Running head: Law1902 assignment 2 1
Law1902 assignment 2 8
LAW1902-Introduction to Legal Research and Writing Assignment 2
Marlon David Vasquez
University of the West Indies (Open Campus)
The work being submitted is my own work, and I understand what constitutes plagiarism and that I have not plagiarized.
(1) Using case law briefly explain the following terms:
(a) Ratio decidendi;
In Donoghue V Stevenson, Donoghue was invited by a friend to a café. A drink of ginger beer was bought by Donoghue’s friend for her to enjoy, where after drinking most of the ginger beer, a decomposed snail was noticed inside the drink by Mrs. Donoghue while she drank. This experience made Mrs. Donoghue ill in which she decided to sue the manufacturer of the ginger beer.
This case had reached the House of Lords whom which pointed out that the manufacturer of the ginger beer, had failed to provide the adequate attention to his duty as to assure that bottles were cleaned and safe for consumption by his consumers. In other words, the manufacturer owed a duty of care to her in which was said to have been breached.
The ratio decidendi pointed out in this case is that the manufacturer owed a duty of care to the end consumer who intends to use their product, therefore the manufacturer owed a duty of care to Mrs. Donoghue which he had breached by not ensuring that the bottles of ginger beer were properly cleaned before reused for safe consumption by consumers.
(b) Obiter dicta;
The obiter dicta is the statement said in the passing of the rule by the judge for the case of Donoghue V Stevenson - is the neighbor principle by Lord Atkin whom mentions, “You must take reasonable care to avoid acts or omissions which you can reasonably foresee would be likely to injure your neighbor. Who, then, in law, is my neighbor? The answer seems to be persons who are so closely and directly affected by my act that I ought to have them in mind when I am considering these acts or omissions.” Therefore, the rule that one must love his/her neighbor is part of the law, and one must take reasonable care to avoid acts of negligence in order to avoid harm to others.
(2) Name and explain two ways in which a court can avoid precedent, or in other words, avoid following a previously decided case.
In certain strict circumstances, the higher courts have the authority to overrule precedent made by lower courts or by themselves due to judicial precedent thought to be inappropriate....