Running Head: CYBERBULLYING AND THE EFFECTS YOUNG TEENAGERS 1
Running Head: CYBERBULLYING AND THE EFFECTS YOUNG TEENAGERS 3
CYBERBULLYING AND THE EFFECTS YOUNG TEENAGERS
JOHNEAN M. WHEATLEY
CHESTNUT HILL COLLEGE
The word bully can go as far back as far as the 1530s. (Harper 2008). In which would be described as one physically or verbally attacking another person in order to gain a sense of power or superiority. One of the many blessings of the 20th century, the internet, has changed the name of bullying forever. Welcome, cyberbullying, as defined as a category of bullying that occurs in the digital realm/medium of electronic text (Wong-Lo & Bullock, 2011). This act of bullying can occur in many ways: cyberstalking, gossip groups, impersonation, cyber harassment, sexting, and much more (Notor 2013). Cyberbullying is different from traditional bullying due to the fact the attacker may remain anonymous through the world wide web. However, the effects still are the same. A few effects of cyberbullying include delinquency, depression, and death.
One might think why would a victim of bullying become a bully themselves? In his “ General Strain Theory,” sociologist Robert Agnew hypothesized that the strain and stress exerted on an individual as a result of bullying can manifest itself into problematic emotions that lead to deviant behavior,” possibly leading to delinquency ( Agnew, 2006, pp. 659-660). Some of this strain and stress can stem the lack of speaking out about past cyberbullying experiences, most common in boys. On the other hand, girls are more likely to report cyberbullying because they do not care about showing weakness from an emotional standpoint, unlike males. According to Ericsson (2001), the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention reported that 60 percent of males of were bullies or bullied in middle school were convicted of at least one or more crimes as an adult. The insecurities that manifest from being a bully or getting bullied in middle school will have a lasting effecting on males and females which cause emotional distress and more than likely will result in deviant behaviors.
Another substantial effect of cyber bullying is depression. Loneliness, humiliation, and insecurity are all tied together with depression and are the most common initial emotional responses to the bullying process. An example of what depression looks like stemming from being bullied can be the fear of going to school for some students. The anxiety of knowing that at school you are not safe from being ridiculed makes is very difficult socially and emotionally for students to focus on their studies and develop in a healthy fashion (Ericson, 2001, pp. 1-2). Various types of cyberbullying cause depression. The most popular type of sexting. A young girl in middle school, hormones raging out of control, sends a photo of herself half-naked or naked to a boy she thinks like her but he instead of keeping the photo private...