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FERDINAND DE SAUSSURE‘S CONTRIBUTIONS
Ferdinand de Saussure (November 26, 1857 – February 22, 1913) was a Swiss linguist whose ideas laid the foundation for many of the significant developments in linguistics in the twentieth century. He is widely considered the "father" of twentieth century linguistics, and his work laid the foundation for the approach known as structuralism in the broader field of the social sciences. Although his work established the essential framework of future studies, his ideas contained many limitations and fundamental weaknesses as later scholars recognized that underlying structure and rules, while informative, cannot be the sole determinant of meaning and value
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When linguists claim that their discipline is the scientific study of language, they have in mind certain principles which distinguish between a scientific and a non-scientific study of language. First, linguistics is objective, that is, it considers all languages to be equal. For a linguist, there are no 'primitive', 'pure', 'beautiful', 'cultural', or 'sophisticated' languages. Objectivity is difficult to attain because language is so familiar to us that we can hardly dissociate ourselves from it. The objective study of language is hindered by various cultural, social and historical misconceptions about certain languages. Linguistics has demonstrated that any language, however 'primitive
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Linguistics Postcards Summaries.
1. Podcast: That’s What They Say
Episode: Sometimes we stumble on ambiguous prepositions
Date: November 26, 2018
Rebecca Kruth, hostess of Weekend Edition on Michigan Radio, is discussing with Anne Curzan, English
Professor from University of Michigan, who studies linguistics and the history of the English language
about why the verb “stumble” has so many prepositions that confuses people.
There is a listener who name Allen, having an inquiry about how to use preposition after the verb
“stumble”. He was confused with this verb and its preposition when he read the book review of Barbara
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Language is a cognitive process and speech is one delivery system for language. In this essay I will be discussing why it is impossible for animals to learn human language as well as the differences and comparisons between Non-human and human communication and what is so unique about both species ability to communicate using language, sign language, songs and calls and dances.
What separates humans from animals?
Humans use language to communicate a shared meaning or message, unlike animals who use different tools and methods to get a message across
Ants use pheromones and sound to indicate their social status and distress, bees dance to tell each other where to find honey and
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Homework 3: Semantics & Pragmatics (40 points)
Due at the start of class Monday, February 25, 2019
1. Lexical Semantics. In what way are the following pairs of words related (e.g., synonymy)? In cases of hyponymy, indicate which word is the hyponym and which word is the hypernym. (10 points)
a. shallow deep
They both are related to the depth of something
b. mature ripe
They are both related to the age of
c. table furniture
A table is a type of furniture
d. single married
They are both related to the relationship status of a person
e. move run
Running is a type of movement
f. sofa couch
They are both types of
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Table of contents:
1. Cover page
2. Table of contents
3. Introduction & What studies were conducted
4. Does this prove or disprove language abilities & Why some linguists believe this does or doesn’t show evidence of human language abilities.
5. Why some linguists believe this does or doesn’t show evidence of human language abilities & Conclusion
Human language abilities in apes
Pointing is a universal language to convey a message and acts as a substitute to spoken word. Infants’ point, a gesture which scientists agree is a form of word learning but when an ape points it’s questioned. Patrick M. Greenfield (1991) argues that language and use of tools conceal a cognitive basis
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Communication and language was the beginning of civilisation and as time passed, we humans believed we are not the only beings with the needed vocal cords to be able to produce language and communicate with each other. Although non-humans are known to able to communicate, researchers wanted to know whether or not they are able to replicate spoken language, Wikipedia (2019, para.6) as language has been defined “to a doubly articulated system, in which signs are formed for objects and states and then combine syntactically, in ways that determine how their meanings will be understood”. For example, child eats food. This uses the same words but the sentence construction will be understood by
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Wh-constructions in Japanese
Japanese is one of the languages that exemplifies wh in-situ:
(1) Hanako-ga kinoo [dare-to] [susi-o] tukurimasita ka?
Hanako-NOM yesterday who- with sushi-ACC made QU
‘Who did Hanako make sushi with_yesterday?’
(2) Hanako-ga kinoo [tomodati-to] [nani-o] tukurimasita ka?
Hanako-NOM yesterday friend-with what-ACC made QU
‘What did Hanako make_with her friends yesterday?’
(Tallerman 2011: 248)
The wh-words dare-to ‘who with’ and nani-o ‘what’ do not move, they stay in-situ. The subjects in both examples are in the sentence-initial position. There is a question marker ka at the end of the sentence, and it is said to be ambiguous, it can either be a complementizer as
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30 April 2018
Bilingualism: The Good & the Bad
The power of language on Earth and in our lives is incredible; truly incomparable. It serves a beautiful purpose in communicating the thoughts, ideas, feelings, and opinions of its users, while also becoming a tool for creating relationships, friendships, and cultural ties. Language is capable of shaping our perception of reality and acting as the light to our ever so dynamic minds. Linguist Edward Sapir believes language is a means for carrying out expressions of thoughts, sentiments, perceptions, and value characteristics of community, while also being a representation of a fundamental expression of
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Summary of "˜Creole' Despite the national authenticity that are revealed by the characteristics of creole languages, negative attitudes regarding the sounds, the grammatical features, and the social origin of the speakers contribute to attach a persistent stigma to these recently formed languages. Pejorative terms are used by people of various backgrounds - whether they are educated professionals of linguistics, or native speakers from the lower class "" as descriptions of Creole languages.Summary of "˜Heterosexuality" In a heterosexual system, sex/gender dimorphism is shaped by the design of social practices, norms, as well as economic and legal arrangements. Heterosexual
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Anthropology is the study of humankind, in general, the study of humans everywhere. Past humanities go beyond several generations and the study of anthropology allows us to understand these generations, their complex relationships, and the structures of various cultures for the benefit of understanding humanity.This study of humankind allows us to study humans in many ways and can be divided into four related fields - the study of physical or biological anthropology, the study of linguistics, the study of archaeology, and the study of cultural or social anthropology.The study of physical or biological anthropology, includes topics such as nutrition, development, forensics, and primates
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Masako Yanase (2001), is when a word can be associated with two or more distinct meanings, whether that be obvious or subtle. However, there can be a level of lexical ambiguity when trying to distinguish between whether a word is homonymous and polysemous, something that has been investigated extensively within the field of linguistics. In order to resolve this issue, it is proposed that linguists either take a synchronic or diachronic approach to the categorisation of words, which can generate further problems in deciding lexical category. As a result, this essay offers an explanation and critical analysis of both of the difficulties surrounding lexical classification and competing
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With reference to relevant theories, describe the difference that applied linguists such as Stephen Krashen have made between ‘acquisition’ and ‘learning’. State how this has influenced the world of English Language Teaching.
In 1970s, Stephen Krashen (1981), an famous expert in the field of linguistics, proposes the Second Language Acquisition Theory. He states that humans become fluent in a language in two ways: by acquiring it or by learning it. Thus, there is a ongoing discussion about whether all people can acquire a second language just like acquire their first language or not. Also, people wonder that which way is the better one to learn a second language
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Concepts & Methods of Visual Culture
Due date: October 8, 2018
One goal of this first assignment is to encourage you to make use of the concept of the sign as it is understood by linguistics and semiotics. As we have discussed in class, the two components of the sign are the signifier and the signified – in language the signifier is audio-visual (also in contemporary film, performance art, theater, dance, etc.), whereas other cultural phenomena make use of only one of these dimensions (radio and recordings: audio // painting and sculpture: visual). When writing this paper, please be sure to use the concepts of the sign, the signifier, and the
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There are various ways to study the English language. If one is seeking to go in depth with his or her study, there is linguistics, which is the scientific study of language. There is phonology, which is essentially studying the phonetics and sounds within the language (Linguistic Glossary). One way of studying language that can be vital is morphology, which studies how words are formed and how they are related to other words in the same language.
There are a couple linguistic elements – as they are called – that are somewhat easier to use to study and learn more about the language: lexicology and syntax. Lexicology is “the study of the structure of…the vocabulary of a language
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Coates (1993:204) says "There is a need for more detailed sociolinguistic studies at both individual and group levels." I will finish with a quote by Coates (1993:204) who significantly points out "we must remember that gender differentiation in language does not exist in a vacuum: it interacts in a complex way with other kinds of social differentiation."BibliographyBaalen, I.V. (2001) 'Male and female language: growing together?' Internet Journal :Historical Sociolinguistics and Sociohistorical Linguistics,19th April 2001 Available from : http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/hsl_shl/van%20Baalen.htm [Accessed 19 January 2006]Bayley, R. (2002). The Quantitative Paradigm In Chambers, JK, Trudgill, P
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completely unbiased. Furthermore, in Noam Chomsky’s book ‘Manufacturing Consent’ he claims that mass media tell us what those in power need them to tell us. And that democracy is staged with the help of media that work as propaganda machines. Chomsky is known as the father of modern linguistics.
This paper will benefit everyone who consumes content that is distributed extensively, such as in social media and in traditional media as well. This covers most people today. In one form or another, every person uses technology. Whether it is to keep track of news or for entertainment, they are all vulnerable to media manipulation. The author hopes to raise awareness on the issue, so each person
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today, Avram Noam Chomsky was highly influenced by his professors. Chomsky was born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Wikipedia). Noam Chomsky was the son of William Chomsky. At the age of eight, Chomsky began reading Hebrew literature which he later taught classes in. In 1945 Noam Chomsky studied philosophy and linguistics at university of Pennsylvania. He was there greatly influenced by his professor of philosophy, Zellig Harris (Wikipedia). Chomsky joined the staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1955 and in 1961 was appointed full professor in the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics. At this time Chomsky became highly involved in public politics. Noam
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position they have. If these positions cannot be changed, then neither can one’s methodological position. Constructivists, who believe human behaviour can be observed and interpreted, use qualitative methods. Positivists, who see unity between social and natural science, will mostly use quantitative methods.
Constructivist methodology focuses on the interpreting behaviour and understanding meaning through the collection of qualitative data. Meaning matters in two different senses. Meaning can be the psychological property of an agent when it is possible to understand what reasons or motivations they had. Meaning can also be a property of language. Linguistics can be seen as a shared
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the Christian churches.The superior race was the "Aryans," the Germans. The word Aryan, "derived from the study of linguistics, which started in the eighteenth century and at some point determined that the Indo-Germanic (also known as Aryan) languages were superior in their structures, variety, and vocabulary to the Semitic languages that had evolved in the Near East. This judgment led to a certain conjecture about the character of the peoples who spoke these languages; the conclusion was that the 'Aryan' peoples were likewise superior to the 'Semitic' ones" (Leni Yahil, The Holocaust: The Fate of European Jewry, New York: Oxford University Press, 1990, p. 36).The Jews Are Isolated from
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has taken over Kurtz’s body and that it he is the only one at fault here. Achebe says, “But he foolishly exposed himself to the wild irresistible allure of the jungle and lo! The darkness found him out” (Achebe 1793).
In conclusion, I strongly believe that the journey of Congo did in fact cause Kurtz to become insane. Kurtz started off as a civilized white man who has gone to that region for the purpose of trade but the temptations of the jungle cause him to incite primitive instincts that had been aroused by the natives that inhabited the land.
Achebe, Chinua. “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.” In Heart of Darkness. Ed. Paul B. Armstrong. 336-49. New York: Norton, 2006.
Heart of Darkness. Dover Publications, 2012.
Naeem, Prof. Muhammad. “The Portrayal of Mr. Kurtz in "Heart of Darkness".” Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO, neoenglishsystem.blogspot.com/2010/11/portrayal-of-mr-kurtz-in-heart-of.html.
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already work for a language school, I will ask if I can teach a few lessons for them so this will give me some more experience within the classroom environment. I have thought a lot about eventually taking my DELTA, but after speaking to several experienced teachers, I think an MA in Applied Linguistics would be the next qualification I would like to study for, after completion of my degree. This will give me the qualifications I would need to be a school director in a local language school.
J. Scrivener, Learning Teaching, The Essential Guide to English Language Teaching.
Word Count: 1,012
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their native language
· The knowledge you know about your language is HIDDEN.
· How do linguistics study the unconscious knowledge
· By observing speakers, see what they do and say.
· this is called LINGUISTIC PERFORMANCE.
· You can indirectly observing by looking and listening.
· Levels of linguistic structure
LOWEST: Phonetics/Phonology (sounds)
Morphology (words, how their built)
Syntax (Sentence larger unites of words)
HIGHEST: Semantics (meaning that relates to word and sentences)
· Study of the physical properties of speech sounds
· The fundamental building blocks of language
· Focuses on acoustics, pronounce and how sounds are formed
· E.g, how many sounds of English
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hour, every minute, he tells himself, in every quarter of the country" (Coetzee 98). For Lurie, and symbolically the rest of the white men, living in a country where in his terms rape is endemic and people have weak moral compasses, his disgraceful humiliation is inevitable. The country is so contaminated to the extent that even father-daughter relationships, the most natural human relation of all, malfunction in this time and place. While arbitrarily concluding that black men are so "bestial" that even "dogs are bred to snarl at the mere smell of [them]" (Coetzee 110), Lurie conceals and masks his equally bestial behavior with aesthetics and linguistics. Apparently, what he does can be
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Greenwich, England. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Elizabeth was very talented in several fields during her youth. Her skill in the field of linguistics was phenomenal. When ambassadors of neighbouring countries would visit England, they were astonished by Elizabeth’s skills. By herself, she was able to completely translate a Latin book in her spare time. Not only were her language skills exquisite, she was very mature for someone of her age. Elizabeth was able to use the popular mythological and political references at the time in everyday speech. These abilities she had developed influenced her ascension to the throne. England’s ascension to the throne was an
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, architecture, and politics. These changes occurred due to the increasing population of Greece and its increasing amount trade, which in turn led to colonization and a new age of intellectual ideas, the most important of which was Democracy. This would then fuel more cultural changes and new ideas of the study of philosophy. Archaic philosophers, called pre-Socratics, were considered scientists that studied nature, asked questions, and overall had a love of wisdom. Pre-Socratic philosophers attempted questions and found a new style of linguistics during the Archaic period that would influence the Classical Greek disciplines such as philosophy, art, and architecture to be the greatest period of
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usage in forms of behaviour. He takes pragmatics as a functional perspective, instead of taking it as one brach of linguistics along aside with phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics.
1.1.1 Three Key Notions of Language Use
Variability: is the property of language which defines the range of possibility from which choices can be made. It is dynamic rather than static.
Negotiability: choices are not made mechanically or according to strictict rules or fixed from-function relationships, but rather on the basis of highly flexible principles and strategies.
Adaptability: enables human beings to make negotiable linguistic choices from a variable range of possibilities in such a way as to
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them all the abilities of the four skills.II. Ways on developing the four abilities1.ListeningThe teachers often speak of the four skills- listening, speaking, reading and writing. That means each of them is important. You can't say that you have mastered the language without any one of them, Listening, one of the means of language communication, is used most widely in people's daily lives. About 45%of an adult's time concerns listening to other people , listening to the radio, listening to the music. In linguistics giving the students a lot of listening activities is a good way of enlarging their vocabulary. On the other hand, it also helps the students improve their listening comprehension.I
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: Infants Observed with Mothers and Peers. Child Development, 56(3), 582.
Akhtar N., Jipson J., Callanan M. (2001). Learning words through overhearing. Child Development, 72, 416–430.
Akhtar N., Gernsbacher M. A. (2007). Joint attention and vocabulary development: A critical look. Language and Linguistics Compass, 1, 195–207.
Beier, J., & Spelke, E. (2012). Infants’ Developing Understanding of Social Gaze. Child Development, no-no.
Benson, S. (2016). What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?. Psychiatry.org. Retrieved 27 September 2017, from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/autism/what-is-autism-spectrum-disorder
Bornstein, M., & Tamis-LeMonda, C. (1989). Maternal responsiveness and cognitive
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that incongruity alone is insufficient to produce humor, requiring resolution to produce the response (Alden and Hoyer 1993). Suls (1983) concludes that both incongruity and incongruity-resolution (INC-RES) styles of humor exist, but that the latter is more prevalent. Raskin's (1985) INC-RES contrasts have been used to demonstrate this theory (Alden and Hoyer 1993).Within the cognitive school and working from a linguistics viewpoint, Raskin (1985) theorized a script-based semantic model of incongruity which suggests that a joke contains two distinct scripts that are opposites, and the third element, the punch line, "switches the listener from one script to another creating the joke" (1985, 34
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· African History
· Oral Tradition
· Oral History
· Potential? Limitations?
· Messages get distorted
· People don’t remember traumatic information as well.
· Memories revolve around strongly emotional situations
· The US is attempting to expand
· The Louisiana Purchase (Manifesto Destiny)
· The Monroe Doctrine: What is the core principle?
· The US will not tolerate Europe intervening into the western Hemisphere
· Two quotes that are particularly noteworthy:
· “We should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety”
· Broader implications
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The short story 'The Yellow Wall-Paper' written by Charlotte Perkins Gilman is a cry for freedom. This story is about a woman who fights for her right to express what she feels, and fights for her right to do what she wants to do. The narrator in this short story is a woman whose husband loves her very much, but oppresses her to the point where she cannot take it anymore. This story revolves around the main character, her oppressed life, and her search for freedom.There are many male influences in this woman's life and although they may mean no harm, push her over the edge. The main character's husband, John, and her brother are well-known physicians. They use their power to control the main
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Edgar Allen Poe's Symbolism of Death in 'The Fall of the House of Usher'Death is defined as, 'The termination or extinction of something' (American Heritage Dictionary). Edgar Allen Poe uses this description in 'The Fall of the House of Usher' in different ways. Poe's intention when writing 'The Fall of the House of Usher' was not to present a moral, lesson, or truth to the reader; he was simply trying to bring forth a sense of terror to the reader. Poe's mind works this way, and critics believe this statement, especially when related to this story.Edgar Allen Poe was born in Boston on January 19, 1809. His life was filled with tragedies that started when he was ten months old and until he
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When one begins to analyze a military novel it is important to first look at the historical context in which the book was written. On the nights of February 13-14 in 1944 the city of Dresden, Germany was subjected to one of the worst air attacks in the history of man. By the end of the bombing 135,000 to 250,000 people had been killed by the combined forces of the United States and the United Kingdom. Dresden was different then Berlin or many of the other military targets which were attacked during World War II because it was never fortified or used for strategic purposes and, therefore, was not considered a military target. Because of it's apparent safety, thousands of refugees from all
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Psychoanalysis is a system of psychology originated by the Viennese physician Sigmund FREUD in the 1890's and then further developed by himself, his students, and other followers. It consists of three kinds of related activities: (1) a method for research into the human mind, especially inner experiences such as thoughts, feelings, emotions, fantasies, and dreams; (2) a systematic accumulation of a body of knowledge about the mind; and (3) a method for the treatment of psychological or emotional disorders.Psychoanalysis began with the discovery that HYSTERIA, an illness with physical symptoms that occurred in a completely healthy physical body--such as a numbness or paralysis of a limb or a
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It can be said that a certain degree of darkness lies within every person, but this darkness will not surface unless given the correct environment. The darkness, however, can emerge and ultimately destroy the person if not checked by reason. If one's inner darkness does surface, the victim then is given the opportunity to reach a point in personal growth, and to gain a sense of self-knowledge from it. That is, when one's darkness appears, one must learn from this experience how he or she can prevent similar results from occurring in the future. It is ultimately through self-knowledge that we gain the power to defeat our inner darkness, and all of its elements. Just as everyone has the
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The Odyssey is an epic about a Greek warrior in the Trojan War whose wanderings around his known world and his perilous encounters are the basis of the story. Odysseus' absence from his home is prolonged by the influences of the women whom he encounters.In this epic, several female characters had a profound effect on the plot. They wielded their influence through typically feminine skills and attributes: seduction, supernatural powers, intelligence, and beauty. Some of the women of The Odyssey influenced the actions of men, playing key roles in the epics, such as Calypso, the Sirens, Helen, or Circe; all of these women were responsible for the actions of the men.In The Odyssey, the females
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Aggressive and PassiveAggressive and Passive are two inverse attitudes to things, events or life. They cause different results. Offred and Ophelia are two women who have contrary destinies because of their different attitudes.Offred is a powerless woman in "the Handmaid's Tale". She's a handmaid of a commander in Gilead. She has no freedom. She belongs to him as a property. Her only duty is to have sex with the commander and give birth to a baby. Ophelia is also a weak woman in "Hamlet" play. She has no power over anybody. But their fates in the end are quite different. Offred succeeds in escaping from the dystopian socityGilead, while Ophelia dies of drown. Because Offred is affressive but
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Even though the books of Black Boy and Grapes of Wrath gave a vivid picture of the past American life to the readers regarding the socio-economic bigotry. Both books are similar in focusing the social and economic discrimination in the family setting. On Grapes of Wrath the California prejudice against the immigrants. Prejudice was a strong word, which leaves a bitter taste in the mouth. It is the prejudice against the migrant workers by the established financially Californians. Steinbeck provides four clear examples of prejudice; the man whose children died of starvation, the fishing story, the California police officer and the history of Californians. The best picture to describe was on
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Leprosy is very dangerous for your personal health. It can make you skin fall off. Leprosy slowly eats away at you body. It is deadly to all genders, all ages, all sizes and all races.Another name for leprosy is Hansen's Disease. Leprosy is caused by the organism mycobacterium leprae. The pathogen that carries it is bacteria. Throughout the years people have suspected that inhaling and touching the bacteria could spread leprosy.Symptoms of leprosy appear three to five years after contact. Symptoms include; redness or white patches of skin, lumps on several parts of the body, and fingers and toes may curl inward. The bacteria of leprosy can sometimes cause blindness. If leprosy is not treated
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In the play "Hamlet," Shakespeare's characters are confronted with the timeless question: How can one determine what is actually true from what only seems to be true? Throughout the play, the theme of appearance versus reality is constant. This theme is played out from the beginning, with Claudius' attempt to conceal his secret intentions; Gertrude and Ophelia masking their own truths, and finally Hamlet, who assumes the role of a madman in order to uncover the reality behind his appearance.Various characters try to cover their secret intentions with a veneer of a whole other person. One of the most obvious is Claudius. Claudius murdered his brother, the former King Hamlet, in order to
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Among the places where I have traveled, I especially like Fort Lauderdale very much. It fills me with beautiful memories. It reminds me of the days when I lived in Vietnam where I was born, especially the coconut trees, the hot and humid weather are like Vietnam. Fort Lauderdale has almost all the tropical fruits like jack fruit, durian, and longan. All these fruits are not grown in California.I usually come to Fort Lauderdale for a vacation. I leave behind all the problems at work. I feel free of the stresses after I spend my days at the beach. Anyone who comes to Fort Lauderdale and does not take a swim really missed out on all the fun. The water is very warm in Fort Lauderdale, unlike the
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PAGE PAGE 4 Zimmer
Rachel ZimmerProf. GraffMilton: ENGL 420June 10, 2002Mockery and Superiority in Canzone:Supported by AreopagiticaMockery, as well as a sense of pride and/or superiority comes out in many of Milton's works and he exemplifies this by writing in ways that seems to humble himself, charm the subject of the poem, and yet scoff at him/her at the same time as well as prove his high intellect. Milton's often-circular logic exemplifies his cunning as well as his superciliousness.He first charms his subject (which also happens to be his reader/audience in many poems-Canzone, Areopagitica, Of Education, The Tenure of Kings and Magistrates…) with words of praise while humbling
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TrichotillomaniaTrichotillomania is a term coined by a French dermatologist in 1889 to describe the compulsive or irresistible urge that he saw in patients to pluck their hair out. The word trichotillomania is a Greek work meaning hair to pull, pluck, mania, frenzy, and madness. This is somewhat misleading as trichotillomania is referred to in psychiatry as an impulse disorder not a "madness" at all.Impulse control disorders are characterized by the inability to control or resist the impulse to do something harmful to oneself or to someone else. A sufferer sometimes experiences a sense of pressure or tension before performing the behavior and can feel a release of tension afterwards
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Romeo and Juliet is an awesome play written by William Shakespeare in the 15th century. This play is based upon two lovers, Romeo and Juliet, who in just a short period of three days meet, marry, make love, and die. Romeo is a Montague and Juliet is a Capulet. These two families have gone by many generations with hate towards one-another. Neither family can forgive and forget whatever argument had been started many decades ago. Although the two families despise one another, young Juliet still proclaims, "My only love sprung from my only hate! / Too early seen unknown, and known too late! / Prodigious birth of love it is to me, / That I must love a loath'ed enemy (1.5.137-140)", to Romeo, her
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In Jean Rhys's compelling novel about racial tension amidst confusion and anxiety, the author addresses this subtext in such a way as to portray Antoinette as a product of an intolerant society. While more of an underlying theme, the character's racial inner struggles in Wide Sargasso Sea represent a significance to the story's overall flavor and intensity, being that Antoinette is torn the entire time between calling herself black or white. Who is she really, and why is she having such a difficult time coming to terms with her true identity?In Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea, Antoinette is perpetually faced with having to deal with her racial obscurity. Not only does she lack a distinct perception
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J. K. RowlingC/O Scholastic Inc.555 BroadwayNew York NY 10012Dear Mrs. J. Rowling,I have read all four of your adventures, mystery series, Harry Potter. Most amazing out ofthe four is, Harry Potter and The Prisoner of Azkaban. Through out the series I could not live toput the book down and had to watch harry out wit every person who thwarted him. In effect hisenemies became more vengeful."Malfoy was furious about Buckbeak. He was convinced that Hagrid had found a way ofsmuggling the hippogriff to safety, and seemed outraged that he and his father had been outwittedby a gamekeeper."That is what kept me reading. You kept putting Harry in to these near impossiblesituations and through friend
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The Argument from Design - Fact, Fantasy or Wishful Thinking ?Tell me why the stars do shine,Tell me why the ivy twines,Tell me why the sky's so blue.Then I will tell you just why I love you.Because God made the stars to shine,Because God made the ivy twine,Because God made the sky so blue.Because God made you, that's why I love you.1Tell Me WhyIn Darwin's Dangerous Idea Daniel Dennett wistfully recalls this simple melody from his youth, but does not lament the demise of its literal meaning at the hands of the hero of his book. No thinking adult could still cling to the myth of the loving God who fashions each of us from earth and breathes life into us. There is no future in myths, no matter
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Although they use different terminology Susan Douglas, Ralph Ellison, and Walker Percy mention and emphasize the importance of control at several points throughout their essays. It can be concluded that all three authors believe that it is important for the individual to maintain control over their own self for to sacrifice control would be to lose the individuality that makes a person. The methods society uses to control the individual varies, according to each author.Douglas discusses the media and the immense power it wields over women and their "narcissistic" selves in her essay. She argues that the media contrives to deceive women into thinking that they are truly the ones in control
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Walker Percy's essay, "The Loss of Creature" maintains that we should "recover the creature" and learn to "extract the thing from the package." However, we can never exclusively recover the creature from the "symbolic package," for we are in a process of continuous discovery throughout our lives and we must see the symbolic complex for more than it appears to be. Percy's methods of perceiving the world are in fact impossible to put into effect for we could not go about placing ourselves into natural disasters and things of the like. Furthermore, that would be defeating the purpose, for once we set out to recover the lost creature, intentionally looking for "it", "it" is lost. However, that