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The metaphysical view of reality that I support is from a monist position. Monism isbelieving that everything in the universe is one kind or type. To be more specific, the viewwithin monism that I believe to be true is materialism. This is defined in our textbook TheEnduring Questions by Jerry H. Hill as a "belief that reality is composed exclusively ofmatter and its patterns of organization." In other words, it is a view that everything thatactually exists is material, or physical. What it means to say something is material is that itis extended in space. In an article titled "Philosophical Materialism," Richard C. Vitzthumclaims that "materialism has always inferred its theories from the
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revealed. Hence, for perdurantists, an object at t0 is the same at t1, but the part of the object shown at t0 is different from the part of the object shown at t1. [1: Ney, Alyssa, Metaphysics: an Introduction, p. 173-177. ]
This is in contrast with another view, that of endurantism, that is based on three dimensionality: objects are described in having only a spatial extension, and therefore they “persist over time by being wholly present at each time at which they exist”.[footnoteRef:2] [2: Ney, Alyssa, Metaphysics: an Introduction, cit. p. 174. ]
I will now examine how perdurantism and four dimensionalism link back to the puzzle. The reason for the incongruence before, namely that a) A was
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Existence.” (Heidegger, Martin. What is Metaphysics? Siavash Jamadi Translation. Phoenix Publishing, 2014, P. 302). He believed death to be just as significant as life, and too truly understand one's existence death has to be considered. Humans beings however, fear the idea of death, at least from Heidegger’s perspective. Instead of embracing death as part of our existence we chose to dwell. To dwell means to live in or at a specified place, a place one feels safe and free from anxiety, and death is a threat to that feeling of security. Heidegger viewed this fear or angst as a metaphysical issue, one that enables us to only care about being. If this was true and humans really lived in constant
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metaphysics, argues in support of the possibility of chance and uncaused causes. Further in the Nicomachean ethics he demonstrates that indeed actions can be voluntary and “up to us” as he puts it. Following these demonstration he concludes that we are morally responsible for our actions. He argues that chance is the only explanation for an accident. There cannot be a definite cause for an accident (Metaphysics, Book V, 1025a25). In the absence of indefinite (uncaused) causes, all occurrences would occur necessarily (Metaphysics, Book VI, 1027a29).
Aristotle is positive about his rejection of determinism. He is confident that all our deliberations involve possible alternatives. At the minimum we have
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moral concept must be "completely a priori in reason" and that any morality based on empirical elements was null and void. His Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals devotes a great deal of time to this assertion, and also provides an explanation of the prerequisite concepts needed for its full comprehension.Kant begins his Grounding by asserting a definition of reason which may seem alien to many. He argues that rational, thinking beings are provided with the faculty of reason not, as has been thought by many, to help attain our desires, such as happiness. Nor, says Kant, is reason meant to serve as a guide for the will. The possibilities and consequences of the world of action are myriad
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November 11th, 2018
Adam Raposa: Idealism for Idealism’s Sake
Authority and structuralism. In relation to each other, both can be seen as complementary cousins. Aiding and abetting one another in the conceptualization and prioritization of worldly endeavours, structuralism in its sociological, anthropological, and linguistic contexts equally apply to its succedent counterpart; authoritarian hierarchy. When called into question Adam Raposa’s metaphysics lie as the roots for his politics, ethics, and epistemology. It is possible to examine many of Mr. Raposa’s more rudimentary beliefs, and extrapolate an overarching world view, which consistently produces
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The realm of metaphysics attempts to answer some of the most fundamental and basic of questions. These are the types of quests that do not have just one answer, but actually a multitude of plausible answers. Depending on the person - who you are, what you have, and what you believe in - the answers to the fundamental questions can change. The key things here is that nobody can prove to you without a doubt that you are wrong.One topic of metaphysics that there is much discussion over is the topic of reality. How do we know that something truly is "real?" According to the American Heritage College Dictionary, "real" is defined as "being or occurring in fact or actuality; having verifiable
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around me if would seem that irrationality would be the best way to see thing. The rationality of thing would heart too much to want to stand by and watch so to turn to the invisible for support would help to understand what is around you. But in the same Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) looked at things by determined by the will-to-power. Nietzsche rejected Hegels idealism and all similar rationalist metaphysics (2005). As with Kierkegaard the world around him was devoid of joy and grandeur. Nietzsche said that the visible world and the invisible world are irrational, so only a superman can make it through and escape from the triviality of society. From the way I see Nietzsches
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epistemology, metaphysics, morals and aesthetics to intertwine and support each other, unlike other philosophers who may choose to define each one separately. But it also allows for the brings to question the nest of the values we have in societies and whether or not we should reevaluate them.
Nietzsche chooses to reevaluate values, known as good and bad, in relation to how the English Psychologist would define them. The Psychologist says that the genealogy of good comes from unegoistic actions from the point of view of those to whom they were useful.[footnoteRef:1] This is understood as truthful because unegoistic actions are practical and useful in societies, earning praise as they work towards a
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, Summa Theologiae (Bjorn's Guide to Philosophy). His writing included the construction of his beliefs and defense of his system based on Aristotle. Brilliantly, he also adopted his system to the needs of the 13th century, leading an even larger scale of success. In the end, the result was new modus vivendi, beliefs the Church used to regulate with, which was a new relationship between faith and philosophy (Encarta Learning and Research). In further works, Aquinas made textual commentaries on Aristotle, and continued offering insight to lingering problems in metaphysics, philosophy of mind and religion, in addition to morals and ethics (Bartleby). In creation of these answers
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the theater solely for
survival (Savarese N., Fowler R., 1988, p.4). In this sense, his meeting with the Balinese
theater is not merely an accident or a coincidence of time and space, but it connects to his
deepest ambitions and dreams.
Unlike frustrated artists who take advantage of, exploit, use and abuse the latest art
trend of the Otherness, exoticism, and the Orient, Artaud’s attitude towards the Balinese
theater is purely an idea that has been present and awakened in him. This form of
anti-Occidental theater version of performance and the creation of the language of
metaphysics through ritual and spiritual gestures and signs have captivated Artaud’s
maximum respect, fondness, and
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task is undertaken with the goal of arriving at a comprehensive and rational view of ourselves, and the natural world the hope is that through philosophical exploration we will arrive at some sort of reflective answers.
What are the fundamental constituents of the universe?
What is their nature?
Includes the philosophy of mind, religion, personal identity, free will and so on.
What is knowledge?
What is justification?
Do I know anything at all? Do I have justified beliefs?
Is it possible to defeat skepticism, the denial of the possibility of knowledge and justified belief?
What is intrinsically good?
What is intrinsically evil?
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no one who said a critical word of Stevenson until he died. He had most success with Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde in 1886. He died not long after he became popular in 1894. "He is gone, our Prince of storytellers, with the insatiable taste for weird adventure, for diablerie, for a strange mixture of metaphysics and romance."(1) That is how one critic analyzed the sadness of his death to the literary world. Overall, he did not receive that much success or popularity until he was almost deceased. It was when he died that his work came to the peak of its popularity.For about the first twenty years after his death, Stevenson was highly praised by English language critics. He became the new great
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Professor John Fruncillo
October 12th, 2018.
Wittgenstein’s Language Concept
Ludwig Wittgenstein was born April 26th, 1889 in Vienna, Austria-Hungary. He was regarded by many as the greatest philosopher of the 20th century. Wittgenstein’s works were very instrumental in the twenty-century philosophy of language. He made a significant contribution to conversations on language, logic, and metaphysics and the way we should live in the world. Wittgenstein’s initial or early concepts of language, published in the “Tractatus Logico Philosophicus (1921)” and his later concepts of language which were published in the Philosophical Investigations (1953
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thought and work of Immanuel Kant, specifically in The Groundwork to the Metaphysics of Morals. Throughout the book, Kant aims to engender a framework of ethical theory that is derived from following one’s duty. For one to become edified on Deontology Ethics, it is quintessential for one to be acquainted on the Kantian notions of “The Good Will” and “Acting from the Motive of Duty”. I will begin this section by explaining the main tenants of the Kantian “Good Will” and the “Motive of Duty”.
In contrast to Utilitarianism, which emphasizes that for a will to be good is for it to aim at acting so as to produce the best possible state of affairs, in the Groundwork to the Metaphysics of Morals
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The Cincinnati English and French Academy for Young Ladies (Khalsa 8). During her teaching, Elizabeth found the realities of slavery and racism illogical, so she refused to accept the southern families paying her wage (Khalsa 8).
Elizabeth continued teaching for several years, until in her mid-twenties, a close friend suffering from a terminal disease felt more comfortable having a female physician. In Pioneer Work in Opening the Medical Profession to Women, she said that the idea of studying medicine had initially repelled her (cfmedicine 6). She had originally favored studying history and metaphysics; the very thought of dwelling on the physical structure of the body and its various
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an end to the
constant debating about metaphysical questions which are beyond the limits of our ability to know. Kant
shortened his Critique, infamously difficult to read, into the Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics in
order to make it more accessible. Having explained what we can know and how human knowledge is
possible, Kant recognized that there are still beliefs worth having as human beings despite these beliefs
not being based on absolute certainty. In his Critique of Practical Reason, Kant explains that certain
beliefs, such as a belief in God or the afterlife, can be a good thing since they give people the strength to
persevere in the face of adversity. Or, as is the case with free
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reception into eternal life.
Surat Shabd Yoga
In his works on comparative religion, Sant Kirpal Singh traces [*NOTE: See Kirpal Singh, The Crown of Life (Delhi: Ruhani Satsang, 1970) and Naam or Word (Tilton, New Hampshire: Sant Bani Press, 1974). *] the evidence of the spiritual principles Light and Sound to be the primary manifestations of God into created form. These two principles are said to sustain creation as well as the human body through varying degrees of spirit and matter. In sant metaphysics there are five main sounds, or melodies ( panch shabd ), which represent the inner planes of consciousness. A sant (saint) is one who has contacted the shabd (sound or word as divine
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strictest sense, one element in that Fate which God in his providence has ordained to rule over the bodies and, it is possible, over the spirits of men. And the essence of this whole metaphysical world of evil intelligences is distilled by Shakespeare's imagination and concentrated in those marvellous dramatic symbols, the Weird Sisters. (pp. 91-3)Walter Clyde Curry, "The Demonic Metaphysics of Macbeth," in his Shakespeare's Philosophical Patterns, Louisiana State University Press, 1937, pp. 53-93.
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easy to build, and this incredible and unique experience will also promote it for a better market. Just as Murray(2000) reported, every tool has its own social significance like VR which can reflect social values and practices. At the mean time, the great potential of VR comes from the fact that it is able to continuously create and introduce better products which can develop a huge virtual economy, Virtual reality has a very significant application prospect. In the future, VR would be more closely to human’s life and make it continue to benefit.
Heim, M. (1993). The metaphysics of virtual reality. New York: Oxford University Press.
Luckerson, V. (2014) Facebook Buying Oculus