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FERDINAND DE SAUSSURE‘S CONTRIBUTIONS
Ferdinand de Saussure (November 26, 1857 – February 22, 1913) was a Swiss linguist whose ideas laid the foundation for many of the significant developments in linguistics in the twentieth century. He is widely considered the "father" of twentieth century linguistics, and his work laid the foundation for the approach known as structuralism in the broader field of the social sciences. Although his work established the essential framework of future studies, his ideas contained many limitations and fundamental weaknesses as later scholars recognized that underlying structure and rules, while informative, cannot be the sole determinant of meaning and value
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When linguists claim that their discipline is the scientific study of language, they have in mind certain principles which distinguish between a scientific and a non-scientific study of language. First, linguistics is objective, that is, it considers all languages to be equal. For a linguist, there are no 'primitive', 'pure', 'beautiful', 'cultural', or 'sophisticated' languages. Objectivity is difficult to attain because language is so familiar to us that we can hardly dissociate ourselves from it. The objective study of language is hindered by various cultural, social and historical misconceptions about certain languages. Linguistics has demonstrated that any language, however 'primitive
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Linguistics Postcards Summaries.
1. Podcast: That’s What They Say
Episode: Sometimes we stumble on ambiguous prepositions
Date: November 26, 2018
Rebecca Kruth, hostess of Weekend Edition on Michigan Radio, is discussing with Anne Curzan, English
Professor from University of Michigan, who studies linguistics and the history of the English language
about why the verb “stumble” has so many prepositions that confuses people.
There is a listener who name Allen, having an inquiry about how to use preposition after the verb
“stumble”. He was confused with this verb and its preposition when he read the book review of Barbara
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Language is a cognitive process and speech is one delivery system for language. In this essay I will be discussing why it is impossible for animals to learn human language as well as the differences and comparisons between Non-human and human communication and what is so unique about both species ability to communicate using language, sign language, songs and calls and dances.
What separates humans from animals?
Humans use language to communicate a shared meaning or message, unlike animals who use different tools and methods to get a message across
Ants use pheromones and sound to indicate their social status and distress, bees dance to tell each other where to find honey and
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Homework 3: Semantics & Pragmatics (40 points)
Due at the start of class Monday, February 25, 2019
1. Lexical Semantics. In what way are the following pairs of words related (e.g., synonymy)? In cases of hyponymy, indicate which word is the hyponym and which word is the hypernym. (10 points)
a. shallow deep
They both are related to the depth of something
b. mature ripe
They are both related to the age of
c. table furniture
A table is a type of furniture
d. single married
They are both related to the relationship status of a person
e. move run
Running is a type of movement
f. sofa couch
They are both types of
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Wh-constructions in Japanese
Japanese is one of the languages that exemplifies wh in-situ:
(1) Hanako-ga kinoo [dare-to] [susi-o] tukurimasita ka?
Hanako-NOM yesterday who- with sushi-ACC made QU
‘Who did Hanako make sushi with_yesterday?’
(2) Hanako-ga kinoo [tomodati-to] [nani-o] tukurimasita ka?
Hanako-NOM yesterday friend-with what-ACC made QU
‘What did Hanako make_with her friends yesterday?’
(Tallerman 2011: 248)
The wh-words dare-to ‘who with’ and nani-o ‘what’ do not move, they stay in-situ. The subjects in both examples are in the sentence-initial position. There is a question marker ka at the end of the sentence, and it is said to be ambiguous, it can either be a complementizer as
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Communication and language was the beginning of civilisation and as time passed, we humans believed we are not the only beings with the needed vocal cords to be able to produce language and communicate with each other. Although non-humans are known to able to communicate, researchers wanted to know whether or not they are able to replicate spoken language, Wikipedia (2019, para.6) as language has been defined “to a doubly articulated system, in which signs are formed for objects and states and then combine syntactically, in ways that determine how their meanings will be understood”. For example, child eats food. This uses the same words but the sentence construction will be understood by
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Table of contents:
1. Cover page
2. Table of contents
3. Introduction & What studies were conducted
4. Does this prove or disprove language abilities & Why some linguists believe this does or doesn’t show evidence of human language abilities.
5. Why some linguists believe this does or doesn’t show evidence of human language abilities & Conclusion
Human language abilities in apes
Pointing is a universal language to convey a message and acts as a substitute to spoken word. Infants’ point, a gesture which scientists agree is a form of word learning but when an ape points it’s questioned. Patrick M. Greenfield (1991) argues that language and use of tools conceal a cognitive basis
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30 April 2018
Bilingualism: The Good & the Bad
The power of language on Earth and in our lives is incredible; truly incomparable. It serves a beautiful purpose in communicating the thoughts, ideas, feelings, and opinions of its users, while also becoming a tool for creating relationships, friendships, and cultural ties. Language is capable of shaping our perception of reality and acting as the light to our ever so dynamic minds. Linguist Edward Sapir believes language is a means for carrying out expressions of thoughts, sentiments, perceptions, and value characteristics of community, while also being a representation of a fundamental expression of
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Summary of "˜Creole' Despite the national authenticity that are revealed by the characteristics of creole languages, negative attitudes regarding the sounds, the grammatical features, and the social origin of the speakers contribute to attach a persistent stigma to these recently formed languages. Pejorative terms are used by people of various backgrounds - whether they are educated professionals of linguistics, or native speakers from the lower class "" as descriptions of Creole languages.Summary of "˜Heterosexuality" In a heterosexual system, sex/gender dimorphism is shaped by the design of social practices, norms, as well as economic and legal arrangements. Heterosexual
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Anthropology is the study of humankind, in general, the study of humans everywhere. Past humanities go beyond several generations and the study of anthropology allows us to understand these generations, their complex relationships, and the structures of various cultures for the benefit of understanding humanity.This study of humankind allows us to study humans in many ways and can be divided into four related fields - the study of physical or biological anthropology, the study of linguistics, the study of archaeology, and the study of cultural or social anthropology.The study of physical or biological anthropology, includes topics such as nutrition, development, forensics, and primates
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Masako Yanase (2001), is when a word can be associated with two or more distinct meanings, whether that be obvious or subtle. However, there can be a level of lexical ambiguity when trying to distinguish between whether a word is homonymous and polysemous, something that has been investigated extensively within the field of linguistics. In order to resolve this issue, it is proposed that linguists either take a synchronic or diachronic approach to the categorisation of words, which can generate further problems in deciding lexical category. As a result, this essay offers an explanation and critical analysis of both of the difficulties surrounding lexical classification and competing
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With reference to relevant theories, describe the difference that applied linguists such as Stephen Krashen have made between ‘acquisition’ and ‘learning’. State how this has influenced the world of English Language Teaching.
In 1970s, Stephen Krashen (1981), an famous expert in the field of linguistics, proposes the Second Language Acquisition Theory. He states that humans become fluent in a language in two ways: by acquiring it or by learning it. Thus, there is a ongoing discussion about whether all people can acquire a second language just like acquire their first language or not. Also, people wonder that which way is the better one to learn a second language
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Concepts & Methods of Visual Culture
Due date: October 8, 2018
One goal of this first assignment is to encourage you to make use of the concept of the sign as it is understood by linguistics and semiotics. As we have discussed in class, the two components of the sign are the signifier and the signified – in language the signifier is audio-visual (also in contemporary film, performance art, theater, dance, etc.), whereas other cultural phenomena make use of only one of these dimensions (radio and recordings: audio // painting and sculpture: visual). When writing this paper, please be sure to use the concepts of the sign, the signifier, and the
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There are various ways to study the English language. If one is seeking to go in depth with his or her study, there is linguistics, which is the scientific study of language. There is phonology, which is essentially studying the phonetics and sounds within the language (Linguistic Glossary). One way of studying language that can be vital is morphology, which studies how words are formed and how they are related to other words in the same language.
There are a couple linguistic elements – as they are called – that are somewhat easier to use to study and learn more about the language: lexicology and syntax. Lexicology is “the study of the structure of…the vocabulary of a language
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Coates (1993:204) says "There is a need for more detailed sociolinguistic studies at both individual and group levels." I will finish with a quote by Coates (1993:204) who significantly points out "we must remember that gender differentiation in language does not exist in a vacuum: it interacts in a complex way with other kinds of social differentiation."BibliographyBaalen, I.V. (2001) 'Male and female language: growing together?' Internet Journal :Historical Sociolinguistics and Sociohistorical Linguistics,19th April 2001 Available from : http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/hsl_shl/van%20Baalen.htm [Accessed 19 January 2006]Bayley, R. (2002). The Quantitative Paradigm In Chambers, JK, Trudgill, P
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completely unbiased. Furthermore, in Noam Chomsky’s book ‘Manufacturing Consent’ he claims that mass media tell us what those in power need them to tell us. And that democracy is staged with the help of media that work as propaganda machines. Chomsky is known as the father of modern linguistics.
This paper will benefit everyone who consumes content that is distributed extensively, such as in social media and in traditional media as well. This covers most people today. In one form or another, every person uses technology. Whether it is to keep track of news or for entertainment, they are all vulnerable to media manipulation. The author hopes to raise awareness on the issue, so each person
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today, Avram Noam Chomsky was highly influenced by his professors. Chomsky was born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Wikipedia). Noam Chomsky was the son of William Chomsky. At the age of eight, Chomsky began reading Hebrew literature which he later taught classes in. In 1945 Noam Chomsky studied philosophy and linguistics at university of Pennsylvania. He was there greatly influenced by his professor of philosophy, Zellig Harris (Wikipedia). Chomsky joined the staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1955 and in 1961 was appointed full professor in the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics. At this time Chomsky became highly involved in public politics. Noam
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position they have. If these positions cannot be changed, then neither can one’s methodological position. Constructivists, who believe human behaviour can be observed and interpreted, use qualitative methods. Positivists, who see unity between social and natural science, will mostly use quantitative methods.
Constructivist methodology focuses on the interpreting behaviour and understanding meaning through the collection of qualitative data. Meaning matters in two different senses. Meaning can be the psychological property of an agent when it is possible to understand what reasons or motivations they had. Meaning can also be a property of language. Linguistics can be seen as a shared
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already work for a language school, I will ask if I can teach a few lessons for them so this will give me some more experience within the classroom environment. I have thought a lot about eventually taking my DELTA, but after speaking to several experienced teachers, I think an MA in Applied Linguistics would be the next qualification I would like to study for, after completion of my degree. This will give me the qualifications I would need to be a school director in a local language school.
J. Scrivener, Learning Teaching, The Essential Guide to English Language Teaching.
Word Count: 1,012
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has taken over Kurtz’s body and that it he is the only one at fault here. Achebe says, “But he foolishly exposed himself to the wild irresistible allure of the jungle and lo! The darkness found him out” (Achebe 1793).
In conclusion, I strongly believe that the journey of Congo did in fact cause Kurtz to become insane. Kurtz started off as a civilized white man who has gone to that region for the purpose of trade but the temptations of the jungle cause him to incite primitive instincts that had been aroused by the natives that inhabited the land.
Achebe, Chinua. “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.” In Heart of Darkness. Ed. Paul B. Armstrong. 336-49. New York: Norton, 2006.
Heart of Darkness. Dover Publications, 2012.
Naeem, Prof. Muhammad. “The Portrayal of Mr. Kurtz in "Heart of Darkness".” Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO, neoenglishsystem.blogspot.com/2010/11/portrayal-of-mr-kurtz-in-heart-of.html.
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the Christian churches.The superior race was the "Aryans," the Germans. The word Aryan, "derived from the study of linguistics, which started in the eighteenth century and at some point determined that the Indo-Germanic (also known as Aryan) languages were superior in their structures, variety, and vocabulary to the Semitic languages that had evolved in the Near East. This judgment led to a certain conjecture about the character of the peoples who spoke these languages; the conclusion was that the 'Aryan' peoples were likewise superior to the 'Semitic' ones" (Leni Yahil, The Holocaust: The Fate of European Jewry, New York: Oxford University Press, 1990, p. 36).The Jews Are Isolated from
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their native language
· The knowledge you know about your language is HIDDEN.
· How do linguistics study the unconscious knowledge
· By observing speakers, see what they do and say.
· this is called LINGUISTIC PERFORMANCE.
· You can indirectly observing by looking and listening.
· Levels of linguistic structure
LOWEST: Phonetics/Phonology (sounds)
Morphology (words, how their built)
Syntax (Sentence larger unites of words)
HIGHEST: Semantics (meaning that relates to word and sentences)
· Study of the physical properties of speech sounds
· The fundamental building blocks of language
· Focuses on acoustics, pronounce and how sounds are formed
· E.g, how many sounds of English
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Greenwich, England. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Elizabeth was very talented in several fields during her youth. Her skill in the field of linguistics was phenomenal. When ambassadors of neighbouring countries would visit England, they were astonished by Elizabeth’s skills. By herself, she was able to completely translate a Latin book in her spare time. Not only were her language skills exquisite, she was very mature for someone of her age. Elizabeth was able to use the popular mythological and political references at the time in everyday speech. These abilities she had developed influenced her ascension to the throne. England’s ascension to the throne was an
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hour, every minute, he tells himself, in every quarter of the country" (Coetzee 98). For Lurie, and symbolically the rest of the white men, living in a country where in his terms rape is endemic and people have weak moral compasses, his disgraceful humiliation is inevitable. The country is so contaminated to the extent that even father-daughter relationships, the most natural human relation of all, malfunction in this time and place. While arbitrarily concluding that black men are so "bestial" that even "dogs are bred to snarl at the mere smell of [them]" (Coetzee 110), Lurie conceals and masks his equally bestial behavior with aesthetics and linguistics. Apparently, what he does can be
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, architecture, and politics. These changes occurred due to the increasing population of Greece and its increasing amount trade, which in turn led to colonization and a new age of intellectual ideas, the most important of which was Democracy. This would then fuel more cultural changes and new ideas of the study of philosophy. Archaic philosophers, called pre-Socratics, were considered scientists that studied nature, asked questions, and overall had a love of wisdom. Pre-Socratic philosophers attempted questions and found a new style of linguistics during the Archaic period that would influence the Classical Greek disciplines such as philosophy, art, and architecture to be the greatest period of
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usage in forms of behaviour. He takes pragmatics as a functional perspective, instead of taking it as one brach of linguistics along aside with phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics.
1.1.1 Three Key Notions of Language Use
Variability: is the property of language which defines the range of possibility from which choices can be made. It is dynamic rather than static.
Negotiability: choices are not made mechanically or according to strictict rules or fixed from-function relationships, but rather on the basis of highly flexible principles and strategies.
Adaptability: enables human beings to make negotiable linguistic choices from a variable range of possibilities in such a way as to
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them all the abilities of the four skills.II. Ways on developing the four abilities1.ListeningThe teachers often speak of the four skills- listening, speaking, reading and writing. That means each of them is important. You can't say that you have mastered the language without any one of them, Listening, one of the means of language communication, is used most widely in people's daily lives. About 45%of an adult's time concerns listening to other people , listening to the radio, listening to the music. In linguistics giving the students a lot of listening activities is a good way of enlarging their vocabulary. On the other hand, it also helps the students improve their listening comprehension.I
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: Infants Observed with Mothers and Peers. Child Development, 56(3), 582.
Akhtar N., Jipson J., Callanan M. (2001). Learning words through overhearing. Child Development, 72, 416–430.
Akhtar N., Gernsbacher M. A. (2007). Joint attention and vocabulary development: A critical look. Language and Linguistics Compass, 1, 195–207.
Beier, J., & Spelke, E. (2012). Infants’ Developing Understanding of Social Gaze. Child Development, no-no.
Benson, S. (2016). What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?. Psychiatry.org. Retrieved 27 September 2017, from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/autism/what-is-autism-spectrum-disorder
Bornstein, M., & Tamis-LeMonda, C. (1989). Maternal responsiveness and cognitive
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· African History
· Oral Tradition
· Oral History
· Potential? Limitations?
· Messages get distorted
· People don’t remember traumatic information as well.
· Memories revolve around strongly emotional situations
· The US is attempting to expand
· The Louisiana Purchase (Manifesto Destiny)
· The Monroe Doctrine: What is the core principle?
· The US will not tolerate Europe intervening into the western Hemisphere
· Two quotes that are particularly noteworthy:
· “We should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety”
· Broader implications
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that incongruity alone is insufficient to produce humor, requiring resolution to produce the response (Alden and Hoyer 1993). Suls (1983) concludes that both incongruity and incongruity-resolution (INC-RES) styles of humor exist, but that the latter is more prevalent. Raskin's (1985) INC-RES contrasts have been used to demonstrate this theory (Alden and Hoyer 1993).Within the cognitive school and working from a linguistics viewpoint, Raskin (1985) theorized a script-based semantic model of incongruity which suggests that a joke contains two distinct scripts that are opposites, and the third element, the punch line, "switches the listener from one script to another creating the joke" (1985, 34
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Ernest Hemingway’s Hills like White Elephants
The short story Hills like White Elephants by Ernest Hemingway is a story about a man and woman who are sitting at a bar at a small train station somewhere in Spain. They seem to be having a heated conversation about a mysterious “operation”. The author never explicitly says what the issue is between the man and woman, but it can be assumed it is about a huge and personal decision they have to make because of the literary devices the author uses. Throughout the story the author hints at what the mysterious operation really is. Hemingway uses symbolism, setting, and imagery to convey
1433 words - 6 pages
Prof. Tamara O’Callaghan
5 May 2017
Walter Freeman and the Invention of the Lobotomy
In Steely Library’s digital archives, one of the postcards from the Gilliam family collection is entitled Western Kentucky Asylum for the Insane, Hopkinsville, KY. The postcard dates back to 1915 and portrays a beautiful building, complete with red bricks and white columns. Many of the insane asylums around this time were built similarly, but even their picturesque exterior could not hide the horrors which occurred within. Insane asylums built in the early to mid 1900s were still getting on their feet, and many of them encountered problems with patient care early on
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When I was a child, my late father and I would spend every moment of the summer season on
the sparkling white sand of the beach near our home. We would dance, kicking up the shiny
surface so that the droplets glimmered like diamonds in the sunlight. We would lie on our backs
and stare at the sky, until the swirling clouds began to take on our imaginative shapes mingled
together by our fantastical minds. We would grip imaginary weapons and fight, thrusting swords
like the most violent of fantasy pirates. These unforgettable days went on and on, a never ending
cycle of blue skies, imprinted forever in my mind. My earliest memories are filled with images
of my father in these
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How much of a threat does the robotics revolution represent for human employment in New Zealand in the next 30 years?
In order to understand the threats that robotics may pose to human employment in the future, it is important to examine the ways in which robots and computerization are already influencing different employment industries today, and how they have changed our labor practices in the past. If this information is then compared with current trends and statistics in New Zealand’s employment market conclusions can be drawn about how robotics might influence New Zealand employment in the next thirty years.
Evolution in employment methods has been seen in the
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A review of “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”.
In the article “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”, Indigenous affairs editor, Fitzpatrick (2017) presents the socioeconomic situation of the Aboriginal people, using the views of the former prime minister’s advisor, Josephine Cashman. Miss Cashman pointed out that the promises made to the indigenous people, presented in the Mabo case, had not been fulfilled accordingly after the year 1992. Many indigenous people still have inadequate housing, poor health, restricted education and lower average incomes. About 25 years from the Wik decision, many Aboriginals were classified under the
749 words - 3 pages
Annie Shepherd-Barron, Luxmoore
Comparison Between the Portrayal of Tom Buchanan and Jay Gatsby in Chapters 1 to 6
Fitzgerald purposefully portrays Jay Gatsby and Tom Buchanan in contrasting ways to emphasise the variety of money within the American market, during the era in which the novel is set. A major difference between the two men is ‘new money’ and ‘old money’, where Gatsby represents ‘new money’, but Daisy and Tom represent ‘old money’. The contrast between the two comes down to where the money originated from; "Old money" families have fortunes dating from the 19th century or before, have built up powerful and influential social connections and tend to hide their wealth and
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Boston Pizza is a Canadian fast food restaurant, which began in Edmonton, Alberta, on August 12, 1964. The restaurant had begun operations on 17 different locations in western Canada by 1970. In 1968 a royal Canadian mounted police officer Jim treliving noticed the growing popularity of Boston pizza and he bought the rights to start a restaurant in British Colombia. He was the first franchisees of Boston pizza.
At present, Boston Pizza operates over 380 locations in Canada. The company’s business extends to the United States and Mexico.in 1984 Boston Pizza makes a big appearance on the world stage as the official pizza provider for Expo '86 in Vancouver, B.C. this expo helps the
830 words - 4 pages
Sioe Liang Ngeow ( Caden )
15 June 2017
Wisely Use Of Social Media
In the era of modernity, the application of technology is already inevitable, especially the use of social media. Social media such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube have come into widespread use globally. As we all know, Mark Zuckerberg, as the chairman and chief executive officer of Facebook is ranked as one of the top ten wealthiest people in the world. The success of Mark Zuckerberg can directly show that the amount of people who use Facebook is numerous. As the use of social media has become increasingly popular, it brings both the good and the bad effects to our society. However, I believe that the
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Evaluate each expression when y = 6.
1. 7 – y = 2. y – 3 = 3. 6 + y = 4. y + 2 = 5. y – 2 =
6. y – 1 = 7. 7 + y = 8. y + 8 = 9. 3 + y = 10. y + 4 =
Evaluate each expression when y = 4.
11. y + 5 = 12. y – 7 = 13. 2 – y = 14. 7 – y = 15. 9 – y =
16. y + 6 = 17. 6 – y = 18. y – 5 = 19. y + 4 = 20. y + 9 =
Evaluate each expression when y = 8.
21. y + 5 = 22. y – 8 = 23. 2 – y = 24. 6 – y = 25. y – 1 =
26. y – 9 = 27. 4 + y = 28. 1 + y = 29. 9 – y = 30. y + 4 =
Evaluate each expression when y = 1.
31. y – 8 = 32. 2 + y = 33. y – 2 = 34. y – 4 = 35. 6 – y = 36. y – 6 =
37. y – 5 = 38. 4 + y = 39. y – 9 = 40. y – 3 =
Evaluate each expression when y = 7.
41. y + 4 = 42. 3 + y = 43. 2 – y = 44. 7
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A home automation system typically connects controlled devices to a central hub or "gateway". The user interface for control of the system uses either wall-mounted terminals, tablet or desktop computers, a mobile phone application, or a Web interface, that may also be accessible off-site through the Internet. Also it will control lighting, climate, entertainment systems, and appliances. It may also include home security such as access control and alarm systems. When they are connected with the Internet, home devices are an important constituent of the Internet of Things.
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical devices, home appliances, and other items embedded
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COM 263: 18FA5689
9 September 2018
My Personal Culture
The Hispanic culture has different values, beliefs, and traditions. Family is highly value. Family is a close-knit group and the most important social group to gather in any events or special days. The Hispanic “family unit” includes not only parents and children but also grandparents and extended family. Individuals within the family have moral responsibilities to help other members of the family experiencing financial problems, unemployment, health conditions and any other life issues. They show the importance placed upon relationship within their family extending a hand in good times and
2229 words - 9 pages
History Research Paper
November 30, 2017
US History II 106-01
How 9/11 Impacted Our Population
History is the study of past events. Within history many major events have occurred that has change the equilibrium we know of today. If we look back as recent as the events of September 11, 2001 we can speculate that many bodies of government, personal ethical issues and dynamic peace we lost within our economy and everyday lives. Many things took an impact either directly or indirectly. Many factors that contributed that changed the way we view or progress within our economy is the continuation of ongoing wars, airport surveillance, immigration, general surveillance
450 words - 2 pages
14 september 2017
Be your true self
Fredrich Nietzche once said “The individual has always struggle to keep from being overwhelmed by the tribe. If you try it, you will often, and sometimes frightened. But no price is too high to pay for the the privilege of owning yourself.” In my opinion, I believe this quote is true. Many people feel like they have to be a certain way for society to like them. When in reality, they want to be true to to themselves, but they are fearful of judgement.
Growing up as a “gay kid” wasn't exactly easy. During my childhood I was not accepted for who I was. There were days when I would walk into class and nobody would want to sit next
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Brown Vs The Board of Education Background Information Expository Essay
The Plessy v Ferguson, the Supreme Court Case that stated although colored and white people were separated, as long ad the facilities were equal, it was constitutional. Now, people know that isnt the true because a lot of the colored facilities weren’t equal. Over 50 Years later a new cases, which consisted of five separate cases that were combined into one that is known as Brown v The Board of Education, had a chance to right the wrongs of segregation in the south.
Segregation was a bus part of everyday life for all Americans, colored and white alike. Linda Brown falls into the category of a colored school age
785 words - 4 pages
The Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention
This theory is actually an extension of an already established theory with the name of Golden Arches Theory of Conflict Prevention. The basic postulates of this theory outline that no two countries will probably engage into war if they are part of the major supply chain. Friedman presented the example of Dell because it runs one of the major global supply chain networks in the world.
This theory basically outlines that due to economic inter-dependence of the countries with each other, it is hardly a chance that these countries will actually engage into war. Global organizations maintain a diversified and well-oiled supply chain in order to ensure a
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In my visual representation I have reflected how the play Taming of the Shrew examines the theme of 16th century ideas about gender with a representation of rose being trapped by a cage to symbolize Katherine being trapped into marrying Petruchio without having a choice because she is a female and her purpose in Shakespeare era was to become a wife.
The rose with large, sharp thorns in my visual representation symbolizes Katherine as she does not obey men and physically harms them to get what she wants as even though she is pretty and has high status she has a dangerous, sharp personality. The colour of the rose represents her love, passion and anger as she has many layers much like the rose
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Genetic engineering is also called genetic modification or GM. It involves modifying the genome of an organism by introducing a gene from another organism to result in a desired characteristic.
How has genetic engineering worked until now, and what are the limitations?
Generally it uses what’s known as a bacterial vector. In simple terms, you take the stretch of DNA you want to insert into an organism – say, for example, the DNA that makes a carrot produce vitamin A. You insert it into a bacterium, usually agrobacterium tumefaciens, and you introduce that bacterium into the organism you want to modify, say a rice plant. The bacterium acts as a delivery mechanism, inserting that stretch of
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Danlizelle van Heerden
Student number: 53789199
Assignment 2- ENG2602
Unique number: 856150
QUESTION 2 : PROSE
I suggest that there is a very clear racial prejudice amongst the characters in this passage and that their
morality of rasicm also comes into play when decisions that may count againt them comes into play, the
times are also clearly not the same as things are now.
The words “Negroes” and “niggers” in the passage given tells us that this extract is from the historical era
that dates back to 1948 to the early 1990’s (Apartheid years) where whites and blacks were not seen as
one or as equals. It also plays off in a town where people are against black people. When reading the