Hannah BainesImagery: The author uses imagery to emphasize the idea that pollution is killing off wildlife in an intense and painful manner. This further intrigues the audience and convinces a sense of empathy towards the many species of the world.
11 AP Period 5
Current Event Week 6
Global IssueDiction: The audience is swayed by the words “agony” and “bleeding profusely”, causing them to once again feel terrible for unknowingly causing harm to wildlife. The diction emphasizes just how dangerous and life threatening pollution is toward the ocean and its inhabitants.
Pathos: The author utilizes pathos primarily to provoke a sense of sympathy from the audience. They may begin to feel saddened by the lack of care and the harm they’ve created for these animals.
“For Animals, Plastic Is Turning the Ocean into a Minefield”
On a boat off Costa Rica, a biologist uses pliers from a Swiss army knife to try to extract a plastic straw from a sea turtle’s nostril. The turtle writhes in agony, bleeding profusely. For eight painful minutes the YouTube video ticks on; it has logged more than 20 million views, even though it’s so hard to watch. At the end the increasingly desperate biologists finally manage to dislodge a four-inch-long straw from the creature’s nose.
Raw scenes like this, which lay bare the toll of plastic on wildlife, have become familiar: The dead albatross, its stomach bursting with refuse. The turtle stuck in a six-pack ring, its shell warped from years of straining against the tough plastic. The seal snared in a discarded fishing net.Personification: The use of personification emphasizes both the impact of pollution, as well as its silent attacks. This stresses that pollution has become more powerful than humanity has given credit for, which the author conveys.
But most of the time, the harm is stealthier. Flesh-footed shearwaters, large, sooty brown seabirds that nest on islands off the coasts of Australia and New Zealand, eat more plastic as a proportion of their body mass than any other marine animal, researchers say: In one large population, 90 percent of the fledglings had already ingested some. A plastic shard piercing an intestine can kill a bird quickly. But typically the consumption of plastic just leads to chronic, unrelenting hunger.Logos: The logos presented emphasizes the overwhelming amounts of birds effected by pollution. Whilst birds are not the only animals effected, the statistic is critical in understanding how harmful pollution truly is. Further, the endless amounts of species continuously being added to the list of animals being threatened also stresses that there are approximately 700 species are suffering because of unnecessary human actions.
Ethos: The author proves to be credible due to her extensive research of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as well as her choice of sources that have extended degrees in their field.
“The really sad thing about this is that they’re...