February 9, 2018
HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system, which is our body’s natural defence against illness.The spread of HIV from individual to individual is called HIV transmission. The spread of HIV from a lady with HIV to her kid and pregnancy, labor, or breastfeeding is called mother-to-kid transmission of HIV.
In the Assembled States, HIV is spread for the most part by engaging in sexual relations with or sharing medication infusion hardware with somebody who has HIV. To decrease your danger of HIV disease, utilize condoms accurately and reliably amid sex, constrain your number of sexual accomplices, and never share sedate infusion hardware.
Mother-to-tyke transmission is the most widely recognized way that kids wind up contaminated with HIV. HIV pharmaceuticals, given to ladies with HIV amid pregnancy and labor and to their children after birth, lessen the danger of mother-to-tyke transmission of HIV.
You can't get HIV by shaking hands or embracing a man who has HIV. You likewise can't get HIV from contact with articles, for example, dishes, can seats, or doorknobs utilized by a man with HIV. HIV does not spread through the air or through mosquito, tick, or other creepy crawly chomps.
The virus destroys a type of white blood cell in the immune system called a T-helper cell, and makes copies of itself inside these cells. T-helper cells are also referred to as CD4 cells.
If you are HIV negative, you can prevent from getting HIV positive by using HIV medications known as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and post exposure prophylaxis to protect yourself.
There are also other options to choose from as well including abstinence, limiting your number of sexual partners, condoms every time you have sex, and getting tested for other sexually transmitted diseases.
After this soonest phase of HIV contamination, HIV keeps on duplicating yet at low levels. More extreme side effects of HIV contamination, for example, indications of deft diseases, for the most part don't show up for a long time. Artful diseases are contaminants and contamination related malignancies that happen all the more as often as possible or are more extreme in individuals with debilitated resistant frameworks than in individuals with sound insusceptible frameworks.
Without treatment with HIV drugs, HIV contamination as a rule advances to Helps in 10 years or more, however it might set aside less time for a few people.
HIV transmission is conceivable at any phase of HIV disease—regardless of whether a man with HIV has no side effects of HIV.
East and Southern Africa is the region that is hardest hit by HIV. It is home to 6.2% of the world’s population but has 19.4 million people living with HIV, over 50% of the total number of people living with HIV in the world. In 2016, there were 790,000 new HIV infections, 43% of the global total.
South Africa accounted the one third (270,000) of the region’s new infections in 2016, with another 50%...