Why Was There A Civil War In Russia In 1918?

516 words - 3 pages

The czech army consisted of prisoners and deserters from the Austria-Hungarian empire from the provinces of Bohemia and Slovakia. The Tsar gave his consent to set up a national force which they became to fight against Austria-hungary in the summer of 1916 with their leader called Tomas Masaryk. When Masaryk noticed that Lenin was making peace with the central forces, and lenin refused to let them fight against the western forces, he decided to move the czech to France to rejoin the fighting. In may 1918, a group of the czech soldiers were falsely accused1 of killing a man in chelyabinsk and one soldier was shot for throwing "something"2 at the train. The remainder went straight i ...view middle of the document...

Those opposed the bolsheviks included the social revolutionaries, although they were separated in 1917 it was the monirity that supported the bolsheviks and the rest were angered at the fact that Lenin had allowed the elections for a constituent assembly which the social revolutionaries won most of the seats, and then cancelled it and had any opposition killed. Others, were factory owners who didn't want the factories to be nationalised, the orthodox church who were against the atheist beliefs of the communist party and also the bourgeois who did not want to lose their lands as the bolsheviks had given most of it away in the treaty of Brest-Litovsk. These people all wanted the bolsheviks out of power though for personal reasons but were quite determined.There was also inernational opposition, Japan wanted simply the massurian lakes. While Britain, America and France allied and supplied the whites with soldiers,arms and money. Their reason was that they were upset by the fact that Russia pulled out of the war when they needed them there as their leaving allowed Germany to concentrate fully on the western front. Also, the west were capitalist and were seriously against communism and its ideas and the Bolsheviks being communists were a threat to their way of life.All these people had self beneficial reasons why they were all against the bolsheviks,which made rising up against the party quite easy,especially in the case of the workers whom were at first in supoort of the bolshevik party.


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