Environmental Psychology Essay

831 words - 4 pages

IntroductionFinding its origins in architectural psychology, environmental psychology is concerned with the relationship between human beings and their surroundings. In a campaign to improve mental hospitals nearly fifty years ago, architects turned to psychologists for help with understanding the cognitive and social behaviors of human beings and their relation to the way a building was structured around them. As this relationship between architects and psychologists progressed to other fields such as park designs, color coordination and furniture arrangement, the field of environmental psychology was born.What is Environmental PsychologyEnvironmental psychology is quite simply the ...view middle of the document...

A person will behave very differently if he or she is working in a factory as compared to visiting his or her mother-in-law's house (Baker, 1968). Gibson made the same argument, writing that in order to fully understand behavior, a study of the environment where the behavior took place is necessary.Another theoretical approach, called the phenomenological approach, attempts to place the occurrence of any phenomenon in environmental psychological study as an event that stands in its own right, unaffected by previous theories or assumptions. The ground rule for the phenomenological approach in psychological study was established in the mid 1970s: "Take the phenomenon simply as it is given, even if it appears unusual, unexpected, illogical, absurd, or contrary to unquestioned assumptions and familiar trains of thought. Let the things speak for themselves…but question and distrust…prepositions and conceptions" (Metzger, 1975). This approach relies on looking at the relationship between humans and their environment through a narrow lens, "forgetting" all previous learning in order focus directly on the phenomenon at hand.The theoretical approach called ecopsychology aims to add naturalist, human-to-nature connections to the study of the relationship between humans and their environment. Ecopsychologists could attempt to study the effects of working outdoors as opposed to indoors as a way to boost mental processes because of the connection between the mind and nature. Ecopsychology also aims to incorporate how members of a culture are able to connect themselves to nature and their environment in order to build...

Other Essays On Environmental Psychology

To What Extent Does Psychological Profiling Assist Criminal Investigations And Avoid Miscarriages Of Justice?

2895 words - 12 pages notion, explaining that genetic factors and environmental influences affect behaviour (2002:135). All of these different factors need to be taken into account in order for profiling to become reliable. However, science has improved reliability, compared to the early research concerning profiling, when academics tended to focus on one particular element to explain criminal behaviour (for example Eysenck, 1964).Profiling has been known to impede

The Social Learning Theory Of Bandura

1690 words - 7 pages The Social Learning Theory of Bandura emphasises the importance of observing and modelling the behaviours, attitudes and emotional reactions of others. The Social Learning Theory explains human behaviour in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioural, an environmental influences, suggesting that behaviour can be learned at the cognitive level through observing other people's actions. (Blackburn, 1993) This suggests

The Bio-Psychological Approaches To Understanding Mental Events And Behaviour Result In More Conclusive Findings Than Using A Social Approach And/Or Examining Environmental Factors. Discuss

2275 words - 10 pages The understanding of mental events and behaviour can be enhanced using the concept of bio-psychology. Peterson defined psychology in1996 as the scientific study of behaviour and mental process. Biology psychology is therefore, an extension of psychology, scientifically studying the biology of behaviour (Pinel 1997). It examines the physiological, evolutionary and developmental mechanisms of behaviour and experience and pays particular reference

Origins Of Psychology And Research Methods Worksheet

1550 words - 7 pages Part I: Origins of PsychologyThe seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural.Psychoanalytic: The founder of the psychoanalytic school of thought is Sigmund Freud. He believed that many psychological problems result from the conflicts that occur between "acceptable" behavior and "unacceptable" unconscious sexual or aggressive

Discovering Love (Based On Harry Harlow Studies)

4195 words - 17 pages - 95) Mason, W. A. "Early social deprivation in the nonhuman primates: Implications for human behavior," in D. C. Glass, (ed.) Environmental Influences. New York, NY: Rockefeller University and Russell Sage Foundation, 1968, Pg 70-101. Reinhardt, V., C. Liss, and C. Stevens, Social Housing of Previously Single-caged Macaques: What are the Options and the Risks?, Animal Welfare 4(4) (1995): 307-328. Thorne, M. & Henley, T.B. (1997). Connections in the History and Systems of Psychology New York: Houston Mifflin Company. (Pg 106-119)

J.A.J.M Child Psychiatry

3677 words - 15 pages representing a disorder within the child and those commentators assert that the role of environmental influences on behavior has become extremely neglected, leading to a decrease in the popularity of therapy (Boorse, 1976: Sadler et al, 1994: Jensen, 2003: Timimi, 2006).References *Kuczaj, Stan A. "Developmental psychology": child and adolescence. NY: Macmillion Pub. Co, 1991. *Manheimer, Marcel, "Les troubles montoux de l'enfance". Journal of Mental

BBP Depicted In Girl Inturrupted: This Is A Paper That Compares The Movie Girl Inturrupted To The Actual Symptoms, Diagnosis, And Treatment Of Borderline Personality Disorder

1660 words - 7 pages of those are women (Comer). What causes the disorder? We will view several different theories. Some believe that the exact cause for this disorder in unknown. Others like John Oldham, believe it is caused by a combination of environmental circumstances and genetic influences, and many believe that it always stems from their childhood of sexual abuse and physical abuse. In the movie, Susanna showed no signs of neglect in her childhood. Why then

The Relationship Between Diet And Social Behaviour And The Incidence Of Colds

2405 words - 10 pages , making person-to-person transmission of the viruses that cause colds and flu more unlikely. Another factor that could reduce incidence of the cold and/or the flu is handwashing. "(The virus that causes one strain of the common cold) can survive on environmental surfaces for several hours under ambient conditions. Hands can readily become contaminated after contact with such surfaces. . ." (Sattar, Jacobsen, Springthorpe, Cusack, Rubino, 1993

Organizationl Structure

2497 words - 10 pages longer limited to an organization's own state or country (Ogbanna & Harris, 2003). Evans and Richardson (2007) recommend the PESTEL (Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal) Framework to help organizations analyze the elements with the greatest effect on their structure. All of the previously listed factors create an amount of uncertainty within an organization. The greater the uncertainty, the greater flexibility

Destination Image: Image Problem Of Turkey As A Case Study

7342 words - 30 pages knowledge of a place or product features, while an affective component represents the emotional response of individuals to a place or product. In environmental psychology perspective, the cognitive is referred to the knowledge about the place's objective attributes; whereas the affective is referred to the knowledge about its affective quality (Genereux, Ward and Russel, 1983). In addition to this, Hanyu (1993) suggested that affective refers to the

Genetics, Brain Structure, And Behavior

1690 words - 7 pages done on identical twins. Because identical twins have the same genetic makeup it was thought that this would prove or disprove the idea that bipolar was strictly a genetic disorder. It was found that both genes and other factors contribute to this disorder. The both identical twins were not always diagnosed with bipolar disorder. This seems to indicate that environmental and other factors may contribute to the onset of bipolar disorder. There is

Similar Papers

Behavior Science Essay

604 words - 3 pages psychology is the degree to which nature and nurture shape human behaviors and traits. How would you describe the interaction between genetic potential, environmental influences, and personal choice?Genetic potential is basically the theoretical optimum performance capability which an individual could achieve in a specific activity which leads to and relates to environmental influences and personal choice. Genetics can definitely limit your personal

B.F. Skinner Essay

1906 words - 8 pages B. Watson, an American psychologist. Watson claimed that psychology was not concerned with the mind or with human consciousness. Instead, psychology would be concerned only with behavior. In this way, people could be studied objectively, like rats and apes. Burrhus Frederic Skinner was also an American psychologist and an influential exponent of behaviorism, which views human behavior in terms of responses to environmental stimuli and favors the

Nature Plus Nurture, An Argumentative Subject In The Scientific World

2327 words - 10 pages genetic framework, inherited from our parents, is the sole determining factor in our behavioral characteristics. These two opposing viewpoints have produced a multitude of ideas, theories, and arguments in the history of psychology.         John Broadus Watson, the father of American behaviorism, greatly reinforced the source of nurture by studying learned and adaptive behavior patterns in our environmental surroundings (Rathus p.13). During

Psychological Theory Behaviourism Essay

2015 words - 9 pages has grown into a major force in psychology. Skinners ideas stress the study of observable behaviours, the importance of environmental reinforces (reward and punishment), and the exclusion of mental processes. His ideas often referred to as strict behaviourism, continue to have an impact on psychology. (Plotnik 1996, p.8)Joe's StoryJoe is 26 years old when he does his first aggravated burglary. He is arrested then sent to court. The court finds