Yucatec Maya Subsistence Farmers Anthropology First Year Course University Of Toronto Article Review

1939 words - 8 pages

Article Review of “Childhood body mass is positively associated with cesarean birth in Yucatec Maya subsistence farmers.”
Introduction
Obesity and caesarean sections. Both have seen a significant increase in the past decade, with some places like the United States seeing an increase of 13.7 % between 1990 and 2011 (Kjerulff et al., 2018). These two epidemics are often seen together, however, correlation does not mean causation. Authors Veile and Karmar attempt to answer a gap in current research; the link between caesarean birth rate and childhood obesity. However, they also attempt to fix some disputes with previous research by trying to decrease the number of confounders usually found in western urbanized societies, such as nutritional value provided to infants and education levels (Veile and Karmar 2017). Through the use of a Mexican rural civilization still significantly unaltered by modern technology and market food, the authors plan to eliminate many of the confounders which disapprove previous research done in this field (Veile and Karmar 2017). The research hypothesizes that there is a positive relationship between caesarian sections and obesity, and that this will be proven through a higher WAZ/BMI. In conclusion the authors did find correlation between caesarean sections and obesity, but this was only significantly seen in one of the conditions in which the mother had a high BMI and the child was overweight between the ages of 24-60 months following a C-Section (Veile and Karmar 2017). As well there seemed to be a higher chance for a female to be obese/overweight in comparison to a male. This critique essay will look at the methodology used, positive and negative aspects of the study, as well as the connection this study has to the anthropologic world.
Discussion
Using the Maya population of Mexico Veile and Karmar (2017) use a longitudinal experimental design. The study participants consisted of 57 mothers and 108 children, infants enter the study at birth until 5 years of age. Each month the child is brought to the community clinic and a trained physician measured height and weight using standard measures. As well, maternal weight and height were collected on an annual basis and recorded (Veile and Karmar 2017). There are two Z-scores used in the article; the population specific Z-score is used to compare intrapopulation and the WHO Z-score for cross-cultural reference. The WAZ scale was used for infant calculations of underweight, overweight and obese and the BMI criteria was used for adults to calculate the same categories (Veile and Karmar 2017). It was also noted that the majority of the participants were a part of a government program known as Oportunidades. This program provided money to families to help them pay for food and cover expenses such as education for their children, as well it favoured higher female education as families would receive more money for this (Leroy et al., 2008). The most significant conclusion this...

Other Essays On Yucatec Maya subsistence farmers - Anthropology first year course university of toronto - Article Review

The World Economy(Tariffs, Quotas and Imports) - Durham University/ first year - Essay

953 words - 4 pages Country A decides to introduce a tariff on all import of manufactured goods. Illustrate and explain the derivation of this country’s import demand curve. Why should the foreign price of these manufatured goods be affected, if at all, by Country A’s actions? “A tariff is a tax or duty levied on the traded commodity as it crosses a national boundary.” (Salvatore, 2012,p.113)1.There are three kinds of tariff that a country can levy on imported

The Antecedents, Facilitators and Consequences of Parasocial Relationships - University of Toronto/PSY424 - Research Paper

3941 words - 16 pages Running Head: PARASOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS PARASOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS The Antecedents, Facilitators and Consequences of Parasocial Relationships: A Review of the Literature Yiqing Wang 1002423647 Introduction Every day, tens of thousands of vloggers look into their camera lenses and muster a familiar phrase: "Hey, what's up guys?". This is more than a simple start to a video. They're putting on a friendly face, saying hello, initiating a hangout. It

Todorov’s and Jackson’s Fantasy and Gothic Views of Katniss in The Hunger Gam - University of Toronto, Fantasy and Horror - Essay

1929 words - 8 pages constantly debates what is true or untrue in scenarios throughout novel, specifically between Peeta, the Capitol and her mother. Katniss has a difficult time trusting Peeta; she always felt uncertain about his motives when he acted kind towards her. At first when Peeta acted kind toward Katniss, she thought of him as an honest man trying to be friendly, however it was not long until she reminded herself to not fall for it because he was planning

First Day of the Blitz book review - History - Essay

1446 words - 6 pages researched, written, and a great informative read. Endnotes 1. Peter Stansky, The First Day of the Blitz: September 7, 1940 (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008), 3. 2. Stansky, The First Day of the Blitz, 1. 3. Stansky, The First Day of the Blitz, 204. 4. Stansky, The First Day of the Blitz, 184. 5. Stansky, The First Day of the Blitz, 186. 6. Addison, Review of The First Day of the Blitz, 168. Addison, Paul. " Reviews of Books." Review of The First Day of the Blitz: September 7, 1940, by Peter Stansky. The International History Review, March 2009, 167-69. Stansky, Peter. The First Day of the Blitz: September 7, 1940. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2008.

Assignment - Airport Noise - The importance of managing the airports nosies - University of Huddersfield final year - Assignment

3519 words - 15 pages of the Council, 2004). According to Airbus’ Global Market Forecast 2014-2033 (Airbus, 2014) number of passengers travelling by plane will further grow at a rate of 4.7% every year. Therefore, aviation is essential for economy growth and for developing a country, but in another hand, aviation is subject to many concerns. Indeed, with the aircraft traffic growth, the industry is becoming noisier than ever. In the last years, people have become very

Political arguments and analysing competing arguments that are compelling - University of Johannesburg,year 1 - Essay

865 words - 4 pages ”, Bloomberg, 6th February 2019. 4. Eusebius Mckaiser, “Don’t get too excited about South Africa’s new President”, The Globe And Mail, 16th February, 2018. 5. James Hamill, “Why the ANC itself is the chief impediment to Ramaphosa’s agenda”, Mail and Guardian, 17th December 2018. Submission Guidelines: Your assignment must be submitted via the departmental submission box by Monday the 4th of March (you can find the first year box adjacent to

land law essay problem question - university of kent, second year - research paper

1880 words - 8 pages , the duty of the judge is to undertake a survey of the whole course of dealing between the parties relevant to their ownership and occupation of the property and their sharing of its burdens and advantages. That scrutiny will not confine itself to the limited range of acts of direct contribution of the sort that are needed to found a beneficial interest in the first place. It will take into consideration all conduct which throws light on the

A Book review- ‘The Dream of Delhi as a Global City’ - La Trobe University - Review

1122 words - 5 pages BOOK REVIEWS ‘The Dream of Delhi as a Global City’ Author name: Veronique D.N Dupont International Journal of Urban and Regional Research Volume 35.3 May 2011 533–54 This article is about the capital city of India, Delhi. The author, Veronique D.N Dupont’s area of research is urban and socio-spatial dynamics of large emerging metropolis. In her work, ‘The Dream of Delhi As A Global City’ (International Journal of Urban and Regional Research; Vol

A Critical Review of The Prince - junior, Beijing Foreign Studies University - book review

1550 words - 7 pages Counterarguments and Inconsistencies in The Prince ——A Reader-Friendly Review The Prince is a political treatise written by Machiavelli in 1513 when Italy became the center of intense political conflict. Machiavelli composed the pamphlet as a practical guide for ruling and hoped to gain himself an advisory position in the government by dedicating the book to the ruler of Florence. The major theme addressed in the book can be concluded as ends

Theory to Practice - First-Generation College Students - University of Wisconsin Oshkosh/Theory Class - Research Paper

3471 words - 14 pages Running head: THEORY TO PRACTICE Theory to Practice: First-Generation College Students Ceasar Mendros Nova Southeastern University THEORY TO PRACTICE 2 Introduction As changes in the field of student affairs continue, different challenges are accompanied, which are faced by professionals, administrators, and faculties. These challenges can vary from the cost of education, political influence on campus, homelessness among students, retaining

Examine the representation of social and economic divisions in Elizabeth Gaskell’s North and South. - First Year Final Coursework - Term Paper

2201 words - 9 pages .”[footnoteRef:1] After many prompts, Margaret recognises that the South is not perfect, acknowledging its cold weather and downtrodden, toiling farmers. Despite this, she later tells people in Harley Street that she was not unhappy there, that she views her time in Helstone and Milton as times in which she felt like she was at "home." The novel concludes with a new understanding of how either side of the divide of England had its values and

Similar Papers

The Joys And Pitfalls Of A Traditional Punjabi Wedding Anthropology University Of Toronto Anthropology Research Paper

1881 words - 8 pages course, there are some stark contrasts between a western wedding and an Anand Karaj. I will be looking first at what exactly a Sikh wedding is and then how gender, rite of passage and identity along with wealth are symbolized throughout the Anand Karaj. It starts with finding the right partner, Sikh weddings are either arranged or assisted. Meaning that families will assist in finding a suitable partner for their son/daughter, they will not be

Article Review Of “The Future Of Microprocessors” By Olukotun And Hammond University Of Louisiana / Csci 3020 Article Review

979 words - 4 pages Sandeep Shrestha Dr. Wiedemeier CSCI 4012 10/24/2018 Article Review of “The Future of Microprocessors” by Olukotun and Hammond “The Future of Microprocessors” provides insight on the development of powerful and superfast microprocessors and explains the various techniques utilized to enhance their speed. It highlights the current challenges faced by microprocessors and their future scope. The article begins with an insight on the factors that

What Is Politics In Defence Of Politics By Bernard Crick? University First Year Essay

1013 words - 5 pages POL105 – What is Politics? In Defence of Politics by Bernard Crick, What is Politics: The Activity and its Study by Adrian Leftwich and Structures of Power by J.J. Schwarzmantel explore the definition and relevance of politics in their respective texts. All three authors explain the meaning of politics and its relation or importance to political tools such as power, state and resources. Although, their definitions of the subject differ in many

Peer Scholar University Of Toronto Scharbrough University Of Toronto Essay

611 words - 3 pages https://www.16personalities.com/isfp-personality Danielson, K. (2019). “Personality, Chapter 12, Lecture 3”. PSYA02: Introduction to Clinical, Developmental, Personality, and Social Psychology. University of Toronto, Scarborough. 14 January.