Paper On Jail Suicide Prevention

1739 words - 7 pages

The United States is plagued by a countless number of social dilemmas. Although not in constant public scrutiny, suicide is a serious problem which has seemed to have lost importance. When suicide is coupled with arrest and incarceration it becomes an increasingly complex situation. In fact, research indicates that the jail suicide rate ranges from 2.5 to 13 times greater than the rate of the general population (Winkler 1992). Motivation, prediction, and prevention of suicidal behavior are grossly unclear, which only adds to the already existing complexity.Many factors involved with arrest and incarceration only serve as a catalyst of suicidal tendencies. Suicide is the primary cause ...view middle of the document...

Undoubtedly, isolation is often necessary to contain a person, or to prevent injury to the individual and, or other inmates. Individuals who are experiencing obvious mental stress should certainly not be held in isolation for obvious reasons.According to Hess (1983),many facilities have regulations which state,"The action taken must be responsible under the circumstances and represent a good-faith judgment that the action was the least restrictive alternative available."Regulations such as this not only serve as a guideline for officers, but as a preventive measure against legal action as a result of isolation. Aside from these emotional factors of the physical environment which are impetus of suicidal attempts. Isolation cells more often than not tend to have poor lighting, ventilation, and the surroundings are extremely noisy (Winkler 1992). The are minor modifications which can be made to reduce risk. These include removal of bars, sinks, or any other object which may facilitate a suicide attempt (Kunzman 1992).There are certain characteristics of the "act" of jail suicide. The major characteristic which seems to be consistent in almost all cases is that the method used is hanging. In fact, according to Hess(1983), 96% of the [jail] suicides are successfully completed in this fashion and the instruments most often used are clothing, bedding, shoelaces, or belts. This trend is attributed to the fact that other avenues for suicide are not available. In cases which officers are aware of the person's fragile mental state, attempts are made to extinguish the availability of instruments. This is done by stripping the inmate of clothing, and, or accessories.All too often the objects and particularly the mental states are overlooked. Since this does occur, officers now carry the Stephans 9-11 knife which can effectively cut through sheets, bedding, belts, and other material (Winkler 1992).Some other rather interesting statistics have been compiled regarding the jail suicide act in reference to month, day and time in which it is most likely to occur.The majority of inmates commit suicide between the hours of midnight and eight A.M.,usually occurring on a Saturday in the month of September (Winkler 1992). The acts take place at these specific times and days due to the fact that officer super vision is greatly decreased at these intervals. Despite the fact that supervision is so decreased, the victims are usually found within 15 minutes.Research has also been consistent in identifying other typical aspects of the jail suicide. The prominent factors are age, race,, marital status, and type of offense. The person is usually a 22 year old single whit male who has been arrested for an alcohol related offense . Many times an individual who is incarcerated because of a murder offense is automatically placed on suicide watch."The Federal Bureau ofPrisons has warned local jailers that persons held for murder or any other offense involving possible death pena...

RELATED

introduction recherch proposal level 8 - class - essay

3019 words - 13 pages witness domestic inter-parental violence experience mental health problems, issues with gender roles, substance abuse, the committing of crimes and suicide attempts later in their lives. (Fergusson & Horwood, 1998, p.8). Studies showed that domestic violence and child abuse were indistinguishable. This may be a moot point, as Kitzmann et al. (2003) noted in their review of 118 studies, that children who witness violence experience the same level of

Ethical conduct from a profession standpoint would it be viewed more lenient - NCPS - Research essay

2506 words - 11 pages rights (Worley & Worley 2011). Solitary Confinement is seen to be emotionally abusing to inmates, which often leads to suicide or severe mental health issues. This isolation method is often used to contain difficult inmates, those who do not abide by prison rules or also those with severe mental health issues (Goldsmith, Halsey & Vel-Palumbo 2018). Although only extremely difficult inmates are to be confined in this method, some officers have

Literary Analysis - Hills like White Elephants - WR 303 - Literary Analysis

1555 words - 7 pages 1 Madison Evans Jake Sauvageau WR 303 Literary Analysis 8/30/18 Ernest Hemingway’s Hills like White Elephants The short story Hills like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway is a story about a man and woman who are sitting at a bar at a small train station somewhere in Spain. They seem to be having a heated conversation about a mysterious “operation”. The author never explicitly says what the issue is between the man and woman, but it can be

An Analysis of Walter Freeman, Father of the Lobotomy - NKU HNR 151H - Essay

1433 words - 6 pages -old woman diagnosed with an agitated depression and considered her at risk for suicide (Getz 141). Alice complained of nervousness, insomnia, depression of spirits, anxiety, and apprehension, and often laughed and wept hysterically. Alice was willing to try surgery, but at last minute withdrew permission when she found out she had to shave off her curly hair. Freeman lied and promised to save her curls, and when Alice awoke from the 4-hour long

Lost Treasure, A story about a psychopathic father - Amity college 11BB - Creative Story

1130 words - 5 pages Lost Treasure When I was a child, my late father and I would spend every moment of the summer season on the sparkling white sand of the beach near our home. We would dance, kicking up the shiny surface so that the droplets glimmered like diamonds in the sunlight. We would lie on our backs and stare at the sky, until the swirling clouds began to take on our imaginative shapes mingled together by our fantastical minds. We would grip imaginary

robotics revolution represent for human employment in New Zealand in the next 30 years - massey university - management

1357 words - 6 pages Rebecca Hastie 11256694 How much of a threat does the robotics revolution represent for human employment in New Zealand in the next 30 years? In order to understand the threats that robotics may pose to human employment in the future, it is important to examine the ways in which robots and computerization are already influencing different employment industries today, and how they have changed our labor practices in the past. If this information

A review of “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”. - ANU - literature review

1115 words - 5 pages Free A review of “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”. In the article “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”, Indigenous affairs editor, Fitzpatrick (2017) presents the socioeconomic situation of the Aboriginal people, using the views of the former prime minister’s advisor, Josephine Cashman. Miss Cashman pointed out that the promises made to the indigenous people, presented in the Mabo case, had not

Comparison of Tom and Jay from Great Gatsby - English - Essay

749 words - 3 pages Annie Shepherd-Barron, Luxmoore Comparison Between the Portrayal of Tom Buchanan and Jay Gatsby in Chapters 1 to 6 Fitzgerald purposefully portrays Jay Gatsby and Tom Buchanan in contrasting ways to emphasise the variety of money within the American market, during the era in which the novel is set. A major difference between the two men is ‘new money’ and ‘old money’, where Gatsby represents ‘new money’, but Daisy and Tom represent ‘old money

term project of marketing strategy - global business management 1 st semester - essay

405 words - 2 pages Boston Pizza Boston Pizza is a Canadian fast food restaurant, which began in Edmonton, Alberta, on August 12, 1964. The restaurant had begun operations on 17 different locations in western Canada by 1970. In 1968 a royal Canadian mounted police officer Jim treliving noticed the growing popularity of Boston pizza and he bought the rights to start a restaurant in British Colombia. He was the first franchisees of Boston pizza. At present, Boston

The advantages and disadvantages of social media - Bucks County Community College - essay

830 words - 4 pages , phone number, etc. might be stolen and misappropriated. In addition, cyber bullying is also one of the major crimes caused by the use of social media. Sometimes, cyber bullying feels more harmful to the victim compare to physical bullying. It will lead the victims having a certain point of mental stress, depression and anxious about communicating with others. The worst it might cause the victim attempts suicide. Social media is now an essential

Pet Peeves Public Speaking Speech - Public Speaking - Speech

506 words - 3 pages ​I’m​ ​not​ ​usually​ ​the​ ​kind​ ​of​ ​person​ ​to​ ​express​ ​when​ ​things​ ​annoy​ ​me--other​ ​than​ ​rolling​ ​my​ ​eyes,​ ​but​ ​there are​ ​actually​ ​quite​ ​a​ ​lot​ ​of​ ​things​ ​I​ ​don’t​ ​like.​ ​I​ ​can’t​ ​say​ ​I’m​ ​not​ ​guilty​ ​for​ ​some​ ​major​ ​pet​ ​peeves,​ ​like​ ​always​ ​being late,​ ​but​ ​here​ ​are​ ​my​ ​pet​ ​peeves​ ​that​ ​people​ ​should​ ​really​ ​work​ ​on. This​ ​one​ ​goes​ ​out​ ​to​ ​my​ ​mom…​ ​Yes

math Algebra Define Variable 1 Math - Algebra 1 - Algebra 1

868 words - 4 pages Evaluate each expression when y = 6. 1. 7 – y = 2. y – 3 = 3. 6 + y = 4. y + 2 = 5. y – 2 = 6. y – 1 = 7. 7 + y = 8. y + 8 = 9. 3 + y = 10. y + 4 = Evaluate each expression when y = 4. 11. y + 5 = 12. y – 7 = 13. 2 – y = 14. 7 – y = 15. 9 – y = 16. y + 6 = 17. 6 – y = 18. y – 5 = 19. y + 4 = 20. y + 9 = Evaluate each expression when y = 8. 21. y + 5 = 22. y – 8 = 23. 2 – y = 24. 6 – y = 25. y – 1 = 26. y – 9 = 27. 4 + y = 28. 1 + y = 29. 9 – y

home automation haow its work in the society - speech comunication - home automation

1618 words - 7 pages Free Introduccion A home automation system typically connects controlled devices to a central hub or "gateway". The user interface for control of the system uses either wall-mounted terminals, tablet or desktop computers, a mobile phone application, or a Web interface, that may also be accessible off-site through the Internet. Also it will control lighting, climate, entertainment systems, and appliances. It may also include home security such as

Intercultural essay on my culture - mesa high - essay

599 words - 3 pages Lopez 1 Lopez 4 Danielle Lopez Michelle Young COM 263: 18FA5689 9 September 2018 My Personal Culture The Hispanic culture has different values, beliefs, and traditions. Family is highly value. Family is a close-knit group and the most important social group to gather in any events or special days. The Hispanic “family unit” includes not only parents and children but also grandparents and extended family. Individuals within the family have moral

History Paper for Us History Class - US History , Hudson County Community College - Essau

2229 words - 9 pages Ramos7 Johanna Ramos History Research Paper November 30, 2017 US History II 106-01 How 9/11 Impacted Our Population History is the study of past events. Within history many major events have occurred that has change the equilibrium we know of today. If we look back as recent as the events of September 11, 2001 we can speculate that many bodies of government, personal ethical issues and dynamic peace we lost within our economy and everyday lives