What Is Truth? A Literature Review Gmu Phil 253 Final Paper

1814 words - 8 pages

Erika Dyer
Professor Brandhorst
PHIL 253-004
10 December 2017
Final Paper
What is truth? Is truth merely a lie we all tell ourselves to agree upon? Is truth a singular type of story? Can it be multiple things? Perhaps it can be all of the above. Lispector’s The Passion According to G.H., O’Brien’s The Things They Carried, Nietzsche’s “On Truth and lies in an Extra-Moral Sense,” Cixous’ “The Laugh of the Medusa,” and Freud’s “Infantile Genital Organization & Medusa’s Head” bring about similar topics of stories, lies, and variances of abstract truths through their different works.
This begs the question of what exactly is truth? According to O’Brien, there are three types of truth regarding events. There is the happening truth, the seeming truth, and the story truth. First off, O’Brien describes happening truth as the event itself that happened in a factual sense. It is the men dying in the war, blown up just feet from you by a grenade. But like O’Brien the young soldier, you do not look at the faces of the men who are fallen near you (O’Brien 58). This lack of observing the happening truth around you brings about the story truth. Story truth is a fictional truth written about the factual truth of people dying in the war, in order to bring about the seeming truth. Story truth would be that the men fallen near you are not faceless, but are your comrades with names, lives, and families that you had formed relationships with and you did observe them passing into death (O’Brien 12). The seeming truth is the truth that not a grenade killed your comrade near you, but the sunlight he stepped into sent him flying into the air at such a force that he exploded (O’Brien 67). The story truth is created to help remember the happening truth through the seeming truth. Similarly, in Lispector, the happening truth is that she killed a cockroach and ate it, discovering the truth of human life over humanized life (Lispector 174). The story truth is the entire book, she is rewriting her experiences with new perspectives of the experience (seeming truth) she underwent in order to not forget what changed her life. Both Lispector and O’Brien’s characters faced life changing experiences, one in war, one in discovering the neutral, which they both want to remember, so they create alternative truths to never forget.
According to Nietzsche, truth is an arbitrary word that really is just a socially accepted lie. In order for society to function the way it does, according to Nietzsche, humans decided to create these lies to agree upon to create order (Nietzsche 53). These lies are simple ones such as 2+2=4 and thou shall not kill. However, the danger that comes with these agreed upon truths to Nietzsche is the fact that humans forget that we lied to ourselves to create them. Nietzsche says we humans willingly put on this disguise in order to have a high functioning society, but all too often we forget the disguise is on and in turn think accept the lie as reality (Nietzsche...

Other Essays On What is Truth? A literature review - GMU PHIL 253 - Final Paper

This is a final for a class that i am in - COMPOSITION 2 - Paper

1122 words - 5 pages momentarily. We quickly discuss how today will go while eagerly waiting for breakfast to be ready until we finally hear “Food is ready” from Jill through the window. We rush into the camper to a smell of sizzling bacon and freshly fried eggs. With our bellies full, we scurry out of the door and grab our fishing poles out of the back seat of the scorching truck from the sun shining in. Wayne, my father, carries most of it because he is a heavy

What Is A A Brand ?

2319 words - 10 pages essence to build brands not around products but around reputation. The great Asian names(ie: SONY, MATSUSHITA) imply quality, price and innovation rather than a specific item. I call these "attribute" brands: they do not relate directly to one product but instead to a set of values.TAKING RISK (RADICAL MANAGEMENT)What is needed is an attitude of creative brand building, chatting new paths, setting new market and performance standards so as to

A review of “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”. - ANU - literature review

1115 words - 5 pages A review of “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”. In the article “Indigenous remain ‘asset rich, dirt poor’ 25 years after Mabo”, Indigenous affairs editor, Fitzpatrick (2017) presents the socioeconomic situation of the Aboriginal people, using the views of the former prime minister’s advisor, Josephine Cashman. Miss Cashman pointed out that the promises made to the indigenous people, presented in the Mabo case, had

What Is A Juvenile Delequient

833 words - 4 pages things guaranteed with the birth of a child: they are to instill moral values in (into) the child, to teach tell the child it right from wrong; and to be responsible, at least financially, for everything involving the child until he is eighteen. What then, prevents (is holding the) modern society from holding the parents equally (just as) responsible for their children for a crime just as if the parent had did it? What then, prevents modern society

What Is A Witch Hunt?

476 words - 2 pages A witch hunt is the searching out and persecution of supposed witches. It can also mean the harassment of those with unpopular beliefs. I am not sure what causes a witch hunt to occur. Some believe that people embark a witch hunt to find a scapegoat to their problems, others believe that it is just a mass hysteria that spreads like a disease. Anyone can be subject to a witch hunt. From people of a certain decent that others do not like to women

Comparing Welfare Internationally - Criminology, Health and Social Care - Research Paper, Literature Review

1566 words - 7 pages Contemporary Forced Migration Assessment 1 1511709 Syria’s refugee crisis: causes, ways of migration, abuse of human rights & human trafficking INTRODUCTION For millions of people migration has represented the way to ensure the chance to a life away from poverty and oppression. Immigration, one of today’s most common issue, is the effect of a diverse range of factors, i.e. ethnic, economic, cultural, social (King, 2010). A recent mass

Wise Blood Essay Comparing the Truth of Cat On a Hot Tin Roof - Interpretation of Literature - Essay

1760 words - 8 pages Janning 1 What Is Truth In ​Wise Blood​ by Flannery O’Connor and ​Cat On A Hot Tin Roof​ by Tennessee Williams, the characters depict their struggles with the concepts of religion and family through the importance of truth. In ​Wise Blood​, Hazel Motes pushes against the common religion that has been preached to him throughout his entire life. He claims that not only is there no truth behind religion, but that there is no truth at all. Hazel

This is a copy of the Physics Exam for 2007. It can be used as a review for the exam - Physics 407S - Exam Paper

1281 words - 6 pages may be helpful to draw a plot or two.) (b) (10 pts) Cartman is unaware that Officer BarBrady is outside City Wok, measuring the speed of cars passing by, just as they pass in front of City Wok. The speed limit by the restaurant is 45 mph. The penalty for speeding is $50 for every 5 mph over the speed limit (so $50 for going between 50 and 55 mph, $100 between 55 and 60 mph, etc.). Will Officer BarBrady give Cartman a ticket, and if so, what will

Life is a Journey Literature Essay - BYU English 055 - Essay

733 words - 3 pages ,” explains that it’s what we do with our life that determines our future. Longfellow begins his poem with a description of a pessimistic view of life. “Dust thou art, to dust returnest,” is a phrase he uses to describe a feeling of futility in our souls. He counters this statement later in the poem: “And, departing, leave behind us Footprints on the sands of time; Footprints, that perhaps another, Sailing o’er life’s solemn main, A forlorn and shipwrecked

Econ 323 Mock question, make it possible for a review session - University of Calgary - Mock Final

2406 words - 10 pages factors: low-skilled (LS) and high- skilled (HS) workers. Assume that iPads are relatively intensive in the use of HS and that (MEX) is relatively abundant in LS workers (a) Define the concepts of countries’ relative abundancy of a factor and good’s relative intensity of a factor. (b) Can we infer from the information provided in the question if shirts are intensive in the use of some factor and if (USA) is relatively abundant in some factor? (c) What

Ain’t I A Woman by Sojoyner Truth - English 1010 - Research Paper

1142 words - 5 pages deteriorate.” (Friedman 8). I think she is saying that younger generations look at the work ethic of early generations which has a big impact on how we do things now. That is an agreeable statement because when you look at your grandparents or your parents, you see how they had to work for what they wanted and work hard for everything. You see now that most people are lazy and are not willing to do the work that takes to succeed, and everyone wants

Similar Papers

What Is Socrates’ Argument That No Harm Can Come To A Good Man Thompson River University Phil 1110 Philosophy Paper

1524 words - 7 pages meant by “good” is to be found. Good is having a clear conscience, to be incorruptible, to possess great self-control, to do what is right even if it means going against the status quo. To follow this path, even to death, means that he is in the right. In fact, if anyone is in the wrong he believes that it is the jurors for sentencing him for telling the truth. He believes that they will come to the harm that comes with such actions that they

Arguing A Position What It's Like To Be A Man By Phil Christman English 112 Writing And Research Research Paper

711 words - 3 pages What Is It Like to Be a Man? By: Phil Christman English: 112-806 12/7/2018 2 Vega Cordero What defines a man in the 21st century? How they are handling new expectations? Is it possible to bring up a healthy generation without a father figure? What it’s like to be a man: The Male role in Modern day society A few decades ago, men were providers and protectors; today, a lot of discussions are centered around gender equality, and nowadays women

What Is Literature? Essay

508 words - 3 pages In the text "žWhat is literature?" from Terry Eagleton, the author tries to explain the term literature. He enumerates various definitions of it.First he defines literature by making a distinction between fact and fiction. All works which are fiction, or also called "imaginative writing", can be called literature. In other words, this means that we can decide if a work is literary or not by its content. This explanation does not satisfy

This Paper Is For What Is America? Class In Indiana University Taught By Professor Sonia Lee. Indiana University A 100 Final Exam Essay

1166 words - 5 pages Rights Amendment. [3: Cunanan, G. "Friday Discussion." Lecture, notebook. April 13, 2018.] Lastly, the case of Roe v. Wade in 1973, which results in the legalize of abortion must have been a big disappointment for you. It is without doubt one of the worst decision in the history of the U.S Supreme Court in the eyes of conservative. In the contrary to what you believe, instead of focusing on the unborn child I do believe that we should put the live