Summary of arguments made in Federalist paper 10
Federalist paper number 10 is titled “The union is a safeguard against domestic faction and insurrection.” I believe that this title is very straightforward in what Madison intends to argue. The main point in writing this paper was to persuade states into ratifying the newly written Constitution. James Madison, Jay Cooke and Alexander Hamilton wrote the Federalist papers to show others the reason that they needed to adopt the government laid out by the Constitution.
Madison says that the Constitution establishes a government that can control the violence and damage caused by factions. Madison defines a faction as people who gather together to protect or promote their own interests and political opinions. He says that these people are typically working against the common good and they infringe on other’s rights. When these factions grow large enough, they can pursue their own interests with violence as they had recently seen with Shay’s Rebellion.
Madison’s main point of Federalist paper 10 is that if you have people who are free you are always going to have factions. He even goes as far to say, “Liberty is to factions as air is to fire.” It is funny he says this because he goes on to say that there are only two ways to deal with factions, you can control the source of factions or you can control the effect of factions. He then points out that the source of factions cannot be controlled. In order to control the source of factions' people would have to be stripped of their liberties and you cannot do that. People with their own freedom are going to naturally form factions to protect themselves and those with similar interest. Just as air will always be fuel to fire, freedom will always be fuel for...