This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

How Have New Media Enabled A Renewal Of The Public Sphere And Extension Of Democratic Processes?

2461 words - 10 pages

'Mass communication has existed for little more than the average person's lifespan, and yet in that short time we have moved from what now seems the most basic form of radio communication.... to the apparent sophistication of digital broadcasting' (Street, 2001:163). We have yet to experience the entire consequences of these latest developments, but we can be sure that in the near future people will look at our new system of communication as being as primitive as we now regard radio. 'It will not just be the technologies that change, it will be the way in which people relate to these new forms of communication.' (Street, 2001:163) The Internet in particular has provided an almost complete ...view middle of the document...

' (Hobbes 1998:14) The most recent form of communication and perhaps the fastest growing medium present in today's society is the Internet. It is common to say that the internet is the most significant new communications medium of our times and that 'the internet changes all' (Cunningham 2002:244) With the number of world-wide Internet users now standing at 560 million (global reach stats), the Internet could possibly be classified as a new public sphere.This communication between people who cannot not see face-to-face has became extremely important in the new age. With the coming of the industrial revolution, businesses main concerns were with productivity, and the majority of jobs at this time were in some way linked with agriculture, thus communication was solely by word of mouth or written text. The industrial age bought with it, however, greater demands. As time went on, technology was used to develop machines such as the typewriter, telephone and most importantly, the computer, and consequently, the Internet.As well as serving the needs of business, the Internet acts as a communication tool to any person interested in utilizing it. Thus, it can be said that the Internet creates somewhat of a community in itself, which ultimately has the power to renew what we presently refer to as the public sphere. Craig Barret, one of Intel's past Chief Executives even goes as far as to claim that the internet does not only 'represent an online community: it represents the formation of a "virtual" continent' (Thussu 2000:225).Upon making this claim however, the term community must be classified accordingly, as it is elusive and often used in many different contexts. Anderson (1983) argues that communities are merely imagined ones, and they have boundaries within which people exhibit a deep sense of comradeship, with a desire to be free from the interface of outsiders.Such new technologies as the Internet, 'suggest new forms of human association, and the emergence of different kinds of communities' (Cunningham, 2001:249). Within these communities, those with similar interests, or those simply interested in being involved in an online community, can have their voices heard. It is this notion of new communities, which brings us to explore the concept that the public sphere is being renewed.A public sphere is a place of discourse or a 'civil society'. It is a public place not governed y the state, a gathering point, where people come to talk, discuss and debate various political, environmental and social issues. What was initially seen as a market place is now being transformed. From the traditional gathering in physical places such as coffee shops, to what we now refer to as 'virtual communities'. Howard Rheingold defined virtual communities as 'social aggregations that emerge from the Net when enough people carry on those public discussions (using the internet) long enough, with sufficient human feeling, to form webs of personal relationships in...

Other Essays On How Have New Media Enabled A Renewal Of The Public Sphere And Extension Of Democratic Processes?

Hate Speech in Public Areas and Universities - The University of New Mexico, Philosophy 156 - Essay

1710 words - 7 pages The University of New Mexico Hate Speech in Public Areas and Universities Joseph A. Armijo Philosophy 156-005 Mr. James Bodington 5/06/17 Word Count: 1,712 The freedom of speech is protected under the First Amendment of our constitution. Through this right, great strides or acts have been made that are revered in American history. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was able to take steps in abolishing segregation through his powerful and effective

talk about media consolidation and how the media affect our society - university of pittsburgh - essay

931 words - 4 pages , each of which focus on a different unit of analysis and are related to academic fields of study. Globalization is a paradigm that describes the causes and effects of increased cross-border interactions. This chapter discusses how globalization has benefited or harmed people around the world as well as the emergence of global issues that transcend state boundaries and require a collective response. Lastly, this chapter introduces the concept of the

Extension 1 - Self-Efficacy and Mentors - University of Maryland - Essay

585 words - 3 pages important as it applies to the idea of mentoring and tutors. At-risk students often have difficulty learning in standard learning environments but are able to construct a better understand of how and why it is important to learn the material that they are being taught if the instruction is exposed to them by a mentor that they have a positive relationship with. In addition, we learn that students show increased motivation when they are given a

How The Public Services Balance The Rights Of The Individual

680 words - 3 pages In this task I will look at the rights of the individual and how the public services balance these rights in order to keep society safe, and the individual still content and with full human rights.The rights of the individual are the same as people's human rights; these include things such as freedom of assembly, freedom of expression, the right to life and quite a few more. These human rights should always be aloud in society; no one should be

This is a paper that tells what the American Dream is and how today's society have lost perspective - University of Toledo/Composition 1 - Essay

2273 words - 10 pages practiced and worshipped as they saw fit ("Freedom To Worship"). As they did they faced persecution, sometimes death in some cases from both religious and civil authorities ("Freedom To Worship"). Yet despite persecution, men and women refused to compromise their beliefs and many fled Europe to settle the New England colonies ("Freedom To Worship"). Looking for an escape from intolerance and a place of religious refuge, the New England colonies

Why the concept of democracy is universally valued and essentially contested? - Democratic Theory - Essay

1516 words - 7 pages (1970: 09) notes, all of the developed, industrialized nations have a democratic political system. In contrast, most of the nations in the poorest segment of the world community operate under various forms of non-democratic political system. Casual observation also suggests that economic growth does not necessarily bring about a demand for democracy. There are examples of authoritarian regimes in Southeast Asia and the Middle East where citizens

How the Beauty Industry Failed Women of Color - Binghamton University, Media and Politics - Essay

4211 words - 17 pages walk into a store and see themselves represented, which is extremely difficult to be done when 72.9% of the people in the cosmetic manufacturing industry have no comprehension of how to work with darker skin tones. I interviewed a student at Binghamton University, Youssera Belhachmi, who has experience in the modeling industry. Belhachmi has been featured in Love Magazine in an editorial for Marc Jacobs, opened for Mara Hoffman during New York

How Democratic Is The American Constitution

1563 words - 7 pages Christopher Hutchinson11206607PolySci 300April, 2013.How Democratic is the American Constitution?Many readers who find themselves reading this book will have to understand that Dahl is nor trying to change the constitution just how we perceive and think about the constitution. Dahl speaks of how when the constitution was written some states did not want to even have a part in it and how that now today the American people hold true to this

The Terrors of War I Want to Escape From - English Extension 11B - Short Story

1150 words - 5 pages face. I tried to sit up, but my aching back weighed me down. Gritting my teeth to ease out the pain, I sat up, but only to have regrets from the sudden excruciating twinge in my right thigh. I recalled back to when the enemy’s bullet emerged from the foggy mountains in the distance and seared into my thigh as blood erupted from puncture. The intense burn of the bullet carved within my flesh increasing, as if it were like feeding small twigs to a

Processes By Which New Words Come Into A Language

1101 words - 5 pages Processes by which new words come into a languageLanguage is like a living organism, that is, they can grow(e.g. English) and they can die(e.g. Latin). English is probably one of the more successful languages at growing. You can probably travel to any country in the world and run into someone who knows a few words of English. We might ask the question, how does a language grow? Well, one way is adding new words.New words can enter a language in

Rhetorical Analysis of MLK Jr's I Have A Dream Speeck - New Jersey Institute of Technology Humanities 101 - Essay

1543 words - 7 pages end racism in the US in 1963. Since the time of President Abraham Lincoln, there have been no slaves but various laws and rules have been put in place to put certain demographic groups (specifically African-Americans) at a disadvantage. Martin Luther King Jr. was at the forefront of the movement that called to change exactly that. Because of his actions even before the speech, he was admired for his solidarity and how emotional and strong his

Similar Papers

Explanation Of How The Sphere Is Linked To Others Asss Asasas

880 words - 4 pages Subsystem Description of the subsystem and how it works Explanation of how the sphere is linked to others Atmosphere The atmosphere is a thin blanket of gases that surround the earth. It transport heat and water and filters out deadly ultraviolet radiation. Furthermore the atmosphere is always on the move. When the atmosphere moves, it evens out differences in temperature between the chilly poles and warm equator. Warm air moves towards the

Art, Anti Art, Non Art: Experimentations In The Public Sphere In Postwar Japan, 1950 1970 School Of The Art Institute Of Chicago / Art History Research Paper

2447 words - 10 pages , Non-Art: Experimentations in the Public Sphere in Postwar Japan, 1950-1970,” the author, Merewether and Hiro, says “While these rich and compelling practices against geijutsu (art) have recently received a considerable amount of attention, the critical writings and other discursive practices by the artists and critics who played central roles in these movements are less well known outside Japan” (Merewether and Hiro. 2). In this period, the

Encoding, Storage And Retrieval: The Processes Of Memory

444 words - 2 pages Encoding, Storage and Retrieval: The Processes of MemoryMemory is very complex and a little mysterious. There is a lot to know about the way one can organize a lifetime of memories. Research has helped clarify several missing elements in the traditional three-stage memory model. One can now understand the way information is changed as it is encoded, stored and then later retrieved. These three processes can be described similarly to the memory

Straregic Sourcing And E Procurement Are Major New Areas Of Potential Performance Improvement. How Have They Added Value ?

1116 words - 5 pages costs (for new or customized products). To be successful, a company must be able to quickly calculate its TCO according to the live data that alert the company when any components have changed. Then, the company can quickly weight the effects of change on any elements of its total cost and transit time to optimize global sourcing and deliver immediate, positive, bottom-line results for the company.In order to create value, the implementation of