Motivating Others Assignment

767 words - 4 pages

Motivating OthersMotivating OthersThe success of any business can always be traced back to motivated employees. From profitability and productivity to innovation and hard work it always leads to employees. An important factor that drives an employee to want his or her job is motivation. Unfortunately, motivating people is not an exact science. Some employee are motivated by money others may appreciate recognition of job well done.Research has shown that the way job are organized can lead to increase of decrease effort. The Job Characteristics model developed by J. Richard Hackman and Greg Oldham describes following five core dimensions1.Skill variety - Different activities an employee can perform with his skills and talent.2.Task identity - Work justified by the final output of the product.3.Task significance - Impact of the work on others life.4.Autonomy - W ...view middle of the document...

Flextime - Flexible work timing, some employee prefer to start early and some prefer to start late.Job Sharing - Allow two or more individual to share the same job, either they can work half a day each or work full-time alternate days.Telecommuting - Work from home option, any job that allows an employee to complete the task by working from home.Employee Involvement is another way to motivate employees; this increases their commitment toward organization's success, following examples describes employee involvement.Participative Management - Joint decision-making ability, in which employee has sufficient power to make decision and share his thoughts/insights with his supervisor.Representative Participation - A group of employee who participate on behalf of the rest employee in management decision and stockholders meeting.Rewarding an employee is the better way of motivation, pay is one of the most important factors that drives the organization and keeps employee happy and achieve goals. There are various forms of pay factor widely used in industry; following are few ways through which organization can motivate an employee.Piece-Rate Pay - This plan compensate production workers by paying a fixed sum to total unit produced in a factory, the more they produces, the more they earn.Merit-Based Pay - Pay individual on their performance basis, the big performer get bigger raisesBonuses - Employee should be awarded with bonus of company is doing good and earning well.Skill-Based Pay - Pay an employee on number of skill based job he can do simultaneouslyProfit-Sharing Plans - Compensate employee in form of cash or stock option on some established formula designed around company's profitability.Gainsharing - Compensate employee on the performance of the group productivity.Employee Stock Ownership Plans - Benefit plan through which employee can purchase company stock below market price.ReferencesHackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1976). Organizational Behavior and Human Performance. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Hackman, J. R., & Oldham, G. R. (1980). Work Redesign. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Mintzberg, H. (1973). The Nature of Managerial Work. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.Robbins, S. P., & Judge, T. A. (2011). Organizational Behaviour (14th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.


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