Frankenstein, Theories Of Literature Baylor University, Literature 202 Research

676 words - 3 pages

Theories in Frankenstein:
· Freud’s Theory of the ‘Divided Self’: The divided self consists of 3 parts of the human mind- The id (which contains basic instinctual drives, is the ‘dark, inaccessible part of our personality’ and ‘knows no judgement of value: no good and evil, no morality’, the subconscious in every mind and the basis of our behaviour), the conscious ego (‘attempts to mediate between the id and reality’… ‘obliged to cloak the unconscious commands of the id with it’s own rationalizations’) and the ego (contains reason whereas the id contains passion, and is the aspect of ourselves which is encouraged to be dominant in civilised society and ‘is pushed with feelings of guilt if the id is indulged too much’.
Links to Frankenstein?
The doppelganger between Frankenstein and the monster symbolise the id and the ego, the creature being the embodiment of Frankenstein’s subconscious mind and the darkest part of his personality. Quote to use as an example: "Such a man has a double existence: he may suffer misery and be overwhelmed by disappointments, yet when he has retired into himself, he will be like a celestial spirit that has a halo around him, within whose circle no grief or folly ventures" However, in the text they are physically divided by two separate bodies, which allows the id to act independently without the intervention of the ego, and so the monster is irrational and murders William, Henry and Elizabeth in passion. This affects Frankenstein’s reliability as a narrator, as the ‘ego’ he is able to edit the account of the monster’s tale to Walton; if the monster truly is a doppelganger of Victor then perhaps he has a hidden desire to kill those that are murdered by the monster, which he disguises through the fact the ‘id’ is responsible for their deaths. E.g. Victor’s father states he ‘could not love a child as much as your brother’ when referencing William, which could evoke jealousy in Victor? Additionally, Elizabeth praises Justine as ‘the most grateful creature in the world’, yet there is little praise of Victor; the jealousy may stem from Victor’s father’s abrupt dismissal of the ‘rubbish’ philosophical theories to which Victor’s teenage years are devoted to studying. ALSO, possible interpretation: over time the monster has been regarded as ‘Frankenstein’ rather than ‘Frankenstein’s monster’, this may perhaps be due to the development of Freud’s theories and hence the recognition by the reader that as the ‘id’ the monster fulfils the desires of the ‘ego’ and hence is the subconscious Frankenstein, and consequently Victor is outcast due to his poor attempt at intervening between the id and the ego.
· Habermas Theory of Literature
Habermas argues that literature is ‘the potential for transformation of the ways we look at the world, the people who act in it and the particular situations that shape them’, implying our personalities are shaped through the literature we are exposed to. Frankenstein concords to this theory, with the monster’s story being the starkest example. The monster is abandoned, ‘aborted’ by Victor, and so without human contact he is left to develop his personality solely from the reading of books. The main influence of the monster is Paradise Lost, which he says ‘gave me extreme delight: I continually studied and exercised my mind upon these histories’. The texts are the single link between the monster and the world of humanity. His vocabulary, his philosophical interpretations of the world are all formed as a result of this book. He exercises almost fully the model Habermas puts forth, as he explains ‘As I read.. I applied much personally to my own feelings and condition. I found myself similar, yet strangely unlike to the beings concerning whom I read’. The creature identifies with the characters and situations presented in the books he reads, and develops his own sense of individualism as a result. However, it is Victor’s responsibility that the monster cannot apply such understanding to situations within humanity, as he has been isolated, ‘Satan has his companions, but I am solitary and detested’.

RELATED

18th century british literature - University - research paper

4720 words - 19 pages Free RABINDRA BHARTI UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENT: ENGLISH COURSE: 4.1 TOPIC 18th century literature SUBMITTED BY ROLL NO: RAB/NAS/170140 REGISTRATION NO: 170214 OF 2017-2018 U.G SEMESTER: IV Index S.NO TOPIC PAGE NO 1. Introduction 01-02 2. Novelists in 18th Century 03-05 (a) Major Novelists 03-04 (b) Minor Novelists 04-05 3. Poets in 18th Century 06-09 (a) Major Poets 06-08 (b) Minor Poets 08-09 4. Prose writers in 18th Century 10 5. Essayists and Non

An explanation and examination of Critical Analyses of Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre - Concordia University Ann Arbor, English Literature II - Research Paper

2594 words - 11 pages Free . This feeling is evoked only through an objective correlative and is never stated outright, this interested members of the New Criticism readers to enjoy and revel in the text’s wide emotional displays and to take on the first of many New understandings of the text. Not all of the new understandings of Jane Eyre were quite so clean. The psychoanalysts (beginning to gain prevalence in the late 1950’s) applied Freudian theories to literature in hopes

American Literature Paper on Harlem Renaissance - American Literature - Research

1204 words - 5 pages towards writing more free verse and with a democratic state of mind. His constancy to black music led him to many novel fusions of blues and jazz through his two books, The Weary Blues (1926) and Fine Clothes to the Jew (1927). Ralph Ellison, who is named after Ralph Waldo Emerson, was born March 1, 1913 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Ellison’s father, who was indulged in literature, loved it and had hoped that in return his son would grow up to become a

Transgression in Nella Larsen's Passing - Tennessee Tech University - Approaches to Women in Literature - Literary Research Paper

924 words - 4 pages Free . “Nella Larsen's Passing: A Problem of Interpretation.” Black American Literature Forum, vol. 14, no. 4, 1980, pp. 142–146. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2904405. Toth, Josh. “Deauthenticating Community: The Passing Intrusion of Clare Kendry in Nella Larsen's Passing.” MELUS, vol. 33, no. 1, 2008, pp. 55–73. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/30029741. “Transgression.” Merriam-Webster.com, Merriam-Webster, www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/transgression. Accessed 23 Feb. 2018. Wall, Cheryl A. “Passing for What? Aspects of Identity in Nella Larsen's Novels.” Black American Literature Forum, vol. 20, no. 1/2, 1986, pp. 97–111. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2904554.

Literature Review of Leadership Development: How to make leadership more efficient - University of Queensland - Assignment

1395 words - 6 pages Literature Review of Leadership Development: How to make leadership more efficient Introduction How to make leadership more efficient? Leadership is not management or guidance. Leadership is the ability to inspire or influence others' goals to leaders, and a successful leader must convince his or her followers that they are a team or family, not just the relationship between the leader and the subordinates. If they have confidence in you and

Breaking Point of Fear American Literature - American Literature - Assignment

482 words - 2 pages Milayna Johnson Perez American Literature / Period 2 2 May 2018 Breaking Point “F.E.A.R. has two meanings: Forget Everything And Run; Face Everything And Rise.” –Anonymous. Fears restrict our ability to move on in life and inhibit us from achieving our goals to the fullest extent of our wishes. Fear forces us to do things in which we normally may never consider doing, especially if we believe we are acting in self-preservation. When Reverend

The Developing Infrastructure of American Literature - KSU American Literature - Essay

569 words - 3 pages Hernandez 1 Kim Hernandez English 102 Composition II Instructor: Dr. Sarah Anne Shope Essay #1 May 29, 2017 “Deportation at Breakfast” Deciding on what story to pick was not hard. The one that stood out to me the most was “Deportation at Breakfast”. It stood out to me because of the word deportation. What could that mean? Was there someone in the story that was going to be deported? I wanted to find out so I decided to read this short story. The

Picot Statement and Literature Search - GCU - Research

1376 words - 6 pages [Type text] [Type text] [Type text] Running head: PICOT STATEMENT AND LITERATURE SEARCH M. E. Thor Grand Canyon University Picot Statement and Literature Search NRS-433V August 26, 2018 Picot Statement and Literature Search Problem Statement The reasons behind patient falls, a common ongoing problem for nursing staff in hospitals across the country, have varied risks factors based on the patient and is certainly complexed. All hospital patients

Literature Review Report on Internet Addiciton - University of Texas at El Paso RWS 1302 - Report

1461 words - 6 pages 1 Internet Addiction Literature Review: Internet Addiction Alexa Servin The University of Texas at El Paso Internet Addiction Internet Addiction Internet Addition is the excessive use of technology and the internet. Internet Addiction has been an ongoing conflict in the recent years. With the vast expansion of technology and its advancements it was seemingly disregarded. Not until recent years where teenagers were getting severely addicted to

Mama and the Boarder Main Points - University of Hawaii at Manoa - Korean Literature

670 words - 3 pages An 2 Alyssa An Professor Kim English Literature 5 February 2019 Mama and the Boarder- 3 Sentences 1. The story, Mama and the Boarder, talks about a 6-year-old girl named Pak Ok-hui. She currently lives with her Mother who is referred to as a widow since her husband’s, Kyong-son, passing. Ok-hui also lives with three other people that are referred to as Big and Little Uncle and Grandma in the story. As the reader gets a general understanding of

Critical Essay on the novel Speak - University of West Florida : Literature - Critical Essay

699 words - 3 pages Christian Ketchup Literature 2000 March 27, 2019 Speak Up Speak, by Laurie Halse Anderson, is about a ninth-grade girl named Melinda Sordino. Melinda loses the ability to effectively communicate after being sexually assaulted at a party. She wants to tell her best friend, or anyone in fact but the guilt that she places on herself doesn't allow her to. Through this action of silence she believes she’ll just forget what happened and move on. The

The Working Class of the Industrial Revolution - History 202 - Research Paper

1082 words - 5 pages Free Durig Mallory Durig HIS 202 B03 Professor Mishrell 29 November 2017 The Working Class of the Industrial Revolution The middle class is the backbone to the American working industry. It has been this way since the start of the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century up until the present day of the 21st century. Except there were many more problems for the working class during the rise of industrialization. The American worker was taken

The Corruption Of Literature: "Madame Bovary" By Gustave Flaubert [Research Paper]

3581 words - 15 pages Literature is often the result of fantasies and dreams. Consequently, many times in literature the truth is fabricated and stories are made to please the audience rather than to convey an accurate message. The modern public's infatuation with the lives of celebrities is a contemporary example of this concept as it eventually leads many people into debt and unhappiness with their own lifestyles. Similarly, in the novel "Madame Bovary" written

Echoes Of Literature - The Style Of Shakespeare

1148 words - 5 pages echo in literature today. William Shakespeare brings his enriching style, including organization, sentence structure, literary devices, and vocabulary, and copious contributions to the English language.Primarily, Shakespeare's organization of his plays highlights his profligate style. His plays are mainly divided into acts and scenes; these divisions, along with the page numbers, assist students and scholars in quoting and discussing the works

Psychoanalysis of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley - AP English literature - Psychoanalysis

551 words - 3 pages Free Psychoanalysis of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley Throughout the book, Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, we see the path the characters take to their own destruction. This may be a symbol of Shelley’s own life of suffering and traumas. The classical novel is a difficult book to truly comprehend and identify its true message that the author conveys. In order to do this, the reader should understand and analyze the life that the author had lived and the