Effectiveness Of Un Peace Enforcement Over Un Peacekeeping Operations Baylor University 2018 Research Paper

2462 words - 10 pages

1
Matthews
Soo Matthews
PSC 3304
Dr. Campbell
30 March 2018
UN Peacekeeping vs. Peace Enforcement
Introduction
United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operations have been deployed globally for decades. According to the UN, peacekeeping operations started in 1948 with military observers first going into the Middle East.[footnoteRef:1] Originally, UN peacekeeping started as a nonviolent means of neutralizing conflict through the maintenance of ceasefires and support of pre-existing peace negotiations.[footnoteRef:2] In addition, the Brahimi report states the three foundational principles upon which all UN peacekeeping operations should be structured, which are “consent of local parties, impartiality, and the use of force only in self-defense.”[footnoteRef:3] However, there has been a change in the types of UN peacekeeping operations since the end of the Cold War. They have more often been deployed in the midst of ongoing internal struggle and war.[footnoteRef:4] Not only are peacekeeping operators entering into conflict ridden states, they have changed the strategy of peacekeeping from “defensive to offensive peacekeeping” with utilization of UN military troops.[footnoteRef:5] This paper aims to explore effective and successful practices of reducing conflict and maintaining peace through UN operations. First, the paper will explore the difference between peacekeeping and peace enforcement. Second, it will dissect the original intentions and practices of peacekeeping missions. Third, the paper will compare recent changes to the traditional stance of the UN’s peacekeeping practices. Fourth, the paper will go onto validate the thesis and defeat the counter argument that militarized peacekeeping operations has had an adverse impact on reducing violence and promoting peace. Lastly, the paper will conclude that even though UN peacekeeping operations have deviated from their original directive, they have become more effective through the use of military personnel and active engagement in conflicts. [1: United Nations(a). “Our History.” United Nations. https://peacekeeping.un.org/en/our-history. ] [2: Caplan, Richard. “Peacekeeping / Peace Enforcement,” Encyclopedia Princetoniensis, accessed March 25, 2018, https://pesd.princeton.edu/?q=node/259 ] [3: United Nations(b). "Brahimi Report UN System Assessment and Recommendations for Change." United Nations 83, no. 7. (September 2004): 203-207. Academic Search Complete, EBSCOhost (accessed March 29, 2018).] [4: Hultman, Lisa, Jacob Kathman, and Megan Shannon(a). "Beyond Keeping Peace: United Nations Effectiveness in the Midst of Fighting." The American Political Science Review 108, no. 4 (11, 2014): 737-753. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0003055414000446. http://ezproxy.baylor.edu/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/1626126101?accountid=7014.] [5: Peter, Mateja. 2015. “Between Doctrine and Practice: The UN Peacekeeping Dilemma.” Global Governance 21 (3): 351-3...

RELATED

sample model un position paper: how Iraq combats terrorism - model un - position paper

1895 words - 8 pages who deserve equal and fair treatment by others. Works Cited Byman, Daniel L. "Terrorism and the War with Iraq." Brookings, 3 Mar. 2003, www.brookings.edu/research/terrorism-and-the-war-with-iraq/. Accessed 10 Jan. 2019. "CHAPTER I: PURPOSES AND PRINCIPLES." United Nations, 2019, www.un.org/en/sections/un-charter/chapter-i/index.html. Accessed 10 Jan. 2019. David, Steven R. E-mail interview. 5 Jan. 2018. "DISEC Topic B." National High School Model

Issues in Law Enforcement Graduate Paper Ferguson Effect/ Body Worn Camera - Temple University Issues in Law Enforcement - Research Paper

3475 words - 14 pages 2 Issues in Law Enforcement Final The Ferguson Effect Over the past few years, law enforcement in the United States has become under intense examination from the public for deadly force incidents on unarmed black civilians. On August 9, 2014, Michael Brown, an unarmed black teenager, was fatally shot by Officer Daren Wilson in Ferguson, MO. This incident sparked weeks of civil unrest in Ferguson, a Department of Justice investigation into the

¿Es usted un ciudadano de los Estados Unidos? - SUNY - Spanish paper

678 words - 3 pages ¿Es usted un ciudadano de los Estados Unidos? Actualmente hay un debate en el caso de la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos que cuestiona los planes de la administración Trump de incluir una pregunta sobre ciudadanía en el censo de 2020. Los activistas de los derechos de voto temen que agregar la pregunta disuadirá a los inmigrantes, tanto legales como ilegales, de participar en el censo. Esto podría llevar a un conteo incompleto en estados con

the impotance of the speech to convince - baylor - paper

806 words - 4 pages Timothy Yoo 10/31/2018 Speech To Convince Outline Violent Video Games Effects On Adolescents I. How many of y’all have an iPhone? The future of our society depends on technology. In the 21st century, we use technology as a valuable resource and its used to entertain ourselves and just used to communicate with others. However, adolescents are becoming very fond of video games and the entertainment properties it provides for them. Just in general

Paper on how police is over using there power - bowling green state university - research paper

437 words - 2 pages , and everyone in certain situations. If a police officers is representing themselves in a negative way, it’s going to make people view them in a negative way. Also, our society needs to change on how police officers are viewed because that makes the community, and everyone judge police officers and hold grudges towards them and police need to go over and beyond to make people more comfortable. The police department needs to hire more minorities meaning go out and recruit more African American men and women because it’s a good portion of all white men. More equal In my opinion maybe that would make our community safer and not so violent and have a high crime rate.

police rating and how police is over using the power - bowling green university - formal research paper

911 words - 4 pages Free Tatyana Reynolds SOC 324 Formal paper November 16th, 2018 Option 1- Research paper- Racial profiling Stop and frisk In this research paper I will be discussing the numerous ways racial profiling stop and frisking is viewed, done wrongly, or represented in a negative way. The issue with racial profiling stop and frisking has changed over the years and I’m going to talk about how it has changed and in what ways has racial profiling has been

Frankenstein, theories of literature - Baylor University, Literature 202 - Research

676 words - 3 pages Free interpretation: over time the monster has been regarded as ‘Frankenstein’ rather than ‘Frankenstein’s monster’, this may perhaps be due to the development of Freud’s theories and hence the recognition by the reader that as the ‘id’ the monster fulfils the desires of the ‘ego’ and hence is the subconscious Frankenstein, and consequently Victor is outcast due to his poor attempt at intervening between the id and the ego. · Habermas Theory of Literature

A Look back in time, over the course of a 100 years - History - Research Paper

908 words - 4 pages salvation based on works. On account of her challenging, she was sentenced to trial along with many others who believed in the Covenant of Grace and stood up for it. “Anne was prosecuted for claiming authority over the men and challenging their beliefs. Hutchinson was initially accused of sedition, or trying to overthrow the government by challenging colonial leaders, such as Governor John Winthrop, who were devout Puritans. An eloquent orator

group assignment for semester 2, 2018 - university of adelaide - assignment

730 words - 3 pages mutual fund over the 3 quarters. In terms of analysis it will be beneficial that sector allocation must be provided on a historical basis. Most US funds provide this information, though not as many Australian funds provide this information on a historical basis. b. Comparison Funds: Once the team has selected the Equity Mutual Funds, and the Fixed Income Security Fund, The team now needs to get 2 (two) comparison funds for each chosen Mutual Fund

Operations Behavior Journal Entries - University of South Alabama MGT 340 - Assignment

1728 words - 7 pages in a sense of fashion. I work with fellow African-Americans, Caucasians, and so on. As far as the University’s HR Office, me and the other student assistants are the youngest that are employed, everyone else is over 35 years of age. I will say that the work relationship is fairly harmonious between all of us. They seem to enjoy to have young people working in the office helping them with matters and different projects. Jordan Griffin, Journal

Spreading democracy promotes peace? - International relations, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. - Essay

1967 words - 8 pages statistical evidence that supports the democratic peace theory. They argue that the statistical data provided in support of the theory is inconclusive. John Mearshimer (1990) observed, “democracies have been few in number over the past two centuries, and thus there have not been many cases where two democracies were in a position to fight each other. Spiro (1994) argues, “studies that claim significance for the absence of wars between democracies are

The economics of university accessibility - Ap seminar - research paper

1380 words - 6 pages THE ECONOMIC FACTORS OF UNIVERSITY ACCESSIBILITY 1 ​ The Economic factors of University Accessibility Is university becoming less accessible to students in Canada? AP Seminar 2018 Word Count: 1118 THE ECONOMIC FACTORS OF UNIVERSITY ACCESSIBILITY 2 ​The question: What economic factors affect university accessibility? Accessibility being admissions/acceptance and participation, has been studied and reviewed in many articles. Studies from all over

Arabic Architecture and Influence - University of Colorado Boulder - Research Paper

2482 words - 10 pages , Christians, and other religions leading to relative peace. However, Christian forces also wanted to regain control over the region. For many years, they waged war against Islam, taking small parts of the Al-Andalus until the only part remaining was Granada. By the end of the 8th century, Muslims had been pushed out of Spain and into Southern France. However, even there, they were under considerable opposition, with the Battle of Toulouse and Battle of

Google Company Inc research paper - University of wisconsin milwaukee - Assignment

603 words - 3 pages 1 Google training 9 Google Overview Angel D Alexander University of Wisconsin Milwaukee Google Overview Google Inc has promoted its corporate mission of ‘to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful.’ Google Inc seeks to empower individuals by providing its customers with the right products or services at the right time and by encouraging its employees to be innovative and productive. Google Culture At

Administrative Justice - Public Law 310 - University of Pretoria - Research Paper

2189 words - 9 pages Bank and Others v The Public Protector and Others Case nr 48123, 52883, 46255 (2018) (unreported)] [2: Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2000] The application was made on the following grounds: Firstly, the Public Protector had no authorisation and thus contravened section 6(2)(a)(i) of PAJA[footnoteRef:3]. Secondly, that the recommended remedial action was materially influenced by an error of law contrary to section 6(2)(d) of PAJA