This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Outline And Evaluate Two Explanations Of Human Altruism

1123 words - 5 pages

The first explanation of human altruism is the empathy altruism hypothesis carried out by Batson. He suggested that empathy involves feeling an emotional response that is consistent with another person's emotional state, and acting upon this feeling selflessly. He believe that witnessing someone in need will create empathetic concern for them therefore motivating the helper to attempt to alleviate the distress of the other person. Batson hypothesis suggests that some people are more empathetic than others and this is the reason why some people display altruism and others do not. Batson argues that the ability to take someone else's perspective depends on three different aspects: that the ...view middle of the document...

This then shows that empathy altruism is not without its bounds. Also another criticism of this study is that the participants may have just been showing demand characteristics and acting in the way they believe the researcher wants them to act in that particular situation. This may be because they were scared of the social disapproval of not helping someone In need.This shows that if the empathy model is correct, then inducing empathy should increase pro-social behaviour.The next explanation of human altruism is the negative state relief hypothesis carried out by Cialdini. This study is different to the empathy altruism hypothesis as he argues that we help for selfish reasons. He argues that when we do something wrong such as not helping someone in need, we feel guilty. As guilt is a negative state, for instance an unpleasant feeling, we are motivated to reduce it in some way. Also as children we are taught that helping others is good and is rewarded. According to this hypothesis, the motivation for helping others egoistic and concentrate more on what rewards we will receive from helping and how helping might reduce the guilt. Initially helping may appear altruistic but actually we are helping to enhance our own mood, which disagrees with what Batson says in his hypothesis.Research for this study was carried out by Manucia, who assessed the mood of his participants, good, neutral and bad, and gave half a mood fixing placebo drug. Those in a negative mood without the placebo were the most likely to help, as they wanted to increase their mood by helping. The participants in a neutral mood were the least likely to help whether or not they had taken the placebo because they general felt ok and didn't feel like they had to help. Another piece of research was done by Cialdini, who found that if he first improved the mood of his participants by giving them rewards they were less likely to behave pro-socially in a helping mood. This may be due to the fact they believe they wouldn't be affected by the guilt as they were in a good mood.This study has been criticised as others have found that people in a good mood...

Other Essays On Outline And Evaluate Two Explanations Of Human Altruism

Evaluate how composers evoke Individual and Collective human experiences - Year 12 - Eassy

419 words - 2 pages Slessor’s two poems William Street, Out of Time however the same human experiences are pursued in the related short film Morning Dove. In “William Street”; Slessor’s intention is to represent human experiences of urban living especially in the chaos of the 1930s. He challenges our assumptions about city life and invites us to reflect personally on previous negative associations to evoke flashbacks into our own lives. This is a collective human

Compare, contrast and evaluate positivism and constructivism - University of Nottingham - Essay

2016 words - 9 pages (Marsh and Stoker 2010: 9). Constructivists argue that our actions are based upon certain ideas we have. They use qualitative data to interpret our actions as they argue behaviour cannot be scientifically measured. They see the world as being built upon ‘social constructs’ that determine how we view the world. (Marsh and Stoker 2010: 80). This essay will compare, contrast and evaluate the two ideological standpoints in favour of Constructivism

Desribe and evaluate the filter theory of attraction - A level - Essay

599 words - 3 pages Describe and evaluate the filter theory of attraction in romantic relationships (16 marks). A01; Outline Filter Theory in terms of partner choice we have a field of “availables”, which are the field of romantic partners which we could realistically form a relationship with. -But not everyone available to us is desirable. -According to K&D; three main factors that act as filters to narrow down our range of partner choice. 1. Social Demography 1st

Evaluate the effectiveness of health and social care - langly park school - Assignment

1349 words - 6 pages Unit 14 -Physiological Disorder D1-Evaluate the effectiveness of health and social care practitioners and agencies working together to deliver the care pathway Within this report I will be evaluating the effectiveness of health and social care practitioners and agencies working together to deliver the care pathway. As health care professionals it is important that as a team they work together to provide for the individual’s needs when delivering

Comparison of Garvey and Dubois - U of M/ AAS 111 - Outline

758 words - 4 pages two examples in your response (i.e. Gold Coast as a former British colony, Guinea as a former French colony). Compare and contrast British decolonization with French decolonization in Africa. How was independence ‘gained’ in French colonies compared to British colonies following independence movements? Who led these movements? What factors were critical towards achieving independence in your examples? Consider transnational concepts of economic

Chapter 27: Europe and the Great Depression of the 1930s - AP European History - Outline

5232 words - 21 pages were systematically killed in gas chambers. · By 1945, nearly 90% of Poland’s Jewish population had been destroyed. · Jews continued to face oppression during Soviet occupation following World War II leading many to seek asylum in Israel. · Explanations of the Holocaust · Fundamental questions raised about the Holocaust · Was it a unique event or unprecedented and unparalleled evil, or was it one specific instance of a more general human

"The Microsoft Monopoly Should Be Broken Up." Evaluate This Claim Using Economic Theory And Evidence On The Welfare Effects Of Monopoly And Competition

2010 words - 9 pages Thomas Penfield Jackson found Microsoft to be guilty of abusing monopoly powers. He ruled that packaging the Internet Explorer browser with the Windows operating system had violated antitrust laws. In June of that year, he ordered the company to be split up into two. "What this means is that the federal government is taking it upon itself to seize one of the world's largest corporations and to restructure the entire computer industry. It amounts to

The Human Side Of Mergers And Acquisitions - HP & Apollo Computer

6336 words - 26 pages can be found in the ideas of two other personality theorists, Carl Rogers and Kurt Lewin. From Segal's perspective, human resource development professionals should embody Rogers and use Lewin.Embody Rogers. At first glance, there doesn't seem to be a strong connection between Carl Rogers' life and ideas and helping human resource development professionals to change workforce behavior after a merger. Rogers was a psychotherapist and educator, and

dignity of the human person and photography - Common good - essay

564 words - 3 pages insecure about how we look due to corruption in the lack of human dignity with photography. Although we are moving up with technology and discovering new ways to give a “perfect” look to a “natural” look, we are taking away the ability to argue between the two words and are lacking the improvement of the selfishness of individuals. The answer may not be one-hundred-percent clear, but we need to justify the difference between our needs and the things we want, to detach the negatives of a selfish mindset between individuals, to consider the dignity of every individual and to ask ourselves if there really is a difference between ‘perfect’ and ‘natural’. · Andrew Gurieff

Comparison of the activity and aggressive levels of two varieties of Betta splendens - bio - research paper

2082 words - 9 pages Comparison of the activity and aggressive levels of two varieties of Betta splendens: halfmoon double tail and veiltail Introduction B. splendens, Betta fish or Siamese fighting fish are found in Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam and live in slow-moving and stagnant water like streams, ponds, and rice paddies (Chailertri et al 2014, Strugeon 2001). B. splendens have a special organ above their gills, the labyrinth, that help them breathe. The

Comparing The Methods And Effects Of The Poems 'Tall Nettles" By Edward Thomas And "Two Look At Two" By Robert Frost Concerning The Relationships Between Man And Nature

803 words - 4 pages natural world.Unlike 'Tall Nettles', Robert Frost does not give this poem any rhyme scheme, instead writing the entire poem in one stanza. This gives the impression that the poem is a narrative, and helps to keep the reader interested.Both of these poems are structured around contrasts - comparing man (and his 'creations') to nature. The authors of these two poems both delight in nature, the love of the natural world. They give their poems a

Similar Papers

Human Nature Comparing And Contrasting Two Texts Freshman Ohio State Outline

530 words - 3 pages Michelle Agbotui Dr. Dougherty Core 179F December 4th 2018 OUTLINE Human Nature The two texts chosen are “Augustine’s Confessions” and “The Gospel of Matthew”. While Augustine focuses on how as humans we are able to choose between good and bad, Matthew also explains that if we portray the good qualities God wants us to, we will choose good and avoid the bad. However, they both agree on human nature as naturally finding pleasure in sin. I

Outline And Evaluate In To The Duration, Capacity And Encoding Of Information In Short Term Memory

531 words - 3 pages Assignments 12- outline and evaluate in to the duration, capacity and encoding of information in short term memoryCapacity refers to the amount of information that can be held at any one time in memory. The Capacity of STM is limited and to demonstrate the capacity of STM, the serial digit span technique is used. The study was proposed by Jacobs where experiment needed the participants to read lists of either words/numbers that they had to

Outline And Evaluate The Ethological Explanation Of Aggression Psychology Essay 16 Marker

672 words - 3 pages Outline and evaluate the ethological explanation of aggression (16 marks) In his book, On Aggression, Lorenz (1966) stressed that as humans are animals and therefore show similar behaviour to other animals, his ethological research could be generalised onto humans as part of the evolutionary approach to explaining human aggression. Lorenz proposed four main driving forces behind the behaviour of any animal: fear, hunger, reproduction and

Outline And Evaluate The Behavioural Approach To Treating Phobias A Level Psychology Essay

530 words - 3 pages Arusha Ezaz Rahman Emily Browne 6 March 2018 Outline and evaluate the behavioural approach to treating phobia A phobia is an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something, which according to the behavioural approach, can be caused by the social learning theory, classical conditioning or even operant conditioning. Phobias cause significant problems in a persons life and it may hamper their ability to cope with the demands of everyday