This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Music Viva Voce 1900 1945 (Early 20th Century)

4241 words - 17 pages


The high value placed on individuality and personal expression in the romantic era grew even more pronounced in the 20th century. This was partly the result of several features of 20th-century life. More people from more social and geographic backgrounds than ever before were able to study music and develop their aptitude for composition. An enormous range of tastes and skills thus became a feature of modern composition. Radios and recordings brought music from once-remote countries in South America and the Far East to the attention of musicians in all parts of the world. The speed of modern communications made it possible for listeners to evaluate innovations more quickly than ...view middle of the document...

The most prominent representatives of neoclassicism were Igor Stravinsky and German-born Paul Hindemith. Others included the Russians Sergey Prokofiev and Dmitry Shostakovich. Many American composers have embraced the principles of neoclassicism, largely as a result of their years of study in Paris with the French composer-teacher Nadia Boulanger. These Americans included Elliott Carter, Aaron Copland, Walter Piston, and Virgil Thomson.

Meanwhile, musical nationalism continued to flourish, all composers of this style were ardent collectors of their national fold songs, first by transcribing them manually, and then, when phonographic equipment became available, recording them.

Music and politics
The political upheavals of the 20th century, particularly the two world wars, had a profound effect on music, as on other art forms. During the economic depression which followed World War 1, composers were forced to pare down their musical resources. Works that had required huge and expensive symphony orchestras gave way to small chamber ensembles, evident in the post-war works of Stravinsky and 'Les Six'. Another noticeable influence during the 1920s and 30s was that of jazz, exported to Europe from the USA, and taken up with enthusiasm in England, France and Germany.

In the early 20th century the vocabulary of tonal theory is decisively influenced by two theorists: composer Arnold Schoenberg whose work "Harmonielehre" describes in detail chords, chord progressions, vagrant chords, creation of tonal areas, voice leading in terms of harmony. To Schoenberg, every note has "structural function" to assert or deny a tonality, based on its tendency to establish or undermine a single tonic triad as central. At the same time Heinrich Schenker is evolving a theory based on expansion of horizontal relationships. To Schenker the background of every successful tonal piece is based on a simple cadence, which is then elaborated and elongated in the middle ground and the background. Though adherents of the two theorists argued back and forth, in the mid-century a synthesis of their ideas was widely taught as "tonal theory", most particularly Schenker's use of graphical analysis, and Schoenberg's emphasis on tonal distance.
The practice of jazz developed its own theory of tonality, stating that while the cadence is not central to establishing a tonality - the presence of the I and V chords and either the IV or ii chord in progression is. This theory emphasized the play of modal elements against tonal elements, in an effort to allow improvisation, and inflection of standard melodies. Among theorists influenced by this view are Meier, Schillinger and the be-bop school of Jazz.
Australian composer Arnold Schoenberg began experimenting first with atonality, in which the 12 notes of the chromatic scale are treated equally, and then with an original method of musical organization called the "12-note system". This method in which musical building...

Other Essays On Music Viva Voce 1900-1945 (Early 20th Century)

MTV Case Study

4636 words - 19 pages emergence of digital cable and other platforms in which it supports the strength of MTV in maintaining their expansions. In the year 2000, the Music Television channel had their rival with the German Station Viva in which this company started to compete with other five European countries and the AOL Time Warner. The German station used to introduce a rival music channel. In looking at the constituencies of the channel, these are the factors that

The Reclaiming Of Masculinity: A Regression Of The Female Voice In Mainstream Rock Music

2513 words - 11 pages than a surge.Before advancing too quickly into this study, it would first be prudent to present a loose definition of the term "rock music." defines it as "a form of popular music from the mid 20th century which typically features a vocal melody (often with vocal harmony) that is supported by accompaniment of electric guitars, a bass guitar, and drums, often with a strong back beat" (Wikipedia). The definition suits the basics of

Influential Technological Advancements Of The 20th Century

832 words - 4 pages The period of 20th century has been recognized and addressed as a period of political war, period of radical change and a period of rapid inventions which transformed the lifestyle of the whole world. The development and the growth in the field of accelerated scientific understanding, more efficient communication, speedy and better controlled transportation, changed the dynamics of the world and the people more than any time in the history of

Life Of George Eastman

2559 words - 11 pages for the first motion pictures. In 1890, Darragh de Lancey, a young MIT-trained engineer, developed a method to coat celluloid with continuous emulsion. The process dramatically increased Kodak's manufacturing output.In 1900 Eastman introduced the product that forever established Kodak's presence in the public image: the Kodak Brownie camera. Selling for one dollar each, the Brownie could be afforded by almost anyone. As the new century dawned, the

How The Future Looked In 1899 An Essay In Response To A Newsweek Article Citing Ninteenth Century Predictions Of How The Future Will Be

607 words - 3 pages would grow to a majority. Some even imagined that there would be only one "world state" that would control every aspect of our lives. However, not all of the predictions have been proven false.In the early 1900's, some scholars predicted that society would advance far enough to be able to communicate over long distances with the touch of a button (or two). John Elfreth Watkins Jr. even said that there would be "strawberries the size of apples [and

Guide To Paradynes

282 words - 2 pages The second website I visited was This is a very interesting website which describes how the number of chartered British, Scottish, and Irish acountants has blossomed from about 6,000 in the early 1900's to over 100,000 in todays time.Clicking on the link "ancient accounting" at the top of the page sends you off to a webpage that really caught my eye. In the top right corner of the page is a picture in the Tomb of

Beauty And The Beast

1523 words - 7 pages "Beauty is in the eye of the beholder" is a saying that is, unfortunately, highly misleading. In a place where society rules, it is society itself that is the beholder, society that decides what is beautiful and what is not. Over history, fashions have changed to dictate society on how they must look- each method more dangerous than the last. From the iron corsets of the 1600's to the beginning of cosmetic surgeries of the early 1900's, this is


833 words - 4 pages This is my husband's final term paper for his huma1 class. He gave me permission to send it to you guys. He also received an "A" on his.THE RENAISSANCE IN ITALYThe Renaissance is marked as a fundamental change in Europeanvision in the 15th and 16th centuries, which moved into the 20th century. Renaissance Artand Architecture: painting, sculpture, architecture, and allied arts produced in Europe inthe historical period called the Renaissance

Polio Vaccines

1017 words - 5 pages it at a younger age which prevented them at an early age of getting polio. Both Injected and Oral Polio Vaccine are still used today. Parents can choose which vaccine they want their child to take. There is a schedule for their vaccine and boosters. The invention of the Oral Polio Vaccine has definitely slowed down the rate of polio victims in the world.Polio was one of the most feared diseases in the 20th century. The connection between the

Organized Crime In The US

2984 words - 12 pages area rose dramatically. ?In 1945 and 1946, the homicide rate for adolescents was more than double what it had been in the early 1940?s, as the introduction of weapons and military tactics took their toll? (Schneider 75).Ethnicity as a role in the everyday lives of the gang members was a major part of what stirred up most of the conflicts that occurred. Rival cultures, or more precisely, rival attitudes of ?turf? seemed to be to most overwhelming

Online Shopping

479 words - 2 pages Computers Have come a long way since the first one was invented in the early 1900's. We currently live in a society where people can do almost anything on the Internet. You can plan your day ahead, check your horoscope, and look up anything that you can think of. The oncoming trend on the Internet now is online shopping. With online shopping you can buy books, clothes, CD's, and even buy a car. There are many benefits to online shopping and many

Similar Papers

This Essay Illustrates The Bondage Of Marriage To Women In The Early 20th Century. I Use Glaspell's "Trifles" To Illustrate My Point

697 words - 3 pages Symbolic Bondage"Trifles" is an extraordinary American drama. The title of this means "something of little importance or consequence." (Webster, 1374) It was written during the women's' movement for equality. The women in this selection are mocked numerous times by the men. Glaspell emphasizes through symbolic representation the life of a woman during her time, and what the movement represented. She states that a change must take place for women

Black Swan A Questions And Answers

442 words - 2 pages Curtis BrownBlack Swan Records AssignmentExercise 1African Americans in the Entertainment BusinessWhat did it mean for an African American to be a professional entertainer in the first two decades of the twentieth century?It seems that both songs seemed to talk of the hardships endured by African Americans during the early 20th century but the Text: Bert Williams, "The Comic Side of Trouble" (1918) seems to talk of the singer be so disillusioned

Explain The Developments Leading Up To The Boer War

2367 words - 10 pages imperialism itself, experiencing a decline as the 20th century neared, and Afrikaner nationalism was just beginning to emerge as a widely accepted ideology in South Africa, This decline of traditional imperialism and emergence of nationalism serves to clearly demonstrate the shift in both traditional relationships and ideals that was so characteristic of the world in 1900.As a Commonwealth nation, the Australian colonies offered troops to the British

Describe The Main Characteristics Of A Specific Style Or Period In Jazz Since World War Ii

1718 words - 7 pages patterns and used the pentatonic scale which then led to blue notes found in blues and jazz.In the early nineteenth century numerous black musicians learned to play Western instruments and in turn European American minstrel show performers combined syncopation with European harmonic accompaniment, it was this movement that lead to internationally popularising the music, merging syncopation with European harmonic accompaniment. 'The present stylistic