Why The North Won The Civil War By David Donald: Reflection On The Economic, Military, Diplomatic, Political, And Social Reasons The South Lost

1391 words - 6 pages

Why the North Won the Civil WarHistorians have argued inconclusively for years over the prime reason for Confederate defeat in the Civil War. The book Why the North Won the Civil War outlines five of the most agreed upon causes of Southern defeat, each written by a highly esteemed American historian. The author of each essay does acknowledge and discuss the views of the other authors. However, each author also goes on to explain their botheration and disagreement with their opposition. The purpose of this essay is to summarize each of the five arguments presented by Richard N. Current, T. Harry Williams, Norman A. Graebner, David Herbert Donald, and David M. Potter. Each author gives his ...view middle of the document...

His theories and beliefs formed a basis for military strategy and technique that would be used throughout the war. The Confederacy takes blame for their failure to adapt and develop new strategy as the war progressed. Williams sums this up by saying, "Lee and the other Confederate commanders were pretty much the same men in 1865 that they had been in 1861." (p.53) The North, however, is given credit for their willingness to modernize and adapt more effective strategies. This played a large role in contributing to the North's upperhand of leadership. Aside from solely military leadership, Williams merits the North in that President Lincoln was "an abler and a stronger man than Davis." (p.56) Lincoln's boldly offensive strategy that was eventually carried out by Grant proved successful to Union victory.Norman A. Graebner, in his essay "Northern Diplomacy and European Neutrality", attributes Southern failure to a different cause. Northen diplomatics, Graebner points out, are what saved the Union. If the Confederacy had received aid from a European power, it would have likely made a drastic change in the outcome of the war; the North knew this. The South hoped to gain allies with its dominant power in the cotton industry. Southern trade relations had improved dramatically since the explosion of cotton, and they hoped to use this to their benefit. Unfortunately, President Lincoln's Secretary of State, William H. Seward, made it his personal duty to prevent the intervention of a foreign power. Seward explained to the foreign governments that they were allies of the United States as a whole, and that no "de facto governments" existed. He was very successful in his efforts to wane other powers away from intervention. Threats were even made by Seward towards the British government explaining that any acknowledgement of the Confederate government would "be regarded as a manifestation of hostility by the United States." (p.65) In addition, the South failed to recognize the North's economic importance to its desired allies as well. Edouard de Stoeckl, the Russian Minister, made it clear from the beginning that Russia was a long standing friend of the United States and the last thing they wanted to see was a collapse in the Union. The British, followed by France, Spain, the Netherlands, and Brazil, issued a declaration of neutrality at the beginning of the war in order to prevent her involvement. This angered the North because by declaring neutrality, the British had recognized the South as a nation separate from the North. All the while, Seward had continued to sustain pressure among the foreign powers, making threats and promising wars. He scared away possible Southern allies by promising them war, and even threatened military action if they so much as spoke with Confederate leaders, officially or unofficially.The social aspect of Confederate defeat is discussed in David Herbert Donald's essay "Died of Democracy". He begins by pointing out that the...

Other Essays On Why The North Won The Civil War By David Donald: Reflection On The Economic, Military, Diplomatic, Political, And Social Reasons The South Lost

Was the Civil War More About Morality or Military? - HST - Argumentative paper

2051 words - 9 pages war also changed the nation's political balance of power. Life in the South changed forever, as the plantation society that existed before the war was gone forever. The South and the Democratic Party lost a substantial amount of their influence, while the military had depleted a large amount of the men that made up the Southern United States.[endnoteRef:13] In a positive change, the aftermath of the Civil War sparked a sense of nationalism in

To what extent did economic, political, and social change effect the lives of colonists after the American Revolution?

547 words - 3 pages Although the colonists' lives changed significantly in many ways after the American Revolution, the economic, political, and social conversions are viewed to be the most dramatic. The American Revolution was the war between the American colonies and Great Britain from 1775-1783 . Most consider this war not to be a nationalist revolution, in which the aim of the revolutionaries was to overturn the existing system, but rather to set up the North

China, Indonesia And South Africa. The Different Cultural, Political And Social Dimensions Of The Countries And How They Affect International Business

3836 words - 16 pages a smooth transition. 'China has suffered years of political turmoil catalysed by the business aspirations of western civilizations', and for an Australian organisation operating in China, a number of legal and government policies need to be followed to be successful. A further complication for Australian organisation is that state government policies vary from North to South, and representatives need to understand the different state owned

Weapons Of The Civil War

1424 words - 6 pages rifle was made in the North for 15 to 20 dollars at theSpringfield Armory in Massachusetts and 32 other private manufacturers. It was considered on ofthe more modern weapons used in the Civil War. The Springfield Musket's weight was around9.25Lb, had a length of 58.5in, fires .58 calibre conical mine ball, and has a muzzle velocity of950ft/sec. The Whitworth rifle was made by the British and used mainly by the Confederate army.It used hexagonal

Nat Turner and the reasons behind on why he did what he did - MSJC /History - Essay on a historical figure

625 words - 3 pages responsibility to fight the serpent, “for the time was fast approaching” (Marcus, Giggie, Burner 234). August 21, 1861, proved to be a day of sorrow, pain, and a day where many lessons were learned. Nat Turner was born on October 2, 1800, on Benjamin Turner plantation in Southampton County, Virginia. Nat Turner was brilliant and imaginative even from early childhood. Since Benjamin allowed Nat Turner to learn how to read and write At times he was overheard

Assess The Impact Of Social, Political And Economic Issues In Early Twentieth Century Russia In The Downfall Of The Romanov Dynasty

1212 words - 5 pages Untitled "Assess the impact of social, political and economic issues in early twentieth century Russia in the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty." The downfall of the Romanov dynasty was due to the impacts of bearing internal factors on Russia such as the social, political and economic issues present in early twentieth century Russia. These issues were largely manufactured by previous generations of Tsars but ultimately set

19th Century European Imperialism Data Based Essay; Identify And Explain The Political, Economic, And Social Causes Of European Imperialism In The 19th Century

406 words - 2 pages Imperialism, the period of powerful countries conquering and dominating less-developed countries (mainly pertaining to European nations), reached its all-time high from 1870 to 1920. This is due to the economic, political, and social factors of the time. Ranging from feelings of nationalism to the need for more cheap labor, European powers dominated the world, oppressing whomever they needed to.The economic cause of imperialism is mostly

Why the Civil war needed to happen? - Hist 4055 LSU - Essay

1669 words - 7 pages viewed as inevitable. The South desired its own identity and freedom to determine how they operated as a whole, which was due to the array of differences between the political, religious, economic, and geographic aspects between the North and South. With the secession of the South, the Confederate states of America were formed, and the South gained a sense of pride and independence that they had not experienced prior to the Civil War. The two

Political And Social Consequences Of The Protestant Reformation

661 words - 3 pages Roman Catholicism. The Catholic Church was wealthy, powerful, and had maintained a tight reign on Europe's traditional society. Gradually, however, there developed political and social problems within the Church. The common people criticized the management of the church and began to doubt some of its teachings. As old methods of the church lost efficiency, and a new denomination of religion formed, political and social changes began to shake the

The Effect of Social Media on Students' Political Ideologies and Opinions - Cal Poly Slo, Engl 148 - Technical Report

5180 words - 21 pages content became even more compelling after examining responses to the open ended questions that sought to determine why these individuals were seldom influenced by political content on social media. The decision to ask open ended questions, following those with multiple choice responses, allowed for more accuracy and legitimacy when make inferences and created results that would enable generalizations to be made about the population of college

Civil Liberties in the United States - Political Science - Essay

985 words - 4 pages of power. In this essay I will discuss the importance of these terms and how they shaped the Bill of Rights. Civil liberties are basic freedoms granted to individuals in the Bill of Rights. Individual freedom can survive only under a system of law by which both the supreme and the governed are bound. Such a system of fundamental laws, Civil rights are constitutional guarantees, which mean they are granted to individuals with the body of the

Similar Papers

Civil War Essay Differences Of The North And South Monash University, Ats1320: Nations At War Essay

1649 words - 7 pages By 1861, North and South had evolved separate institutions, interests, values, and ideologies that made it impossible for them to coexist as a single nation.’ Based on your readings of both unionists and secessionists, do you agree with this statement? The growing political discontent present within America leading up to the outbreak of war at Fort Sumpter in 1861 highlights how there was a great divide between the North and South that made it

Examine The Representation Of Social And Economic Divisions In Elizabeth Gaskell’s North And South. First Year Final Coursework Term Paper

2201 words - 9 pages 1 Examine the representation of social and economic divisions in Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South. Considered a significant piece of Victorian literature, North and South features a strong female protagonist, an exploration of a mature love story, and relevant social and political insight on industrialisation and class issues during the mid-19th Century. During the 19th Century, a new way of thinking came to light that challenged the

Reasons For Civil War Articles David M. Potter And Micheal F. Holt Comparison Austin Peay State University/History 2010 36 Essay

1317 words - 6 pages of the land but the North wanted abolishment while the South did not. Others thought its cause was not directly the conflict of slavery or sectionals but a variety of other reasons. Some historians feel that the Civil War was a result of political mistakes and that slavery did not cause it at all. Several others believe the expansion of slavery, and its entrance into the political scene was the real causation. In “The Sectional Divisions That Led

Political, Psychological, Economic And Social Aftermath Of The Black Death

2542 words - 11 pages against the Jews and tensions between the sick and the healthy. Psychologically the Black Death staggered the entire medieval world and death was now on feared by everyone and "For anyone who had lived through the Black Death, hysteria could never be far away."From 1250 until 1347 Europe suffered a succession of very wet seasons and Europe′s entire agricultural production collapsed. Arable lands were rotting and with an increasing population a