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FERDINAND DE SAUSSURE‘S CONTRIBUTIONS
Ferdinand de Saussure (November 26, 1857 – February 22, 1913) was a Swiss linguist whose ideas laid the foundation for many of the significant developments in linguistics in the twentieth century. He is widely considered the "father" of twentieth century linguistics, and his work laid the foundation for the approach known as structuralism in the broader field of the social sciences. Although his work established the essential framework of future studies, his ideas contained many limitations and fundamental weaknesses as later scholars recognized that underlying structure and rules, while informative, cannot be the sole determinant of meaning and value
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When linguists claim that their discipline is the scientific study of language, they have in mind certain principles which distinguish between a scientific and a non-scientific study of language. First, linguistics is objective, that is, it considers all languages to be equal. For a linguist, there are no 'primitive', 'pure', 'beautiful', 'cultural', or 'sophisticated' languages. Objectivity is difficult to attain because language is so familiar to us that we can hardly dissociate ourselves from it. The objective study of language is hindered by various cultural, social and historical misconceptions about certain languages. Linguistics has demonstrated that any language, however 'primitive
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Linguistics Postcards Summaries.
1. Podcast: That’s What They Say
Episode: Sometimes we stumble on ambiguous prepositions
Date: November 26, 2018
Rebecca Kruth, hostess of Weekend Edition on Michigan Radio, is discussing with Anne Curzan, English
Professor from University of Michigan, who studies linguistics and the history of the English language
about why the verb “stumble” has so many prepositions that confuses people.
There is a listener who name Allen, having an inquiry about how to use preposition after the verb
“stumble”. He was confused with this verb and its preposition when he read the book review of Barbara
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Language is a cognitive process and speech is one delivery system for language. In this essay I will be discussing why it is impossible for animals to learn human language as well as the differences and comparisons between Non-human and human communication and what is so unique about both species ability to communicate using language, sign language, songs and calls and dances.
What separates humans from animals?
Humans use language to communicate a shared meaning or message, unlike animals who use different tools and methods to get a message across
Ants use pheromones and sound to indicate their social status and distress, bees dance to tell each other where to find honey and
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Homework 3: Semantics & Pragmatics (40 points)
Due at the start of class Monday, February 25, 2019
1. Lexical Semantics. In what way are the following pairs of words related (e.g., synonymy)? In cases of hyponymy, indicate which word is the hyponym and which word is the hypernym. (10 points)
a. shallow deep
They both are related to the depth of something
b. mature ripe
They are both related to the age of
c. table furniture
A table is a type of furniture
d. single married
They are both related to the relationship status of a person
e. move run
Running is a type of movement
f. sofa couch
They are both types of
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Wh-constructions in Japanese
Japanese is one of the languages that exemplifies wh in-situ:
(1) Hanako-ga kinoo [dare-to] [susi-o] tukurimasita ka?
Hanako-NOM yesterday who- with sushi-ACC made QU
‘Who did Hanako make sushi with_yesterday?’
(2) Hanako-ga kinoo [tomodati-to] [nani-o] tukurimasita ka?
Hanako-NOM yesterday friend-with what-ACC made QU
‘What did Hanako make_with her friends yesterday?’
(Tallerman 2011: 248)
The wh-words dare-to ‘who with’ and nani-o ‘what’ do not move, they stay in-situ. The subjects in both examples are in the sentence-initial position. There is a question marker ka at the end of the sentence, and it is said to be ambiguous, it can either be a complementizer as
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Communication and language was the beginning of civilisation and as time passed, we humans believed we are not the only beings with the needed vocal cords to be able to produce language and communicate with each other. Although non-humans are known to able to communicate, researchers wanted to know whether or not they are able to replicate spoken language, Wikipedia (2019, para.6) as language has been defined “to a doubly articulated system, in which signs are formed for objects and states and then combine syntactically, in ways that determine how their meanings will be understood”. For example, child eats food. This uses the same words but the sentence construction will be understood by
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Table of contents:
1. Cover page
2. Table of contents
3. Introduction & What studies were conducted
4. Does this prove or disprove language abilities & Why some linguists believe this does or doesn’t show evidence of human language abilities.
5. Why some linguists believe this does or doesn’t show evidence of human language abilities & Conclusion
Human language abilities in apes
Pointing is a universal language to convey a message and acts as a substitute to spoken word. Infants’ point, a gesture which scientists agree is a form of word learning but when an ape points it’s questioned. Patrick M. Greenfield (1991) argues that language and use of tools conceal a cognitive basis
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30 April 2018
Bilingualism: The Good & the Bad
The power of language on Earth and in our lives is incredible; truly incomparable. It serves a beautiful purpose in communicating the thoughts, ideas, feelings, and opinions of its users, while also becoming a tool for creating relationships, friendships, and cultural ties. Language is capable of shaping our perception of reality and acting as the light to our ever so dynamic minds. Linguist Edward Sapir believes language is a means for carrying out expressions of thoughts, sentiments, perceptions, and value characteristics of community, while also being a representation of a fundamental expression of
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Summary of "˜Creole' Despite the national authenticity that are revealed by the characteristics of creole languages, negative attitudes regarding the sounds, the grammatical features, and the social origin of the speakers contribute to attach a persistent stigma to these recently formed languages. Pejorative terms are used by people of various backgrounds - whether they are educated professionals of linguistics, or native speakers from the lower class "" as descriptions of Creole languages.Summary of "˜Heterosexuality" In a heterosexual system, sex/gender dimorphism is shaped by the design of social practices, norms, as well as economic and legal arrangements. Heterosexual
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Anthropology is the study of humankind, in general, the study of humans everywhere. Past humanities go beyond several generations and the study of anthropology allows us to understand these generations, their complex relationships, and the structures of various cultures for the benefit of understanding humanity.This study of humankind allows us to study humans in many ways and can be divided into four related fields - the study of physical or biological anthropology, the study of linguistics, the study of archaeology, and the study of cultural or social anthropology.The study of physical or biological anthropology, includes topics such as nutrition, development, forensics, and primates
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Masako Yanase (2001), is when a word can be associated with two or more distinct meanings, whether that be obvious or subtle. However, there can be a level of lexical ambiguity when trying to distinguish between whether a word is homonymous and polysemous, something that has been investigated extensively within the field of linguistics. In order to resolve this issue, it is proposed that linguists either take a synchronic or diachronic approach to the categorisation of words, which can generate further problems in deciding lexical category. As a result, this essay offers an explanation and critical analysis of both of the difficulties surrounding lexical classification and competing
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With reference to relevant theories, describe the difference that applied linguists such as Stephen Krashen have made between ‘acquisition’ and ‘learning’. State how this has influenced the world of English Language Teaching.
In 1970s, Stephen Krashen (1981), an famous expert in the field of linguistics, proposes the Second Language Acquisition Theory. He states that humans become fluent in a language in two ways: by acquiring it or by learning it. Thus, there is a ongoing discussion about whether all people can acquire a second language just like acquire their first language or not. Also, people wonder that which way is the better one to learn a second language
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There are various ways to study the English language. If one is seeking to go in depth with his or her study, there is linguistics, which is the scientific study of language. There is phonology, which is essentially studying the phonetics and sounds within the language (Linguistic Glossary). One way of studying language that can be vital is morphology, which studies how words are formed and how they are related to other words in the same language.
There are a couple linguistic elements – as they are called – that are somewhat easier to use to study and learn more about the language: lexicology and syntax. Lexicology is “the study of the structure of…the vocabulary of a language
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Concepts & Methods of Visual Culture
Due date: October 8, 2018
One goal of this first assignment is to encourage you to make use of the concept of the sign as it is understood by linguistics and semiotics. As we have discussed in class, the two components of the sign are the signifier and the signified – in language the signifier is audio-visual (also in contemporary film, performance art, theater, dance, etc.), whereas other cultural phenomena make use of only one of these dimensions (radio and recordings: audio // painting and sculpture: visual). When writing this paper, please be sure to use the concepts of the sign, the signifier, and the
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Coates (1993:204) says "There is a need for more detailed sociolinguistic studies at both individual and group levels." I will finish with a quote by Coates (1993:204) who significantly points out "we must remember that gender differentiation in language does not exist in a vacuum: it interacts in a complex way with other kinds of social differentiation."BibliographyBaalen, I.V. (2001) 'Male and female language: growing together?' Internet Journal :Historical Sociolinguistics and Sociohistorical Linguistics,19th April 2001 Available from : http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/hsl_shl/van%20Baalen.htm [Accessed 19 January 2006]Bayley, R. (2002). The Quantitative Paradigm In Chambers, JK, Trudgill, P
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completely unbiased. Furthermore, in Noam Chomsky’s book ‘Manufacturing Consent’ he claims that mass media tell us what those in power need them to tell us. And that democracy is staged with the help of media that work as propaganda machines. Chomsky is known as the father of modern linguistics.
This paper will benefit everyone who consumes content that is distributed extensively, such as in social media and in traditional media as well. This covers most people today. In one form or another, every person uses technology. Whether it is to keep track of news or for entertainment, they are all vulnerable to media manipulation. The author hopes to raise awareness on the issue, so each person
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today, Avram Noam Chomsky was highly influenced by his professors. Chomsky was born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Wikipedia). Noam Chomsky was the son of William Chomsky. At the age of eight, Chomsky began reading Hebrew literature which he later taught classes in. In 1945 Noam Chomsky studied philosophy and linguistics at university of Pennsylvania. He was there greatly influenced by his professor of philosophy, Zellig Harris (Wikipedia). Chomsky joined the staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1955 and in 1961 was appointed full professor in the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics. At this time Chomsky became highly involved in public politics. Noam
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position they have. If these positions cannot be changed, then neither can one’s methodological position. Constructivists, who believe human behaviour can be observed and interpreted, use qualitative methods. Positivists, who see unity between social and natural science, will mostly use quantitative methods.
Constructivist methodology focuses on the interpreting behaviour and understanding meaning through the collection of qualitative data. Meaning matters in two different senses. Meaning can be the psychological property of an agent when it is possible to understand what reasons or motivations they had. Meaning can also be a property of language. Linguistics can be seen as a shared
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the Christian churches.The superior race was the "Aryans," the Germans. The word Aryan, "derived from the study of linguistics, which started in the eighteenth century and at some point determined that the Indo-Germanic (also known as Aryan) languages were superior in their structures, variety, and vocabulary to the Semitic languages that had evolved in the Near East. This judgment led to a certain conjecture about the character of the peoples who spoke these languages; the conclusion was that the 'Aryan' peoples were likewise superior to the 'Semitic' ones" (Leni Yahil, The Holocaust: The Fate of European Jewry, New York: Oxford University Press, 1990, p. 36).The Jews Are Isolated from
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has taken over Kurtz’s body and that it he is the only one at fault here. Achebe says, “But he foolishly exposed himself to the wild irresistible allure of the jungle and lo! The darkness found him out” (Achebe 1793).
In conclusion, I strongly believe that the journey of Congo did in fact cause Kurtz to become insane. Kurtz started off as a civilized white man who has gone to that region for the purpose of trade but the temptations of the jungle cause him to incite primitive instincts that had been aroused by the natives that inhabited the land.
Achebe, Chinua. “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.” In Heart of Darkness. Ed. Paul B. Armstrong. 336-49. New York: Norton, 2006.
Heart of Darkness. Dover Publications, 2012.
Naeem, Prof. Muhammad. “The Portrayal of Mr. Kurtz in "Heart of Darkness".” Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO, neoenglishsystem.blogspot.com/2010/11/portrayal-of-mr-kurtz-in-heart-of.html.
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already work for a language school, I will ask if I can teach a few lessons for them so this will give me some more experience within the classroom environment. I have thought a lot about eventually taking my DELTA, but after speaking to several experienced teachers, I think an MA in Applied Linguistics would be the next qualification I would like to study for, after completion of my degree. This will give me the qualifications I would need to be a school director in a local language school.
J. Scrivener, Learning Teaching, The Essential Guide to English Language Teaching.
Word Count: 1,012
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their native language
· The knowledge you know about your language is HIDDEN.
· How do linguistics study the unconscious knowledge
· By observing speakers, see what they do and say.
· this is called LINGUISTIC PERFORMANCE.
· You can indirectly observing by looking and listening.
· Levels of linguistic structure
LOWEST: Phonetics/Phonology (sounds)
Morphology (words, how their built)
Syntax (Sentence larger unites of words)
HIGHEST: Semantics (meaning that relates to word and sentences)
· Study of the physical properties of speech sounds
· The fundamental building blocks of language
· Focuses on acoustics, pronounce and how sounds are formed
· E.g, how many sounds of English
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hour, every minute, he tells himself, in every quarter of the country" (Coetzee 98). For Lurie, and symbolically the rest of the white men, living in a country where in his terms rape is endemic and people have weak moral compasses, his disgraceful humiliation is inevitable. The country is so contaminated to the extent that even father-daughter relationships, the most natural human relation of all, malfunction in this time and place. While arbitrarily concluding that black men are so "bestial" that even "dogs are bred to snarl at the mere smell of [them]" (Coetzee 110), Lurie conceals and masks his equally bestial behavior with aesthetics and linguistics. Apparently, what he does can be
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Greenwich, England. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Elizabeth was very talented in several fields during her youth. Her skill in the field of linguistics was phenomenal. When ambassadors of neighbouring countries would visit England, they were astonished by Elizabeth’s skills. By herself, she was able to completely translate a Latin book in her spare time. Not only were her language skills exquisite, she was very mature for someone of her age. Elizabeth was able to use the popular mythological and political references at the time in everyday speech. These abilities she had developed influenced her ascension to the throne. England’s ascension to the throne was an
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, architecture, and politics. These changes occurred due to the increasing population of Greece and its increasing amount trade, which in turn led to colonization and a new age of intellectual ideas, the most important of which was Democracy. This would then fuel more cultural changes and new ideas of the study of philosophy. Archaic philosophers, called pre-Socratics, were considered scientists that studied nature, asked questions, and overall had a love of wisdom. Pre-Socratic philosophers attempted questions and found a new style of linguistics during the Archaic period that would influence the Classical Greek disciplines such as philosophy, art, and architecture to be the greatest period of
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usage in forms of behaviour. He takes pragmatics as a functional perspective, instead of taking it as one brach of linguistics along aside with phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics.
1.1.1 Three Key Notions of Language Use
Variability: is the property of language which defines the range of possibility from which choices can be made. It is dynamic rather than static.
Negotiability: choices are not made mechanically or according to strictict rules or fixed from-function relationships, but rather on the basis of highly flexible principles and strategies.
Adaptability: enables human beings to make negotiable linguistic choices from a variable range of possibilities in such a way as to
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them all the abilities of the four skills.II. Ways on developing the four abilities1.ListeningThe teachers often speak of the four skills- listening, speaking, reading and writing. That means each of them is important. You can't say that you have mastered the language without any one of them, Listening, one of the means of language communication, is used most widely in people's daily lives. About 45%of an adult's time concerns listening to other people , listening to the radio, listening to the music. In linguistics giving the students a lot of listening activities is a good way of enlarging their vocabulary. On the other hand, it also helps the students improve their listening comprehension.I
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: Infants Observed with Mothers and Peers. Child Development, 56(3), 582.
Akhtar N., Jipson J., Callanan M. (2001). Learning words through overhearing. Child Development, 72, 416–430.
Akhtar N., Gernsbacher M. A. (2007). Joint attention and vocabulary development: A critical look. Language and Linguistics Compass, 1, 195–207.
Beier, J., & Spelke, E. (2012). Infants’ Developing Understanding of Social Gaze. Child Development, no-no.
Benson, S. (2016). What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?. Psychiatry.org. Retrieved 27 September 2017, from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/autism/what-is-autism-spectrum-disorder
Bornstein, M., & Tamis-LeMonda, C. (1989). Maternal responsiveness and cognitive
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that incongruity alone is insufficient to produce humor, requiring resolution to produce the response (Alden and Hoyer 1993). Suls (1983) concludes that both incongruity and incongruity-resolution (INC-RES) styles of humor exist, but that the latter is more prevalent. Raskin's (1985) INC-RES contrasts have been used to demonstrate this theory (Alden and Hoyer 1993).Within the cognitive school and working from a linguistics viewpoint, Raskin (1985) theorized a script-based semantic model of incongruity which suggests that a joke contains two distinct scripts that are opposites, and the third element, the punch line, "switches the listener from one script to another creating the joke" (1985, 34
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· African History
· Oral Tradition
· Oral History
· Potential? Limitations?
· Messages get distorted
· People don’t remember traumatic information as well.
· Memories revolve around strongly emotional situations
· The US is attempting to expand
· The Louisiana Purchase (Manifesto Destiny)
· The Monroe Doctrine: What is the core principle?
· The US will not tolerate Europe intervening into the western Hemisphere
· Two quotes that are particularly noteworthy:
· “We should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety”
· Broader implications
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Planning and organizing in respect to Wells Fargo is essential to the success of the company. The vision of Wells Fargo Bank is to move to the next stage going from "good to great," (wellsfargo.com). The organization has constantly reinvented itself through the years by creating new departments, products, services and new positions. The changes that have been made to the organization have been instrumental in the success of the company. Planning is a function that is often utilized within our organization.Within the mortgage wholesale division of Wells Fargo, we tend to have an operational disadvantage when it comes to our loan process. Our company realizes that business would not exist
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Table of contents1: Summary 22: Main Contents of the report 3-202.1: Introduction 32.2: Problem and the followed procedure 42.3: Sun Life Financial from strategic managerial viewpoints 42.3.1: Sun Life Financial's strategic logic 62.3.2: SWOT analysis 102.3.3: PEST analysis 132.3.4: The attractiveness of the Chinese insurance market 172.3.5: Strategies and city choice 183: Results, conclusions and recommendations 224: Bibliography 231. SummaryThis report looks into the Chinese insurance market for Sun Life Financial in order to evaluate whether it is wise for the company to enter the Chinese market and if so, where to enter. To research whether Sun Life Financial is internally ready to enter
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In order to answer this question we must firstly look at what is done at the birth of the child. If they are baptised as a baby, they clearly include no opinion in the situation. If this child doesn't believe in this faith there will be obvious rise against this as they get older and realise what it means.Furthermore, a particularly social child who is busy quite a lot of the time may find it hard to go to Church when they are supposed to and make time for other things like prayer etc. These things all take time where a child could be doing other activities that they would prefer to be doing than attending church. As well as this, to a child who isn't a Christian because of their own
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V-post has the ability to substantially improve its profit margin, but it may difficult to realize that with the insight from Singpost, it can and will happen overnight. V-post is currently selling maximum range of approximately million bucks value of goods each day. As V-post faces many intense pressures to be more and more competitive and to increase profitability, a new perspective must be directed to the reduction and control of expenses. Expenses are considered to be "costs of doing business." Hence, most organizations lack the "know how, "expertise, or time to undertake an extensive profit improvement review. A few may have access to financial resources, some of which include books
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Disasters happen when multinational corporations though having enormous resources tend to look the other side when most of the people are uneducated and their governments do not care for them and their safety and laws are usually bent if not broken by the corporations for their benefit.On the night at around 1 a.m. on Monday, December 3, 1984, when most of the people were at home sleeping, a deadly toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas leaked out from the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) plant in Bhopal, India. Senior factory officials who already knew about the lethal build-up in the tank before the leakage did not raise the alarm to warn the neighborhood until one hour after the leakage
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Before entering the "real" world and making decisions about careers and life, there is one major decision one is faced with. The question of which institution will best fit their needs to prepare them for life. There are several choices to choose from. From Ivy League Schools to State Schools as well as Historically Black Colleges and Universities the list goes on and on. These schools are viewed in society on a scale. Ivy League Schools are viewed at the top of the list where as Historically Black Colleges and Universities is only a place to go when you have no where else to go. However to receive admission into any type of these universities one must take the Scholastic Achievement Test or
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Throughout American history, the development of plantations (farms) in the American colonies arrived as immigrants arrived in small farms. The American people settled on the land west of the Mississippi for many diverse reasons. As the years went, by the profit and demand for crops such as tobacco grew larger. At that time, large plantation could had over 400 acres of fields growing anything from tobacco to maize and sugarcane(in the south), as the myths reveal. The farmers were also in the business of buying slaves as they were auctioned off at the ports or owned as indentured servants.Initially, many Americans were reluctant to move westward. Early explorers thought that the country beyond
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The author uses from the first person point of view. This is viewed in the first person because the author uses pronouns such as "we" and "my" in the story. To have pronouns such as "we" and "my" is the definition of first person narrators. An example of this can be seen through the following phrase:"My mother is not an inventive or convincing liar, and the excuses which occur to her are obviously second rate."We know that the narrator is homodiegtic because the narrator is one who is internal to the narrative, which is on the same plane of exegesis as the story. In the first person narrative, it brings us psychologically much closer to the central character. However, it does lose much of
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Characteristics and symptomsThe characteristics and symptoms of albinism are:- very light skin color- blondish-white colored hair- visual impairments that require glasses- tendency to sunburn easily,- hearing impairments- blood-clotting problems- red/pink eyes- Low Vision- Sensitivity to bright light and glare- involuntary eye movements- "Slowness to see" in infancy- Inability of the eyes to work togetherThese are all symptoms of albinos but an albino can have perfect health and only suffer from very light skin.CausesAlbinism is caused when a person inherits two recessive genes that cause them to not produce the normal amount of melanin. This makes their skin and hair lighter and can cause
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From the beginning of recorded history, possibly before then, humans have found a necessity for classifying and categorizing every aspect of life. This need for order has been used to efficiently organize and clarify the endless details on Earth. This arrangement of objects in groups has also created a very sinister and volatile mindset that some people live by. This associative manner of classification has lead to the formation of beliefs in race identities, stereotypes, and superiority in the form of racism. Racism is contempt for people who have physical characteristics different from your own (Nanda and Warms 1). This concept is often combined with what is called racialism. Racialism is
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Domestic Family Violence by definition consists of physical, emotional and psychological violence. Family Violence is prevalent among all domestic groups. This form of violence crosses ethnic, racial, age, national origin, sexual orientation, religious and socioeconomic lines. Those families at highest risk are those currently experiencing some complicating form of stress. This would include poverty, unemployment, low educational levels and certain ethnic groups. Job disparities including income disparities between spouses, over crowding and poor social structure also increase and contribute to family violence. By the most conservative estimate, each year 1 million women suffer nonfatal
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The story of spirited away begins with Chihiro, the protagonist of the story moving to a new house in a country town. Initially Chihiro is stubborn and reluctant about leaving her friends and old life behind. Later on the family runs into what seems like an abandoned theme park, but is actually an entrance to a spirit world and more specifically a bathhouse for gods.When Chihiro is helpless of the circumstances of loosing her parents and the recent transparency in her skin a boy with the name of Haku comes to comfort and rescue her. Haku informs Chihiro that the only way she can remain in the bathhouse and save her parents is to get a job and make herself useful. Chihiro following Haku's
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PROBLEMAfter reviewing the facts of the article, it appears to me that the problem at Polaris is one of poor organization and structuring of the companies resources.ALTERNATIVESThe first alternative in solving the organizational problem at Polaris is to expand the marketing research and development teams to cities outside of the Midwest, such as Burlington, VT, Portland, ME, and Manchester, NH in the Northeast and Denver, CO, Helena, MT in the Midwest, and Tempe, Arizona in the southwest and other US and foreign cities where Polaris' products may have a market.AdvantagesThis alternative organizes Polaris better in terms of marketing and researching products for the future. It will better
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The first Total War also known as the 'bloodiest' war of the century, WWI proved to have a great impact upon all of Europe. Politically, there is a clear scene of what impact the War had on the main powers in Europe: for some countries, such as France and Britain, the change in regime was merely slight, in Germany rather significant, whereas in Russia it proved drastic and sparked off two revolutions. Hence, there were several common aspects of political impacts, both direct and indirect.One of the instances of indirect political impact of WWI was the steadfastly developed idea of 'unity' behind ones government, borne by feelings of patriotism. This mainly existed at the very beginning of
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Naturally, there are three main points offered, when analyzing the role of Bethmann-Holloweg in the July Crisis. One of them, the sympathetic viewpoint, describes the German Imperial Chancellor as a victim of circumstance, rather weak, but totally guilt-free. The more critical viewpoint assigns him the characteristics of an aggressive expansionist and finally the neutral point balances out the two. It claims that Holloweg lost control, and desired no more than a limited war. Nonetheless, it is never certain how far the Chancellor was a crucial figure.To begin with, the sympathetic, and possibly very naive view is that the Chancellor did his best to avoid war and was a peace-loving statesman
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After Research, I do feel that minorities are overrepresented within the criminal justice system. For example, "a suit filed Jan. 6 in Union County, N.J., alleges that a state law denying voting rights to parolees and probationers discriminates against blacks and Hispanics due to their overrepresentation in the criminal justice system"(Penal Disenfranchisement Law Called Biased). A good deal of research has noted major disparities in the extent of involvement of minorities, particularly blacks compared to whites, in the criminal justice system. The existence of disproportionate racial representation in the criminal justice system raises questions about the fundamental fairness and equality
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The article I have selected to write about caught my attention because of the word " Phishing". Being an avid fisherman I knew this term had to be related fishing or luring. As I found out in the article the Tech term Phishing refers to scams which try to trick consumers into disclosing highly confidential -- and valuable -- information such as credit card and bank account numbers, Social Security numbers, and other identity-related data.Typically originating in mass-mailed e-mails that purport to be from a legitimate source, they entice users to spoofed sites with bogus claims that account numbers must be re-entered.The statistics are amazing in the amount of attacks. According to Vincent
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Software maintenance and change control plans are critical to the overall success of a software project. A properly executed plan will not only provide more reliable coding changes, and change implementations; it will also have beneficial financial impacts on the company. Large portions of software expenditures are related to program maintenance. Poorly tested or documented changes and coding changes implemented on an emergency basis as twice as costly as those that are well planned and tested. A plan that controls changes, tests, and implements the changes in a thorough manner will make more efficient use of all the companies' resources. To be effective a plan must be in place through the
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IntroductionWhy all the noise from senior management about improved communication? Organizations need communication, in all sorts of relationships. When organizations focus on the professional relationships, the managers wants to communicate to be able to increase his or her employees' knowledge. In this paper, I will describes and elaborate on two types of communication: lateral and vertical. Furthermore, I will also compare the two types of communication and how they relate to my organization.Vertical CommunicationVertical communication can be described as the transfer of information, in the order from highest to the lowest, in an organizational structure, (Spillan, Mino, & Rowles