The Presentation And Significance Of The Maternal Instinct In So Long A Letter (Mariama Bâ) And Mother Courage And Her Children (Bertolt Brecht)

1675 words - 7 pages

Frequent references to maternal instinct can be found in So long a letter and Mother Courage and her Children. Certain aspects of a character reveal themselves in the behaviour and actions taken due to the maternal instinct. In addition to giving insight into character, both Bâ and Brecht use the maternal instinct to signify specific developments in the plot. Therefore, by analysing the presentation of the maternal instinct, insights into many of the ideas that the writers are trying to communicate can be gained. This paper will compare the ways in which the maternal instinct is used for the above purposes in the short novel and the play.When writing Mother Courage and her Child ...view middle of the document...

The strength of the maternal instinct is directly proportional to her economic situation. Throughout the play Mother Courage is partly presented through the use of coarse and vulgar language in order to compel the audience's reaction:You varmint...A slasher, that's what he is.3In comparison to Mother Courage and her Children the less erratic maternal instinct in So long a letter is primarily influenced by culture and religion, but secondly also by economic aspects of life. After Ramatoulaye's husband's death the rising lack of money, lack of social stability and ability to cope develop the relationship between Ramatoulaye and her children. The author tries to develop the character of Ramatoulaye into a realistic one, with a linear development. In the beginning of the novel Ramatoulaye's maternal instinct can be described as slightly conservative:...we suffered the social constrains and heavy burdens of custom.4,which changes with the advancement of the plot, becoming more liberal:I accepted the addition of trousers to their wardrobes.5As the plot advances Ramatoulaye's declining sense of traditional cultural values is revealed. Not wanting to limit her children culturally, more contemporary aspects of life replace Ramatoulaye's old ideals. Especially when explicitly thinking about her own behaviour towards her children it intensifies the liability of feeling responsible as part of a maternal instinct:Was I to blame for having given my daughters a bit of liberty?6No equivalent quotation can be found in Mother Courage, since Brecht's protagonist does not have a comparable sense of belonging on which values she could base aspects of her life:Hauls down the regimental flag: Bozhe moi! I'd given up noticing it were there.7.Tension between the audience and the character will be produced, due to the fact that her ideals are not consistent, implying that her maternal values are influenced by this changeability as well. Furthermore, this is an additional way of isolating the character from the audience's sympathy.In both literary texts the maternal instinct is not only revealed towards their own children but also to other characters and objects. In Bâ's novel, Ramatoulaye even develops some sense of maternal instinct for Binetou (her co-wife):Exiled in the world of adults, which was not her own, she wanted her prison gilded.8Here the involvement of the maternal instinct towards another character brings the audience closer to Ramatoulaye. Owing to that personal insight and the fact that Ramatoulaye is changing in order to improve the relationship between herself and her children, the reader feels involved and touched emotionally. A different perspective is created through the usage of the maternal instinct for something inanimate. This isolates Mother Courage from the audience even further:Sergeant: Nice family I must say.Mother Courage: Aye, me cart and me have seen the world.9Implying that a thing, her cart, also belongs to her family will...


So Long a Letter: Two Page Essay - English 204 - Essay

524 words - 3 pages Hamilton-Walker 1 Hamilton-Walker 2 Amber Hamilton-Walker J. Roger Kurtz ENGL 204: Postcolonial Literature II February 11, 2019 A Mother’s Love Ramatoulaye, is a loving mother in Mariama Bâ’s So Long A Letter. While dealing with her deceitful husband, Modou’s “abandonment of his first family” (9) and his death shortly after, Ramatoulaye must accept her fate as a single mother. The battles that she faces throughout the novel are not only specific

explore Williams’ presentation of the conflict between Blanche and Stanley so far. - School Lit - Essay

1440 words - 6 pages ‘A streetcar named Desire is a play concerned with the conflict between the old world and the new.’ In light of this comment, explore Williams’ presentation of the conflict between Blanche and Stanley so far. In your answer, you must consider relevant contextual factors. In ‘A Streetcar Named Desire’, Williams has crafted characters to transcend the limits of their literal expression by having each individual identify with key themes such as

A Letter To Teft Of The Book Bless The Beasts And The Children- Used For Ideas For Similar Assignment

331 words - 2 pages Free and the rest of the boys had stolen that white Chevy truck and had stopped to get some food. Some locals questioned why six "milk drinkers" would be out that late, so you and the rest of the boys left, only to be followed by the locals and almost run off the road. When you stopped, the locals noticed the car you were driving was wired. The locals said that they were going to call the police. You then pulled out the . 22 rifle you had taken from

Examine The Presentation Of Aziz And Fielding In Part I Of "A Passage To India"

1244 words - 5 pages " for liking to associate with Indians emphasises it is not a view many others share and therefore not an easy one to stand by. He is constantly presented as something of an outsider who is somewhat detached from all the other prejudices of India, having "no racial feeling" and one of the few characters in the novel with whom the "herd instinct does not flourish".Fielding is also often used to express Forster's own views; for example, when

Comparing The Two Masterpieces: Migrant Mother By (Dorothea Lange) AND Madonnas And Angelic Children By (Cameron)

1053 words - 5 pages infant doesn’t escape its scrutiny. Whereas in the second image, the light is not direct. However, the use of dramatic light in this image gives an intensity and great intimacy about the relationship of a mother with her children.In migrant mother image, the woman’s face is sharp focus; every line and blemish is clearly delineated, but the image begins to lose focus with her fingertips. It reveals that her fingertips don’t reveal so

Maternal Mortality Rates in the United States Case Study - Public Health Policy and Decision - Case Study

1010 words - 5 pages providers in approximately half of all pregnancies with physicians providing care to those requiring special attention (Gaumard, 2018). Landscape Political Factors While abortion and a woman’s right to choose has been debated at length recently, the issues concerning the MMR have not been addressed but should have bipartisan support as the life of both the mother and the child will benefit from improved maternal health care. With the cost of

Anne Frank And The Diary Of A Young Girl And The Way She Reacts And Describes The Other People In Her Book

945 words - 4 pages away to put it in such a way and a cheery person if you get close. Anne's mom comes from a wealthy family and has spent most of her life in Germany. According to Anne her mothering skills are a disappointment to Anne, who would prefer her to be more affectionate and accepting. Mostly because she treats her children like friends and at Anne's age she needs a mother. Anne and her mother often fight and disagree which paints a bad picture of Mrs

The Media And Children

650 words - 3 pages Parents will argue that other people are the reason their children are violent and usually take absolutely none of the blame, when in reality they should be taking a lot of the blame for violence among children. I believe media as a whole, including television, radio, movies, video games, news, et cetera, can be very detrimental to society and leads to a lot of violence among children with which we are dealing. I was always taught that what goes

Oedipus Rex: Significance of Historical and Geographical Aspects in the Play - School Assignment - Reflective Statement

421 words - 2 pages Kamal 1 Heffernan, D. ENG3UH-02 10 October 2018 Oedipus The King: Reflective Statement The Interactive Oral was effectively demonstrated through a game of Jeopardy Feud, elaborating on how the effect of time and place was emphasized in the play Oedipus The King (Sophocles). It’s interesting that the oral explored several ideas, which I knew little of beforehand, deepening my understanding of the Ancient Greek culture and, by extension, the

Assess The Significance Of The Question Of Parliamentary Reform In The Careers Of Gladstone And Disraeli 1865-68?

2189 words - 9 pages position of Blake, who upholds that Disraeli and Derby 'had the wide franchise of 1867 forced on them as the price of staying in power.' Disraeli realised he had to adapt to new circumstances- and he was better at doing this than most. 'It was like a moonlight steeplechase. In negotiating their fences few of them saw where they were going, nor much cared so long as they got their first.' M.Cowling goes still further, stressing the importance of

Shoe-Horn Sonota And A Mother In A Refugee Camp

1048 words - 5 pages 10241 Essay - Sam Payda "Interesting views on society are conveyed by the distinctively visual." The confronting realisation of situations that ordinary people are put into can be gruesome and explicit. In both Shoe-Horn Sonata by John Misto and "A Mother in a Refugee Camp" written by Chinua Achebe, Distinctively Visual utilises language techniques, projected images and the physical acting on stage to create images in the audiences minds which

The life of a struggling teen and her boyfriend - class assignment - narrative

1145 words - 5 pages for what felt like hours. I couldn’t help but think about my future and what I threw away. Then he soon came back in with my parents. Turns out Dontae had been watched by the police for about a month, they caught him in a house and Lane was waiting in my car for him. My mother asked the police to teach me a lesson for everything I put her through. Moral of the story, I walk out of that part of my life with only bumps and bruises, but a bright

This essay is about best friends and how after 13 years they still can spend so long together and not regret it. MY BEST FRIEND is the title

345 words - 2 pages tall, have blonde hair, blue eyes, and wear the same size clothing. It always seems that my closet has more of her clothes in it than mine and vice-versa. Our mothers can never stop comparing notes as to how many clothes they have bought us that they've never seen on their actual child wear. When we are together people swears that we speak a different language and between finishing each others sentences, the jumps in topics, and the giggles it's

Measure Of Friendship What defining qualities in a person can measure the strength of your friendship with him or her? Loyalty, Humor and Kindness

371 words - 2 pages they measure up to your basic standard of humor.Finally, is the friend really a good person? To measure a friend on this you must judge wether or not they are sincere in their kind actions towards you or others. Is your friend a kind person or just someone who is using you for some cruel purpose? Once again, this must be taken into account.In conclusion, loyalty, humor, and kindness are the three most important qualitites that you can judge a person on to see if they measure up to your personal standards of friendship. These things must be taken into account and factored into the equation. So can you now look at your friends and judge them? How well do they measure up?

Faces On The Wall: "The Yellow Wall Paper" The Husband's Intention Is For His Wife To Get Well, However, His Way Of Doing So Drives Her To Depression And Insanity

498 words - 2 pages assistin making her feel imprisoned. "The windows are barred for little children, and there arerings and things in the walls." (203) The yellow wallpaper in the room is atrocious andencourages negative creativity. Throughout the story, the wall serves as an enemy to thenarrator's wellness and constantly disturbs her. She tells of the pattern having noorganization to it, and annoyingly enough all she can do is stare at it. "It is dull enoughto confuse