IR 308: Final Paper
Professor Anthony P.
December 19, 2017
United States in the International Criminal Court
“It is better to risk saving a guilty person than to condemn an innocent one,” said Voltaire. At the time, the great enlightenment thinker was an amid advocate of many basic human rights that can be found in our first amendment, such as the freedom of speech. Human rights that is should be protected by everyone, as it applies to all. The establishment of the international criminal court otherwise formerly known as the Rome Statute of International Criminal Court aims to bring justice by establishing this international institution that will have jurisdiction over crimes against humanity. Crimes that include “The crime of genocide; Crimes against humanity; War crimes; The crime of aggression.” [footnoteRef:1] Therefore the United States should continue to promote justice and peace by re-signing and ratifying this statute. A third party institution that will allow US national convicts to be held accountable for the crimes they commit overseas. At the same time, the international community is able to check on the United States to avoid any political manipulation to hinder the statute’s purpose to bring justice against humanity. [1: “Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.” United Nations, United Nations, legal.un.org/icc/statute/romefra.htm.]
The Rome Statute of International Criminal Court of 1998 starts off with “the most serious crimes of concerns to the international community as a whole must not go unpunished…” On July 17, 1998, 120 states convened in Rome to establish the first permanent international criminal court in mankind. At the time of the convention, the Clinton administration did not initially sign the treaty because they had some reserves regarding the jurisdiction of the ICC. Regardless, the United States have always been in the forefront of institutionalism and this is evident as we look back in history or just crimes that the ICC have jurisdiction over. Analyzing the participation of the United States in global institutions such as the ICC will only indicate that ratifying this statute will help further the promotion of ICC’s main goal, to bring justice and promote worldwide cooperation.
According to Article 6 of the Rome Statute of ICC, the definition of ‘genocide’ in appliance to the statute are “acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.” Then it goes on to define how a crime can be considered a genocide. The author emphasizes the word ‘group’ in their description of the act. The Rome Statute of International Court was established in 1998, and came into full effect in 2002, years after repeated genocides have past within the century.
The United States is the home of the majority of ethnic backgrounds around the world, due to the major migration waves we’ve had over years. But overtime, the United States grew to became powerful and...