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How Pakistan's National Identity Has Been Infringed Upon Via Religious Conflicts Between Sunni And Shia Muslims

492 words - 2 pages

Pakistan's National IdentityFounded for religious purposes in 1946, Pakistan is a relatively new country that has grown very quickly. Pakistan's national identity has been undermined by the separatist religious factions of the Shi'iah and Sunni Muslim clans and enhanced by the use of madrasas, schools that teach and support Sunni Islam. Jinna, who was the father of Pakistan , wanted a state in which all religions were tolerated and to accommodate people who wanted to live independently because their faith was different from that of the national majority . Although Pakistan was a separate homeland for Muslims, according to the Lahore resolution, and ...view middle of the document...

Pakistan was founded on the grounds that the Muslim faith was the minority, so does this in fact mean that a new separate country should be established for Shi'iah's because they are the minority? This sectarian policy undermines Pakistan's national identity and because of their differences the Sunni and Shi'iah have become entrenched in a power struggle which completely violates the reason for Pakistan's foundation.Madrasas have played a key role in the struggle between Sunni and Shi'iah Muslims. Because of the constant struggle between the two sects, the government funded Sunni madrasas and integrated them into the national education . Due to all the funding supporting Sunni madrasas, they have produced large amounts of religious propaganda placing Shi'iah's at a severe disadvantage. As a result of the war funded by the United States in Afghanistan there now exists a great deal of violence between Sunni and Shi'iah's. After the war the soldiers from the madrasas that had been fighting in Afghanistan returned to Pakistan looking for conflict after having the soldier mentality for such a long time. This rivalry between the Sunni's and the Shi'iah's does a great deal to undermine Pakistan's national identity and it will not end until these two groups can stop viewing each other as Sunni or Shi'iah but rather seeing themselves as the united Muslims of Pakistan.

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