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FERDINAND DE SAUSSURE‘S CONTRIBUTIONS
Ferdinand de Saussure (November 26, 1857 – February 22, 1913) was a Swiss linguist whose ideas laid the foundation for many of the significant developments in linguistics in the twentieth century. He is widely considered the "father" of twentieth century linguistics, and his work laid the foundation for the approach known as structuralism in the broader field of the social sciences. Although his work established the essential framework of future studies, his ideas contained many limitations and fundamental weaknesses as later scholars recognized that underlying structure and rules, while informative, cannot be the sole determinant of meaning and value
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When linguists claim that their discipline is the scientific study of language, they have in mind certain principles which distinguish between a scientific and a non-scientific study of language. First, linguistics is objective, that is, it considers all languages to be equal. For a linguist, there are no 'primitive', 'pure', 'beautiful', 'cultural', or 'sophisticated' languages. Objectivity is difficult to attain because language is so familiar to us that we can hardly dissociate ourselves from it. The objective study of language is hindered by various cultural, social and historical misconceptions about certain languages. Linguistics has demonstrated that any language, however 'primitive
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Linguistics Postcards Summaries.
1. Podcast: That’s What They Say
Episode: Sometimes we stumble on ambiguous prepositions
Date: November 26, 2018
Rebecca Kruth, hostess of Weekend Edition on Michigan Radio, is discussing with Anne Curzan, English
Professor from University of Michigan, who studies linguistics and the history of the English language
about why the verb “stumble” has so many prepositions that confuses people.
There is a listener who name Allen, having an inquiry about how to use preposition after the verb
“stumble”. He was confused with this verb and its preposition when he read the book review of Barbara
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Language is a cognitive process and speech is one delivery system for language. In this essay I will be discussing why it is impossible for animals to learn human language as well as the differences and comparisons between Non-human and human communication and what is so unique about both species ability to communicate using language, sign language, songs and calls and dances.
What separates humans from animals?
Humans use language to communicate a shared meaning or message, unlike animals who use different tools and methods to get a message across
Ants use pheromones and sound to indicate their social status and distress, bees dance to tell each other where to find honey and
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Homework 3: Semantics & Pragmatics (40 points)
Due at the start of class Monday, February 25, 2019
1. Lexical Semantics. In what way are the following pairs of words related (e.g., synonymy)? In cases of hyponymy, indicate which word is the hyponym and which word is the hypernym. (10 points)
a. shallow deep
They both are related to the depth of something
b. mature ripe
They are both related to the age of
c. table furniture
A table is a type of furniture
d. single married
They are both related to the relationship status of a person
e. move run
Running is a type of movement
f. sofa couch
They are both types of
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Wh-constructions in Japanese
Japanese is one of the languages that exemplifies wh in-situ:
(1) Hanako-ga kinoo [dare-to] [susi-o] tukurimasita ka?
Hanako-NOM yesterday who- with sushi-ACC made QU
‘Who did Hanako make sushi with_yesterday?’
(2) Hanako-ga kinoo [tomodati-to] [nani-o] tukurimasita ka?
Hanako-NOM yesterday friend-with what-ACC made QU
‘What did Hanako make_with her friends yesterday?’
(Tallerman 2011: 248)
The wh-words dare-to ‘who with’ and nani-o ‘what’ do not move, they stay in-situ. The subjects in both examples are in the sentence-initial position. There is a question marker ka at the end of the sentence, and it is said to be ambiguous, it can either be a complementizer as
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Communication and language was the beginning of civilisation and as time passed, we humans believed we are not the only beings with the needed vocal cords to be able to produce language and communicate with each other. Although non-humans are known to able to communicate, researchers wanted to know whether or not they are able to replicate spoken language, Wikipedia (2019, para.6) as language has been defined “to a doubly articulated system, in which signs are formed for objects and states and then combine syntactically, in ways that determine how their meanings will be understood”. For example, child eats food. This uses the same words but the sentence construction will be understood by
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Table of contents:
1. Cover page
2. Table of contents
3. Introduction & What studies were conducted
4. Does this prove or disprove language abilities & Why some linguists believe this does or doesn’t show evidence of human language abilities.
5. Why some linguists believe this does or doesn’t show evidence of human language abilities & Conclusion
Human language abilities in apes
Pointing is a universal language to convey a message and acts as a substitute to spoken word. Infants’ point, a gesture which scientists agree is a form of word learning but when an ape points it’s questioned. Patrick M. Greenfield (1991) argues that language and use of tools conceal a cognitive basis
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30 April 2018
Bilingualism: The Good & the Bad
The power of language on Earth and in our lives is incredible; truly incomparable. It serves a beautiful purpose in communicating the thoughts, ideas, feelings, and opinions of its users, while also becoming a tool for creating relationships, friendships, and cultural ties. Language is capable of shaping our perception of reality and acting as the light to our ever so dynamic minds. Linguist Edward Sapir believes language is a means for carrying out expressions of thoughts, sentiments, perceptions, and value characteristics of community, while also being a representation of a fundamental expression of
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Summary of "˜Creole' Despite the national authenticity that are revealed by the characteristics of creole languages, negative attitudes regarding the sounds, the grammatical features, and the social origin of the speakers contribute to attach a persistent stigma to these recently formed languages. Pejorative terms are used by people of various backgrounds - whether they are educated professionals of linguistics, or native speakers from the lower class "" as descriptions of Creole languages.Summary of "˜Heterosexuality" In a heterosexual system, sex/gender dimorphism is shaped by the design of social practices, norms, as well as economic and legal arrangements. Heterosexual
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Anthropology is the study of humankind, in general, the study of humans everywhere. Past humanities go beyond several generations and the study of anthropology allows us to understand these generations, their complex relationships, and the structures of various cultures for the benefit of understanding humanity.This study of humankind allows us to study humans in many ways and can be divided into four related fields - the study of physical or biological anthropology, the study of linguistics, the study of archaeology, and the study of cultural or social anthropology.The study of physical or biological anthropology, includes topics such as nutrition, development, forensics, and primates
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Masako Yanase (2001), is when a word can be associated with two or more distinct meanings, whether that be obvious or subtle. However, there can be a level of lexical ambiguity when trying to distinguish between whether a word is homonymous and polysemous, something that has been investigated extensively within the field of linguistics. In order to resolve this issue, it is proposed that linguists either take a synchronic or diachronic approach to the categorisation of words, which can generate further problems in deciding lexical category. As a result, this essay offers an explanation and critical analysis of both of the difficulties surrounding lexical classification and competing
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With reference to relevant theories, describe the difference that applied linguists such as Stephen Krashen have made between ‘acquisition’ and ‘learning’. State how this has influenced the world of English Language Teaching.
In 1970s, Stephen Krashen (1981), an famous expert in the field of linguistics, proposes the Second Language Acquisition Theory. He states that humans become fluent in a language in two ways: by acquiring it or by learning it. Thus, there is a ongoing discussion about whether all people can acquire a second language just like acquire their first language or not. Also, people wonder that which way is the better one to learn a second language
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There are various ways to study the English language. If one is seeking to go in depth with his or her study, there is linguistics, which is the scientific study of language. There is phonology, which is essentially studying the phonetics and sounds within the language (Linguistic Glossary). One way of studying language that can be vital is morphology, which studies how words are formed and how they are related to other words in the same language.
There are a couple linguistic elements – as they are called – that are somewhat easier to use to study and learn more about the language: lexicology and syntax. Lexicology is “the study of the structure of…the vocabulary of a language
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Concepts & Methods of Visual Culture
Due date: October 8, 2018
One goal of this first assignment is to encourage you to make use of the concept of the sign as it is understood by linguistics and semiotics. As we have discussed in class, the two components of the sign are the signifier and the signified – in language the signifier is audio-visual (also in contemporary film, performance art, theater, dance, etc.), whereas other cultural phenomena make use of only one of these dimensions (radio and recordings: audio // painting and sculpture: visual). When writing this paper, please be sure to use the concepts of the sign, the signifier, and the
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Coates (1993:204) says "There is a need for more detailed sociolinguistic studies at both individual and group levels." I will finish with a quote by Coates (1993:204) who significantly points out "we must remember that gender differentiation in language does not exist in a vacuum: it interacts in a complex way with other kinds of social differentiation."BibliographyBaalen, I.V. (2001) 'Male and female language: growing together?' Internet Journal :Historical Sociolinguistics and Sociohistorical Linguistics,19th April 2001 Available from : http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/hsl_shl/van%20Baalen.htm [Accessed 19 January 2006]Bayley, R. (2002). The Quantitative Paradigm In Chambers, JK, Trudgill, P
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completely unbiased. Furthermore, in Noam Chomsky’s book ‘Manufacturing Consent’ he claims that mass media tell us what those in power need them to tell us. And that democracy is staged with the help of media that work as propaganda machines. Chomsky is known as the father of modern linguistics.
This paper will benefit everyone who consumes content that is distributed extensively, such as in social media and in traditional media as well. This covers most people today. In one form or another, every person uses technology. Whether it is to keep track of news or for entertainment, they are all vulnerable to media manipulation. The author hopes to raise awareness on the issue, so each person
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today, Avram Noam Chomsky was highly influenced by his professors. Chomsky was born and raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Wikipedia). Noam Chomsky was the son of William Chomsky. At the age of eight, Chomsky began reading Hebrew literature which he later taught classes in. In 1945 Noam Chomsky studied philosophy and linguistics at university of Pennsylvania. He was there greatly influenced by his professor of philosophy, Zellig Harris (Wikipedia). Chomsky joined the staff of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1955 and in 1961 was appointed full professor in the Department of Modern Languages and Linguistics. At this time Chomsky became highly involved in public politics. Noam
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position they have. If these positions cannot be changed, then neither can one’s methodological position. Constructivists, who believe human behaviour can be observed and interpreted, use qualitative methods. Positivists, who see unity between social and natural science, will mostly use quantitative methods.
Constructivist methodology focuses on the interpreting behaviour and understanding meaning through the collection of qualitative data. Meaning matters in two different senses. Meaning can be the psychological property of an agent when it is possible to understand what reasons or motivations they had. Meaning can also be a property of language. Linguistics can be seen as a shared
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the Christian churches.The superior race was the "Aryans," the Germans. The word Aryan, "derived from the study of linguistics, which started in the eighteenth century and at some point determined that the Indo-Germanic (also known as Aryan) languages were superior in their structures, variety, and vocabulary to the Semitic languages that had evolved in the Near East. This judgment led to a certain conjecture about the character of the peoples who spoke these languages; the conclusion was that the 'Aryan' peoples were likewise superior to the 'Semitic' ones" (Leni Yahil, The Holocaust: The Fate of European Jewry, New York: Oxford University Press, 1990, p. 36).The Jews Are Isolated from
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has taken over Kurtz’s body and that it he is the only one at fault here. Achebe says, “But he foolishly exposed himself to the wild irresistible allure of the jungle and lo! The darkness found him out” (Achebe 1793).
In conclusion, I strongly believe that the journey of Congo did in fact cause Kurtz to become insane. Kurtz started off as a civilized white man who has gone to that region for the purpose of trade but the temptations of the jungle cause him to incite primitive instincts that had been aroused by the natives that inhabited the land.
Achebe, Chinua. “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness.” In Heart of Darkness. Ed. Paul B. Armstrong. 336-49. New York: Norton, 2006.
Heart of Darkness. Dover Publications, 2012.
Naeem, Prof. Muhammad. “The Portrayal of Mr. Kurtz in "Heart of Darkness".” Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO, neoenglishsystem.blogspot.com/2010/11/portrayal-of-mr-kurtz-in-heart-of.html.
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already work for a language school, I will ask if I can teach a few lessons for them so this will give me some more experience within the classroom environment. I have thought a lot about eventually taking my DELTA, but after speaking to several experienced teachers, I think an MA in Applied Linguistics would be the next qualification I would like to study for, after completion of my degree. This will give me the qualifications I would need to be a school director in a local language school.
J. Scrivener, Learning Teaching, The Essential Guide to English Language Teaching.
Word Count: 1,012
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their native language
· The knowledge you know about your language is HIDDEN.
· How do linguistics study the unconscious knowledge
· By observing speakers, see what they do and say.
· this is called LINGUISTIC PERFORMANCE.
· You can indirectly observing by looking and listening.
· Levels of linguistic structure
LOWEST: Phonetics/Phonology (sounds)
Morphology (words, how their built)
Syntax (Sentence larger unites of words)
HIGHEST: Semantics (meaning that relates to word and sentences)
· Study of the physical properties of speech sounds
· The fundamental building blocks of language
· Focuses on acoustics, pronounce and how sounds are formed
· E.g, how many sounds of English
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hour, every minute, he tells himself, in every quarter of the country" (Coetzee 98). For Lurie, and symbolically the rest of the white men, living in a country where in his terms rape is endemic and people have weak moral compasses, his disgraceful humiliation is inevitable. The country is so contaminated to the extent that even father-daughter relationships, the most natural human relation of all, malfunction in this time and place. While arbitrarily concluding that black men are so "bestial" that even "dogs are bred to snarl at the mere smell of [them]" (Coetzee 110), Lurie conceals and masks his equally bestial behavior with aesthetics and linguistics. Apparently, what he does can be
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Greenwich, England. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Elizabeth was very talented in several fields during her youth. Her skill in the field of linguistics was phenomenal. When ambassadors of neighbouring countries would visit England, they were astonished by Elizabeth’s skills. By herself, she was able to completely translate a Latin book in her spare time. Not only were her language skills exquisite, she was very mature for someone of her age. Elizabeth was able to use the popular mythological and political references at the time in everyday speech. These abilities she had developed influenced her ascension to the throne. England’s ascension to the throne was an
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, architecture, and politics. These changes occurred due to the increasing population of Greece and its increasing amount trade, which in turn led to colonization and a new age of intellectual ideas, the most important of which was Democracy. This would then fuel more cultural changes and new ideas of the study of philosophy. Archaic philosophers, called pre-Socratics, were considered scientists that studied nature, asked questions, and overall had a love of wisdom. Pre-Socratic philosophers attempted questions and found a new style of linguistics during the Archaic period that would influence the Classical Greek disciplines such as philosophy, art, and architecture to be the greatest period of
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usage in forms of behaviour. He takes pragmatics as a functional perspective, instead of taking it as one brach of linguistics along aside with phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics.
1.1.1 Three Key Notions of Language Use
Variability: is the property of language which defines the range of possibility from which choices can be made. It is dynamic rather than static.
Negotiability: choices are not made mechanically or according to strictict rules or fixed from-function relationships, but rather on the basis of highly flexible principles and strategies.
Adaptability: enables human beings to make negotiable linguistic choices from a variable range of possibilities in such a way as to
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them all the abilities of the four skills.II. Ways on developing the four abilities1.ListeningThe teachers often speak of the four skills- listening, speaking, reading and writing. That means each of them is important. You can't say that you have mastered the language without any one of them, Listening, one of the means of language communication, is used most widely in people's daily lives. About 45%of an adult's time concerns listening to other people , listening to the radio, listening to the music. In linguistics giving the students a lot of listening activities is a good way of enlarging their vocabulary. On the other hand, it also helps the students improve their listening comprehension.I
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: Infants Observed with Mothers and Peers. Child Development, 56(3), 582.
Akhtar N., Jipson J., Callanan M. (2001). Learning words through overhearing. Child Development, 72, 416–430.
Akhtar N., Gernsbacher M. A. (2007). Joint attention and vocabulary development: A critical look. Language and Linguistics Compass, 1, 195–207.
Beier, J., & Spelke, E. (2012). Infants’ Developing Understanding of Social Gaze. Child Development, no-no.
Benson, S. (2016). What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder?. Psychiatry.org. Retrieved 27 September 2017, from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/autism/what-is-autism-spectrum-disorder
Bornstein, M., & Tamis-LeMonda, C. (1989). Maternal responsiveness and cognitive
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that incongruity alone is insufficient to produce humor, requiring resolution to produce the response (Alden and Hoyer 1993). Suls (1983) concludes that both incongruity and incongruity-resolution (INC-RES) styles of humor exist, but that the latter is more prevalent. Raskin's (1985) INC-RES contrasts have been used to demonstrate this theory (Alden and Hoyer 1993).Within the cognitive school and working from a linguistics viewpoint, Raskin (1985) theorized a script-based semantic model of incongruity which suggests that a joke contains two distinct scripts that are opposites, and the third element, the punch line, "switches the listener from one script to another creating the joke" (1985, 34
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· African History
· Oral Tradition
· Oral History
· Potential? Limitations?
· Messages get distorted
· People don’t remember traumatic information as well.
· Memories revolve around strongly emotional situations
· The US is attempting to expand
· The Louisiana Purchase (Manifesto Destiny)
· The Monroe Doctrine: What is the core principle?
· The US will not tolerate Europe intervening into the western Hemisphere
· Two quotes that are particularly noteworthy:
· “We should consider any attempt on their part to extend their system to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety”
· Broader implications
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Summary of Polymer MechanochemistrySometimes, curiosity gets the best of you, it did with Aj Boydston, an assistant professor at the University of Washington. Mr. Boydston and his students at the university conducted experiments, used models and imagined what would happen to the behavior of polymers when polymers undergo mechanical stress. This is a field of chemistry called polymer mechanochemistry. Creating models of star polymers on a 2-D plain, it was understood that using mechanical force on the bonds, it breaks the polymer chain, generating a spontaneous response. Other results as followed when changing the physical force are the change of color (stretching) and the effect of the
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One hand Reaches out And pulls a lost soul from harm While a thousand more go unspoken for They say what good have you done By saving just this one It's like whispering a prayer In the fury of a storm And I hear them saying you'll never change things And no matter what you do it's still the same thing But it's not the world that I am changing I do this so this world will know That it will not change me This heart Still believes The love and mercy still exist While all the hatred rage and so many say That love is all but pointless in madness such as this It's like trying to stop a fire With the moisture from a kiss And I hear them saying you'll never change things And no matter what you do
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4BredahlHarlie Cheyenne BredahlProfessor Peter EppsComposition II08 September 2014I"The Importance of the Act of Reading" by Paulo Freire, describes the importance of the act of reading beyond numerous experiences in his life as a child, a teenager, and an adult. Freire begins his article by taking readers back to where he was born, in his home city Recife, Brazil. He uses very itemized imagery to describe the trees, the house and the atmosphere of where he grew up and how the text, words, and letters were incarnated in the series of things, objects, and signs. He describes the trees, the house and the atmosphere of where he grew up and how the text, words, and letters were incarnated in the
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The American Dream is the quintessence of a comfortable victorious life, which often includes material prosperity, a house, an improved life for one's kids, and sometimes; it means achieving any goals one may have regardless of what class he or she comes from (O'Connor, Sabato and, Yanus 19). In recent years, it has become more difficult to achieve the American Dream; this is mainly due various issues involving the relationship between the government and the people. Therefore, the American Dream is gradually dying.The meaning of the American Dream has vastly changed in recent years. The American Dream has become more about feeling a sense of fulfillment rather than financial succeeding, or
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Dengan Smarty Ring, Anda bisa membaca notifikasi di handphone Anda melalui jariKetika semua orang membicarakan kecanggihan Google Glass atau smartwatch, tak banyak orang yang berpikir bahwa sesuatu yang ukurannya lebih kecil dari itu juga bisa berguna. Ide itulah yang diusung Smarty Ring, yang memperlihatkan semua notifikasi handphone Anda sehingga Anda tidak harus mengangkat handphone Anda untuk mengetahui apa yang terjadi. Smarty Ring, yang dibuat oleh startup hardware asal India, terbukti sangat populer di Indiegogo, dimana gadget ini sudah mendapatkan dana crowdfunding sebesar USD 130.000 (jauh melampaui target awalnya yang hanya USD 40.000). Waktu yang tersisa untuk kampanye
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Related text: American History X Comment by George Moulos: You can't analyze a film the same as a book.If you re doing film you have to do film techniques, not literary techniques.-Derek Vinyard after going to prison and learning that his prejudice stemmed from ignorance he teaches his brothers Danny vineyard that his fascism and racism was wrong and ignorant.Movie Summary:Derek Vineyard begins in the movie as a troubled young man who due to his father's racist views develops his own, to the point of leading a local Aryan Brotherhood/Neo Nazi group in beach side LA. They constantly arm wrestle with local blacks with Derek actually winning the local basketball court rights, after beating them
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EXECUTIVE SUMMARYTerry Johnson, a native of Longmont, Colorado established the MiniScribe Corporation, a disk drive manufacturing company that would grow to be one of the largest producers and distributors of disk drives for personal computers in America.This report focuses on relevant facts and figures in the evaluation of MiniScribe's liquidity, profitability, and overall stability aiming to determine whether or not maintaining its stocks on the Alexander and Ferris brokerage firm's "Buy" list is a practical action. The primary methods of analysis include the assessment of various liquidity and efficiency ratios together with quarterly statements of cash flow for 1988 which can be found in
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Dream worldThe warmth of the blanket upon me keeps my body safe and relaxed. My arms and legs stop trying to interact with this physical world. Peacefully, they give up and rest. My head falls further into the softness of my pillow. My eyes are closed slightly and my mind. I use my intuition to see through the world. I dream…Suddenly, the deafening noise of the alarm clock woke me up with a startling jolt. It seemed as though I had fallen asleep mere seconds ago and as I groggily looked around something did not seem right. The room looked the same as it did before I went to sleep. In the bright orange light that seemed to come from hells keep itself, shown through the flimsy curtains
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USE OF ARTICLES (a, an, the)What did these words originally mean?A/AN is an old word meaning `one'(in many European languages the ordinary word for `one' is used to translate English `a' or `an' and you can also sometimes use Cantonese `yat go' in the same way)THE is an old word meaning `this' or `that'These words no longer have their full original meaning but if you remember that meaning it can sometimes help you to decide which word you need to use.A or AN?Use A before a consonant soundUse AN before a vowel soundSo: a banana,an orange,a university (vowel letter but a consonant sound - /j/)an MTR train (consonant letter but a vowel sound - /em/)Use of A/ANYou use these words with a singular
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Breanna PonceMia Sandoval Dominick KlingbyllAugust 26, 2013Block 2The Effect of Pineapple on Jell-OBACKGROUND:Protein was a big part of this gelatin lab. Protein is a multipurpose macro molecule. Gelatin is a protein made out of Jell-O, we used Jell-O in our lab. The students had to put pineapple in the gelatin to see if it will form. The enzymes in the pineapple prevented that from happening. Enzymes are a biological catalyst. Bromelain is the enzyme found in pineapple. The formation of the gelatin depended on the type of Jell-O and its temperatures. Temperature is the degree of hot (high KE) and cold (low KE). Then that makes denature, the unfolding of the enzyme. At the end of all that is
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"MORDERNELECTRONICGADGETS"IntroductionModern gadgets have made us complete slaves to machines. There is no work which cannot be done without the assistance of machines and there is not a single area of human activity where machines don't have to be used. No one can deny the fact that gadgets have not only simplified our lives but also made them more comfortable and luxurious. If electricity fails, life for each one of us comes to a standstill as all gadgets are operated with it be it AC, TV, computer, a telephone, or any other modern appliance. Perhaps there were times when every work was done with hands be it grinding or travelling far off places. People were tough who could walk for miles
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COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEMDr. Harold Wolf of Medical Research Corporation (MRC) was thrilled with the response he had received from drug companies for his latest discovery, a unique electronic stimulator that reduces the pain from arthritis. The process had yet to pass rigorous Federal Drug Administration (FDA) testing and was still in the early stages of development, but the interest was intense. He received the three offers described below this paragraph. (A 10 percent interest rate should be used throughout this analysis unless otherwise specified.)Offer I $1,000,000 now plus $200,000 from year 6 through 15. Also if the product did over $100 million in cumulative sales by the end of year 15
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Personal Explorations PaperLee Ashton Brooks7 December 2013PSY-110HAProfessor MooreOver the course of 7 modules, different personality aspects of mine have been tested and evaluated and have even revealed things about myself that I was not aware of. The surveys and questions that I answered dug deep into decisions and choice I make, how I think and how I feel to reveal certain characteristics about myself, some of which I was aware of and others that I was not. Things such as my expression of sexuality, different levels and aspects of my psychology, my personal reactions to certain social situations, and the way I pursue and value my career were all evaluated by answering questionnaires. In
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The Open-Field System .Three field rotations helped keep fields fertile traditional village rights reinforced traditional patterns of farming.Peasants were exploited in a number of ways, with those in Eastern Europe generally the worst off.The Agricultural RevolutionThe use of more complex systems of crop rotation increased the amount of land under cultivation.Grain crops were alternated with nitrogen-storing crops.The open-field system was ended by "enclosing" the fields, particularly in England.The enclosure movement meant an end to common lands and to the independence of the rural poor who relied on them to survive.The Leadership of the Low Countries and EnglandPrior to the agricultural
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COMMUNICATIONS IN BUSINESS 100Name: Anonymous 2Student Number: 12345678Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgCompany: Chevron CorporationTitle: Corporate Social Responsibility: An Analysis of ChevronOther Details: Semester 1 2014, Bentley Campus(Word Count: 1568)IntroductionMultinational Energy Companies, like Chevron Corporation, have a broad and significant social, economic and environmental impact on the globe and as such are in a position to influence the lives of many people. Chevron is involved in many different facets of the energy business, including exploration, refining, production and transportation. The company employs approximately 60 000 people in the oil and natural gas industry, with
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Prioritizing the IT Project Portfolio PaperVicky DuganCMGT/57309/22/2014Dion Rettberg
Running head: Prioritizing the IT Project Portfolio Paper
Lila's Web design is a fairly new business. Lila has about 45 employees, and is in the middle of interviewing for an IT project manager. The Information Technology (IT) project will play an important role in Lila's business. The new IT project manager will be looking into getting the Project Portfolio Management (PPM) tools. This tool will help in the supporting process for helping in selecting the right project. With the new PPm all of the new project will be selected and evaluated. The PPM will also help to identify those projects that
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On The Bright SideLife is a beautiful struggle. If it were easy it would be no fun. We always hope for the best but sometimes things don't always turn out that way. I feel that over the years, life itself teaches you to be more appreciative of things. With that being said, I try to be optimistic about situations. Life has thrown me many curve balls, but I feel that the way I handle certain situations definitely helped me get through them.Soccer has always been a big part of my life. I've been playing since I could kick a ball. I've always dreamed of being recognized and playing in college. That opportunity came at the Dupage Varsity Conference Semi-Finals. I was captain of the Glenbard East
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Assignments 12- outline and evaluate in to the duration, capacity and encoding of information in short term memoryCapacity refers to the amount of information that can be held at any one time in memory. The Capacity of STM is limited and to demonstrate the capacity of STM, the serial digit span technique is used. The study was proposed by Jacobs where experiment needed the participants to read lists of either words/numbers that they had to recall immediately after presentation. The finding found that there was a difference between capacity for numbers and for letters. Also an average participant can only recall 9 for numbers but only 7 for letters. The conclusion was that short term memory
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IRWLE VOL. 4 No. II, July 2008
Robert Frost's Major Themes -Study
The most misleading criticism on Robert Frost is that he is restricted in his handling of major themes. But it should be held true that Frost's confinement to things 'rustic' amply fed this misinterpretation. He does present at times the illusion of happily settling down with his little New England, ignoring completely the rest of the world. Frost's seeming avoidance of topical subject matter is not because of timidity. His reluctance is quite calculated as he never wanted to be characterized by topical labels. In the neat circle he scratched for himself, there is no place for sky scrappers and skid row