors of disk drives for personal computers in America.This report focuses on relevant facts and figures in the evaluation of MiniScribe's liquidity, profitability, and overall stability aiming to determine whether or not maintaining its stocks on

dream world

384 words - 2 pages Dream worldThe warmth of the blanket upon me keeps my body safe and relaxed. My arms and legs stop trying to interact with this physical world. Peacefully, they give up and rest. My head falls further into the softness of my pillow. My eyes are closed slightly and my mind. I use my intuition to see through the world. I dream…Suddenly, the deafening noise of the alarm clock woke me up with a startling jolt. It seemed as though I had fallen

the adverb clause.ppt

754 words - 4 pages USE OF ARTICLES (a, an, the)What did these words originally mean?A/AN is an old word meaning `one'(in many European languages the ordinary word for `one' is used to translate English `a' or `an' and you can also sometimes use Cantonese `yat go' in the same way)THE is an old word meaning `this' or `that'These words no longer have their full original meaning but if you remember that meaning it can sometimes help you to decide which word you need to


537 words - 3 pages Breanna PonceMia Sandoval Dominick KlingbyllAugust 26, 2013Block 2The Effect of Pineapple on Jell-OBACKGROUND:Protein was a big part of this gelatin lab. Protein is a multipurpose macro molecule. Gelatin is a protein made out of Jell-O, we used Jell-O in our lab. The students had to put pineapple in the gelatin to see if it will form. The enzymes in the pineapple prevented that from happening. Enzymes are a biological catalyst. Bromelain is the

merits and demerits of mordern gadgets

418 words - 2 pages "MORDERNELECTRONICGADGETS"IntroductionModern gadgets have made us complete slaves to machines. There is no work which cannot be done without the assistance of machines and there is not a single area of human activity where machines don't have to be used. No one can deny the fact that gadgets have not only simplified our lives but also made them more comfortable and luxurious. If electricity fails, life for each one of us comes to a standstill as

Case Study Dr Harold Wolf

614 words - 3 pages COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEMDr. Harold Wolf of Medical Research Corporation (MRC) was thrilled with the response he had received from drug companies for his latest discovery, a unique electronic stimulator that reduces the pain from arthritis. The process had yet to pass rigorous Federal Drug Administration (FDA) testing and was still in the early stages of development, but the interest was intense. He received the three offers described below this

Personal Explorations Paper

957 words - 4 pages Personal Explorations PaperLee Ashton Brooks7 December 2013PSY-110HAProfessor MooreOver the course of 7 modules, different personality aspects of mine have been tested and evaluated and have even revealed things about myself that I was not aware of. The surveys and questions that I answered dug deep into decisions and choice I make, how I think and how I feel to reveal certain characteristics about myself, some of which I was aware of and others


2015 words - 9 pages The Open-Field System .Three field rotations helped keep fields fertile traditional village rights reinforced traditional patterns of farming.Peasants were exploited in a number of ways, with those in Eastern Europe generally the worst off.The Agricultural RevolutionThe use of more complex systems of crop rotation increased the amount of land under cultivation.Grain crops were alternated with nitrogen-storing crops.The open-field system was

Chevron Communication In Business

2374 words - 10 pages related information to 6,500 people, organized counselling for 700 people and tested over 7,000 women (Nigeria: Chevron Raises 2014). In the battle against HIV/AIDS, the company's partnership with The Global Fund has helped approximately 300,000 people gain access to antiretroviral treatments. Chevron's commitment to PMTCT programs recognizes the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The company has implemented programs focused on

Similar Papers

Polymer Mechanichemistry Essay

265 words - 2 pages Summary of Polymer MechanochemistrySometimes, curiosity gets the best of you, it did with Aj Boydston, an assistant professor at the University of Washington. Mr. Boydston and his students at the university conducted experiments, used models and imagined what would happen to the behavior of polymers when polymers undergo mechanical stress. This is a field of chemistry called polymer mechanochemistry. Creating models of star polymers on a 2-D

The Changing Essay

288 words - 2 pages One hand Reaches out And pulls a lost soul from harm While a thousand more go unspoken for They say what good have you done By saving just this one It's like whispering a prayer In the fury of a storm And I hear them saying you'll never change things And no matter what you do it's still the same thing But it's not the world that I am changing I do this so this world will know That it will not change me This heart Still believes The love and mercy

The Importance Of The Act Of Reading” By Paulo Freire Essay

1423 words - 6 pages 4BredahlHarlie Cheyenne BredahlProfessor Peter EppsComposition II08 September 2014I"The Importance of the Act of Reading" by Paulo Freire, describes the importance of the act of reading beyond numerous experiences in his life as a child, a teenager, and an adult. Freire begins his article by taking readers back to where he was born, in his home city Recife, Brazil. He uses very itemized imagery to describe the trees, the house and the atmosphere

American Dream Essay

765 words - 4 pages The American Dream is the quintessence of a comfortable victorious life, which often includes material prosperity, a house, an improved life for one's kids, and sometimes; it means achieving any goals one may have regardless of what class he or she comes from (O'Connor, Sabato and, Yanus 19). In recent years, it has become more difficult to achieve the American Dream; this is mainly due various issues involving the relationship between the