The Most Important Reason For Westward Expansion Year 12 Essay

1718 words - 7 pages

By Aaron-Vir Chana Year 13 History
‘The most important reason for expansion in the West in the years 1865-90 was the development of the railroads.’ Assess the validity of this view. [25 Marks]
The USA experienced rapid westward expansion from the 1860’s onwards due to the interaction of a variety of factors. This, in turn, had important economic and social effects on the USA. There were many major improvements in both economic and social fields that led to the rapid expansion westward of the USA. Before 1865, the USA was a primitive country, like the only way to travel across the country was by wagon or horse. The main factors that played a part in the USA’s rapid industrial expansion included the Civil War, population growth, developments in transport and technological and business innovation.
The USA experienced a massive nationwide revolution in transport. This included the introduction of the railroad, which provided a fast and very efficient way of travelling across the country. An example of this is instead of taking 6 months travelling from New York to San Francisco pre 1865, it now took just 6 days via railroad. Another example of this is transporting raw materials such as coal from the West Virginia coalfields to the industrial factories of New England, but also distributing the finished goods as well as cattle from Texas to Chicago meatpacking plants. In 1869, the first Transcontinental Railroad opened up the far west mining and ranching regions. Railroads helped expand the USA by employing thousands of workers. By 1900 they employed more than 1 million workers. All of whom were consumers. They also encouraged demand in other fields of products, such as steel and coal which were both needed as they were in high demand by the railroad companies to produce engines and other railroad vehicles, also to produce railroad stations. This encouraged completion which pushed down prices and led to technological improvements to improve quality. The rail companies needed roads in order to be able to distribute the new areas and this created even more growth. This also encouraged migration into the US from countries in the east such as China after the Berlingame Treaty in 1868. This allowed many Chinese workers to migrate to the US and work for the railroad companies to build railroads. This worked out better for those railroad companies as they paid less for cheap hard working labour. 2.8 million people moved to the USA during the 1870’s as people came from all over Europe and Asia in search for a better standard of living. They had followed the ‘American Dream’ myth and believed that anyone could become rich and great in America. Many of the new immigrants moved into cities and this helped as it forced an industrial revolution in these cities, as the cheap labour force was what was needed to improve the cities.
Another massive income gained by the US during this period was given by Great Britain over the debates about Canadian lands. The...


Rear Window Analytical Essay - Is Stella the voice of reason? - Year 12 - Essay

869 words - 4 pages “We’ve become a race of Peeping Toms. What people ought to do is get outside their house and look in for a change.” Is Stella the voice of reason? Alfred Hitchcock’s film, Rear Window, directed in 1954, explores the character of insurance nurse Stella, who warns about how society has changed for the worse. Stella is backed up by events in the film when saying that people should engage with each other, though she, Jeff and Lisa disregard her

Why the railroad is the most important invention - English - Essay

428 words - 2 pages Steven DeRoche Grade 11, junior Class: Mrs.Roberts Why is the railroad the most important invention during the industrial revolution? How did it shape the world we have today? Well that is the one thing i will discuss in the following paragraphs. The first steam powered locomotive was invented by​ ​Richard Trevithick ​in the year 1804 in great britain. With the start of the industrial revolution there was an increased need for faster

The 3 Most Significant Ideas of the Age of Reason - Wallace State Community College - ENG251 - Essay

1145 words - 5 pages 1 Taylor Carolyn Taylor Mrs. Warren ENG251I Tuesday, March 5th, 2019 Essay 2 America: A Land Birthed By Reason The Age of Reason was both literally and metaphorically a defining period in the history of the United States of America. The thought processes, ideas and works that were birthed, created and recorded are some of the most monumental philosophies this country has produced to date; not to mention, the very principles that this nation is

Automobile industry most important invention - english - essay

952 words - 4 pages important industries. The invention of the gas powered automobile was inspired by the creation of the steam engine. Before the combustion engine was popular, Sylvester H. Roper made multiple steam powered carriages. In the year 1893, Charles and Frank Duryea tested a gas powered wagon. This evolved into gas powered carriages. Over the years, the initial gas powered carriage became gas powered automobiles. By 1903, the Ford Motor Company came out

v for vendetta essay year 12 in class - year 12 - essay

970 words - 4 pages are influenced to believe that terrorism is commendable when committed for a justified reason, this is shown to a large and impacting extent. The song ‘cry me a river’ was used in the scene where Evey wakes up in v’s secret underground house, although v is shown to be a violent and extreme man, this music helps present him as warm hearted and controlled. This leads viewers to believe his actions are measured and conducted by a person with good

great depresion and the three most important problems faced - mongomery college - essay

982 words - 4 pages economic downturn would have been far less severe and much shorter. ( The three most important problems to remember about the Great depression are the living conditions, unemployment and what people could do for pleasure. We are going to expatiate as follows: Living conditions: Living conditions were harsh because many people had no money, food, or other necessities. Banks failed miserably because people withdrew all their money, leaving

Why sheilds were the most important tool - Simcoe compostie school , History - Essay

1185 words - 5 pages , shields still see use in the form of riot gear or by counter terrorist forces to block small fire arms. A main factor that made shields so powerful was their versatility. Shields could be used to defend the user from incoming attacks and this was what most shields were specifically designed for. Shields could also be used to attack by bashing enemies leaving them uncoordinated and open for other more lethal attacks. These two things make the shield

The Tsar and the First World War - Year 12 - Essay

1195 words - 5 pages calamity to disorient the middle-class, food shortages to anger the average worker, and most crucially, a horrible, catastrophic war to turn the army against the country’s leader. With the army, the Tsar had the ability to supress revolts before they became revolutions, however, the devastation of the war robbed him of this ability. Soon, works began to see their interests aligned not with their generals, their Tsar or their war, but with the

The Merchant of Venice Essay - Year 12 HSC - Essay

941 words - 4 pages , organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions" and is "fed with the same food, hurt with the same weapons, subject to the same diseases, healed by the same means, warmed and cooled by the same winter and summer as a Christian is". Shakespeare's lexical chain establishes the link of humanity between the two religions while his use of the rhetorical question, questions his need for justice. Shylocks barrage of rhetorical questions that are

Discovery Essay Advanced English - Year 12 - Essay

1436 words - 6 pages . Through his travels he was able to try and think of a solution for these people. Juxtaposition is created when he states: What a beautiful part of Canada, it is a shame, a real shame for somewhere as beautiful as Shoal Lake is where the people don’t live like Canadians. Learning: Discovery through learning is an important aspect within this context as the whole documentary is based on discovery through learning. For instance: A First Nation man

British cultural clash - Year 12 - Essay

2086 words - 9 pages cartridges amongst the sepoys which was deemed to be insulting to the Indian culture and religion, the most significant cause of the clash of cultures. Also, the sense of cultural superiority upheld by the East India Company staff was crucial for creating the circumstances of cultural clash, alongside the arrival of British Christian missionary activity, particularly with regard to education which fueled these tensions to further enhance


1209 words - 5 pages princeps care for the people which supported population growth. Augustus, who created of the concept of the ‘princeps’, influenced many of the Julio-Claudian building programs. He created many important buildings in order to consolidate Rome’s population growth and political policy. Augustus initiated many building programs which greatly contributed to Roman citizens and the political policy; these reforms/building programs would later benefit Rome

Who is most responsible for the fall of mankind in John Milton's Paradise Lost ? - Abingdon - Essay

3042 words - 13 pages Satan’s culpability for the fall, although it must be noted that Milton with Protestant grounding sought not to place blame entirely on Satan’s shoulders. Satan debased to an almost absurd level in Book IX remains an innately enticing character with such effect most likely achieved by Milton in order to evoke genuine empathy towards Eve’s persuasion, which is a likely reason for acceptance of his responsibility. The opening of Book IX depicts Satan

Measure for measure; Isabella is the plays most virtuous character, do you agree? - St Kevins - essay

466 words - 2 pages activity, in theory: P = E = I Economic activity example A manufacturing business (firm) produces (production) a durable capital good, for example, a small gas-fired electricity generator for $25,000 AUD. The firm sells the consumer (households) the gas-fired electricity generator for $25,000 Australian dollars (“AUD”) (expenditure). The manufacturing business earns FACTOR income from the sale of the electricity generator to the household of

Texts relating to the period After the Bomb - freshwater senior campus, year 12 - essay

1263 words - 6 pages “Texts relating to the period After the Bomb represent aspects of life that challenged or destroyed comfortable ways of thinking. To what extent has your study of texts shown this to be true?” The zeitgeist of the post-war era was an expansion of the modernist concepts of progress and change. The predominant discourse of power, known as the Cold War, embraced the fundamental ideological conflict between Capitalistic America and the Communist