Suspect Interviews Flashcards For Final Year Psychology Psychology Psychology Flashcards

505 words - 3 pages

What is a confession?
Defined as a criminal suspects oral or written acknowledgement of guilt, including details about the crime
WHAT ARE THE REASONS THAT SOMEONE WOULD MAKE A COERCED-COMPLIANT FALSE COFNESSION?
- To avoid further interrogation
- avoid physical harm
- strike a deal with the interrogator that brings some sort of reward
= they naivily believe the truth will some point come out
What makes someone make a coerced-internalized false confession?
Vulnerability of the suspect such as:
· Low intelligence
· Alcohol or drug abuse
· Stress
· Age
· False evidence
= self-doubt
What did kassin find about coerced-internalized false confession cases?
Kassin (1997) identified two factors all cases have in common
· The suspects memories is vulnerable in some way
(due to: low intelligence, or youth, fatigue, substance use)= creates self-doubt
· The suspect is confronted with false evidence
WHAT DID: Davies & Beech, 2017 find?
· Interviewees with intellectual disabilities (ID):
· Interviewees with intellectual disabilities (ID):
· More compliant/suggestible
· Recall fewer details to open-ended questions (but still accurate)
· More likely to change responses to repeated questions
WHAT DID: Davies & Beech, 2017 find?
· Interviewees with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
· Focus on peripheral details
· Children with ASD may recall fewer event details
· Adults with ASD may be less accurate in recalling details about people and actions…
· … but may generally be as accurate and suggestible
Individual variables associated with false confessions?
· Younger age
· Low intelligence
· Mental disturbance
· Sleep disturbance
· Alcohol and drug intoxication/withdrawal
·...

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