Evaluate The View That The Nazi Consolidation Of Power Was A Legal Process Modern History Yr 11 Kcahs Essay

1010 words - 5 pages

Evaluate the view that the Nazi consolidation of power between January 1933 and August 1934 was a ‘legal process’. (10 Marks)
The period between January 1933 and August 1943 was a key period for Hitler and the Nazi party to consolidate power in the form of a dictatorship. Hitler’s change of strategy to gain power legally was an effective process as he created a legal image in the eyes of the public. For example the appearance of legality was shown in his success in the public elections and the consent from officials to join the positions of Chancellor and President, the laws that he used such as Enabling Act and the Reichstag Fire Decree, which were passed legally. However, when assessing the Nazi ‘legal’ consolidation of power it is important to address the number of non-legal factors such as the use of SA terror and the Night of the Long Knives to shape elections and eliminate political opponents that contributed to aiding the Nazi party in achieving the image of legality during their consolidation of power. Therefore, the view that the Nazi consolidation of power between January 1933 and August 1934 was, to certain extent, a legal process when considering the assisting factors that helped to consolidate their power behind the scenes.
The laws that were enacted and used by the Nazi party were apart of a legal consolidation of power. The Reichstag Fire Decree, signed on 28th February 1933 was issued by President Hindenburg through article 48 on the advice of Hitler as an immediate response to the Reichstag fire. This legally allowed the Nazis to suspend civil liberties and (as shown in source G) gave “absolute powers to the German government for 4 years”. This allowed the Nazi party to consolidate their power as the Presidential functions would cease and restricted “the rights and personal freedom and freedom of opinion”(source E). The Reichstag Fire Decree tightened the Reich’s control over state governments (“State and local authorities must obey the orders decreed by the Reichstag government” -source E) allowed the party to make arrests of many communists or socialists, eliminating many political opponents to further consolidate their position in the Reichstag. The Communist party was outlawed and not allowed to take part in the March 1933 elections.Without Communist opposition the Nazi Party gained 44% of the vote in the March 1933 elections. The German National People’s Party, who supported the Nazi Party gained 8% of the vote. This gave Hitler a majority in the Reichstag.
Additionally, the Enabling Act of 1933 was essentially a dictatorship in legality. It was an amendment to the Weimar Constitution that gave the Nazis power to enact laws without the involvement of the Reichstag. The Enabling Act gave Hitler absolute powers and followed the Reichstag Fire Decree, which had abolished most civil liberties and transferred state powers to the Reich government. The combined effect of the two laws was to transform Hitler's government into a legal dictatorship. The act was not only signed by Hindenburg but was also approved by the Reichstag 444 votes to 94. As a legal act of Parliament, this allowed the Nazi party to create laws even outside the constitution. Although the Act was only temporary, due to the great care that Hitler took to give his dictatorship an appearance of legality, the Enabling Act was renewed twice, in 1937 and 1941. The Act effectively eliminated the Reichstag as active players in German politics and transferred the law making powers to the Nazi party.
Although the laws and rise of the Nazi party through the Reichstag to consolidate their power as shown to be a legal process, historians should not ignore the tactics that were used not in view of the public to achieve the necessary support. The constant use of SA intimidation during election periods was not legal. Striving to present himself as a legitimate politician, Hitler still ordered the attacks on unionists, communists and Jews. They served as the party’s muscle, dealing with political opponents through intimidation and violence. The fear that this instilled in the public greatly influenced elections to Nazi favour. Later on, in order to gain support from the army to consolidate their position of power in the Reichstag, the Nazi party required the support of the army to aid in his ‘lebensraum’ policy and support his succession to presidency. When the army generals made it clear that they would not support Hitler until the brutish SA were stopped, Hitler, who was still not in a position at that time to ignore the army high command, removed the SA as a political power during the Night of the Long Knives. The SS were instructed to kill many SA leaders and extended to other enemies of the Nazi party. This act was only made legal later on when Hitler announced he did it for the good of the German people but was supported by the public, making it almost seem legal. The Nazi party were then in a position, when Hindenburg died to make the army take the “oath of service” (source F) to finally consolidate their power into a dictatorship with the army’s support.
The Nazi consolidation of power from March 1933 to August 1934, mostly appeared to be a legal process through the eyes of the public. The parliamentary acts such as the Reichstag Fire decree and the Enabling act were the key bits of legislation passed legally, that allowed Hitler to legally remove political opponents and control the actions of the public to consolidate his position of Chancellor and then later on Furher. The Nazi party slowly removed the Weimar government until only they remained with no challengers. However this process although seemingly legitimate on a large scale, used illegal SA intimidation to shape elections and then later on violent killings to remove opponents but were justified or made legal after the event. When considering the Nazi consolidation of power as a legal path to power, historians must consider the behind the scene effects of violence and killings to shape the German government.

RELATED

'Mao's Consolidation Of Power Between 1949 And 1953 Was Entirely Dependent On Terror And Repression.' Explain Why You Agree Or Disagree With This View

831 words - 4 pages Halliday. There is also some evidence to support this alternative point of view. Mao knew that a good way to consolidate his power would be to win the support of the people. He did this by numerous reforms, such as those in education and land, installed at the right pace, and these improved the conditions for many people in China which helped gain support for the communists. Although this is one of the only examples of Mao trying to gain support to

Lenin was the critical factor in the Bolshevik consolidation of power - Year 12 assessment - Essay

1404 words - 6 pages Bolsheviks of the Treaty’s necessity it is clear that Lenin played a crucial role within it’s signing, and therefore consolidation. However this peace did not last long due to the onset of the Russian Civil War (1917-1922). Lenin’s role was crucial within the success of the Bolsheviks during the Civil War, a critical aspect of consolidation. After gaining power, the Bolsheviks faced massive resistance in the form of the White Army; a diverse group

To what extent was the rise of the Nazi Party due to the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic - HSC Modern History - Essay

1244 words - 5 pages To what extent was the rise of the Nazi Party due to the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic? While the weaknesses of the Weimar republic played a crucial role in the rise of the NSDAP, without the prolonged and devastating impact of the Great Depression Hitler would not have come to power. The inherent weaknesses of the Weimar constitution meant continuous political instability while the association of the democratic system with the defeat of WWI

Evaluate the view that Utilitarianism continues to offer a useful way of resolving moral dilemmas - St ambrose college, 6fr - Essay

1523 words - 7 pages OLIVER NICHOLLS Evaluate the view that Utilitarianism continues to offer a useful way of resolving moral dilemmas. Use knowledge and understanding across your course of study to answer this question. In your response to this question, you must include how developments in religion and ethics have been influenced by one of the following: · Philosophy of religion · New testament studies · The study of a religion Utilitarianism is a relativist and

Which of the following was of greater importance for the creation of the Nazi dictatorship? - Alevel History - Essay

938 words - 4 pages to the German Labour Front. This was done on the basis that the leaders of Trade Unions thought that they could work with the Nazis, which was a mistake. However their misunderstanding meant that the Nazi party’s power increased which ultimately did help them to create a dictatorship. Additionally, the sympathy of conservative elites meant that the Gestapo could rule by fear, especially in Prussia where Goring could easily abuse his power

titles that ignition the higher power of oblivion - history - essay

451 words - 2 pages Kaiyah Booker Active Reading Chapter 31 32 & 33 The active reading today just talk about skills you need when reading and working in college. In the book it shows different categories that you need. Such as preview the reading mainly saying go over what you are reading, read the piece, finding the main point and support. Mainly just identifying the main point and support the reading. The main point of a reading is the major message that the

Assess the effectiveness of the criminal investigation process as a means of achieving justice - Legal Studies - Essay

947 words - 4 pages person to stop them from fleeing an offence · The Law Enforcement Conduct Commission was recently created, replacing the Police Integrity Commission · An agency that investigates breaches of police powers and calls upon individuals to submit complaints. In it annual Law Enforcement Conduct Commission Annual Report it commented how in recent years there’s been a decrease in the instances of police power abuses highlighting how media is an effective

Assessing the reasons why Henry VII was able to reduce the power of the Nobility - Dhahran School / Grade 11 - Essay

1066 words - 5 pages commercial treaty with Brittany, thus allowing Henry to achieve one of his principle aims of maximising his income by expanding his trading outlets. His greatest success however was unquestionably the Treaty of Medina Del Campo with Spain, which achieved all of his major aims; As well as being recognised as an equal by a great power, Henry also received an agreement from Ferdinand that he would refuse to support pretenders, further cementing Henry’s

Describe the Life of Marie Curie - Grade 11, Modern History - Essay

980 words - 4 pages Poland by Tsarist Russia. During Maria’s birth, the city of Warsaw was under the bitter occupation of Communist Russia (USSR) and the Nazi occupation. Both of Marie Curie's folks were teachers, and she was the most youngest of five kids, following kin, Józef, Zosia, Hela and Bronya. As a young child Curie took after her dad, Wladyslaw, a math and material science teacher. She had a brilliant, inquisitive and independent personality. Be that as it

Triumph of the Will: A Nazi Propagnada Artisitic Documentary - Year 11 - Info

1208 words - 5 pages TRIUMPH OF THE WILL · Leni Riefenstahl, a German film actress and director was asked by Hitler to make a documentary film of the 1934 Nuremberg Rally. Entitled ‘Triumph of the Will’, this film chronologically followed the events of that Rally from its opening ceremonies to Hitlers closing address. At the beginning, Hitler is seen descending by plane from the clouds, a modern-day saviour coming to help his people. Riefenstahl was an unusual

A Parent of a Deaf Child's view on the IEP Process in a school setting

558 words - 3 pages The women I interviewed *****, an American Indian mother of a freshman boy, --------, who was born deaf. -------- used to be completely deaf, however, now after many surgeries, he is hearing but still finds problems with speech and concentration. -------- was born and raised in (City). -------- has had an IEP since he was in First Grade. When asked about an IEP process that ***** thinks would be relevant for my assignment, she wanted to reflect

Critically assess the view that religious language is meaningless - year 11 - essay

834 words - 4 pages verificationism as truth and the measure of all things if it has nothing to be measured by to prove or even suggest it's validity. This theory is seen to dismiss something as false or meaningless simply because it cannot be understood or observed. If we look back in history, the Earth was once regarded as flat but science advanced and disproved that notion. At the time the statement 'the Earth is round' would have been meaningless but has since been

This essay describes the reformists of the 1900s through becoming a modern muckraker. - U.S. History - Essay

679 words - 3 pages Dragovits 4 Angelina Dragovits Honors U.S. History 3 Mrs. Snavely Modern Day Muckraker & Progressive Essay 25 September 2018 Angelina Dragovits Honors U.S. History 3 Mrs. Snavely 25 September 2018 Modern Day Muckraker & Progressive Essay World hunger is the plague that has never faltered, continuously-and ironically-consuming the lives of millions of innocent people every year. Many people have a preconceived notion that, due to the United

The life of a wise farmer that got away - English 11 - Essay

4619 words - 19 pages birds tweet- tweet and to inhale fresh air. After that, went to rest for a while and then were ready to work in farm. First, we checked the cornfield to see if there were any pests like crows because they destroyed the corn. That’s why we decided to create a scarecrow to scare them away. The scarecrow was made from the frame of a cross and we put some old clothes on it. It was fun creating a scarecrow because she told jokes that always made me

Critically evaluate the claim that victims of crime precipitate their victimisation. - criminology - essay

2813 words - 12 pages ensure that the correct version of your work is uploaded through Turnitin in advance of the deadline. *ILPs will only be taken into account during marking if they specifically refer to the assessment of submitted work. Some people deliberately or recklessly put themselves at risk. Critically evaluate the claim that victims of crime precipitate their victimisation. Most criminal act comprises of an offender and a victim, the victim not necessarily