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Adhd Should We Be Medicating Children Essay

1688 words - 7 pages

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is classified as a psychological disruptive behaviour disorder, frequently prominent in young children, which according to 'The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (2011)' currently affects 3-5% of all American children.The resulting behavioural complications associated with ADHD can impinge heavily on a child's ability to uphold academic, social, emotional, and psychological aspects in life, as it interferes with their capability to implement age-appropriate procedures, both cognitive and behavioural (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 2010).Such behaviours indicating ones possession of ADHD are ...view middle of the document...

At this point in time, the exact cause of ADHD in young children is still unknown, whilst there are many theories and presumptions indicating aspects of genetic, environmental, and physical factors to cause the onset of the disorder, no final result has yet been established. Similar to many other disorders, the cause of ADHD is presumably due to a combination of factors (National Institute of Mental Health, 2011).There is strong evidence to support that genetics may be a fundamental factor in the cause of ADHD in young children. Statistics say, if a parent has the disorder, there is up to a 40% chance the child will also develop it (NWHRC Health Center, 2006). The most prominent research to support the hereditariness of ADHD is associated with gene continuation, the transfer of brain functions and features from relative to relative. This can be supported by the recognition that the problems associated with ADHD result from subtle differences in the functioning of the brain (Green & Chee, 1995).Most notably, children with ADHD develop thinner brain tissue in the areas of the brain associated with attention, such as the frontal lobe. (Martin, 2007). Furthermore, those afflicted with the disorder have also been found to have an unusual imbalance or lack of, the message-transmitting chemicals present in the brain, the 'neurotransmitters' (Green & Chee, 1995).The link between genetics producing differences in a child's neurobiology and the cause of ADHD can be seen through the fact that the frontal lobe region of the brain as well as the neurotransmitters in the brain (e.g. Dopamine), play vital roles in the management of similar functions such as initiation for action, impulse control, general behaviour, decision making, attention, learning, social and sexual demeanour and numerous other roles (Centre for Neuro Skills, 2011). Therefore it can possibly be inferred that differences or lack of these brain functions and chemicals, inherited though genetics, may possibly cause the onset of ADHD.In addition to genetics, there is also obdurate evidence to support that environmental factors and or the upbringing of a child may also play an imperative role in the cause or severity of ADHD in young children. The majority of studies suggest that factors such as smoking or alcohol use during pregnancy, complications during pregnancy, and exposure to high levels of lead as an infant (National Institute of Mental Health, 2011), may result in pathological conditions or further alterations in brain functions, therefore conceivably causing or amplifying the disorder.The supposition that ADHD may be caused or intensified by smoking or alcohol use during pregnancy is most prevalent in today's society as paint and plumbing fixtures no longer contain lead, making exposure to high levels of the substance, somewhat unlikely (Schoenstadt, 2011).The act of smoking or use of alcohol during pregnancy has proven to lead to a pathological condition called hypoxia,...

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