Impact Of Information And Computer Technology On Production Planning And Control Systems

1283 words - 6 pages

Impact of advances in information and computer technology on production planning and control systemsTechnology advancement has increased greatly over the last couple of decade; these advances has had an impact on music, art, science, media, entertainment and manufacturing and a seemingly endless number of other fields. However, the aim of this literature review is to assess the impact of information and computer technology on production planning and control systems.A production planning and control system is concerned with planning and controlling all aspects of manufacturing, including materials, scheduling machines and people, and coordinating suppliers and customers. According ...view middle of the document...

ERP improves the efficiency of all four major activities of production planning and control mentioned above. An example of a benefit of the system is in counteracting the bullwhip effect. Since information is fed to all parties at once there is no need for estimation or forecasting which causes the inefficiencies that are produced when the bullwhip effect occurs.Reid and sanders gives the examples of companies who cut costs and increased profit by utilizing ERP. Firstly in the case of Master Product Company whose sales increased by 20% while inventory decreased by 30%, when ERP was first introduced into their company. Moreover, Owens Corning boasts a sixty five million dollar savings after they integrated their system using Enterprise resource planning. It follows that the main advantages of ERP systems are lower costs, increased sales, and increase the information sharing throughout the company all leading to higher profits.Another impact technology has made in PPC systems is with customer relationship management which relates to specific software that enables firms to keep track of customer specific data. An example of this in practice is in hotels where customer information such as certain preferences is stored allowing the hotel to better cater to returning customers. In a study done by Lee and Lambert on 'the influence of technology enabled customer relationship management on customers' attitude toward service quality and loyalty', they found that customers perceived service quality to be higher in firms who used CRM technology in comparison to non CRM companies. Furthermore a link was found between perceived service quality and customer loyalty consequently leading to the conclusion that firms that utilised customer relationship management technology would gain more customer loyalty because of the high quality service that can be given through the use of CRM.Lee and Lambert used a restaurant, 'Avery's restaurant' as an example of how CRM could be used to improve customer satisfaction. They noted that the restaurant had implemented CRM which was used to keep track of customer names, preferences, and food and beverage orders. The information is stored in a database and could be retrieved once the customer has signed up for the customer service program. When the customer visits the restaurant the employees will already have their information stored and with a swipe of the customer's service card can access it to best serve the customer.Another organization where CRM technology is used is FedEx. They use CRM in their call centres where call centre reps can instantaneously pull up a caller's profile, including information on their number of outstanding packages, their annual shipping bill, and customer's annual revenue. FedEx has saved a lot of money using CRM systems with the number of incoming calls being reduced by 89,000 daily, or about 13%.The third system being discussed is Material Requirement Plann...


computer hardware for information technology & computer science - Information technology level 2 - code

847 words - 4 pages sort of bridged connection between other internal components. SPECIFICATION · Motherboard is one of the most essential part of a computer systems. It holds together many of the crucial components of a computer including CPU. PREVENTATION MEASURE · When you remove the motherboard from the anti-static bag, do not place it on top of the bag. The exterior of the bag attracts static charges. Ground yourself before handling the motherboard if possible

How has the evolution of technology impacted the production of modern theatricals at Broadway and other venues?

4232 words - 17 pages . These people work until the opening show and get all the systems ready. The props and other items are not dismantled after a show but allowed to remain in their places so that it is reused for the same show at a different time. Periodic maintenance is needed to carry out small repairs and replacement. The impact of technology is seen in areas such as Lighting, makeup/ wigs, mechanics, production and flown scenery, production, scenery design

The Impact Of Advertisement On Gun Control

769 words - 4 pages Free pink on her dress and her lips, the advertisement is emphasizing innocence to its viewers. Her crystal blue eyes are widely open, symbolizing her naïveness. Her little smile is welcoming and trusts everyone. She is innocent to the world and everything in it. She trusts everyone, not understanding the danger around her. Violence is one of the main themes of the advertisement. It is represented by the bullet hole in the doll's forehead

Information Technology In Banking And Financial Institutions

1614 words - 7 pages branch. However, with all of the benefits that technology brings to the banking industry, it also brings increased risks and threats. Many banks are faced with a growing concern over the impact of dissatisfied employees, unauthorized users, industrial spies and hackers exploiting and compromising their information systems and networks. As technology becomes more sophisticated, so do those who would like to enter the world of information, such as

Ted Talk Technology and Its impact on humans - EH Thomson High - Essay

1128 words - 5 pages Chowdhury 1 Safia Chowdhury Faisal Hassan ENG2D September 23rd, 2018 Technology: The Epitome of Human Innovation With the rise of modern technology, many have begun to question whether or not its impact on the world has been beneficial to humanity or if it has reaped the opposite effect. Technology has oft been the target of blame from many people, predominantly baby boomers, as it has brought about change that was previously unprecedented in

Decision Making, Planning, And Strategic Planning

925 words - 4 pages . Bankers must be convinced that your company is in control of its future before they will lay their money on the line. A comprehensive plan aimed at sustained growth in sales and earnings can be very convincing.A plan is also very helpful in dealing with your suppliers, advertisers, attorney, accountant, auditor, investors and business consultants.On the article, which focuses on the strategic planning from the Information Systems department's (IS

Planning and Design Lab

506 words - 3 pages sure that the ruler sits just above the sand so measuring the height is easier.The height is going to be measured from the bottom of the marble to the surface of the sand inthe box. The same ball shall be used in every trial as to control the size and mass of the objectbeing dropped. I'll drop the ball at the same spot on the sand box by releasing the ball at about 2cm away from the meter ruler. In order to repeat trial under identical condition

Information Technology: An Important And Successful Tool In Business Process Management Pro Gramme

2322 words - 10 pages Free (BPM) and Information Technology (IT)Similar to the concept of TQM, BPM recognises the constant change of environment and advocates continuous improvement to enhance customer satisfaction. On the other hand, in contrast to the incremental improvement typified by TQM, BPM is characterised by dramatic improvements in reducing costs and enhancing competitiveness. It calls for exploiting the power of modern information technology to radically

Planning and Budgeting

570 words - 3 pages Andre's Hair Stylling employs 5 barbers at $9.90 per hour, 40 hours per week, and 50 weeks per year. The salary rate applies regardless of the number of haircuts performed by the barber. Fixed expenses total $1,750 per month and the cost for shampoo per client is $0.40. The total cost for each hair cut is $12.00. Using this data, I found the following information.1. Contribution margin is sales revenue less variable costs. It is the amount

Agriculture And Its Impact On Ecosystem

2131 words - 9 pages Agriculture and its impact on ecosystemA.Agricultural farmland as a unstable ecosystem:An agricultural ecosystem is established and manipulated by human beings in various ways to suit their own purposes, e.g . for food production.This ecosystem is unstable in many aspects:1.Continual removal of soil mineral nutrients due to absorption by crops and weeds. Natural recycling of minerals is hindered as a result of harvesting and subsequent export of

This essay under the headline "THE READER AND THE COMPUTER SCREEN" tells about the disadvantages of studying on-line

404 words - 2 pages reading is likely to take place in fewer locations than paper-based reading.Than, the brightness and resolution of most computer screens means that extra strain may be placed on the eyes when it comes to reading. American scientists proved that the average reader is not able to read effectively for as long periods of time as when reading printed text.Further more, the reading speed for an average computer reader is probably significantly slower than

Report on the Mintzberg's article in the Harvard Business Review about the fall and the rise of strategic planning

464 words - 2 pages Free managers which rely too much on the planning. It is impossible to predict most of the events in the following months, weeks or even days so it is almost impossible to plan specific actions based on the information gathered at the time the plan was created. Of course strategic planning is important but only to some degree and managers should use it in a limited manner.

The Facebook Data Leak and is it okay for Companies to Sell our Data? - Management Information Systems - Essay

2444 words - 10 pages Free may be an accident waiting to happen. Data accidents have occurred in the past and are a potential accident for any organization that uses big data. “What seems certain… is that the problem of technological determinism—that is, of the impact of machines on history-will remain germane until there is forged a degree of public control over technology far greater than anything that now exists.” (Heilbroner 1967). Facebook uses big data and our data

The Human Side Of Mergers And Acquisitions - HP & Apollo Computer

6336 words - 26 pages was responsible for coordinating the replacement of Apollo's human resource and payroll processes as well as training existing employees on HP's procedures. And Apollo's information technology manager was responsible for converting and loading Apollo's existing information into HP's systems as well as assisting with the loading of HP's software onto Apollo's computers.In August, HP's conversion team held a joint planning meeting with Apollo's

Corporations and Their Control on Labor - Labor and Globalization - Essay

873 words - 4 pages much capital they control. While one might think that a company like Wal-Mart owns and controls so much within the United States, when we look at it from a labor standpoint, we can see how Wal-Mart controls so much more outside of the United States. Lichtenstein writes about how throughout a number of provinces in China, there are large number of areas that lined with factory after factory. And while they may not all be for one specific company